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List of countries by English-speaking population

Percentage of English speakers by country.
  80–100%
  60–80%
  40–60%
  20–40%
   0.1–20%
  Not available

The following is a list of English-speaking population by country, including information on both native speakers and second-language speakers.

Contents

ListEdit

Country Eligible population Total English speakers Total English speakers (%) As first language As first language (%) As an additional language[1] As an additional language (%) Comments
  United States 296,603,003 296,603,003 100 234,171,556 79.0 48,988,855 16.5 Figures are from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-year estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau for persons age 5 and older. Total English speakers are those who either spoke English at home (i.e. as first language), or reported speaking another language at home but could speak English "very well" or "well" (i.e. as an additional language). [2]
  India 1,028,737,436 125,344,736 12.18 226,449 0.02 125,118,287 12.16 2001 Census figures for population and first, second, and third languages. English as a first language is only spoken by 226,449 people, as a second language by 86,125,221, and as a third language by 38,993,066.[3][4]
  Pakistan 188,400,100 108,036,049 57 15,720,000 8 92,316,049 49 Official Language, lingua franca and spoken amongst a wide proportion of the Pakistani Population - 8% as first language (CIA estimate) and 49% as a second language (other estimates).[5][6][7]
  Nigeria 156,493,000 79,000,000 53.34 79,000,000 53.34 Euromonitor International report (2009)
  Philippines 100,437,852 64,025,890 63.72 36,935 0.0037 63,988,955 63.71 Total population: Census 2010. Proportion of total speakers: Census 2000, text above Figure 7. 63.71% of the then 66.7 million people aged 5 years or more could speak English.[8] Proportion of native speakers: Census 1995, as quoted by Andrew Gonzalez in "The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines", Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 19 (5&6), 487–525, p. 492: .04% of the then 68.4 million people were native speakers of English. (1998).[9] "Six out of 10 people aged 5 and over can speak english (63.71%)."[10]
  United Kingdom 64,000,000 59,600,000 97.74 54,400,000 92.14 5,128,000 5.60 Source: Data from the 2011 census for England and Wales.[11] Additional English speaker figures are for usual residents aged 3 years and over with a main language other than English who can speak English "very well" or "well".
  Germany 80,600,000 46,272,504 70 272,504 0.338 46,000,000 70 Native speakers: Statistisches Bundesamt (cited here).
Non-native speakers: Eurobarometer report 2006
Does not include foreign military personnel based in Germany.
  Canada 33,121,175 28,360,240 85.63 18,858,980 56.94 9,501,260 28.69 Source: [3], Population by knowledge of official languages and Population by mother tongue. The 2011 count reported that 22,564,665 people were able to conduct a conversation in English but not French, while 5,795,575 were able to converse in both English and French. The census also asked for the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual: 18,858,980 reported English as their sole mother tongue, 144,685 reported both English and French as mother tongues, 396,330 reported English and a non-official language as mother tongues, and 24,095 reported English, French and a non-official language as mother tongues.
  France 65,350,000 23,000,000 39 23,000,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Australia 21,394,309 17,357,833 97 15,013,965 70.17 2,343,868 17 Source: 2001 Census.[12] The 2001 census data is subject to multiple interpretations. The data noted that 18,972,350 persons out of 21,394,309 total were speakers of a language, and excluded young children. However, more than a million of those 18,972,350 persons provided no information; 879,778 did not give information on proficiency, and 203,101 were "overseas visitors" who were not asked. Of the 17,889,671 persons for whom an inquiry was made 17,357,833 spoke English only, or "well" or "very well" as a second language; while 531,838 spoke "not well" or "not at all".
  Italy 59,619,290 17,000,000 34 17,000,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Bangladesh 163,323,100 30,108,031 18 709,873 29,398,158 Source: Euromonitor International report 2009, Euromonitor Dec 2010 [13]
  Egypt 83,289,500 28,101,325 35 28,101,325 Source: Euromonitor International Report 2011 [14]
  Thailand 63,038,247 17,121,187 27.16 17,121,187 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Netherlands 16,770,000 15,030,000 90 15,030,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
    Nepal 29,890,686 13,896,720 46.49 20,000 0.067 876,720 Source: Census. (date not verified)[citation needed]
  South Africa 52,981,991 16,424,417 31 4,930,510 9.3 11,493,907 22 Native speakers from 2011 Census: Census in Brief[permanent dead link], page 23.
