Garia (Bengali:গড়িয়া) is a neighborhood in south Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It is bordered by the neighborhoods of Jadavpur in the north, Bansdroni/Tollygunge in the north-west, Santoshpur/Mukundapur in the north-east and Narendrapur/Rajpur Sonarpur in the south. It is on the banks of Adi Ganga.

Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Garia Patuli
Garia Patuli
Garia is located in Kolkata
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°27′46″N 88°23′48″E / 22.4629°N 88.3968°E / 22.4629; 88.3968Coordinates: 22°27′46″N 88°23′48″E / 22.4629°N 88.3968°E / 22.4629; 88.3968
StateWest Bengal
Metro StationGitanjali, Kavi Nazrul, Shahid Khudiram, Kavi Subhash
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation and Rajpur Sonarpur Municipality
KMC wards99, 100, 101, 109, 110, 111
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
700084, 700047, 700094, 700152
Area code+91 33
Lok Sabha constituencyJadavpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyJadavpur and Sonarpur Uttar

The southern part of the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass runs through the heart of the neighborhood. The area contains a prominent traffic junction from which a variety of public transport is available, making it a prime travel connection spot in South Kolkata.


Garia may have received its name from kandelia candel, a native mangrove tree species, which was called Guriya (Bengali: গুড়িয়া) in the Sundarbani dialect of Bengali. It is said that in ancient times the Sundarbans forest covered the area of present-day Garia and extended north all the way to Sealdah and that locals subsequently gave this area the name of Garia. However, Garia may have also gotten its name from the Muslim community originally from Gauda, Gauriyā, who lived nearby. It is said that this group is currently living in the northern part of Patuli; however, many scholars do not accept this theory.

Alternatively, the name Garia may have come from the large Gaudiya Vaishnav community living in the neighborhood. In the 15th century, the famous social reformer of Bengal, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, traveled through Adi Ganga on his Nilachal Yatra and stopped near present-day Garia; Vaishnavas (Baishnabs) have lived in the area since, and perhaps took inspiration for the name from that of the saint. Baishnabghata and Kamdahari, nearby townships, are hypothesized to have the same source of etymological history.


Garia is one of the oldest settlements in the region. Adi Ganga (also known as Tolly's Nala), which connects Kolkata to the Bidyadhari River to the east, runs through the middle of the neighborhood. It was a generally peaceful residential neighborhood before the partition of India, which changed the social composition of the area.

Through the course of the partition process, refugees came and settled in the farmlands and country houses of the rich landowners of Kolkata in Garia, increasing the population of the area by several thousands.

Garia became a refugee settlement, along with Jadavpur and Tollygunge, in the southern fringes of the city. Slowly after the initial upheaval, development of the area resumed and it gradually became peaceful once again.

With the expansion of Kolkata to the east and the south during the 1990s, the area witnessed further change. Garia was the southern end of the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. This road connected Garia to the north of the city and newly developing areas like Salt Lake and New Town, and also to the Dum Dum Airport and spurred the rapid commercialization of the area. Already home to two major bus terminals, Garia became the transport and commercial hub of the region.

Present dayEdit

Kanungo Park, established by Sri Manindra Lal Das (of The Directorate of Settlement Department of West Bengal), was the first planned settlement in Garia and was inspired by Milian Park in Washington D.C. It, along with most other new planned settlements, was located to the north of the junction of N.S.C. Bose Road and Raja Subodh Chandra Mullick Road (known today as Garia More Road).

The locality is now home to some of the most upmarket apartment complexes in the city and caters to people looking to get away from the congestion of Kolkata. Notable complexes include Hiland Park, Avani's Victoria Greens, Westwind, Orbit City, Sunny Seasons, Victoria Greens, Sugam Park, Sherwood Estate, and Bengal Ambuja's Upohar.

More apartment complexes, such as Sugam Sudhir, PS Srijan Ozone, and Modello Highs are also nearing completion. Garia's population also continues to increase. Additionally, more residential flats are being built, leading roads to be increasingly congested and bringing Garia in line with most other places in Kolkata.

One of Kolkata's red-light districts is situated in Garia.[1]

Settlements within GariaEdit

Garia covers the residential areas of Kanungo Park, New Garia, Chak Garia, Garia Park, Baghajatin, Ajoy Nagar, Baishnabghata-Patuli, Techno City, Panchpota, Model Town, Ganguly Bagan, Tentulberia, East Tentulberia, Ramgarh, Briji, Dhalai Bridge, Kamalgazi, Mahamayatala, Nabagram, Pearabagan, Boral, Sreenagar, Nayabad, Panchasayar, Kandarpopur Town, Fartabad, Garia railway station, Balia, Sreerampur, and certain parts of New Ajoynagar.

New GariaEdit

New Garia is a fast-growing neighborhood in the eastern part of Garia. The southern terminal metro station of Kolkata Metro is located here.

Chak GariaEdit

Chak Garia, also known as Chakgaria, is an upmarket neighborhood in the eastern part of Garia. It contains several high rises such as Hiland Park and Bengal Ambuja Upohar.

