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Baruipur is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It is the headquarters of the Baruipur subdivision and also the seat for the district's Sub-Divisional Court. The Baruipur Police District is responsible for law enforcement in the city.
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
|District||South 24 Parganas|
|• Body||Baruipur Municipality|
|• Total||9.50 km2 (3.67 sq mi)|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33 2423/2433|
|Vehicle registration||WB-01 to WB-10, WB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jadavpur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Baruipur Purba (SC), Baruipur Paschim|
The Gajan Utsab of Baruipur is famous. According to local legend, there was once a severely contested lathi fight between the lathials of the Sabarna Choudhury of Barisha and the Roy Choudhury of Baruipur concerning the boundary dispute of their respective Zamindaris. The Sardar of the lathials of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury was Bhriguram. The lathials of Baruipur managed to cut off his head with a sword and won the fight. However, Bhriguram was so much respected in the area that a lock of his hair was preserved. Bhriguram is still publicly honoured by the exposition of lock during the gajan mela at Baruipur.
Baruipur is located at  It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft)..
The climate is tropical — like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon — from early June to mid-September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid-November to mid-February) and humid during summer. Temperature raises up to 40 °C in May and drops down to 10 °C in January. The relative humidity is between 55% in March & 98% in July. The average rainfall occurs here per year is 1,579 mm (normal).
As per 2011 Census of India, Baruipur city had a total population of 53,128, of which 26,718 (50%) were males and 26,410 (50%) were females (100 (0%) were transgenders). Population below 6 years was 3,763. The total number of literates was 45,434 (92.04% of the population over 6 years).
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Railway is the primary mode of transport of Baruipur. The entire area of Baruipur is served by the Baruipur Junction railway station on the Sealdah–Baruipur line of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. It is one of the busiest stations of Sealdah division. More than 82 pairs of local trains (EMU) ply through Baruipur Junction on a daily basis.
EMU Services (UP/DN):
Baruipur is also well connected with SH–1 and Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. Buses like CTC, CSTC, State transport authority, Express ply their trade here. Buses available for all over Kolkata & Suburbs. Electric and LPG vehicles available for Garia, Rajpur and Suburbs. Leading App Cabs Ola & Uber also available in Baruipur.
Nearest Metro Stations are-
- New Garia (Kavi Subhash)
- Garia Bazar (Kavi Nazrul)
- Eastern Metropolitan Bypass Briji (Sahid Kshudiram)
Local Trains (EMU), Buses, Autos, App Cabs available from these stations.
Theme Township projectEdit
The state government has kicked off its 'theme-township' project by floating tenders for 'Uttam City' at Baruipur. Uttam City will be developed on an 86-acre plot. Its theme is wellness and health with focus on senior citizens.
There is a Baruipur Municipality which is one of the oldest municipalities in the West Bengal. It is divided into 17 wards. As per 2015 municipal election, it is being controlled by the All India Trinamool Congress.
The culture milieu in Baruipur reflects the usual cultural characteristics of similar cities in West Bengal. The educated middle–class community continues to perpetuate the Bengali cultural manifestations like drama, recitation, classical music, songs and dances, while young Turks take a rather revolutionary stand and let out their feeling in the form of minor little magazines and socially relevant functions like health check-up camps, blood donation camps, etc.
The city's schools are either run by the state government or by private organisations. Schools mainly use English or Bengali as the medium of instruction. The schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), or the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education (WBBSE). Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in a school with a higher secondary facility affiliated with West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE). Students usually choose from one of three streams — liberal arts, commerce, or science, though vocational streams are also available. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enroll in general or professional degree programmed.
Baruipur is one of the major shopping areas of South 24 Parganas district. There are many shops present in this neighbourhood where all types of branded products are available.
Places of interestEdit
- Maa Shibani Temple, Shibanipith
- Catholic Diocese of Baruipur, Jogibottala
- Baruipur Jomidar Roy Chowdhury Bari, Puratan Bazar
Newspapers and magazinesEdit
Some small local newspapers and magazines are there. However, the scenario is dominated by the media of Kolkata. Bengali language newspapers like Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Ei Samay, The Telegraph are widely circulated regional newspapers. National English newspapers such as Hindustan Times and The Times of India are also available.
Kolkata's radio stations are available here. Eleven local FM stations: AIR Kolkata (FM Rainbow & FM Gold), Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), Aamar FM (106.2 MHz), Fever 104 FM (104 MHz), Radio One (94.3 MHz), Oye FM (104.8 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz) are available.
The state-owned television broadcaster Doordarshan provides two free terrestrial channels, while MSO, DTH operators provide a mix of Bengali, Hindi, English and other regional channels via cable and DTH.
The Sub-Divisional Hospital and Baruipur Superspeciality Hospital are the major healthcare facility here. Baruipur also have several privately operated nursing homes.
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