GoldenEye 007 (1997 video game)
GoldenEye 007 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Rare and based on the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye. It was released for the Nintendo 64 video game console in August 1997. The game features a single-player campaign in which players assume the role of British Secret Intelligence Service agent James Bond as he fights to prevent a criminal syndicate from using a satellite weapon against London to cause a global financial meltdown. The game includes a split-screen multiplayer mode in which up to four players can compete in different types of deathmatch games.
North American box art
|Release||25 August 1997|
|Genre(s)||First-person shooter, stealth|
GoldenEye 007 was developed over a period of two and a half years by an inexperienced team led by Martin Hollis, who had previously worked on the coin-op version of Killer Instinct. It was partially conceived as an on-rails shooter inspired by Sega's Virtua Cop, before being redesigned as a free-roaming shooter. The game was highly acclaimed by the gaming media and sold over eight million copies worldwide, making it the third-best-selling Nintendo 64 game. It received the BAFTA Interactive Entertainment Games Award and four awards from the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences.
Retrospectively, GoldenEye 007 is considered an important game in the history of first-person shooters for demonstrating the viability of game consoles as platforms for the genre, and for signalling a transition from the then-standard Doom-like approach to a more realistic style. It pioneered features such as atmospheric single-player missions, stealth elements, and a console multiplayer deathmatch mode. The game is frequently cited as one of the greatest video games of all time. A spiritual successor, Perfect Dark, was released in 2000, while a reimagining of the game, also titled GoldenEye 007, was released in 2010.
GoldenEye 007 is a first-person shooter that features both single and multiplayer modes. In the single-player mode, the player takes the role of James Bond through a series of free-roaming 3D levels. Each level requires the player to complete a certain set of objectives—such as collecting or destroying specified items, rescuing hostages, or meeting with friendly non-player characters—and then exit the stage. Some gadgets from the James Bond film series are featured in the game and are often used to complete mission objectives; for example, in one level, the electromagnetic watch from Live and Let Die is used to acquire a jail cell key.
The arsenal of weapons includes pistols, submachine guns, assault rifles, grenades, and throwing knives, among others. Guns have a finite magazine and must be reloaded after a certain number of shots, but the player may acquire and carry as many weapons as can be found in each mission. The player's initial weapon in most missions is the Walther PPK, called the PP7 special issue in-game. Most of the game's firearms are modelled on real-life counterparts (although their names are altered), while others are based on fictitious devices featured in the James Bond films, such as the Golden Gun and Moonraker laser. The weapons vary in characteristics such as rate of fire, degree of penetration, and type of ammunition used, and inflict different levels of damage depending on which body part they hit.
Stealth is a significant element of the gameplay; frequent gunfire can alert distant guards, and activated alarms can trigger infinitely-respawning enemies. Therefore, to avoid gunfights with numerous opponents, it is advantageous to eliminate soldiers and security cameras before they spot or hear the player. Certain weapons incorporate suppressor or telescopic sight attachments to aid the player in killing enemies discreetly. There are no health-recovery items in the game, although armour vests can be acquired to provide a secondary health bar.
Four save files are available to track the player's progress through the game's twenty missions, each of which may be played on "Agent", "Secret Agent", or "00-Agent" difficulty settings. Higher difficulties increase the challenge by altering factors such as the damage enemies can withstand and inflict, the amount of ammunition available, and the number of objectives that must be completed. Once a mission is completed, the player may either continue progressing through the story or choose to replay a previously completed level. Completing certain missions within particular target times enables the player to unlock bonus cheat options which make various changes to the gameplay. Upon fully completing the game on the hardest difficulty setting, an additional "007" mode is unlocked, allowing the player to customise the challenge of any mission by manually adjusting enemies' health, reaction times, aiming accuracy, and the damage they inflict.
The multiplayer mode allows two, three, or four players to compete against each other in five different types of split screen deathmatch games: Normal, You Only Live Twice, The Living Daylights (Flag Tag), The Man With the Golden Gun, and Licence to Kill. Normal is a basic deathmatch mode in which the main objective is to kill opponents as many times as possible. It can be played as a free-for-all game or in teams. In You Only Live Twice, players only have two lives before they are eliminated from the game, while Licence to Kill is a mode in which players die from a single hit with any weapon. In The Man With the Golden Gun, a single Golden Gun, which is capable of killing opponents with only one shot, is placed in a fixed location on the map; once the Golden Gun is picked up, the only way to re-acquire it is to kill the player holding it. The player with the Golden Gun is unable to pick up body armour while opponents can. In The Living Daylights, a flag is placed in a fixed location on the map, and the player who holds it the longest wins. The flag carrier cannot use weapons but can still collect them to keep opponents from stocking ammunition. Aspects of each gametype can be customised, including the chosen map, class of weapons, and winning condition. As players progress through the single player mode, new maps and characters are unlocked in the multiplayer mode.