Non-native speakers: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Poland 38,501,000 14,300,000 37 100,000 14,200,000 Source: Central Statistical Office,[15] Additional language speakers are people age 18–69, who reported English Language as their first of second best foreign language, Central Statistical Office [16] Native language counted as those who speak English at home.
  Turkey 70,586,256 12,000,000 17 12,000,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006
  Iraq 31,700,000 11,095,000 35 11,000,000 Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
  Sri Lanka 22,480,000 10,565,600 47 37,061 0.2 9,680,000 47 English Proficiency Index [17]
  Spain 47,190,000 10,400,000 22 10,400,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  China 1,210,000,000 10,000,000 <1 10,000,000 Figures are for English users in mainland China only (i.e. excluding Hong Kong where English is an official language and Macau). The often-cited figure of 300 million is for "learners."[18]

[19]

  Brazil 205,000,000 10,542,000 5 292,000 0.14 10,250,000 5 Source: British council (2012) and EF. Only 5% of Brazilians have a proficient grasp of English as a second or foreign additional language and an additional 6% have a very rudimentary knowledge. Brazil has 240 thousand British descendants and 180 thousand American ancestry citizens including the Confederados cultural sub-group, descendants of the Confederate colonies.
  Sweden 9,921,541 8,200,000 86 8,200,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Kenya 43,013,431 8,100,000 18.83 7,900,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Cameroon 19,740,000 7,500,000 38 7,500,000 Euromonitor International Report (2009)
  Malaysia 27,170,000 15,580,000 62.57 380,000 1.4 15,200,000 61.1 EF English Proficiency Index[20]
  Russia 138,312,535 7,574,303 5.48 2,522 7,571,787 Source: Composition by Nationality and Language Ability, Citizenship, Tables 4.5 and 4.1, Russian Census (2010). The "total" figure is the number of residents who reported English as one of the languages they knew. The "first language" figure is the number of residents who reported "American" or "English" as their nationality. The "additional languages" figure is the difference. More than 9 million schoolgoers studied English as a foreign language in 2008–2009.
  Belgium 10,584,534 6,250,000 60 6,250,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006 (the 2012 report seems to have a critical typo)
  Israel 7,303,000 6,205,000 84.97 100,000 1.37 6,105,000 Source: Ethnologue (2005)[21]
English is widely spoken, both by the Jewish majority and by minority ethnic groups.[22][23]
  Austria 8,415,000 6,150,000 73 6,150,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Romania 19,043,767 5,900,000 31 5,900,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Zimbabwe 13,349,000 5,550,000 41.58 250,000 1.87 5,300,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Greece 10,787,690 5,500,000 51 5,500,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Sierra Leone 5,866,000 4,900,000 83.53 500,000 8.52 4,400,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Mexico 120,664,000 15,686,262 12.9 15,686,262 Consulta Mitofsky-Tracking Poll Roy Campos: Las Lenguas Extranjeras en México, January 2013;[24] and II Conteo de Población y Vivienda, Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI).[25]
  Denmark 5,543,000 4,770,000 86 4,770,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
   Switzerland 7,637,300 4,680,000 61.28 73,400 0.96 4,606,600 Figure for speakers of English as "main language", according to Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008[26] Source for number of non-native English speakers is 1999 publication by Prof. François Grin cited here: http://switzerland.isyours.com/e/countries/uk/language.html
  Morocco 32,770,900 4,587,926 14 4,587,926 Source: Euromonitor International report 2011
  Norway 5,136,700 4,500,000 90 4,500,000 Source: http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/03/norwegian-english-fusion-language/[unreliable source]
  Republic of Ireland 4,422,100 4,350,000 98.37 4,122,100 93.21 237,900 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006; Central Statistics Office [4]; Travbla [27]
  Singapore 5,607,300 4,218,737 83.1 1,873,302 36.9 2,345,435 Source: 2015 Census. Second language speaker figure only includes those literate in English aged 15 or more and does not include third language proficiency. General Household Survey 2015 "Language Spoken at Home Among Residents Aged 5 Years and Over"
  Ghana 27,000,000 18,000,000 66.67 18,000,000 Source: 2010 Ghanaian Census[28]
  Tanzania 40,454,000 4,000,000 9.89 4,000,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  New Zealand 4,275,100 3,673,623 97.82 3,673,623 85.93 There were 4,027,947 responses to 2006 Census: Language spoken. 3,673,679 gave English as a response, 81,936 had no English but another language. The balance of 272,382 were; no language (too young) 75,195, no response 196,221, response unidentifiable 588, response outside scope 378. Hence it is most meaningful to express the English-speaking per cent without including the figures for these 272,382. This gives 97.8% English-speaking, 2.2% non-English-speaking (3,673,679 and 81,936 divided by 3,755,565)
Crystal (2003), p. 109, gives figures of 3,700,000 native speakers and 150,000 second language speakers.