Baishnabghata Patuli TownshipEdit

Baishnabghata-Patuli Township is a township located on the EM Bypass. The township is a project funded by the World Bank.


Mahamayatala is a well-known residential area in Garia. There are several modern luxurious residential complexes, medical centers, banks, department stores, fusion-cuisine restaurants and bars. The well-known Maa Mahamaya Temple is found here.


Pearabagan is a major locality in South Garia. It is a residential area with a bazaar popularly known as "Kalibazar". There are many schools in the area including the co-ed Laskarpur Vidyapith school. BDMI school in Pearabagan is connected with Purba Para, Laskarpur. The post office of Laskarpur is situated here. The Rishi Apartment, Elina Apartment, and Narayani Apartment complexes are also located here.


Tetultala is a residential area located between Mahamayatala and Hindustan More. Various residential buildings and housing complexes are situated in this locality, such as Sanghati Abasan, Victoria Enclave, Tinni Apartment, Puskar Abasan, Basundhara Apartment, and Luv Kush Apartment.

Hindustan MoreEdit

Hindustan More is another posh upmarket area, with renowned multi-specialty nursing homes such as Hindustan Health Point and several markets, as well as a BSF camp, the West Bengal State Electricity Board office, fire brigade department, HDFC Bank, and complex like ganguly group 4sight florence.

Kandarpopur TownEdit

Kandarpopur Town is a major locality of Garia situated beside the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. Garia Railway Station and Shahid Khudiram Metro Station serve the area. It is one of Garia's fastest-growing neighborhoods.

Geographic locationEdit

The junction of Raja S.C.Mullick Road, N.S.C. Bose Road and Garia Main Road adjacent to Kanungo Park is known as "Garia More".


Railway connectivity of Garia
New Garia Metro Station

Garia features two state bus terminals (No.5, No.6, S-7 and S-21). There are three private bus terminals as well. One is used by 80A(running between Garia and Alipore Zoo) and 80B (running between Garia and Esplanade), another is used by a minibus service running between Garia and B.B.D.Bag.(Route 105) There is another bus terminal used by a bus running between Garia and Barasat.There are several bus routes connecting Garia to the rest of the city.[2]

The Kavi Nazrul Metro Station connects Garia to the Kolkata Metro network. Two more stations - Shahid Khudiram (near EM Bypass and Garia Station Road) and Kavi Subhash (adjacent to the New Garia Railway Station) - have been operational since 7 October 2010.[3][4]

Garia Railway Station connects Garia to the Indian Railways network.

List of Metro StationsEdit

List of Railway StationsEdit

List of major roadsEdit


Garia is one of the major shopping areas of Kolkata.[6] Notable shopping malls and department stores include:

  • Metropolis Mall, Hiland Park, EM Bypass, Chak Garia[7]
  • Big Bazaar, Orbit Mall, Garia[8]
  • Spencer's, Garia Station Road[9]
  • Spencer's Express, Baishnabghata Patuli Township[10]
  • Spencer's Express, Tolly Heights, Naktala[11]
  • Proyozonio[12]
  • Bizarre Bazar[13]
  • Sonar Bangla Shopping Complex[14]
  • Pooja Plaza (Near Garia Bazaar)
  • Parnashree Market (Near Garia Main Road)
  • New Raghunath Market
  • Brand Factory (Near Mahamayatala, Garia)

Medical facilitiesEdit

Peerless Hospital

Several medical institutes are found within Garia.

  • The Apollo Clinic[15]
  • Bengal Rural Welfare Service (BRWS) Hospital
  • Banchbo Healing Touch[16]
  • Peerless Hospital (Panchasayar)
  • Remedy Hospital (Kalitala)
  • Lifeline Hospital (Pratapgarh)
  • Namita Biswas Memorial Eye Hospital (Garia Station)
  • Sevangan Nursing Home
  • Smilz Dental Treatment Facility (Garia Park)[17]
  • Remedy Diagnostic Center
  • Medich Health Clinic and Diagnostic Centre
  • Friends Diagnostic Private Limited
  • Mother Teresa Memorial TB Hospital and Research Centre[18]
  • Neotia Mediplus Super Specialty Clinic (part of Park Hospitals), 168 Garia Main Road, Kolkata 700084 (Opp. 228 bus stand)


Netaji Subhash Engineering College

Garia is home to several academic, research and professional institutions. Major colleges, schools and research institutions located here include:

Notable non-governmental organizationsEdit

  • BANCHBO - Education of children, elderly care, and female empowerment
  • Boral Kalpataru Seva Samity - Provides free health checks and medicines (Govt. registration num. S/2L/38619)
  • Grace and Glory of God (Kamalgazi)- Provides for the needy and helps to educate children