GoldenEye 007 starts in Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union in 1986, where MI6 has uncovered a secret chemical weapons facility at the Byelomorye Dam. James Bond and fellow 00-agent Alec Trevelyan are sent to infiltrate the facility and plant explosive charges. During the mission, Trevelyan is killed by Colonel Arkady Ourumov, while Bond escapes by commandeering an aeroplane. Five years later in 1991, Bond is sent to investigate a satellite control station in Severnaya, Russia, where programmer Boris Grishenko works. Two years after the Severnaya mission, Bond investigates an unscheduled test firing of a missile in Kyrgyzstan, believed to be a cover for the launch of a satellite known as GoldenEye. This space-based weapon works by firing a concentrated electromagnetic pulse at any Earth target to disable any electrical circuit within range. As Bond leaves the silo, he is ambushed by Ourumov and a squad of Russian troops. Ourumov manages to escape during the encounter.
The remainder of the game takes place in 1995. Bond visits Monte Carlo to investigate the frigate La Fayette, where he rescues several hostages and plants a tracker bug on the Pirate helicopter before it is stolen by the Janus crime syndicate. Bond is then sent a second time to Severnaya, but during the mission he is captured and locked up in the bunker's cells along with Natalya Simonova, a captive computer programmer unwilling to work with Janus. The two escape the complex seconds before it is destroyed, on the orders of Ourumov, by the GoldenEye satellite's EMP. Bond next travels to Saint Petersburg, where he arranges with ex-KGB agent Valentin Zukovsky to meet the chief of the Janus organisation. This is revealed to be Alec Trevelyan – his execution by Ourumov in the Arkhangelsk facility was faked. Bond and Natalya escape from Trevelyan, but are arrested by the Russian police and taken to the military archives for interrogation. Bond eventually manages to escape the interrogation room, rescue Natalya, and communicate with Defence Minister Dimitri Mishkin, who has verified Bond's claim of Ourumov's treachery. Natalya is recaptured by General Ourumov, and Bond gives chase through the streets of St. Petersburg, eventually reaching an arms depot used by Janus. There, Bond destroys its weaponry stores and then hitches a ride on Trevelyan's ex-Soviet missile train, where he kills Ourumov and rescues Natalya. However, Alec Trevelyan and his ally Xenia Onatopp escape to their secret base in Cuba.
Natalya accompanies Bond to the Caribbean. Surveying the Cuban jungle aerially, their light aircraft is shot down. Unscathed, Bond and Natalya perform a ground search of the area's heavily guarded jungle terrain, but are ambushed by Xenia, who is quickly killed by Bond. Bond sneaks Natalya into the control centre to disrupt transmissions to the GoldenEye satellite and force it to burn up in the Earth's atmosphere. He then follows the fleeing Trevelyan through a series of flooded caverns, eventually arriving at the antenna of the control centre's radio telescope. Trevelyan attempts to re-align it in a final attempt to restore contact with the GoldenEye, but Bond ultimately destroys machinery vital to controlling the antenna and defeats Trevelyan in a gunfight on a platform above the dish.
GoldenEye 007 was developed by Rare and directed by Martin Hollis, who had previously worked as a second programmer on the coin-op version of Killer Instinct. In November 1994, after Nintendo and Rare discussed the possibility of developing a game based on the then-future James Bond film GoldenEye, Hollis told Tim Stamper, Rare's managing director, that he was interested in the project. Due to the success of Rare's 1994 title Donkey Kong Country, GoldenEye 007 was originally suggested as a 2D side-scrolling platformer for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. However, Hollis proposed "a 3D shooting game" for the Nintendo 64 console, then still in development and known as "Ultra 64". He then created a document with all the design ideas he wanted in the game, including gadgets, weapons, characters to use, story digression from the film, and an artificial intelligence (AI) that would react to the player's actions.
Sega's 1994 light gun shooter Virtua Cop was the primary influence on the game, although id Software's seminal 1993 first person shooter Doom and the Nintendo 64 launch title Super Mario 64 were also credited. Features such as gun reloading, position-dependent hit reaction animations, penalties for killing innocent characters, and the game's manual aiming system that is activated upon pressing the R button of the Nintendo 64 controller were adopted from Virtua Cop. At one point, developers planned to implement the reloading of the weapons by the player unplugging and re-inserting the Rumble Pak on the controller, but the idea was ultimately discarded at Nintendo's behest. The concept of several varied objectives within each mission was inspired by the multiple tasks in each stage of Super Mario 64.
The team in charge of the project visited the studios of the GoldenEye film several times to collect photographs and blueprints of the sets that were used. Eon Productions and MGM, the companies that control the rights of the James Bond films, granted the team a broad licence, and many levels in the game were extended or modified to allow the player to participate in sequences which the film's James Bond did not. Although the reference material was used for authenticity, the team was not afraid to add to it to help the game design. John Woo films such as Hard Boiled were significant influences on the game's visual effects and kinetic moments. Details such as bullet marks on walls, cartridge cases being ejected from guns, and objects exploding were part of the design. Hollis explained that he wanted players to receive a lot of feedback from the environment when they shoot.
Work on GoldenEye 007 began in January 1995 with a team of three people that was hired by Hollis: programmer Mark Edmonds, background artist Karl Hilton, and character artist B. Jones. Edmonds focused on creating a game engine that could render 3D graphics from art packages into Nintendo 64 data structures. Hilton modelled levels based on the film material, while Jones constructed characters based on photos and costumes they had. Since final Nintendo 64 specifications and development kits were not initially available to Rare, the team had to estimate the finalised console's capabilities using an SGI Onyx workstation and Nintendo's custom NINGEN development software. In the following months, designer Duncan Botwood joined the team to construct the levels. The first year was spent producing art assets and developing the engine, which originally only allowed the player and enemies to move around a virtual environment.
Originally, the development team considered the possibility for the game to have both on-rails and free-roaming modes because they did not know how the Nintendo 64 controller would be; GoldenEye's gas plant location was modelled by Hilton with a predetermined path in mind. A modified Sega Saturn controller was used for some early playtesting. The designers' initial priority was purely on the creation of interesting spaces; level design and balance considerations such as the placement of start and exit points, characters and objectives did not begin until this process was complete. According to Hollis, "The benefit of this sloppy unplanned approach was that many of the levels in the game have a realistic and non-linear feel. There are rooms with no direct relevance to the level. There are multiple routes across the level."
After the first year of development, Rare decided to add more staff to the project. The first addition was designer David Doak, who helped with the level designs and worked on the game's AI scripting. He explained how the game's stealth elements were implemented: "Whenever you fired a gun, it had a radius test and alerted the non-player characters within that radius. If you fired the same gun again within a certain amount of time, it did a larger radius test and I think there was a third even larger radius after that. It meant if you found one guy and shot him in the head and then didn't fire again, the timer would reset". Windows throughout the game were programmed so that enemies cannot see through them while the player can. Though decidedly unrealistic, this was an intentional feature made to encourage the player to use windows to covertly spy on enemies.
A second programmer, Steve Ellies, was hired by Hollis six months later. Although Ellies assisted the development team in many areas and programmed the cheat options, he was mostly responsible for implementing the game's multiplayer mode, which was added to the game roughly six months before it was released. According to Doak, Ellies "sat in a room with all the code written for a single-player game and turned GoldenEye into a multiplayer game." The team spent numerous late evenings playtesting it before it was finished. The multiplayer levels are based on single-player missions and some of them do not support four players because they were initially not designed to handle multiplayer action. Adrian Smith, the game's third and last artist, who had already worked on some games at Rare, was in charge of producing visual effects such as muzzle flashes and explosions. He mentioned the 1995 film Heat as an influence. A firing range was modelled as an environment, but was ultimately not added to the game.
The final Nintendo 64 hardware could render polygons faster than the SGI Onyx workstation the development team had been using. This helped the developers significantly, as some backgrounds rendered at 2 frames per second on the Onyx without even drawing enemies, objects, or Bond's gun. However, the game's textures had to be cut down by half. Hilton explained one method of improving the game's performance: "A lot of GoldenEye is in black and white. RGB colour textures cost a lot more in terms of processing power. You could do double the resolution if you used greyscale, so a lot was done like that. If I needed a bit of colour, I'd add it in the vertex." When Super Mario 64 was released in 1996, the 3D collision detection system of the game was very influential for Hollis because GoldenEye 007 was using a 2D method.
