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Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (French pronunciation: ​[ɡastɔ̃ dumɛʁɡ]; 1 August 1863 in Aigues-Vives, Gard – 18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

Gaston Doumergue
Gaston Doumergue 1924.jpg
Doumergue in 1924, as the Grand Master of the Legion of Honour
President of France
In office
13 June 1924 – 13 June 1931
Prime Minister
Preceded byAlexandre Millerand
Succeeded byPaul Doumer
Prime Minister of France
In office
9 February 1934 – 8 November 1934
PresidentAlbert François Lebrun
Preceded byÉdouard Daladier
Succeeded byPierre-Étienne Flandin
In office
9 December 1913 – 9 June 1914
PresidentRaymond Poincaré
Preceded byLouis Barthou
Succeeded byAlexandre Ribot
Personal details
Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue

1 August 1863
Aigues-Vives, France
Died18 June 1937 (aged 73)
Aigues-Vives, France
Political partyRadical Party
Alma materUniversity of Paris
Doumergue, taken c. 1910–1915

Doumergue came from a Protestant family and was a freemason.[2][3][4] Beginning as a Radical, he turned more towards the political right in his old age. He served as President of the Council (prime minister) from 9 December 1913 to 2 June 1914. He held the portfolio for the colonies through the ministries of Viviani and Briand until the Ribot ministry of March, 1917, when he was sent to Russia to persuade the Kerensky government not to make a separate peace with Germany and Austria. He was elected the thirteenth President of France on 13 June 1924, the only Protestant to hold that office. He served until 13 June 1931, and again was Prime Minister in a conservative national unity government, following the riots of 6 February 1934. This government lasted from 6 February to 8 November 1934.

He was widely regarded as one of the most popular French Presidents, particularly after highly controversial Alexandre Millerand, who was his predecessor. Doumergue was single when elected, and became the first President of France to marry in office.[5]

According to "Rail Tales of the Unexpected" (Kenneth Westcott Jones, David St John Thomas, Nairn, 1992), Doumerge was involved in an unusual railway incident in the autumn of 1926. Travelling to Germany on the Orient Express around 1 am he accidentally opened an external door and fell from the train. His disappearance was not noticed until the train was approaching Augsburg. Eventually his whereabouts was ascertained and he was brought by car to rejoin his party. After falling out he first made contact with a signalman along the track. The signalman was reportedly unimpressed by the dishevelled elderly gentleman in night attire claiming to be the President of France. The signalman is reported to have responded with "And I'm the Emperor Napoleon!". Doumerge suffered only minor cuts and bruises.


Doumergue's First Ministry, 9 December 1913 – 9 June 1914Edit


Doumergue's Second Ministry, 9 February – 8 November 1934Edit


  • 13 October 1934 – Pierre Laval succeeds Barthou (assassinated 9 October) as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Paul Marchandeau succeeds Sarraut as Minister of the Interior. Louis Rollin succeeds Laval as Minister of Colonies.
  • 15 October 1934 – Henri Lémery succeeds Chéron as Minister of Justice.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Gildea, Robert (1996). The Past in French History. Yale University Press. pp. 258–259. ISBN 978-0-300-06711-8. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  2. ^ Dictionnaire universelle de la Franc-Maçonnerie (Marc de Jode, Monique Cara and Jean-Marc Cara, ed. Larousse , 2011)
  3. ^ Dictionnaire de la Franc-Maçonnerie (Daniel Ligou, Presses Universitaires de France, 2006)
  4. ^ Ce que la France doit aux francs-maçons (Laurent KUPFERMAN,Emmanuel PIERRA, ed. Grund, 2012)
  5. ^ Sciolino, Elaine (3 February 2008). "French Leader and Ex-Model Wed in Quiet Ceremony". New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2008.

External linksEdit