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Baruipur is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is a neighbourhood in South Kolkata. It is a part of the area covered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It is the headquarters of the Baruipur subdivision and also the seat for the Sub-Divisional Court. The Baruipur Police District is responsible for law enforcement in the city.

Baruipur
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Baruipur Municipality
Baruipur Municipality
Baruipur is located in West Bengal
Baruipur
Baruipur
Location in West Bengal, India
Baruipur is located in India
Baruipur
Baruipur
Baruipur (India)
Coordinates: 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318Coordinates: 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318
Country  India
State West Bengal
Division Presidency
District South 24 Parganas
City Kolkata
Established 1869; 149 years ago (1869)
Government
 • Type Chairman–Council
 • Body Baruipur Municipality
Area
 • Total 9.50 km2 (3.67 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 53,128
 • Density 5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, Hindi, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 700144, 700145
Telephone code +91 33 2423/2433
Vehicle registration WB-01 to WB-10, WB-19, WB-20, WB-22, WB-22U, WB-95, WB-96
Lok Sabha constituency Jadavpur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Baruipur Purba (SC), Baruipur Paschim
Website www.baruipurmunicipality.org.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Gajan Utsab of Baruipur is famous. According to local legend, there was once a severely contested lathi fight between the lathials of the Sabarna Choudhurys of Barisa and the Roy Choudhurys of Baruipur concerning the boundary dispute of their respective Zamindaris. The Sardar of the lathials of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury was Bhriguram. The lathials of Baruipur managed to cut off his head with a sword and won the fight. However, Bhriguram was so much respected in the area that a lock of his hair was preserved. Bhriguram is still publicly honoured by the exposition of lock during the gajan mela at Baruipur.[1]

GeographyEdit

Baruipur is located at 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318.[2] It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).

ClimateEdit

The climate is tropical — like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon — from early June to mid September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid November to mid February) and humid during summer.

Temperature: 40 °C in May(Max) and 10 °C in January(Min)

Relative Humidity: Between 55% in March & 98% in July

DemographicsEdit

As per 2011 Census of India, Baruipur city had a total population of 53,128, of which 26,718 (50%) were males and 26,410 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 3,763. The total number of literates was 45,434 (92.04% of the population over 6 years).[3]

TransportEdit

RailwayEdit

Railway is the primary mode of transport of Baruipur. The entire area of Baruipur is served by the Baruipur Junction railway station on the Sealdah–Baruipur line of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. It is one of the busiest stations of Sealdah division. More than 80 pairs of local trains ply through Baruipur Junction on a daily basis.

EMU Services (From Sealdah South)
Other EMU Services

RoadwayEdit

Baruipur is also well connected with SH–1. Buses like CTC, CSTC, State transport authority, Express ply their trade here. Buses available for all over Kolkata & Suburbs.

Theme Township ProjectEdit

The state government has kicked off its 'theme-township' project by floating tenders for 'Uttam City' at Baruipur. Uttam City will be developed on an 86-acre plot. Its theme is wellness and health with focus on senior citizens.

Civic AdministrationEdit

There is a Baruipur Municipality which is one of the oldest municipalities in the West Bengal. It is divided into 17 wards. As per 2015 municipal election, it is controlling by the All India Trinamool Congress.

Bank/ ATM/ Government OrganisationsEdit

All leading banks are present in Baruipur city including OBC, SBI, ICICI, Axis, Canara, UBI, HDFC, BOB, BOI, Allahabad Bank, Indian Bank etc.

Other Government Organisations
  • Baruipur Head Post Office
  • Baruipur Sub- Divisional Court
  • Baruipur District Police Headquarter
  • Baruipur Zila Parishad Building

CultureEdit

The culture milieu in Baruipur reflects the usual cultural characteristics of similar small towns in Bengal.

EducationEdit

The town's schools are either run by the state government or by private organisations. Schools mainly use English or Bengali as the medium of instruction . The schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education(CBSE), or the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education. Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in a school with a higher secondary facility affiliated with West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE). Students usually choose from one of three streams — liberal arts, commerce, or science, though vocational streams are also available. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enroll in general or professional degree programmed.

SchoolsEdit

  • Rashmani Balika Vidyalaya
  • Gobindapur Ratneswar High School
  • Padmapukur Madhya Vidhyalaya
  • Madarat Popular Academy
  • Baruipur High School
  • Sri Ramakrishna Ashrama Institute
  • Holy Cross School
  • Welkin National School

CollegesEdit

  • Baruipur College
  • Baruipur Government Polytechnic
  • Gargi Memorial Institute of Technology (B.TECH)
  • Greater Kolkata Institute of Engineering and Management (B.TECH)
  • South Calcutta Polytechnic

ShoppingEdit

Baruipur is one of the major shopping areas of South 24 Parganas. All the important brands of Jewellery, Mobile, Electronics, Dresses, Cars, Bikes are present in Baruipur.

Places of InterestEdit

  • Maa Shibani Temple, Shibanipith
  • Catholic Diocese of Baruipur, Jogibottala
  • Baruipur Jomidar Roy Chowdhury Bari, Puratan Bazar

MediaEdit

Newspapers & magazinesEdit

Some small local newspapers and magazines are there. However the scenario is dominated by the media of Kolkata. Bengali language newspapers like Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Ei Samay, The Telegraph are widely circulated regional newspapers. National English newspapers such as Hindustan Times and The Times of India are also available.

RadioEdit

Kolkata's radio stations are available here. Eleven local FM stations: AIR Kolkata (FM Rainbow & FM Gold), Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), Aamar FM (106.2 MHz), Fever 104 FM (104 MHz), Radio One (94.3 MHz), Oye FM (104.8 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz) are available.

TelevisionEdit

The state-owned television broadcaster Doordarshan provides two free terrestrial channels, while MSO, DTH operators provide a mix of Bengali, Hindi, English and other regional channels via cable and DTH.

HealthcareEdit

  • The Sub Divisional Hospital (Baruipur Sub Divisional Hospital) is the major healthcare facility in Baruipur. Baruipur also have several privately operated nursing homes.
  • Sparsh Diagnostic Centre

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hindu Books
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Baruipur
  3. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 April 2016.