The music of GoldenEye 007 was primarily composed by Graeme Norgate and Grant Kirkhope. Norgate previously penned the music of Blast Corps, while Kirkhope composed the music of Donkey Kong Land 2. Robin Beanland, the game's third composer, only wrote the elevator music that can be heard in certain levels. All the sound effects were created by Norgate and a lot of effort was put into combining and permuting sounds in different ways to give the game a satisfying feel. According to Hollis, whenever the player shoots a gun in the game, up to nine different sound effects will randomly trigger. When the game was reviewed by Nintendo shortly before it was released, the company was slightly concerned about the amount of violence and gunplay. As a result, the team toned down the killing and added an end credits sequence that introduces all the non-player characters, giving the game a filmic sense. The game ultimately received a Teen rating from the Entertainment Software Rating Board.
GoldenEye 007 was released on a 96-megabit cartridge on 25 August 1997. Every cartridge of the game contains a fully functional ZX Spectrum emulator with ten Rare developed games. This function was originally made as an experimental side project by Rare and was deactivated in the final build of the game, but has since been unlocked through fan-made patches. The actual development of GoldenEye 007 took more than two and a half years to complete and a total of US$2 million was spent on the game. Most of the development team, which was composed of 11 people including Hollis, was inexperienced and had never worked on a video game. As Doak recalled in 2004, "Looking back, there are things I'd be wary of attempting now, but as none of the people working on the code, graphics, and game design had worked on a game before, there was this joyful naïveté." Hollis considered the team very talented and dedicated, with some people working 80 hours a week and occasionally 120 hours a week.
Despite low expectations among the gaming media and an unsuccessful showing at the Electronic Entertainment Expo in Atlanta in 1997, GoldenEye 007 turned out to be both a critical and a commercial success. In 1998, it sold approximately 2.1 million units copies, surpassing The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, which was released in November 1998 and sold nearly the same amount. Overall, GoldenEye 007 sold more than eight million units worldwide, making it the third best selling Nintendo 64 game, behind Super Mario 64 and Mario Kart 64. According to a paper published on the website of the Entertainment Software Association, the game grossed $250 million worldwide.
Graphically, GoldenEye 007 was praised for its varied and detailed environments, realistic animations, special effects such as glass transparencies and lingering smoke, and high frame rate in multiplayer games. The zoomable sniper rifle was praised as one of the game's most impressive and entertaining features, with Edge describing it as a "novel twist" and Jeff Gerstmann of GameSpot noting its ability to alleviate the game's distance fog. The game's music was praised for its inclusion of the "James Bond Theme" and for adding ambience to the game. Some levels begin in lifts and feature transitions from elevator music to full soundtracks, which Gerstmann cited as an illustration of the game's attention to detail. However, the omission of character speech was criticised.
The gameplay was highlighted for its depth. IGN's Doug Perry called GoldenEye 007 an immersive game which "blends smart strategy gameplay with fast-action gunmanship". Similarly, Greg Sewart of Gaming Age remarked that players have "a bit of freedom as to what they want to do in any given situation, and what order the directives are completed in". Reviewers also enjoyed the wide variety of weapons and the multi-objective-based missions, stating that they make the game stay "fresh by never having you do the same thing twice". The controls were praised for being more intuitive than Acclaim's earlier well-received Nintendo 64 first-person shooter Turok: Dinosaur Hunter. Game Revolution credited the gameplay for being realistic and different from other shooters, but also criticised the campaign for being badly paced. The publication noted that GoldenEye 007 "takes it for granted that you have already seen the movie" and that players may get stuck due to the game's lack of orientation. At the time, the multiplayer mode was considered the best multiplayer game on the system, "edging Mario Kart 64 by a hair" according to IGN. Edge called it addictive and praised the originality of some of the scenarios such as You Only Live Twice, while Next Generation highlighted the number of multiplayer options, calling GoldenEye 007 "a surprising killer app".
