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The EF English Proficiency Index (EF EPI) attempts to rank countries by the average level of English language skills amongst those adults who took the EF test.[1] It is the product of EF Education First, an international education company, and draws its conclusions from data collected via English tests available for free over the internet.[2][3] The index is an online survey first published in 2011[4] based on test data from 1.7 million test takers.[5] The most recent, eighth edition was released in October 2018.[6]

Contents

MethodologyEdit

The EF EPI eighth edition was calculated using test data from 1.3 million test takers in 2017. The test takers were self-selected and no demographic information was collected on them. The tests are used by the company for marketing and placement purposes. 85 countries and 3 territories appear in the eighth edition of the index. In order to be included, a country was required to have at least 400 test takers.[7]

ReportEdit

The report is composed of a country ranking table, several pages of analysis with graphs correlating other economic and social factors with English proficiency, and analysis of each region or continent. The 2018 report and accompanying country fact sheets include English proficiency levels by gender, age group, and region, within countries, and some English proficiency scores by city. The website displays portions of the report and has analysis of English skills in many countries and territories.[7]

Primary conclusionsEdit

  1. Exports per capita, Gross National Income per capita and innovation all correlate positively with English proficiency.[8]
  2. English proficiency levels are evolving at different rates in different countries around the world, including a few countries with declining English skills.[9]
  3. Europe as a whole speaks the best English, while the Middle East the worst.[10]
  4. Women speak English better than men.[11]

2018 rankingsEdit

Below are the latest country scores, proficiency bands, and rankings as published in 2018 (data from 2017).[7]

Score calculationEdit

On the web page of the company EF, the score calculation is explained: "In order to calculate a country’s EF EPI score, each test score was normalized to obtain the percentage of correct answers for that test. All the scores for a country were then averaged across the three tests, giving equal weight to each test." [12] There is thus no differentiation of the three tests for the calculation of the score.