  Finland 5,410,000 3,800,000 70 3,800,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Portugal 10,623,000 2,900,000 27 2,900,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Papua New Guinea 6,331,000 3,150,000 49.76 150,000 2.37 3,000,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Liberia 3,750,000 3,100,000 82.67 600,000 16 2,500,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Jordan 6,598,000 2,969,370 45 2,969,370 Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
  Jamaica 2,714,000 2,650,000 97.64 45,900 17.1 50,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Algeria 35,954,000 2,516,780 7 2,516,780 Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
  Uganda 30,884,000 2,500,000 8.09 2,500,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Hong Kong 6,808,433 3,136,784 46.07 238,288 3.5 2,898,496 According to 2011 population census, Hong Kong has approximately 3.1 million speakers, of whom 238,288 regard English as their "usual" language.[29]
  Czech Republic 10,562,214 2,850,000 27 2,850,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Argentina 42,192,500 2,752,681 6.52 Source:.[30] Percentage of people who state to have a high level of English. Another 19.49% and 16.23% of people said they had an intermediate and low level, respectively, of English.
  Yemen 24,800,000 2,232,000 9 2,232,000 Source: Euromonitor International report 2011
  Croatia 4,555,000 2,200,000 49 2,200,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006
  Colombia 47,661,368 2,012,950 4.22 75,600 1,937,350 Total was estimated by multiplying projected population for 2014 (DANE) by percentage of Colombian population that speaks English 4.09%[31] then 63,600 was added to that figure which is the total of American and British residents. Figures for native speakers are as follows: 60,000 U.S. citizens that reside in Colombia[32] 12,000 are Colombian Raizal from San Andrés and Isla de Providencia where they speak San Andrés–Providencia Creole[33] 3,600 British expatriates[34]
  Hungary 9,982,000 2,000,000 20 2,000,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Puerto Rico 3,991,000 1,940,000 48.61 100,000 1,840,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Zambia 11,922,000 1,910,000 16.02 110,000 1,800,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Bulgaria 7,640,238 1,900,000 25 2,605 1,902,605 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012 and 2011 Census[35]
  Kazakhstan 12,156,705 1,874,583 15.4 602 1,873,981 Number of those who understand spoken English, from these 1.9 million: 311,435 (2.6%/16.6%) can only read, 931,444 (7.7%/49.6%) can read and write in English. The number of native speakers is the sum of Americans and Englishmen "by nationality". (Census 2009)
  Lebanon 4,265,600 1,706,000 40 1,706,000 Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
  Chile 16,634,603 1,585,027 9.53 Source: 2012 Census.[36]
  Rwanda 10,137,400 1,520,610 15 1,520,610 Source: Euromonitor International report 2009
  Slovakia 5,397,036 1,400,000 26 1,400,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Trinidad and Tobago 1,305,000 1,145,000 87.74 1,145,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Slovenia 2,050,000 1,210,000 59 1,210,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Lithuania 3,053,800 1,160,000 38 1,160,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Latvia 2,070,371 950,000 46 950,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Guyana 751,000 680,000 90.55 650,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Botswana 1,639,833 630,000 38.42 630,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Estonia 1,294,236 650,000 50 650,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Cyprus 839,000 610,000 73 610,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Malawi 13,931,831 540,209 3.88 209 540,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109 and Kayambizinthu.[37]
  Lesotho 1,795,000 500,000 27.86 500,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Suriname 470,784 410,000 87.09 260,000 150,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Malta 453,000 400,000 89 unknown 352,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Namibia 1,820,916 314,000 17.24 14,000 300,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Luxembourg 509,000 290,000 56 290,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Bahamas 330,549 288,000 87.13 260,000 28,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Barbados 279,000 275,000 98.57 262,000 13,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Belize 301,270 246,000 81.65 190,000 56,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Madagascar 23,042,300 4,147,614 18 4,147,614 The main languages are French and Malagasy.[citation needed]