GoldenEye 007 received multiple year-end awards, including the BAFTA Interactive Entertainment Games Award in 1998, and four awards from the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences: Console Action Game of the Year, Console Game of the Year, Interactive Title of the Year, and Outstanding Achievement in Software Engineering. Rare was also recognised for its work on the game and won the BAFTA award for Best UK Developer.
GoldenEye 007 is frequently cited as one of the greatest video games of all time. In 2007, GamePro, placing it ninth in "The 52 Most Important Video Games of All Time", called it the console killer-app of the 1990s and the best game ever licensed from a film. Similarly, Rowan Kaiser of 1UP.com, who placed the game 53rd on "The 60 Most Influential Games of All Time", pointed out that the game "paved the way for the later popularity of Halo, Call of Duty, and more". In 2011, IGN journalists placed the multiplayer mode at 17th in their list of the "Top 100 Video Game Moments", and in 2010 Nintendo Power listed GoldenEye 007 as one of the greatest multiplayer experiences in Nintendo history, stating that it is remembered as one of the finest examples of a first-person shooter.
In a 2000 poll, readers of Computer and Video Games voted GoldenEye 007 into first place in a list of "the hundred greatest video games", and it was ranked fifth in a poll the following year. In 2001, the game ranked 16th in Game Informer's list of the "Top 100 Games of All Time". In 2004, readers of Retro Gamer voted GoldenEye as the 33rd top retro game, with the editors calling it "the game that sold a million N64s" and "easily the best Bond game to date." In 2005, IGN editors ranked the game 29th in their list of Top 100 Games of All Time, while IGN readers placed it at seventh on a similar list. Edge has featured GoldenEye 007 prominently in three "greatest game" lists: it placed third in a staff-voted poll in 2000; 17th in a staff, reader, and gaming industry-voted poll in 2007; and it was also included as one of the publication's top ten shooters in 2003.
Retrospective commentary on GoldenEye 007 in the years following its release included an October 2011 review by Mark Reece from NintendoLife. Reece gave the game a rating of eight out of ten, commenting that although the game's multiplayer mode stands up well, its graphics, audio and "fiddly" aiming system are dated. He noted that GoldenEye 007's approach to difficulty settings provides considerable replay value, but is a system rarely used in modern first-person shooters. On the game's original release, Edge awarded it a score of nine out of ten, but in 2013, with the benefit of hindsight, the magazine concluded that it should have received its highest score. In 2011, the game was selected as one of 80 titles from the past 40 years to be placed in the Art of Video Games exhibit in the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Video game journalists have praised GoldenEye 007 for proving that it is possible to create a "fun" first-person shooter experience on a console in both single-player and multiplayer modes; when the game was released, the first-person shooter was primarily a genre for PC gamers. Journalists noted that the game "opened the genre to a completely new market" and that it was "the first big console [first-person shooter] that truly got it right." The game has subsequently become credited alongside Shiny Entertainment's MDK for pioneering and popularising the now-standard inclusion of scoped sniper rifles in video games. The game's use of context-sensitive hit locations on enemies added a realism that was previously unseen in video games, though the Quake computer mod Team Fortress already featured locational damage like headshots.
GoldenEye 007 introduced stealth elements not seen in previous first-person shooter games. The game's use of realistic gameplay, which contrasted with the approaches taken by Doom-clones, and introduction of multiplayer deathmatch on a console are often credited for having revolutionised the genre. Edge stated that GoldenEye 007 set the standard for multiplayer console combat until it was surpassed by the release of Halo: Combat Evolved in 2001. With its eight million copies sold, GoldenEye 007 was also one of the most significant titles that helped the Nintendo 64 to remain competitive with rival Sony's PlayStation, even though the console ultimately lost much of its market share.
After GoldenEye 007 was released, Rare began development of a spiritual successor titled Perfect Dark. Using an upgraded version of the GoldenEye 007 game engine, Perfect Dark was released in 2000 for the Nintendo 64. Although the game features a setting and storyline unrelated to James Bond, it shares many gameplay features, including a similar control scheme, mission objectives that vary with the difficulty setting, and cheat options unlockable through quick level completions. While Perfect Dark was still in development, Martin Hollis left Rare to work as a consultant on the development of the GameCube at Nintendo of America. Other members of the GoldenEye 007 team also left Rare to form Free Radical Design. The company would develop the TimeSplitters series of first-person shooters. These games contain several references to GoldenEye 007, including the design of the health-HUD, the nature of the aiming system, and the Russian dam setting of the opening level of TimeSplitters 2.
