Feluda (Bengali: ফেলুদা), or Prodosh Chandra Mitra (Bengali: প্রদোষ চন্দ্র মিত্র), who also uses the Anglicised name Pradosh C. Mitter, is a fictional Bengali private investigator starring in a series of Bengali novels of Indian fictional detective novels and short stories written by Indian Bengali film director and writer Satyajit Ray. The detective lives at 21 Rajani Sen Road, Ballygunge, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Feluda first made his appearance in a Bengali children's magazine called Sandesh in 1965, under the editorialship of Satyajit and Subhas Mukhopadhyay. His first adventure was Feludar Goendagiri.
Feluda (right) and Topshe in Feludar Goendagiri, drawing by Satyajit Ray
|First appearance||Feludar Goendagiri|
|Last appearance||Robertsoner Ruby (according to time of writing); |
Indrajal Rahasya (according to time of publishing)
|Created by||Satyajit Ray|
|Real name||Pradosh Chandra Mitter (Mitra)|
|Residence||21, Rajani Sen Road, Kolkata-700029. |
(Before partition of India, his family lived in East Bengal's Dhaka)
|Height||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Family||Jaykrishna Mitter (Mitra) (father)|
|Relatives||Tapes (Topse) Ranjan Mitter (Mitra) (cousin)|
Feluda is often accompanied by his cousin Tapesh Ranjan Mitra (affectionately called Topshe by Feluda), who serves as the narrator of the stories. From the sixth story, Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress), the duo are joined by a popular thriller writer Jatayu (Lalmohon Ganguli).
Feluda has had been filmed at times, with the character been played by Soumitra Chatterjee, Sabyasachi Chakrabarty, Abir Chatterjee and Shashi Kapoor. Satyajit Ray directed two Feluda movies — Sonar Kella (1974) and Joi Baba Felunath (1978). Sandip Ray made a new Feluda film series (continuation of the original series) on Feluda's adventures which started from Baksho Rahashya (1996). In this series he made ten TV films and six theatrical films in Bengali on the character. Sandip Ray also made a stand-alone Feluda film Badshahi Angti (2014) which was intended to be the first film of a reboot series, but the series was cancelled and Sandip Ray came back to the previous film series.
Character development of FeludaEdit
Inspiration from Sherlock HolmesEdit
Satyajit Ray had deep interests in crime fiction and he read all of Sherlock Holmes fictions in his school days. And when Ray himself started writing on crime fictions, unsurprisingly, the character Sherlock Holmes inspired his writings. Feluda's character resembles Sherlock Holmes and Tapesh/Topshe's character resembles Dr. Watson. In the stories of Feluda, he is displayed as a big admirer of Sherlock Holmes which he mentions multiple times. In Kailash Choudhury'r Pathar he praises the way Holmes used to draw large conclusions from observations. In Londone Feluda, when Feluda goes to Baker Street, he openly considers Holmes as the "master" (Bengali: guru) of all private detectives.
Personality of FeludaEdit
Prodosh Chandra Mitra, popularly known by his nickname Feluda, first appeared in the eponymous Bengali short story Feludar Goyendagiri (Danger in Darjeeling) in 1965. The story, written by Satyajit Ray, was published in Sandesh, a children's periodical founded by Ray's grandfather, Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhury and edited by Ray himself. In the Feluda series that followed, he was portrayed as a man of around 27 with a tall (6'2"), athletic figure. Despite being a strongly built man adept in martial arts, Feluda relies mostly upon his superb analytical ability and observation skill (jokingly referred to as the Magajastra or brain-weapon) to solve cases instead of using physical strength or weapons. He is very choosy about taking up cases and prefers cases that require cerebral effort. He possesses a .32 Colt revolver, but the weapon is used very infrequently and mostly for non-violent purposes. However, contemporary (2000s) movies based on Feluda stories feature scenes of violence uncharacteristic of the series, where Feluda demonstrates his martial art powers. Feluda is known to be a good sleight-of-hand, and he put that skill to use for solving couple of cases. He is also good at disguises. Feluda often calls a meeting while solving the mystery, where he cajoles the culprit in admitting their crime.
Feluda's personal lifeEdit
In his personal life, Feluda is a common Bengali youth who has been brought up by his father's younger brother (Tapesh/Topshe's father) after his parent's death when he was only 9. His father, the late Jaykrishna Mitra, used to teach Mathematics and Sanskrit at Dhaka Collegiate School. Feluda had a job in bank before his detective career. He finds an avid listener in his cousin Tapesh. Also, he often uses his oratory skill at the climactic scenes to cajole the culprit in confessing his crime. He is an early riser and is often shown starting his day with exercises and yoga.
Contrary to his otherwise healthy lifestyle, Feluda enjoys smoking charminar cigarettes, exercising and chewing betel leaves. His favourite brand of cigarettes is Charminar. He is a connoisseur of delicious foods, popular music and movies, and books. He has a great appreciation for Sherlock Holmes and, according to the film Tintorettor Jishu, Bruce Lee. Like Sherlock Holmes, he has an voracious reading habit (reflecting that of Ray's own), which add up to his enormous general knowledge. This know-how often comes handy while socialising with people and unravelling mysteries. He always reads about the place he is visiting. He says it comes in handy sometimes. He is also fond of Tintin, specially his cousin Topshe is a fan of Tintin. Some of the Feluda stories and films have many references of The Adventures of Tintin.
Feluda has love and respect for Lalmohan Ganguly (Jatayu) and his fictional creation Prakhar Rudra is liked by Feluda. Feluda is protective and caring about his cousin, yet he always keeps picking mistakes or humor of or from Topshe. Topshe, the narrator, greatly admires his brother and loves to be with his adventures. Feluda has never shown interest in any woman, and there are very few female characters (except some minor like Topshe's mother).
Tapesh Ranjan MitraEdit
Feluda's cousin Tapesh Ranjan Mitra (Mittir in casual Bengali), who is fondly referred to as Topshe, is based on Arthur Conan Doyle's conception of Dr. John Watson. Just like the former army surgeon, Topshe is the quintessential accomplice and faithfully records each of Prodosh Mitra's exploits accurately. Topshe is a smart teenager. In the first story of Feluda series (i.e. Feludar Goyendagiri), Topshe was thirteen and a half where Feluda's age was twenty seven, just the double of Topshe. Though Feluda often teases his young cousin, he is extremely fond and very protective of him. Feluda lives with Topshe's family. Topshe's father, Binay Mitra is the younger brother of Feluda's father, and therefore his uncle, and they all reside at 21, Rajani Sen Road, Kolkata-700029. Although there really is a 'Rajani Sen Road' in Kolkata, the house number is missing. Formerly, they all used to live in Tara road, Kolkata. Though not mentioned explicitly, Topshe is good-looking, fair, tall and handsome, as per different illustrations made by Satyajit Ray himself.
Detailed knowledge regarding Topshe's high school education is not available, but he used to go to school during the adventure of Sonar Kella (the sixth book of Feluda series). In the film adaptation of Sonar Kella, Topshe's mother shows her concern regarding his career and study as he spends a lots of time in case solving with Feluda. By the time of Kailashe Kelenkari (the eighth book of the series) he have had his secondary examination ('Madhyamik Pariksha'). Just like Feluda, Topshe also used to read lot of books to enhance his knowledge. Topshe often gets his lessons from Feluda himself. In many cases, Feluda tests his deductive knowledge and he usually passes the test satisfactorily. In the movie Sonar Kella Topshe's father aptly said that Topshe is a lucky boy who got Feluda as his mentor. Topshe is fond of 'Adventures of Tintin' comic series. In the book Kailashe Kelenkari, he is found reading 'Tintin in Tibet'.
Topshe always takes an active part in Feluda's adventure. Though in most cases, he follows Feluda's instructions or indications, there are instances where he himself gets involved into some action/investigation. To mention a few, he and Jatayu (a.k.a. Lalmohan Ganguly) sneaks into a warehouse in 'Patan' (Nepal) to discover vast collection of smuggled narcotics (book Jato Kando Kathmandute); finds out the stabbed body of a missing man in the woods (book Darjeeling Jomjomat); replaces the pink pearl with a fake for safe-keeping (book Golapi Mukta Rahasya). The last incident impressed Feluda as well. However, all these activities mainly comes in the latter part of the series. He also interrogated the suspects in Apsara Theaterer Mamla when Feluda was sick and bed-ridden. Feluda solved the case just from the report of that interrogation.
In movies and TV films the character of Feluda has been played by Soumitra Chatterjee, Sabyasachi Chakrabarty and recently Abir Chatterjee, while Topshe has been played by Siddartha Chatterjee, Saswata Chatterjee, Parambrata Chattopadhyay and Saheb Bhattacharjee over the years. In Sandip Ray's 2014 film Badshahi Angti, actor Sourav Das played the role.
Lalmohan Ganguli or JatayuEdit
Lalmohan Ganguli is a close friend of Prodosh Chandra Mitra, and is described as the author of a series of Bengali crime thrillers written under the pseudonym 'Jatayu'. His crime stories and novels are usually derided as unbelievable, considering that his main character is always the superhero Prakhar Rudra, and in his words, Height:6 ft 3 1/2 inches, waist:36, chest:46, shoulders:22 and wrist:8 1/2. Though all his novels seem to have become best-sellers, he often tends to make extremely silly mistakes such as spelling igloos as 'ilgoos'. In Baksho Rahasya or Incident On The Kalka Mail, he confuses hippos with walruses — a tendency that Feluda often tries to correct. He sometimes serves as a perfect foil to the group and in Ray's own words provides 'dollops of humour', although he sometimes does some brave acts not expected of him. He owns a 'Madrasi green' Ambassador car. Jatayu makes his first appearance in Sonar Kella joining Feluda and Topshe in the train at Kanpur, on their way to Jodhpur. In the first two films on Feluda, which were directed by Ray himself, the character was played by Santosh Dutta, and after the first one, Ray modified the literary character to some extent, making him look and behave quite like Dutta himself. In the next films directed by Ray's son, Sandip Ray, this character was played by Mohan Agashe, Rabi Ghosh, Anup Kumar and Bibhu Bhattacharya respectively. Jatayu also has a fantasy of collecting weapons. In various books he carried weapons like 'kukri' (Nepali knife), and smoke bomb. Jatayu lives at Garpar in Kolkata, and it may be recalled that Satyajit Ray himself passed his childhood at 100, Garpar.
Sidhu Jetha's formal name is Siddheshwar Bose. He is an aged character who has described himself to be like Sherlock Holmes's brother Mycroft, living in Sardar Sankar Road, Lake Market, Kalighat, Kolkata. He is a bibliophile, and has an extensive base of general knowledge, current and historical affairs. He is a close friend of Feluda's father, being former neighbours in their ancestral village in Bangladesh. Feluda's jyatha (that is, uncle) is said to have a 'photographic memory', and is a vast source of information which comes in handy when Feluda is in need of some. His vast knowledge comes from his collection of varied kinds of newspaper clippings which he has accumulated over the years. The role was played by Harindranath Chattopadhyay in Sonar Kella, Ajit Bandopadhyay in Baksho Rahashya and by Haradhan Banerjee in Kailashe Kelenkari and in Gorosthaney Sabdhan. Following recent Feluda films made by Sandip Ray, Satyajit Ray's son, there have been questions over Sidhu Jyatha's continued relevance in the stories considering technologies such as the internet offer a faster, wider and more effective knowledge base than a well-read person.
Haripada Datta is the driver of Lalmohon Ganguli's second-hand green Mark II Ambassador car. He is a loyal, intelligent and reliable person and is of great help when needed. He played a crucial role in Gorosthaney Sabhdhan where he saved the lives of Feluda, Jatayu, and Topshe. He also has a minor role in Boshpukery Khunkharapi, where he takes part in a surveillance mission with the rest of Feluda's gang in disguise playing 29 cardgame.
Meghraj is a villainous character who appears in three Feluda stories, including Joi Baba Felunath, Joto Kando Kathmandute, and Golapi Mukta Rahasya. He has been compared to Professor Moriarty of the Sherlock Holmes series. Utpal Dutta immortalised this character in one Feluda movie Joi Baba Felunath, which Satyajit Ray directed. After him Mohan Agashe played this character two times in telefilms.
Maganlal lives in Benaras. He has a house in Joka, Kolkata also. His son's name is Surajlal Meghraj. He is officially a money-lender but is involved in smuggling artifacts, narcotics (through Indo-Nepal border) and jewellery. His Kolkata house had been raided once but he escaped any charges until Feluda caught him red-handed in smuggling an invaluable Ganesh Murti (an idol of the elephant god) during the case of Joi Baba Felunath. However, he was not behind bars for a long time. In the nineteenth book, Jato Kando Kathmandute, Feluda said that he was not at all surprised seeing Meghraj out of jail as that was nothing for such an influential person. Once again he was arrested in charge of murder and smuggling, yet he averted any long term punishment and we saw him once again in the thirty-first story, Golapi Mukta Rahasya.
Maganlal is a good judge of human character. He lured Bikash Sinha, secretary of Umanath Ghoshal, to steal the invaluable 'Ganesh Murti' from the Ghoshal-house. He also has a special interest in humiliating Jatayu. In Joi Baba Felunath he made Jatayu the subject of a knife-throwing play. In Jato Kando Kathmandute, he purposefully slips an LSD-laced sugar cube in Jatayu's tea. In his third appearance, he made Jatayu to sing a Tagore song (which Jatayu said his first time experience of singing a song). Surprisingly, he shows a queer fondness to Jatayu and usually calls him 'Uncle'.
During these three stories, we see many accomplices of Maganlal. Some of them are Machhli-Baba, Bikash Sinha, Arjun the knife thrower, Anantalaal Bantra, Dr. Dibakar and Manohar. Maganlaal has his own Bajra by which he travels in Ganga near Benaras. The door of his house in Benaras is painted with figures of two swordsmen. During the making of the movie, Joi Baba Felunath, this swordsmen were painted by Satyajit Ray himself.
Ghoshal is a Mumbai-based popular Hindi film director hailing from Kolkata. His original home in Kolkata is in the neighbourhood of Lalmohonbabu's in northern Kolkata's Garpar. He has directed two films based on Lalmohonbabu's stories. During the shooting of both these films, dangerous events took place, resulting in arrest of a producer in one film (Bombaiyer Bombete) and arrest of an actor in another film (Darjeeling Jamjomat).
