Open main menu

Foreign born

Foreign-born (also non-native) people are those born outside of their country of residence. Foreign born are often non-citizens, but many are naturalized citizens of the country in which they live, and others are citizens by descent, typically through a parent.

The term foreign born encompasses both immigrants and expatriates but is not synonymous with either. Foreign born may, like immigrants, have committed to living in a country permanently or, like expatriates, live abroad for a significant period with the plan to return to their birth-country eventually.

The status of foreign born — particularly their access to citizenship — differs globally. The large groups of foreign-born guest workers in Arab states of the Persian Gulf, for example, have no right to citizenship no matter the length of their residence. In Canada, Australia and the United States, by contrast, foreign born are often citizens or in the process of becoming citizens. Certain countries have intermediary rules: in Germany and Japan it is often difficult but not impossible for the foreign born to become citizens.

Contents

Trends by countryEdit

The percentage of foreign born in a country is the product mostly of immigration rates, but is also affected by emigration rates and birth and death rates in the destination country. For example, the United Kingdom and Ireland are destination countries for migrants from Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia, but are themselves source countries for immigration to other English-speaking countries. The countries with the highest rates of immigration are wealthy countries with relatively open nationality or migration laws, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and the Persian Gulf states.

The largest foreign-born population in the world is in the United States, which was home to 39 million foreign-born residents in 2012, or 12.6% of the population.[1] The highest percentage of foreign-born residents occurs in small, wealthy countries with large numbers of temporary foreign workers, such as the United Arab Emirates and Qatar; the population of each is, depending on the economy at the time, around 80%.[2] In 2010, the Migration Policy Institute reported that the largest percentages were Qatar (86.5%) and UAE (70%).[3]

Cities with largest foreign born populationsEdit

Rank City Country Estimate Source Foreign-Born Population Percentage
1 London   United Kingdom ONS 2016 3,309,000[4] 37.8%
2 New York City   United States 2016 ACS 3,200,219[5] 37.5%
3 Los Angeles   United States 2016 ACS 1,499,418 37.7%
4 Toronto   Canada Canada 2016 Census 1,266,005[6] 47.0%
5 Houston   United States 2016 ACS 698,395 30.3%
6 Chicago   United States 2016 ACS 559,623 20.7%
7 Montréal   Canada Canada 2016 Census 570,940 34.3%
8 San Jose   United States 2016 ACS 402,776 39.3%
9 Calgary   Canada Canada 2016 Census 383,065 31.3%
10 San Diego   United States 2016 ACS 373,842 26.7%
11 Paris   France 2014 UrbiStat 325,100[7] 14.6%
12 Dallas   United States 2016 ACS 324,972 24.7%
13 Milan   Italy Istat 2011 324,378[8] 10.7%
14 San Francisco   United States 2016 ACS 296,849 34.9%
15 Miami   United States 2016 ACS 264,656 58.3%
16 Vancouver   Canada Canada 2016 Census 262,765 42.5%
17 Ottawa   Canada Canada 2016 Census 216,505 23.6%
18 Boston   United States 2016 ACS 194,264 28.9%
19 Birmingham   United Kingdom ONS 2016 140,000 22.8%
20 Manchester   United Kingdom ONS 2016 140,000 26.4%

Metropolitan and Urban regions with largest foreign born populationsEdit

  1. Data for the cities listed below is from numerous sources.
Rank[9] City Country Foreign-Born Population Sources of Immigrants
1 New York metropolitan area   United States 5,656,000[10]   China
  Dominican Republic
  Mexico
  India
  South Korea
  Jamaica
  Ecuador
  Colombia
  Guyana
  Italy
  Haiti
2 Los Angeles metropolitan area   United States 4,421,000[10]   Mexico
  Philippines
  El Salvador
  China
  Vietnam
  South Korea
  Guatemala
  Iran
  India
3 London and Home Counties   United Kingdom 4,051,502[4]   India
  Poland
  Bangladesh
  Romania
  Pakistan
  Italy
  Nigeria
  Ireland
  Sri Lanka
  France
4 Toronto metropolitan area   Canada 2,842,445[11]   China
  Philippines
  India
  Sri Lanka
  Italy
  United Kingdom
  European Union
  South Korea
5 Hong Kong (SAR)   Hong Kong 2,793,450   China
  Indonesia
  Philippines
  Macau
  Thailand
6 San Francisco Bay Area   United States 2,634,270[12][13]   Mexico
  China
  Philippines
  Vietnam
  India
  El Salvador
  South Korea
  Iran
7 Paris metropolitan area   France 2,429,223[14]   Algeria
  Portugal
  Morocco
  Tunisia
  Guadeloupe
  Martinique
  Turkey
  China
  Italy
  Mali
8 Sydney Greater Capital City Statistical Area   Australia 2,071,872[15]   China
  United Kingdom
  India
  New Zealand
  Vietnam
  Philippines
  South Korea
  Lebanon
  Sri Lanka
9 Miami metropolitan area   United States 1,949,629   Cuba