After forming a partnership with MGM in late 1998, Electronic Arts published games based upon the then-recent James Bond films, Tomorrow Never Dies and The World Is Not Enough, as well as entirely original ones, including Agent Under Fire, Nightfire, Everything or Nothing and GoldenEye: Rogue Agent. Although some of them received favourable reviews from critics, none was as critically and commercially successful as GoldenEye 007. In 2006, the James Bond game licence was acquired by Activision. The company would then publish additional games, including Quantum of Solace, Blood Stone, and a 2010 reimagining of the Nintendo 64 game, also titled GoldenEye 007. The reimagining features Daniel Craig as the playable character, contemporary first-person shooter conventions, entirely new level-layouts, and an online component.
An Xbox Live Arcade port of GoldenEye 007 was in development at Rare for several months, while Nintendo of America president Reggie Fils-Aimé stated in 2006 that Nintendo was "exploring all the rights issues" involved in bringing the game to the Wii's Virtual Console. However, due to legal issues involving the numerous licence holders with rights to the game and to the Bond intellectual property, the game was not released on either format. In 2010, an independent development team released GoldenEye: Source, a multiplayer only total conversion mod developed using Valve's Source engine. A fan remake, entitled GoldenEye 25 in honour of the game's upcoming 25th anniversary, is being recreated in Unreal Engine 4. It is currently scheduled for a 2022 release.
- Greg Sewart. "GoldenEye 007 Review". Gaming Age. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "GoldenEye". Edge. No. 48. Future Publishing. August 1997. pp. 76–78. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- Doug Perry (25 August 1997). "GoldenEye 007 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 28 January 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Colin (6 June 2004). "GoldenEye 007 Review". Game Revolution. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Joe Fielder and Mark Hain. "The GoldenEye 007 Strategy Dossier". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "The GoldenEye Arms Reference". Rhodes Mill. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Paul Drury (15 May 2011). "The Making of Goldeneye". NowGamer. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- GoldenEye 007 instruction manual. Rare. 25 August 1997.
- "Gamer's Edge: 004-Player Action". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 98. Ziff Davis. September 1997. p. 100.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 1: Arkangelsk, Part i: Dam.
Background: M16 has confirmed the existence of a secret chemical warfare facility at the Byelomorye dam, USSR.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 1: Arkangelsk, Part ii: Facility.
Background: Inside the chemical weapons facility you should quickly and efficiently proceed to the bottling area and place demolition charges on the main gas tanks. / M Briefing: You'll be working with 006 on this assignment, the bottling room is the rendezvous point. / Q Branch: Now listen here, Bond. Be sure to place the mines carefully, otherwise you won't take out all the tanks in the bottling room.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 1: Arkangelsk, Part iii: Runway.
M Briefing: 006 knew this was going to be a risky mission. His sacrifice should give you enough time to find an aircraft.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 2: Severnaya, Part i: Surface.
Background: A spy satellite has detected increased levels of activity at an old observatory complex near Severnaya (62.08n, 102.58e) in Russia. / M Briefing: Penetrate the base and find out what is going on.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 3: Kirghizstan, Part i: Launch Silo No. 4.
Background: MI6 has become concerned that unscheduled test firings from a missile silo in Kirghizstan are being used to cover the launch of GoldenEye weapons satellites. / M Briefing: Infiltrate the silo and ascertain what is being placed into orbit.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 4: Monte Carlo, Part i: Frigate.
Background: A demonstration of the Pirate stealth helicopter by the French military has been unexpectedly postponed. Official channels insist that nothing is wrong but unofficially M16 has been asked to help salvage a very tricky hostage situation on board the frigate La Fayette. It seems that a crime syndicate called 'Janus' will stop at nothing in its attempt to hijack the helicopter. / M Briefing: We need you to place a tracker on the Pirate so that we can trace its movements after Janus steals it.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part i: Statue Park.
M Briefing: I've arranged contact with an ex-KGB agent, Valentin Zukovsky, in Statue Park, St. Petersburg. He claims he can set up a meeting with Janus.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part ii: Military Archives.
Background: Captured by the Russians, Bond must escape their military prison. / M Briefing: Your only chance is to speak directly to Defence Minister Mishkin.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part iii: Streets.