- Srinath is the domestic help of Feluda and Topshe. He is often seen serving tea for Feluda and his clients. He is also a good cook of Bengali food.
- Bharadwaj is a minor character who is the household cook at Jatayu's place.
- Baikuntha Mallik was Jatayu's Bengali teacher at Ethenium Institution when he was in the seventh grade. Lalmohan Babu often describes him as a great poet who did not get the adulation he deserved. There is no presence of him in the story but in some stories we can see Jatayu reciting his poems.
In the Feluda series there are 35 published and four unpublished stories. The list is chronologically arranged.
- indicates "story".
- indicates "novel".
- indicates unfinished writings.
|Novel/story||English title||First publication details||Plot outline||Setting||Characters|
|Feludar Goendagiri||Danger in Darjeeling||Sandesh, December 1965—February 1966||Feluda goes to Darjeeling with Topshe, meets Rajen Babu who gets a life threat in a letter. Feluda investigates.||Darjeeling||Yes||No||No|
|Badshahi Angti||The Emperor's Ring||Sandesh, May 1966—May 1967||Feluda with Topshe and Topshe's father goes to meet Dhiru Kaka, their advocate uncle in Lucknow. There they find Dr Srivastav's house burgled the previous night and a precious ring was stolen. Feluda starts investigating secretly||Lucknow, Haridwar, Lakshman Jhula||Yes||No||No|
|Kailash Choudhury'r Pathar||Kailash Choudhury's Jewel||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1967||Feluda investigates a complex case involving twins and a rare valuable gem.||Kolkata||Yes||No||No|
|Sheyal Debota Rahasya||The Anubis Mystery||Sandesh, Summer issue, May—June 1970||Nilmoni Sanyal buys a precious statue of Anubis from an auction. But soon the statue goes missing. Feluda is appointed to investigate.||Kolkata||Yes||No||No|
|Gangtokey Gondogol||Trouble in Gangtok||Sharadiya Desh, 1970||Feluda and Topshe visit Gangtok for a vacation and meet some interesting people, each having a key role in a case of a car accident, later revealed to be a well planned murder.||Gangtok, Rumtek||Yes||No||No|
|Sonar Kella||The Golden Fortress||Sharadiya Desh, 1971||Mukul Dhar, a child of Kolkata claims that he can remember events of his previous life and informs that in his previous life he used to stay in a "Golden Fortress" of Rajasthan. Feluda finds out the truth behind it!||Rajasthan||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Baksho Rahashya||Incident on the Kalka Mail||Sharadiya Desh, 1972||Dinanath Lahiri, an aged Bengali man, meets Feluda and informs that he has mistakenly swapped his suitcase in a train with one belonging to one of his co-passengers and asks Feluda to return it. Feluda discovers that there was a valuable manuscript in the suitcase of Mr. Lahiri. Feluda takes the responsibility to find out the suitcase and the manuscript.||Kolkata, Shimla||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Samaddarer Chabi||The Key||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1973||Radharaman Samaddar, a Bengali wealthy musician, dies keeping all his money in an unknown secret place. Before dying, he utters the word "In my name... key". This might be the clue to find the hidden wealth. Feluda is asked for assistance to find out the money.||Bamungachhi||Yes||No||No|
|Kailashey Kelenkari||A Killer in Kailash||Sharadiya Desh, 1973||Feluda investigates a case of illegal trade of valuable artefacts stolen from ancient Indian temples, the latest being a 'yakshi' head sculpt from a temple in Orissa||Kolkata, Aurangabad||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Royal Bengal Rahashya||The Royal Bengal Mystery||Sharadiya Desh, 1974||On an invitation by Mahitosh Singha Ray, Lalmohon Babu takes Feluda and Topshe to a forest near Bhutan where Feluda is given a puzzle to solve. He solves that successfully, unearths hidden secrets of the Singha Ray family, solves a murder and kills a man-eater tiger in the process. He, at the end of the story is rewarded with a Tiger-skin.||Laxman Bari, an imaginary place near Bhutan border,
46 miles from New Jalpaiguri Railway Station
|Joi Baba Felunath||The Mystery of the Elephant God||Sharadiya Desh, 1975||Feluda, his cousin Topshe and the thriller writer Jatayu visit Benaras during the Durga Pujas. There a valuable small Ganesh statue from a Ghoshal family gets stolen. Feluda is appointed to find out the thief. This is also Feluda's first meeting with his nemesis Maganlal Meghraj||Benaras||Yes||Yes||No|
|Ghurghutiyar Ghatona||The Locked Chest||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1975||Kalikinkar Majumdar from Ghughutiya, Nadia, West Bengal sends a mail to Feluda claiming him to be an admirer of Feluda and invites him to Ghurghutiya. Felua and Topshe go to the place. There in the house Kalikinkar Mukherjee shows them a talking parrot which only knows number combination to unlock a locker. The parrot says— Trinayan, o trinayan, ektu jiro. Now Feluda has to find out the number combination from those unclear words uttered by the parrot. Feluda finds that out, in addition he finds out something more— a murder.||Ghurghutiya, Nadia, West Bengal||Yes||No||No|