  Haiti
  Colombia
  Jamaica
  Nicaragua
  Venezuela
  Mexico
  Peru
  Honduras
  Dominican Republic

10 Melbourne Greater Capital City Statistical Area   Australia 1,801,139 [16]   India
  China
  United Kingdom
  Vietnam
  New Zealand
  Italy
  Sri Lanka
  Greece
11 Chicago metropolitan area   United States 1,625,649   Mexico
  India
  Poland
  Philippines
  China
  South Korea
  Italy
  Guatemala
  Ukraine
12 Brussels Urban Area   Belgium 1,441,600   Italy
  France
  Morocco
  Turkey
  Romania
13 Berlin Urban Area   Germany 1,231,500   Turkey
  Russia
  Poland
  Syria
  Italy
  Bulgaria
  Romania
  Serbia
  France
  Vietnam
  United Kingdom
14 Singapore (city only)   Singapore 1,305,011   Malaysia
  China
  India
  Indonesia
  Philippines
  Bangladesh
  Taiwan
  Myanmar
  South Korea
15 Moscow (city only)   Russia 1,128,035   Ukraine
  Uzbekistan
  Tajikistan
  Azerbaijan

  Moldova
  Kazakhstan
  Kyrgyzstan
  Armenia
  Belarus

16 Houston metropolitan area   United States 1,113,875   Mexico
  El Salvador
  Vietnam
  India
  China
  Honduras
  Philippines
  Guatemala
  Colombia
17 Metropolitan Dubai   United Arab Emirates 1,056,000   India
  Pakistan
  Bangladesh
  Philippines
  Iran
  Sri Lanka
18 Riyadh (city only)   Saudi Arabia 1,054,000
19 Vancouver Urban Area   Canada 1,019,170   Hong Kong
  China
  India
  South Korea
  Taiwan
  Philippines
  Vietnam
  Japan
20 Washington metropolitan area   United States 1,017,432   El Salvador
  China
  Ethiopia
  Mexico
  India
  South Korea
  Philippines
  Vietnam
  Peru
  Bolivia
21 Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex   United States 1,016,221   Mexico

  India
  Vietnam
  El Salvador
  China
  South Korea
  Honduras
  Philippines

22 Frankfurt Urban Area   Germany 998,400   Turkey
  Italy
  Croatia
  Poland
  Romania
  Bulgaria
  Serbia
  Greece
  Russia
  Macedonia
23 Tokyo Urban Area   Japan 978,172   China
  South Korea
  Philippines
  Vietnam
  Brazil
    Nepal
  Taiwan
  Peru
  Thailand
24 Barcelona Urban Area   Spain 862,200   Italy
  Pakistan
  China
  Ecuador
  Bolivia
  Morocco
  France
25 Montreal Urban Area   Canada 740,400   Algeria
  Morocco
  Romania
  France
  Haiti
  Lebanon
26 Auckland Urban Area   New Zealand 662,298   United Kingdom
  China
  India
  Fiji
  Samoa
  Philippines
  South Korea
  Sri Lanka
27 Muscat Urban Area   Oman 576,000   India
  Pakistan
  Bangladesh
  Sri Lanka
28 Brisbane Urban Area   Australia 550,000   New Zealand
  England
  China
  India
  South Africa
  Philippines
  Vietnam
  South Korea
  Taiwan
  Scotland
  Malaysia
29 Milan Urban Area   Italy 475,000
30 Greater Manchester   United Kingdom 302,000   Pakistan
  China
  Ireland
  Bangladesh
  Poland
  Nigeria
  India
  Somalia
  Jamaica
  Iraq
31 Lyon Urban Area   France 241,000   Algeria
  Morocco
  European Union
  Tunisia
  Romania
32 Geneva    Switzerland 77,602   Italy
  France
  Spain
  Germany
33 Luxembourg City   Luxembourg 70,783   France
  Portugal
  Italy
  Belgium
  Germany

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. Current Population Survey - March 2012 Detailed Tables, Table 1.1. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  2. ^ "UAE flatly rejects citizenship for foreign workers".
  3. ^ "Data Hub". migrationpolicy.org.
  4. ^ a b "Population of the United Kingdom by Country of Birth and Nationality".
  5. ^ "Place of Birth by Year of Entry by Citizenship Status for the Foreign-Born Population - Universe: Foreign-born population 2016 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates New York City". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
  6. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census".
  7. ^ "Province of PARIS". Urbistat. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Data Hub". migrationpolicy.org.
  10. ^ a b Jie Zong and Jeanne Batalova (April 14, 2016). "U.S. Immigrant Population by Metropolitan Area". Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  11. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Toronto (Census metropolitan area), Ontario and Ontario (Province)".
  12. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
  13. ^ "U.S. Immigrant Population by State and County". migrationpolicy.org. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
  14. ^ INSEE. "Répartition de la population de la France par région de naissance et région de résidence en 2008". Retrieved 2012-01-29.
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. "2016 Census QuickStats - Greater Sydney". Retrieved 2017-06-09.
  16. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. "2016 Census QuickStats - Greater Melbourne". Retrieved 2017-06-09.

External linksEdit