Background: After escaping KGB interrogation at the military archives, Natalya has been recaptured by General Ourumov. She is being taken by car to the Janus operations base in St. Petersburg. / M Briefing: Get after them, 007! We can't afford to let the trail go cold and the chances are they'll lead you straight to Trevelyan.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part iv: Depot.
Background: The Janus operations base in St. Petersburg is located in a disused military rail depot. / M Briefing: We also believe that Ourumov has taken Natalya to Trevelyan's converted missile train in the depot. You need to be on that train when it leaves.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part v: Train.
Natalya: Boris is still backing up his files. I can find out where they're going... He's in Cuba!
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part i: Jungle.
M Briefing: Miss Simonova will be with you on this mission... Jack Wade has given her some basic firearms training and he thinks she'll be able to carry her weight in a combat situation. / Q Branch: You'll know you're on the right trail if you encounter Janus troops or automated defences... Oh, and look out for that Xenia woman, 007. I think she's after you. You lucky devil.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part i: Jungle.
Background: The Janus Control Centre has been located in an underground complex in the Cuban jungle. / M Briefing: Remember that you and Miss Simonova are a team, it's critical that you protect her while she's hacking into the Janus computers. With any luck she'll be able to stop the Goldeneye from firing.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part iii: Water Caverns.
Background: The Janus Control Centre communicates with the Goldeneye weapons system via a large satellite dish which is usually concealed underwater. The pumps which allow Janus to flood the communications dish are housed in a subterranean cave complex defended by crack Janus troops.
- Rare. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part i: Jungle.
Q Branch: There's another blasted control thingy actually on the antenna cradle. Trevelyan might be able to realign the antenna and get one last firing message through to the satellite. Get out there and destroy it!
- Jon Jordan (8 June 2007). "The Restless Vision Of Martin Hollis, The Man With The GoldenEye". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- Martin Hollis (2 September 2004). "The Making of GoldenEye 007". Zoonami. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- Keith Stuart; Jordan Erica Webber (26 October 2015). "GoldenEye on N64: Miyamoto wanted to tone down the killing". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- "GoldenEye 007 Development". Nintendo. 24 February 1998. Archived from the original on 24 February 1998. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- Martin Hollis (August 2012). Classic Postmortem: GoldenEye 007 (Video). Cologne, Germany: GDC Vault. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- "The Golden Touch". Edge. No. 53. Future Publishing. Christmas 1997. pp. 78–80.
- "The Rare Essentials". N64 Magazine. No. 13. Future Publishing. March 1998. pp. 57–59.
- "Desert Island Disks: David Doak". Retro Gamer. No. 6. Live Publishing. July 2004. pp. 41–45. ISSN 1742-3155. Archived from the original on 7 September 2005.
- "Shaken, Not Stirred". Game Informer. September 1997. Archived from the original on 9 September 1999. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- Kate Cox (30 March 2012). "Long Lost Emulation Easter Egg Discovered in GoldenEye". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "GoldenEye 007 reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Scott Alan Marriott. "GoldenEye 007". AllGame. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- Jeff Gerstmann (19 August 1997). "GoldenEye 007 (1997) Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Tim Weaver (December 1997). "GoldenEye 007". N64 Magazine. No. 9. Future Publishing. pp. 38–47.
- "Solid Gold". Next Generation. No. 34. Imagine Media. October 1997. p. 168.
- "GoldenEye 007". Nintendo Power. No. 100. Nintendo of America. September 1997. p. 105.
- João Diniz-Sanches, ed. (October 2003). "Ten Top Tens". Edge. No. 128. Future Publishing. p. 71.
Don't tell anyone, but no one expected this to be any good. Early videos looked decidedly ropey, there was no marketing behind it (Rare had to come down to show the game itself), and, of course, it was a film licence.
- "Videogame Sales Higher Than Ever in '98". GameDaily. 25 January 1999. Archived from the original on 18 May 2001. Retrieved 18 May 2001.
- "Microsoft Acquires Video Game Powerhouse Rare Ltd". Microsoft. 24 September 2002. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Crandall, Robert W.; Sidak, J. Gregory. "Video Games: Serious Business for America's Economy" (PDF). Entertainment Software Association. pp. 39–40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- Poole, Steven (2000). Trigger Happy: The Inner Life of Videogames. London: Fourth Estate. p. 207. ISBN 1-84115-121-1.