|Bombaiyer Bombete||The Bandits of Bombay||Sharadiya Desh, 1976||Pulak Ghoshal is making a Hindi film based on Jatayu's bestseller. But a mysterious man named Sanyal has other plans for the simpleton thriller writer||Mumbai||Yes||Yes||No|
|Gosainpur Sargaram||The Mystery of the Walking Dead||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1976||Gosaipur is a small town, not far from Kolkata. But the erstwhile zamindar of that area has lost faith in his son, and is becoming increasingly dependent on an astrologer who claims to bring back the dead! Feluda investigates.||Gosainpur, Burdwan District, West Bengal||Yes||Yes||No|
|Gorosthaney Sabdhan||The Secret of the Cemetery||Sharadiya Desh, 1977||A man is found lying unconscious after a stormy evening at South Park Street Cemetery. Feluda goes to investigates and finds the man's wallet there. He meets the injured victim himself. He senses something wrong and starts an investigation on his own, which leads him to deep secrets lying in the history of the city of Kolkata.||Kolkata||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Chhinnamastar Abhishap||The Curse of the Goddess||Sharadiya Desh, 1978||Feluda and team visits Hazaribagh in Jharkhand, and gets invited by a puzzle loving retired advocate in his birthday party. The advocate dies in an incident but not before giving cryptic clues to Feluda.||Hazaribagh||Yes||Yes||No|
|Hatyapuri||The House of Death||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1979||Feluda and Co goes to Puri to escape the heat of Kolkata. The mystery revolves around Mr. D.G. Sen, an elderly gentleman, who has the hobby of collecting rare 'Puthis' (old hand written books/manuscripts). He is a true collector and denies lucrative offers from prospective buyers. However, a group of people are determined to steal the most valuable manuscripts from his collection. Topshe and Jatayu discover a dead body lying on the beach. The story takes a big turn when one of the prime suspects is found to be murdered. Feluda investigates.||Puri, Odisha||Yes||Yes||No|
|Golokdham Rahasya||The Mysterious Tenant||Sandesh May—August 1980||A theft of immensely valuable research papers takes place in the house of a retired scientist. Feluda is called in to investigate, and finds the case much more complex than expected as a tenant of the house is murdered.||Kolkata||Yes||No||Yes|
|Joto Kando Kathmandute||The Criminals of Kathmandu||Sharadiya Desh, 1980||Feluda goes to Nepal to catch a murderer, and discovers the case to be far more complicating than it seems. While investigating, Jatayu gets drugged and Feluda meets an old enemy.||Kathmandu, Patan, Nepal||Yes||Yes||No|
|Napoleoner Chithi||Napoleon's Letter||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1981||A pet bird gets stolen the day after it was bought. And in the same house, an aged curio collector is murdered by a person who seemingly doesn't exist. Do the two mysteries have any link? Feluda investigates.||Kolkata and 24 Pargana District, WestBengal||Yes||Yes||No|
|Tintorettor Jishu||Tintoretto's Jesus||Sharadiya Desh, 1982||Feluda meets an aristocratic Bengali family with a rich history. During his stay, a valuable painting by Italian painter Tintoretto is stolen, Feluda investigates and lands up in Hong Kong.||Hong Kong||Yes||Yes||No|
|Ambar Sen Antordhan Rahasya||The Disappearance of Ambar Sen||Anandamela 4 May—15 June 1983||Ambar Sen, a Bengali comes to Feluda and informs him that he has got threatening mail. Later Mr. Sen is kidnapped. Feluda investigates.||Kolkata||Yes||Yes||No|
|Jahangirer Swarnamudra||The Gold Coins of Jahangir||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1983||The trio of Feluda, Jatayu and Tapesh has been invited to Panihati to investigate the case of a missing gold coin of Jahangir. The client had a collection of 12 gold coins but on his last birthday, one of them was stolen by one of his most trusted invitees. He invites the same group of people this year and asks Feluda to catch the culprit while hiding his true identity.||Panihati||Yes||Yes||No|
|Ebar Kando Kedarnathe||Crime in Kedarnath||Sharadiya Desh, 1984||Feluda, along with Jatayu and Topshe goes to Kedarnath, in the Himalayan belt, to stop a possible crime which can happen against a retired maverick chemist, Bhavani Upadhay. It soon turns out that Upadhyay has, in his possession, a valuable artefact, awarded to him for his services to a king. The trio, while trying to find out the man and warn him of the coming danger, also learn about Upadhyay's life, which is somehow connected to Jatayu.||Kedarnath||Yes||Yes||No|