Ranking of countriesEdit

2018 Rank Country 2018 Score 2018 Band
1   Sweden 70.72 Very High Proficiency
2   Netherlands 70.31 Very High Proficiency
3   Singapore 68.63 Very High Proficiency
4   Norway 68.38 Very High Proficiency
5   Denmark 67.34 Very High Proficiency
6   South Africa 66.52 Very High Proficiency
7   Luxembourg 66.33 Very High Proficiency
8   Finland 65.86 Very High Proficiency
9   Slovenia 64.84 Very High Proficiency
10   Germany 63.74 Very High Proficiency
11   Belgium 63.52 Very High Proficiency
12   Austria 63.13 Very High Proficiency
13   Poland 62.45 High Proficiency
14   Philippines 61.84 High Proficiency
15    Switzerland 61.77 High Proficiency
16   Romania 60.31 High Proficiency
17   Croatia 60.16 High Proficiency
18   Serbia 60.04 High Proficiency
19   Portugal 60.02 High Proficiency
20   Czech Republic 59.99 High Proficiency
21   Hungary 59.51 High Proficiency
22   Malaysia 59.32 High Proficiency
23   Greece 58.49 High Proficiency
24   Slovakia 58.11 High Proficiency
25   Bulgaria 57.95 High Proficiency
26   Lithuania 57.81 High Proficiency
27   Argentina 57.58 High Proficiency
28   India 57.13 Moderate Proficiency
29   Nigeria 56.72 Moderate Proficiency
30   Hong Kong 56.38 Moderate Proficiency
31   South Korea 56.27 Moderate Proficiency
32   Spain 55.85 Moderate Proficiency
33   Lebanon 55.79 Moderate Proficiency
34   Italy 55.77 Moderate Proficiency
35   France 55.49 Moderate Proficiency
36   Costa Rica 55.01 Moderate Proficiency
37   Dominican Republic 54.97 Moderate Proficiency
38   Belarus 53.53 Moderate Proficiency
39   Senegal 53.50 Moderate Proficiency
40   Uruguay 53.41 Moderate Proficiency
41   Vietnam 53.12 Moderate Proficiency
42   Russia 52.96 Moderate Proficiency
43   Ukraine 52.86 Moderate Proficiency
44   Macau 52.57 Moderate Proficiency
45   Georgia 52.28 Low Proficiency
46   Chile 52.01 Low Proficiency
47   China 51.94 Low Proficiency
48   Taiwan 51.88 Low Proficiency
49   Japan 51.80 Low Proficiency
50   Pakistan 51.66 Low Proficiency
51   Indonesia 51.58 Low Proficiency
52   Albania 51.49 Low Proficiency
53   Brazil 50.93 Low Proficiency
54   Ethiopia 50.79 Low Proficiency
55   Guatemala 50.63 Low Proficiency
56   Panama 49.98 Low Proficiency
57   Mexico 49.76 Low Proficiency
58   Sri Lanka 49.39 Low Proficiency
59   Peru 49.32 Low Proficiency
60   Colombia 48.90 Low Proficiency
61   Bolivia 48.87 Low Proficiency
62   Egypt 48.76 Low Proficiency
63   Bangladesh 48.72 Low Proficiency
64   Thailand 48.54 Low Proficiency
65   Ecuador 48.52 Low Proficiency
66   Iran 48.29 Very Low Proficiency
67   Morocco 48.10 Very Low Proficiency
68   Tunisia 47.85 Very Low Proficiency
69   Honduras 47.80 Very Low Proficiency
70   El Salvador 47.42 Very Low Proficiency
71   United Arab Emirates 47.27 Very Low Proficiency
72   Nicaragua 47.26 Very Low Proficiency
73   Turkey 47.17 Very Low Proficiency
74   Jordan 47.10 Very Low Proficiency
75   Venezuela 46.61 Very Low Proficiency
76   Syria 46.37 Very Low Proficiency
77   Azerbaijan 45.85 Very Low Proficiency
78   Kuwait 45.64 Very Low Proficiency
79   Oman 45.56 Very Low Proficiency
80   Kazakhstan 45.19 Very Low Proficiency
81   Algeria 44.50 Very Low Proficiency
82   Myanmar 44.23 Very Low Proficiency
83   Saudi Arabia 43.65 Very Low Proficiency
84   Afghanistan 43.64 Very Low Proficiency
85   Cambodia 42.86 Very Low Proficiency
86   Uzbekistan 42.53 Very Low Proficiency
87   Iraq 40.82 Very Low Proficiency
88   Libya 39.64 Very Low Proficiency

Similar reportsEdit

The European Commission performed a language survey, SurveyLang, which tested a representative sample of 15-year-old European students on their foreign language skills. The report and data sets were released for 13 European countries in June 2012.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ English: Who speaks English?. The Economist. Retrieved on 2011-05-29.
  2. ^ Study Offers Snapshot of Global English-Language-Learner Trends. Education Week. Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  3. ^ The EF SET powers the EF EPI. EF SET. Retrieved on 2017-10-05.
  4. ^ The EF EPI. ef.com. Retrieved on 2017-10-05.
  5. ^ Low English Levels Can Hurt Countries' Progress. New York Times. Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  6. ^ Women and managers are better at speaking English, study on proficiency finds. Business Insider. Retrieved on 2018-11-09
  7. ^ a b c EF English Proficiency Index – Comparing English skills between countries – EF EPI. Ef.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-09.
  8. ^ Minh Tran: Countries with High English Proficiency Are More Innovative. Harvard Business Review. "Minh Tran is Director of Research and Partnerships for EF Education First and a member of the team that launched the EF Standard English Test." Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  9. ^ How Well Does Your Country Speak English?. Voice of America. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  10. ^ Which countries are best at English as a second language?. World Economic Forum. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  11. ^ Women are better than men at learning English. That’s not necessarily a good sign.. Washington Post. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  12. ^ About EF EPI, and see "Score calculation"
  13. ^ SurveyLang project. European Commission. Retrieved on 2012-09-20.

External linksEdit