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Baruipur is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It is the headquarters of the Baruipur subdivision and also the seat for the district's Sub-Divisional Court. The Baruipur Police District is responsible for law enforcement in the city.

Baruipur

Bāru'ipur
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Baruipur Municipality
Baruipur Municipality
Baruipur is located in West Bengal
Baruipur
Baruipur
Location in West Bengal, India
Baruipur is located in India
Baruipur
Baruipur
Baruipur (India)
Coordinates: 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318Coordinates: 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DivisionPresidency
DistrictSouth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Established1869; 150 years ago (1869)
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBaruipur Municipality
Area
 • Total9.50 km2 (3.67 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total53,128
 • Density5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[1][2]
 • Additional officialEnglish[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700144, 700145
Telephone code+91 33 2423/2433
Vehicle registrationWB-01 to WB-10, WB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99
Lok Sabha constituencyJadavpur[3]
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBaruipur Purba (SC)[4], Baruipur Paschim[5]
Websitewww.baruipurmunicipality.org.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Gajan Utsab of Baruipur is famous. According to local legend, there was once a severely contested lathi fight between the lathials of the Sabarna Choudhury of Barisha and the Roy Choudhury of Baruipur concerning the boundary dispute of their respective Zamindaris. The Sardar of the lathials of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury was Bhriguram. The lathials of Baruipur managed to cut off his head with a sword and won the fight. However, Bhriguram was so much respected in the area that a lock of his hair was preserved. Bhriguram is still publicly honoured by the exposition of lock during the gajan mela at Baruipur.[6]

GeographyEdit

Baruipur is located at 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318.[7] It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).

 
Map of Municipal Corporations and Municipalities.

ClimateEdit

The climate is tropical — like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon — from early June to mid-September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid-November to mid-February) and humid during summer. Temperature raises up to 40 °C in May and drops down to 10 °C in January. The relative humidity is between 55% in March & 98% in July. The average rainfall occurs here per year is 1,579 mm (normal).[7]

DemographicsEdit

As per 2011 Census of India, Baruipur city had a total population of 53,128, of which 26,718 (50%) were males and 26,410 (50%) were females (100 (0%) were transgenders[8]). Population below 6 years was 3,763. The total number of literates was 45,434 (92.04% of the population over 6 years).[9]

TransportEdit

RailwayEdit

Railway is the primary mode of transport of Baruipur. The entire area of Baruipur is served by the Baruipur Junction railway station on the Sealdah–Baruipur line of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. It is one of the busiest stations of Sealdah division. More than 82 pairs of local trains (EMU) ply through Baruipur Junction on a daily basis.

EMU Services (UP/DN)

RoadwayEdit

Baruipur is also well connected with SH–1 and Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. Buses like CTC, CSTC, State transport authority, Express ply their trade here. Buses available for all over Kolkata & Suburbs. Electric and LPG vehicles available for Garia, Rajpur and Suburbs. Leading App Cabs Ola & Uber also available in Baruipur.

Kolkata MetroEdit

Nearest Metro Stations are-

Local Trains (EMU), Buses, Autos, App Cabs available from these stations.

Theme Township projectEdit

The state government has kicked off its 'theme-township' project by floating tenders for 'Uttam City' at Baruipur. Uttam City will be developed on an 86-acre plot. Its theme is wellness and health with focus on senior citizens.

Civic AdministrationEdit

There is a Baruipur Municipality which is one of the oldest municipalities in the West Bengal. It is divided into 17 wards. As per 2015 municipal election, it is being controlled by the All India Trinamool Congress.

CultureEdit

The culture milieu in Baruipur reflects the usual cultural characteristics of similar cities in West Bengal. The educated middle–class community continues to perpetuate the Bengali cultural manifestations like drama, recitation, classical music, songs and dances, while young Turks take a rather revolutionary stand and let out their feeling in the form of minor little magazines and socially relevant functions like health check-up camps, blood donation camps, etc.

EducationEdit

The city's schools are either run by the state government or by private organisations. Schools mainly use English or Bengali as the medium of instruction. The schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), or the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education (WBBSE). Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in a school with a higher secondary facility affiliated with West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE). Students usually choose from one of three streams — liberal arts, commerce, or science, though vocational streams are also available. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enroll in general or professional degree programmed.[citation needed]

ShoppingEdit

Baruipur is one of the major shopping areas of South 24 Parganas district. There are many shops present in this neighbourhood where all types of branded products are available.

Places of interestEdit

  • Maa Shibani Temple, Shibanipith
  • Catholic Diocese of Baruipur, Jogibottala
  • Baruipur Jomidar Roy Chowdhury Bari, Puratan Bazar

MediaEdit

Newspapers and magazinesEdit

Some small local newspapers and magazines are there. However, the scenario is dominated by the media of Kolkata. Bengali language newspapers like Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Ei Samay, The Telegraph are widely circulated regional newspapers. National English newspapers such as Hindustan Times and The Times of India are also available.

RadioEdit

Kolkata's radio stations are available here. Eleven local FM stations: AIR Kolkata (FM Rainbow & FM Gold), Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), Aamar FM (106.2 MHz), Fever 104 FM (104 MHz), Radio One (94.3 MHz), Oye FM (104.8 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz) are available.[citation needed]

TelevisionEdit

The state-owned television broadcaster Doordarshan provides two free terrestrial channels, while MSO, DTH operators provide a mix of Bengali, Hindi, English and other regional channels via cable and DTH.

HealthcareEdit

The Sub-Divisional Hospital and Baruipur Superspeciality Hospital are the major healthcare facility here.[10] Baruipur also have several privately operated nursing homes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Jadavpur Lok Sabha Election Result 2019:". Firstpost. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Baruipur Purba Assembly Election 2016 Latest News & Results". India.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Baruipur Paschim Assembly Election 2016 Latest News & Results". India.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Hindu Books". Archived from the original on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2007.[dead link]
  7. ^ a b "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Baruipur". Archived from the original on 21 October 2006. Retrieved 25 June 2006.
  8. ^ "Lok Sabha elections: Recognised by SC, community to vote as third gender for first time | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  9. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Kolkata Man Travels Over 40 Km With 3 Iron Rods Still Inside Body; Saved After Surgery". indiatimes.com. 9 August 2018. Archived from the original on 25 September 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.