|Bosepukure Khunkharapi||The Acharya Murder Case||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1985||Indra Narayan Acharya, a theatre artist from a rich family gets murdered. Is it one of the rival theatre groups, or a person Acharya thought to be trustworthy? Feluda investigates.||Kolkata||Yes||Yes||No|
|Darjeeling Jamjomat||Murder in the Mountains||Sharadiya Desh, 1986||Feluda and team joins a film crew shooting the 2nd film based on Jatayu's books. A murder happens during the shoot. A body is found in the forest. Feluda investigates.||Darjeeling||Yes||Yes||No|
|Bhuswarga Bhoyonkor||Peril in Paradise||Sharadiya Desh, 1987||Feluda and trio goes to Kashmir. They meet a retired judge who attempts calling the spirits of the criminals whom he sentenced to death, but is secretly unconvinced by their crime. He is found murdered after a few days. Feluda tries to find out the murderer.||Kashmir||Yes||Yes||No|
|Apsara Theaterer Mamla||The Case of Apsara Theatre||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1987||A notable theatre personality is found murdered, and Feluda attempts to uncover the mystery.||Kolkata||Yes||Yes||No|
|Shakuntalar Kanthahaar||Shakuntala's Necklace||Sharadiya Desh, 1988||Feluda and Co meet and befriend a Lucknow resident, whose family is a fan of the investigator, on a pleasure trip to the same city and get invited to his house. There, a necklace of late actress Shakuntala Devi, mother-in-law of the host, gets stolen, and Feluda must unmask the culprit of not only the theft, but also a murder.||Lucknow||Yes||Yes||No|
|Golapi Mukta Rahasya||The Mystery of the Pink Pearl||Sharadiya Desh, 1989||Joychaand Baral possesses an extremely rare object – a Pink Pearl, which has sought attention of quite a few influential people, notably Maganlal Meghraj, the nemesis of Feluda. Can Feluda stop him before he plans another crime to possess the pearl?||Kolkata, Benaras||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Londone Feluda||Feluda in London||Sharadiya Desh, 1989||Feluda goes to London on request of Ranjan Majumdar, a client, to find out about a British man who is dead. The person is connected to Majumdar's student life in London, which Majumdar has no memory of.||London, Kolkata||Yes||Yes||No|
|Dr. Munshir Diary||Dr. Munshi's Diary||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1990||Eminent psychiatrist Dr. Munshi engages Feluda in a 'simple' task of ensuring cooperation of 2 men with a criminal history, whom Munshi had previously cured of mental disorder, as he is about to release facts about their treatment in his autobiography. Soon, however, Feluda finds himself in the thick of matters as Dr. Munshi is murdered, and the autobiography goes missing.||Kolkata||Yes||Yes||No|
|Nayan Rahasya||The Mystery Of Nayan||Sharadiya Desh, 1990||A magician finds a boy with special abilities and takes him to Chennai for a show. Feluda is asked to ensure the boy's safety.||Chennai||Yes||Yes||No|
|Robertsoner Ruby||Robertson's Ruby||Sharadiya Desh, 1992||Feluda & Co. is involved in a quest to save a valuable Ruby which was taken from India to London during the Sepoy Mutiny. During the course of events, old wounds resurface, uncovering a brutal event which happened when India was under British rule.||Birbhum, West Bengal||Yes||Yes||No|
|Indrajal Rahasya||The Magical Mystery||Sandesh December 1995—February 1996||A retired magician calls Feluda to check a manuscript of a book, which will be bought by another magician, Suryakumar. A small statue of Krishna gets stolen and a murder also occurs, which Feluda investigates, while bringing to light the buried secrets of the magician's family.||Kolkata||Yes||Yes||No|
|Baksho Rahasya||The Mystery of the Box||Sharadiya Sandesh, 1995||on Kalka Mail||Yes||Yes||No|
|The Mystery of the Parrot||Sharadiya Sandesh|
|The Mystery of the Parrot||Sharadiya Sandesh|
|Aditya Bardhaner Abishkar
||The Discovery by Aditya Vardhan||Sharadiya Sandesh|
Feluda in other mediaEdit
Satyajit Ray directed Sonar Kella (1974) and Joi Baba Felunath (1979) into movies in Bengali, starring actor Soumitra Chatterjee as Feluda, Santosh Dutta as Jatayu and Siddartha Chatterjee as Topshe. This two films created a cult following in Bengali cinema later years.
Until 2011, Sandip Ray directed five Feluda theatrical feature-length films. The first theatrically released Feluda film directed by Ray was Baksho Rahashya (1996) which was the first film of the Feluda TV film series.
- Baksho Rahashya (1996) was released in theaters in December 2001. It was made for television release only in 1996, unlike the next five theatrical feature film. This film was the first TV film of Sandip Ray's new Feluda film series which was the continuation of original Feluda film series. In this TV film Sabyasachi Chakrabarty was Feluda, Saswata Chatterjee was Topshe and Rabi Ghosh was Jatayu. All films of the new Feluda film series (the continuation of the original series) were directed by Sandip Ray. In this series he made ten TV films and five full-length films in Bengali on the character.
- Bombaiyer Bombete was released in December 2003. In this movie Sabyasachi Chakrabarty reprised his role as Feluda, Parambrata Chatterjee as Topshe and Bibhu Bhattacharya as Jatayu.
- Kailashey Kelenkari was released in December 2007.
- Tintorettor Jishu was released in December 2008.
- In December 2010, Sandip Ray made another Feluda movie, Gorosthaney Sabdhan. In it, Bibhu Bhattacharyya and Sabyasachi Chakroborty reprised their roles, but Paramabrata was replaced by Saheb Bhattacharyya as Topshe.
- Royal Bengal Rahashya, released in December 2011. It is the last film portraying Bibhu Bhattacharya as Jatayu.
- Badshahi Angti released in November 2014, in which Abir Chatterjee is playing Feluda for first time. This was going to be a reboot to previous the Feluda film series after Royal Bengal Rahashya. However, in 2016 Sandip Ray cancelled the reboot series because Abir Chatterjee started a new version of film series based on the Byomkesh Bakshi franchise under Shree Venkatesh Films and Surinder Films. The other reason was the new Feluda movie Sandip Ray intended to make under a Mumbai-based production house Eros International, but Abir has a strict contract with Shree Venkatesh Films and Surinder Films. For the cancellation of the reboot series Badshahi Angti is now considered as a stand-alone reboot film.
- In May, 2016 it was declared by Sandip Ray instead of continuing the reboot series he will continue the previous Feluda film series after Royal Bengal Rahashya (2011) and Sabyasachi Chakrabarty will return as Feluda and Shaheb Bhattacharya will return as Topshe. There will be two stories in the new film and the film is named Double Feluda. This is going to be a sequel of Royal Bengal Rahashya (2011) and the movie is a 50 years tribute to Feluda.
In addition to the feature films, 10 Feluda stories have been filmed by Sandip Ray as television films under the names/packages:
- Satyajit Ray Presents (In Hindi, Kissa Kathmandu Ka based on Joto Kando Kathmandute for DD 1) (1986) DD Bangla.
- Ghurghutiyar Ghatona (1992) and Golokdham Rahasya (1992) were directed by Bibhash Chakraborty.
- Feluda 30 (Baksho Rahashya, Gosaipur Sargaram, Sheyal Devta Rahashya, Bosepukure Khunkharapi, Joto Kando Kathmandu for DD Bangla, Later Repeated in Tara Muzik) (1996–1998)
- Satyajiter Goppo (Jahangirer Swarnamudra, Ghurghutiyar Ghotona, Golapi Mukto Rahashya, Ambar Sen Antardhan Rahashya for DD Bangla) (1999)
- Satyajiter Priyo Golpo (Dr Munshir Diary for ETV Bangla) (2000)
In the Hindi telefilm Kissa Kathmandu Mein (1985), Feluda was played by Shashi Kapoor, Jatayu by Mohan Agashe, Topshe by Alankar Joshi and Magan Lal Meghraj once again by Utpal Dutt. Feluda was played by Soumitra Chatterjee in two Bengali Feluda telefilms made in 1992, while Sabyasachi Chakrabarty played that role in Feluda telefilms made later. After the death of Santosh Dutta Jatayu was played by Rabi Ghosh in the first two TV films, after his death Anup Kumar played Jatayu and finally by Bibhu Bhattacharya. In Sandip Ray's ten Feluda TV films Topshe was played by Saswata Chatterjee.
Sandip Ray has sold the rights of Feluda stories to Bangladeshi production company Kandy Productions, who are producing a TV series inspired by the original Feluda series. It premiered on Channel i as well as digitally on Bioscopelive from September, 2017. The series will be available in India on the digital platform Addatimes Digital. Dhaka based Kandy Production is producing the series jointly with Top of Mind Creations, another Bangladeshi TV and film production house. Parambrata Chatterjee plays Feluda and Ridhi Sen plays Topshe. The first season of the series is directed by Parambrata Chatterjee.
In 2010 an animated TV film produced by DQE Productions titled Feluda: The Kathmandu Caper was produced and the rights were acquired by Disney Channel (India). The movie premiered on 1 January 2011. DQE Productions also made a 13-episode animation series named Mysteries and Feluda after the animated TV film for Disney XD. The series including the TV film was set into a new universe, where Feluda, Topshe and Jatayu have many gadgets.
- The first radio adaptation of Feluda was made by Satyajit Ray in the early 80s, Baksho Rahsaya with his usual cast like Soumitra Chatterjee as Feluda, Santosh Dutta as Jatayu, Siddartha Chatterjee as Topshe and Sushil Majumdar as Sidhu Jyatha along with other prominent actors like Haradhan Bandopadhyay, Biplab Chatterjee and Bikash Roy.