… the tangible connection between the controls in your physical hands and the action of the little toy on screen is a clever semiotic trick that fools you into ever-increasing absorption into the cartoon world. A similar trick is worked by the videogame paradigm of the sniper rifle, introduced by MDK (1997), perfected by Goldeneye (1997) and then cropping up everywhere—for example in Metal Gear Solid (1999) and Perfect Dark (2000). This gadget zooms in on an area and lets you view it in close-up, usually for the purpose of delivering an exquisite head shot to a bad guy. A virtual environment that reveals more detail when viewed telescopically is naturally more convincing than one which only works on one informational scale.
- "Turok: Dinosaur Hunter". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
- "GoldenEye Wins BAFTA Awards". IGN. 4 November 1998. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "1998 Interactive Achievement Awards". Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on 23 October 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "The 52 Most Important Video Games of All Time (page 5 of 8)". GamePro. 24 April 2007. Archived from the original on 4 April 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- Rowan Kaiser (20 May 2011). "The 60 Most Influential Games of All Time". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "[SPOILERS] Top 100 Video Game Moments – The Full Countdown". IGN. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- "Top 100 Video Game Moments". IGN. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- "250 Reasons to Love Nintendo". Nintendo Power. No. 250. Nintendo of America. January 2010. p. 47.
- Matthew Howell, ed. (January 2000). "100 Greatest Games of All Time". Computer and Video Games. No. 218. EMAP. pp. 53–67. ISSN 0261-3697.
- "100 Greatest Games of All Time". Computer and Video Games. No. 230. EMAP. January 2001.
- "Top 100 Games of All Time". Game Informer. GameStop. August 2001. p. 35. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
- "Your Top 100 Games". Retro Gamer. No. 9. Live Publishing. October 2004. p. 56. ISSN 1742-3155.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games: 21–30". IGN. Archived from the original on 2 August 2005. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "Reader's Picks Top 10 games: 1–10". IGN. Archived from the original on 22 October 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "The Best 100 Videogames of All Time". Edge. No. 80. Future Publishing. January 2000.
- Tony Mott, ed. (2007). Edge presents: The 100 Best Videogames. Future Publishing. p. 172.
- Mark Reece (8 October 2011). "Review: GoldenEye 007 (Nintendo 64)". Nintendo Life. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- "The ten amendments: we crown seven games from the last 20 years of Edge with a retrospective 10". Edge-Online. 8 September 2013. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Tom Magrino (5 May 2011). "Smithsonian selects top 80 games from past 40 years". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Frank Cifaldi (1 September 2006). "The Gamasutra Quantum Leap Awards: First-Person Shooters". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- James Hawkins (8 April 2010). "The Top Ten First Person Shooters of All Time". Joystick Division. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Stephen Totilo (30 August 2010). "The History of Headshots, Gaming's Favorite Act Of Unreal Violence". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 25 June 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- "The Top 25 N64 Games of All Time". IGN. 19 June 2000. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "Halo: Combat Evolved Review". Edge-Online. 29 November 2001. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "No More Bond for Rare". IGN. 29 January 1998. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Matt Casamassina (19 May 2000). "Perfect Dark review". IGN. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Timesplitters Interview". IGN. 16 June 2000. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Matt Casamassina (11 October 2002). "TimeSplitters 2 review". IGN. Archived from the original on 10 June 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- "The Retro Guide to TimeSplitters". GamesTM. No. 129. Imagine Publishing. 2012.
- Jeff Gerstmann (9 October 2002). "TimeSplitters 2 Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- "EA and MGM Bond". IGN. 20 November 1998. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
- "EA Makes Bond Official". IGN. 18 November 1999. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Tor Thorsen (3 May 2006). "E3 06: Activision acquires James Bond license". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 30 January 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
- Daemon Hatfield (3 May 2006). "Activision Scores with Bond". IGN. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
- Craig Harris (2 November 2010). "GoldenEye 007 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Patrick Klepek (1 November 2008). "Why Did GoldenEye XBLA Stall?". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Stephen Totilo (28 November 2006). "Nintendo Exec Predicts Wii Future, Chances Of 'GoldenEye' On Console". MTV. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Logan Frederick (7 August 2008). "Rare Reveals XBLA Goldeneye Legal Problems". The Escapist. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- Tom Senior (14 December 2010). "GoldenEye: Source released". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on 22 September 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Ethan Gach (10 October 2018). "One GoldenEye Fan Wants To Recreate The Entire Game In Unreal". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2019.