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Baker Street is a street in the Marylebone district of the City of Westminster in London. It is named after builder William Baker, who laid out the street in the 18th century. The street is most famous for its connection to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, who lived at a fictional 221B Baker Street address on the north of the street. The area was originally high class residential, but now is mainly occupied by commercial premises.
|Length||0.6 mi (1.0 km)|
|Location||Westminster, London, England|
|Nearest Tube station||Baker Street|
|Known for||Sherlock Holmes' residence (221B Baker Street) · Setting of Gerry Rafferty's hit song ·|
Baker Street is a busy thoroughfare, lying in postcode areas NW1/W1 and forming part of the A41. It used to run south from Regent's Park, the junction with Park Road, parallel to Gloucester Place, meeting Marylebone Road, Portman Square and Wigmore Street. In 2019, the until-then one-way street was changed to accommodate lanes running in both directions.
The crossroads of Baker Street and Marylebone Road was historically known as Marylebone Circus, which is still its unofficial name.
Baker Street was laid out in the 18th century by the builder William Baker, after whom it is named.
Also in 1835 the sculptor James Fillans came to live and work from 82 Baker Street.
In 1940 the headquarters of the Special Operations Executive moved to 64 Baker Street, they were often called the "Baker Street Irregulars" after Sherlock Holmes' gang of street urchins of the same name.
For many years the head office of Marks & Spencer, formerly the United Kingdom's largest retailer, was at "Michael House" (named in parallel with the group's "St Michael" brand), 55 Baker Street, until the company relocated to the Paddington Basin in 2004. This was one of the best known corporate buildings in the United Kingdom, and has since been redeveloped as a modern office complex by London & Regional Properties to a design by Make Architects and Expedition Engineering.
A London County Council blue plaque commemorates Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger who lived at 120 Baker Street from 1803 to 1804. British singer Dusty Springfield lived on Baker Street in the 1960s.
In popular cultureEdit
- In fiction, Sherlock Holmes, Basil of Baker Street (The Great Mouse Detective), Sherlock Hound, Danger Mouse, Sexton Blake, Carland Cross and James Black of Case Closed have all resided along the road.
- "Baker Street" is a song by Gerry Rafferty, released in 1978. The song was a major worldwide hit, reaching Number 3 in the UK and Number 2 on the Billboard Hot 100. He also released an album entitled Baker Street.
- "Baker St. Muse" is a song from Jethro Tull's album Minstrel in the Gallery, which was released in 1975. (Baker Street is frequently mentioned in the lyrics of Jethro Tull songs.)
- The 2008 film, The Bank Job was based on the 1971 robbery of Lloyds Bank in Baker Street.
Baker Street tube station interior
- "Forgotten London - Marylebone Circus". Hyde Park Now. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- 1875 Ordnance Survey map, Digimap, 3 April 2018. (subscription required)
- Rossiter, James (8 February 2007). "UK developer wins $700m Panama contract". London: The Times. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- "PITT, WILLIAM, THE YOUNGER (1759-1806)". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- Baker Street Transport for London
- About Baker Street Two Way Project
- Short Hops Buses issue 769 April 2019 page 24
- "The London Diplomatic List" (PDF). 14 December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2013.
- Bunson, Matthew (1994). Encyclopedia Sherlockiana: an A-to-Z guide to the world of the great detective. Macmillan. pp. 16–19. ISBN 978-0-671-79826-0.
- Alan Barnes (2002). Sherlock Holmes on Screen. Reynolds & Hearn Ltd. p. 55. ISBN 1-903111-04-8.
- "How Danger Mouse became king of the TV ratings". BBC. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
Media related to Baker Street at Wikimedia Commons