- Akashabani had produced Darjeeling Jomjomat casting a set of regular actors in radio.
- In January 2007, the BBC World Service announced that it would produce at least two 'episodes' of the popular detective stories. Hindi film star Rahul Bose speaks the leading role, with Anupam Kher voicing Lalmohan. The first episode, "The Golden Fortress", aired on 10 February 2007 with the second episode, "The Mystery of the Elephant God", following on 11 August 2007.
- In 2007 Sandip Ray rebooted the radio series with his own set of actors as Sabyasachi Chakrabarty as Feluda, Parambrata Chatterjee as Topshe and Bibhu Bhattacharya as Jatayu. He made two new dramas based on, Gosainpur Sargaram and Dr. Munshir Diary. They with Baksho Rahashya, directed by Satyajit Ray, aired together on Big FM.
- Radio Mirchi Kolkata station airs thrillers in a radio drama format, under the programme name 'Sunday Suspense' which includes some Feluda stories and other Satyajit Ray stories. Feluda is voiced by Sabyasachi Chakrabarty. Dip voices Topshe and Mir Afsar Ali voices the other characters. Bibhu Bhattacharya voiced Jatayu in only one episode. After Bhattacharya's death Jagannath Basu voices Jatayu.
- Radio Today airs thrillers in a radio format, under the programme name Thursday Nightsaga, which includes some Feluda stories. However, it stopped before finishing the Feluda novel Baksho Rahasya.
Some of the Feluda stories have been made into comic strips by artists and authors. Abhijit Chattopadhyay creates a comic strip based on Feluda stories in every Pujabarshiki Anondomela. The comics are published by Ananda Publishers. English versions of comics have appeared in The Telegraph.
In a collaborative album brought out in 1996 by HMV, Kabir Suman sings a 'Feludar Gaan' (Feluda's song). The song written by Kabir Suman was first publicised at Sandesh magazine on the special Feluda 30 issue released in December 1995 on the completion of 30 years of Feluda stories. Later in a collaborative album by HMV Choto Boro Miley (1996) the song was composed and performed by three-legend singer-songwriter Kabir Suman, Nachiketa Chakraborty and Anjan Dutt.
A Bengali documentary film Feluda: 50 Years Of Ray's Detective was directed by Sagnik Chatterjee. This is the first biopic of India based on a fictional character. This film was released on 7 June 2019.
Feluda in PujabarshikiEdit
Nearly every Feluda story was published annually in the Pujabarshiki Desh (the edition of Desh commemorating the Durgapuja published every year). Thereafter the stories were published as hard-back editions by Ananda Publishers. Some of the stories were published originally in Sandesh, a children's magazine co-edited by Satyajit Ray. In 2015 Feluda celebrates his 50 th years after appearance. This is printed as 'Feluda 50' in anandamela.
- Satyajit Ray
- Sandip Ray
- Feluda in film
- Literary works of Satyajit Ray
- Professor Shonku
- Tarini khuro
- Tarini Khuro in other media
- Parashor Barma
- Kakababu in other media
- Byomkesh Bakshi
- Byomkesh Bakshi in other media
- Kolkata culture
- Culture of Bengal
- Culture of West Bengal
- Bengali literature
- History of Bengali literature
- List of Bengali-language authors (chronological)
- Andrew Robinson (1989). Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye. University of California Press. pp. 233–. ISBN 978-0-520-06946-6. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Susnato Chowdhury (2007). "Feluda's Home". Kolkata TV. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- Satyajit Ray (1 February 2005). Complete Adventures of Feluda. Penguin Books India. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-14-303278-6. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- Ray; Satyajit & Sen Gupta; Subhadra (text) (2011). Feluda Mysteries : The Criminals Of. Penguin Books India. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-0-14-333154-4. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- Ravi N. Pandey (1 January 2008). Encyclopaedia of Great Indian Novels And Novelists (Set of 3 Vols.). Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 228. ISBN 978-81-261-3700-8. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- Ruman Ganguly (14 May 2013) "Feluda's comeback with Badshahi Angti". The Times of India.
- . ABP Ananda
- . Anandabazar
- . The Times of India
- . dnaindia
- [permanent dead link]. newshour.com
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|dead-url=(help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Disney brings Satyajit Ray's detective Feluda to the small screen". 30 December 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- Penguin Books listing of Feluda Books
- Feluda: 50 Years Of Rays Detective Movie: Showtimes, Review, Trailer, Posters, News & Videos | eTimes, retrieved 13 July 2019
- Feluda Films – BBC 18 Jan 2010
- Roy, Pinaki. " The Postcolonial Sleuth for Adoloscents: Rereading Satyajit Ray's Feluda-narratives". Clues: A Journal of Detection (McFarland). 36.1 (Spring 2018): 78-89.