  Mauritius 1,264,866 202,000 15.97 2,000 200,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Vanuatu 215,446 180,000 83.55 60,000 120,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Fiji 853,445 176,000 20.62 6,000 170,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Solomon Islands 552,438 175,000 31.68 10,000 165,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Guam 173,456 158,000 91.09 58,000 100,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Brunei 381,371 144,000 39.07 10,000 134,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 120,000 114,000 95 114,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  U.S. Virgin Islands 108,448 113,000 95.97 98,000 15,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Grenada 110,000 100,000 90.91 100,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Samoa 188,540 94,000 49.86 1,000 93,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Isle of Man 80,058 80,000 99.93 80,000
  Bhutan 658,000 75,000 11.4 75,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Saint Lucia 165,000 71,000 43.03 31,000 40,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Northern Mariana Islands 84,000 70,000 83.33 5,000 65,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Antigua and Barbuda 85,000 68,000 80 66,000 2,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  American Samoa 57,345 45,933 80.1 1,791 44,142 Source: The World Factbook – American Samoa
  Federated States of Micronesia 111,000 64,000 57.66 4,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Bermuda 65,000 63,000 96.92 63,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Dominica 67,000 63,000 94.03 3,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Marshall Islands 59,000 60,000 98.33 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Swaziland 1,141,000 50,000 4.38 50,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Aruba 104,000 44,000 42.31 9,000 35,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  The Gambia 1,709,000 40,000 2.34 40,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 50,000 39,000 78 39,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Cayman Islands 47,000 36,000 76.6 36,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Seychelles 87,000 33,000 37.93 3,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Gibraltar 28,875 28,875 100 28,000 875 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Tonga 100,000 30,000 30 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Kiribati 95,000 23,000 24.21 23,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  British Virgin Islands 23,000 20,000 86.96 20,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
  Palau 20,000 18,500 92.5 500 18,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Andorra 81,222 17,869 22 17,869 Source Census: Linguistic knowledge 2004.
  Anguilla 13,000 12,000 92.31 12,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Nauru 10,300 800 96.26 9,500 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. English is spoken as the language of government and commerce.
  Cook Islands 20,200 4,000 19.8 1,000 3,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
  Montserrat 5,900 4,000 67.8 4,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
TOTAL 5,102,585,737 1,179,874,130 336,358,172 838,676,510
  •   The European Union is a supranational union composed of 28 member states. The combined total English-speaking population (2012) is 256,876,220[38] (out of a total population of 500,000,000,[39] i.e. 51%) including 65,478,252 native speakers and 191,397,968 non-native speakers, and would be ranked 2nd if it were included. English native speakers amount to 13% of the whole Union population, while the percentage of people that speak English "well enough in order to be able to have a conversation", either as first (32%), second (11%) or third (3%) foreign language, was 38%.
  • When taken from this list and added together, the total number of English speakers in the world adds up to around 1,200,000,000. Likewise, the total number of native English speakers adds up to around 350,000,000. This implies that there are approximately 850,000,000 people who speak English as an additional language.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Statistics on second language speakers are inevitably not precise; partly because there is no widely agreed definition of second language speakers – there is no differentiation between countries where English is the lingua franca and those where it is not.
  2. ^ "AGE BY LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME BY ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH FOR THE POPULATION 5 YEARS AND OVER: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  3. ^ S, Rukmini. "Sanskrit and English: there's no competition". 
  4. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/India_at_glance/popu1.aspx
  5. ^ "Mapped: The world by English-speaking population". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-08-30. 
  6. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-08-30. 
  7. ^ "Which Countries Have the Most English Speakers? - K International". www.k-international.com. Retrieved 2017-08-30. 