Places of interestEdit

  • Hiland Park, the second tallest tower in Kolkata (after South City) (located in Chak Garia on the E. M. Bypass)
  • The Conclave Club Verde Vista, Chak Garia
  • Garia Bazaar is one of the largest wholesale fish and vegetable markets in Kolkata
  • Sant Sri Asaramji Ashram, near Netaji Subhash Engineering College
  • Bharat Sevashram Sangha, located near Briji
  • Very old twin temples at Garia Burning Ghat
  • Garia Buddha Temple
  • Baroda Avenue Kali Temple (one of the oldest Kali temples of Garia)
  • Tripurasundari Temple (one of the oldest temples in Bengal)
  • Kaliganga canal
  • Shri Shri Baba Lokenath Brahmachari Mandir
  • Bipattarini Mandir (smaller version of the original Bipattarini Temple in Rajpur)
  • Mahamaya Mandir
  • Jora Mandir near Kali Ganga
  • Baishnab Ghata Putul Park
  • Shree Guru Asram, Naktala
  • Sheetala Mata Mandir, Near Boral Chowk (near Narayan Mistanna Bhandar)
  • Floating Market, Patuli
  • Many residential complexes (4 Sight Sapphire, 4 Sight Model Town, 4 Sight Florence, 4 Sight Mushroom etc.)


  • Durga Puja is celebrated in Garia.
  • Buddha Jayanti is a celebration of 3 important events in Lord Buddha's life (Birth, Buddhata, Maha Parinirvan) at Garia Buddha Temple on Buddha Purnima Day.
  • Kathina Chivara Dana is a special occasion for Buddhists, especially for Buddhist monks and is celebrated after their completion of 3 months of Varsha Mash at Garia Buddha Temple.
  • Baishnabghata Patuli Boi Mela is a book fair at Kendua Shanti Sangha first held in December 2012.
  • Seva Utsav, organized by Dakshin Kalikata Krira O Sanskriti Parishad, has been a successful community program for 35 years. Activities include a free eye operation camp and medical camp, various cultural competitions and programmes, a torch relay, exhibitions, workshops, demonstrations, the All Bengal Yogasan Competition, Baul Mela, Kavi Sammelan, seminars, etc.
  • Rakhi Utsav is the annual function of the Sreerampur Kalyan Samity.
  • West Bengal Art and Handicrafts Fair (sponsored by the Govt. of West Bengal)
  • Old Rath Yatra fair at Rathtala
  • Puja Rating and Rides (organised by Banchbo)
  • International Senior Citizen Day is celebrated on 1 October of every year. The event is organized by Banchbo Healing Touch.
  • World Diabetes Day is on 14 November of every year. Events are organized by Banchbo Healing Touch.
  • World Environment Day is on 5 June of every year. Events are organized by Banchbo and Metta Parishad, the youth wing of Garia Bauddha Sanskriti Samsad.
  • Doctors' Day is on 1 July of every year. Events are organized by Banchbo and Kendua Shanti Sangha.

In popular cultureEdit

In early 1953, the principal photography of Satyajit Ray's debut film Pather Panchali was done at Boral, which was then a small village on the outskirts of Kolkata and is now a locality of Garia. A decade later, Ray again shot a scene of Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne in the dense bamboo groves near a pond in Garia.[33]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Rose, Madison Leigh (27 August 2012). "Red Light City: Sex Workers' Experiences of the City of Joy". Madison Leigh Rose. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Bus routes in Kolkata". Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  3. ^ Mandal, Sanjay (4 October 2010). "Mahalaya debut for Metro AC rakes". The Telegraph. India. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  4. ^ Gupta, Jayanta (25 September 2010). "City Metro to launch first AC rake on Mahalaya". The Times of India. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  5. ^ The Telegraph article on the inauguration of the New Garia-Airport route
  6. ^ "Shopping areas in Kolkata". Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  7. ^ Metropolis Mall, Hiland Park Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Big Bazaar-Garia". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  9. ^ Spencers-Garia
  10. ^ Spencers-Patuli
  11. ^ Spencer's Express-Naktala
  12. ^ "Proyozonio-Garia". Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  13. ^ Bizarre Bazar-Garia
  14. ^ "Sonar Bangla Shopping Complex". Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  15. ^ "The Apollo Clinic Clinics". Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  16. ^ Banchbo Healing Touch Official Website
  17. ^ SMiLZ Dental Treatment Facility
  18. ^ KMC Chest Clinics
  19. ^ Indian Centre for Space Physics
  20. ^ "Affiliated colleges of Calcutta University". Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  21. ^ Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta address
  22. ^ Seacom Marine College address
  23. ^ "Sammilani Mahavidyalaya college address". Archived from the original on 26 January 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  24. ^ "K.K. Das college address". Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  25. ^ "List of Schools of Nursing" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 December 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  26. ^ Indus Valley World School
  27. ^ "ISC schools in Kolkata". Archived from the original on 8 May 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  28. ^ "Techno India Group Public School Branches". Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  29. ^ "Techno India Model School Branches". Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  30. ^ Calcuttaweb-Schools Archived 2007-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "B.D. Memorial School locations". Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  32. ^ Garia Vidyabhavana South
  33. ^ "Apu Doesn't Live Here Anymore". Indian Express. 6 April 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013.

External linksEdit

  Kolkata/Southern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage