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Qatana (Arabic: قطنا‎) is a city in southern Syria, administratively part of the Qatana District of Rif Dimashq Governorate. Qatana has an altitude of 879 meters. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, the city had a population of 33,996 in the 2004 census. It is the administrative center of the Qatana Subdistrict, which contained 20 localities with a collective population of 147,451 in 2004.[1] Prior to the Syrian Civil War, during which there have been armed confrontations in Qatana, the city had a mixed population of Sunni Muslims (65%), Christians (20%) and Alawites (15%). The Alawites were relatively recent arrivals, who emigrated to the city during the 1970s.[2] In December 2012, it was reported that 28 government checkpoints control this multi-ethnic regime stronghold.[3] On 15 October 2013, there was shelling emanating from Turba checkpoint and the Baath School area.[citation needed]

Qatana

قطنا
Qatana is located in Syria
Qatana
Qatana
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°25′54″N 36°5′33″E / 33.43167°N 36.09250°E / 33.43167; 36.09250
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq
DistrictQatana
SubdistrictQatana
Elevation
879 m (2,884 ft)
Population
 (2004 census)[1]
 • Total33,996

ClimateEdit

Qatana has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk). Rainfall is higher in winter than in summer. The average annual temperature in Qatana is 16.1 °C (61.0 °F). About 296 mm (11.65 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Qatana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
12.6
(54.7)
16.1
(61.0)
20.9
(69.6)
26.5
(79.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91.0)
33.5
(92.3)
30.2
(86.4)
25.8
(78.4)
19.0
(66.2)
13.3
(55.9)
22.7
(72.9)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.6
(36.7)
4.8
(40.6)
8.0
(46.4)
11.6
(52.9)
14.9
(58.8)
16.5
(61.7)
16.8
(62.2)
14.4
(57.9)
11.4
(52.5)
7.2
(45.0)
3.9
(39.0)
9.5
(49.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73
(2.9)
55
(2.2)
33
(1.3)
16
(0.6)
11
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
11
(0.4)
35
(1.4)
62
(2.4)
296
(11.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004[permanent dead link]. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Starr, Stephen (2012-07-04). "Syrian divisions in full force". Asia Times Online.
  3. ^ "أبو علي - عضو قيادة الثورة في قطنا". SyriaTomorrow. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012.

Coordinates: 33°26′N 36°05′E / 33.433°N 36.083°E / 33.433; 36.083