  8. ^ Before mistakenly correcting the percentage again, please note that there are fewer people aged 5 years or more in any country than there are people in that country, because some people are toddlers or infants. In other words, no, the numbers will not automatically add up. 63.71% is what the cited source, text above Figure 7 Archived 26 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., a report from the 2000 census, really says. This multiplied by the 2010 census's total population over 5 produces the number in the chart. The 2010 number comes from Philippines in Figures, 2013, Chapter 5, Demography Archived 26 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., table 5.1 or 5.6
  9. ^ From mid-2009 to late 2013 this entry overstated the number of native speakers by roughly 100fold, and inflated the number of total speakers, on the alleged basis of material in "Philippines". Ethnologue. 1999-02-19. Retrieved 2013-10-16. . In fact, Ethnologue as of 24th December 2013 simply repeats the number of native speakers, 20,000, reported in Crystal 2003, on the basis of an old (pre-1995) census, and does not address total speakers at all. This attempt to correct these errors in turn perpetrates both error and original research, by applying the old percentages listed above, 63.71% of people over 5 as total speakers in 2000, and .04% of people as native speakers in 1995, to the 2010 totals from Philippines in Figures, 2013, Chapter 5, Demography Archived 26 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., tables 5.1 and 5.6. Andrew Gonzalez died in 2006; someone else's attention to the 2010 census figures, which appear not to be online and may not have been printed yet in adequate detail, is needed to produce reliable, more or less current, numbers.
  10. ^ 2000 Census of population and Housing, Educational Characteristics of the Filipinos "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  11. ^ "2011 Census: Quick Statistics for England and Wales, March 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ The Benefits of the English Language for Individuals and Societies: Quantitative Indicators from Cameroon, Nigeria, Rwanda, Bangladesh and Pakistan, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/sites/teacheng/files/Euromonitor%20Report%20A4.pdf
  14. ^ "The Benefits of the English Language for Individuals and Societies: Quantitative Indicators from Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia and Yemen" (PDF). Britishcouncil.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  15. ^ Human Capital in Poland in 2014, figure 15,52
  16. ^ Demographis Yearbook of Poland: 2014, Table 1, 32,44,190,
  17. ^ http://www.ef.com/epi/
  18. ^ Jian Yang (April 2006). "Learners and users of English in China". English Today. 22 (2): 3–10. doi:10.1017/S0266078406002021. . Quote: "What this suggests, it seems, is that Yan’s (2004) ten million may after all be a more informed estimate of the actual regular users of English in China." (page 9)"
  19. ^ 100million is Back of Envelope Calculation. Learning English in compulsory in China, and 8% of population goes to University, so approximately 100 million are competent in English, and beyond learners
  20. ^ "EF English Proficiency Index – A comprehensive ranking of countries by English skills". Ef.com. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  21. ^ Languages of Israel, Ethnologue.com
  22. ^ Multilingualism in Israel, Bar-Ilan University – Faculty of Humanities : Language Policy Research Center.
  23. ^ "ERIC – English Language Teaching Profile: Israel., 1976-Dec". Eric.ed.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  24. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 August 2007. Retrieved 24 October 2007. 
  26. ^ Resident population according to main language, Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008
  27. ^ "The most complete list of English schools and courses in Ireland". Travbla.com. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  28. ^ "2010 Population & Housing Census" (PDF). Statsghana.gov.gh. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  29. ^ "Population Aged 5 and Over by Place of Birth, Usual Language and Ability to Speak Other Language/Dialect, 2011 (A123)". Census2011.gov.hk. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  30. ^ "Sociedad :: Los idiomas de los argentinos" (in Spanish). Página/12. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  31. ^ "¿Qué porcentaje de la población colombiana habla inglés?". Colombiestad.gov.co. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  32. ^ [2][dead link]
  33. ^ "Islander Creole English". Ethnologue. 
  34. ^ "Special Reports | Brits Abroad". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  35. ^ "2011 census of Bulgaria" (PDF). Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  36. ^ "Síntesis de resultados Censo 2012" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2 April 2013. [permanent dead link]
  37. ^ Edrinnie Kayambizinthu (1998). "The Language Planning Situation in Malawi" (PDF). Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 19 (5&6): 369. doi:10.1080/01434639808666363. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2008. 
  38. ^ "European and their languages 2012" (PDF). Eurobarometer. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  39. ^ "Population at 1 January". Eurostat. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 

ReferencesEdit