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Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts

  (Redirected from Federal judicial appointment history)

The appointment of federal judges for United States federal courts has become viewed as a political process in the last several decades.[citation needed] This is especially true of U.S. Supreme Court and court of appeals appointments.[citation needed] The tables below provide the composition of the Supreme and circuit courts at the end of each four year presidential term, categorizing the judges by the presidential term during which they were nominated for their seat.

As of December 11, 2018, of the thirteen federal appeals courts excluding vacancies, Democratic appointees have a majority on seven, Republican appointees have a majority on four, and two federal appeals courts are equally divided between Democratic and Republican appointees. However, the party of the president who appointed a judge is not always a good indicator of that judge's judicial philosophy and place on the political spectrum.

Contents

Supreme CourtEdit

The Supreme Court of the United States was established by the Constitution of the United States. Originally, the Judiciary Act of 1789 set the number of justices at six. Subsequently, the United States Congress increased the number of justices to seven in 1807, nine in 1837 and ten in 1863. The Judiciary Act of 1869 reduced the number to nine once again.

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
HST
2
FDR
/HST
FDR
3
FDR
2
Current 9 5 4 - 2 - 2 2 - - 2 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
2016 9 4 4 1 - - 2 2 - - 2 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
2012 9 5 4 - - - 2 2 - - 2 1 2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
2008 9 7 2 - - - - 2 - - 2 2 2 - - 1 - - - - - - - - -
2004 9 7 2 - - - - - - - 2 2 3 1 - 1 - - - - - - - - -
2000 9 7 2 - - - - - - - 2 2 3 1 - 1 - - - - - - - - -
1996 9 7 2 - - - - - - - 2 2 3 1 - 1 - - - - - - - - -
1992 9 8 1 - - - - - - - - 2 3 1 - 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
1988 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - 3 1 - 1 1 1 1 - 1 - - - -
1984 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 4 1 1 - 1 - - - -
1980 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 4 1 1 1 1 - - - -
1976 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 4 1 1 1 1 - - - -
1972 9 6 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 1 1 1 1 - - - 1
1968 9 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 1 3 - - - 2
1964 9 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 3 1 - - 2
1960 9 5 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 1 - - 3
1956 9 3 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 1 - 4
1952 9 0 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 1 4
1948 9 0 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 5
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant FDR
/HST
FDR
3
FDR
2
FDR
1
HCH JCC WGH
/JCC
TWW
2
TWW
1
WHT
1948 9 0 9 - 2 2 5 - - - - - - -
1944 9 2 7 - - 3 5 - 1 - - - - -
1940 9 3 6 - - - 5 - 2 1 - - 1 -
1936 9 7 2 - - - - - 3 1 2 - 2 1
1932 9 7 2 - - - - - 3 1 2 - 2 1

Courts of appealsEdit

The United States Court of Appeals were established by the Judiciary Act of 1891 as "United States circuit courts of appeals" (the name was changed to its current form in 1948). The act authorized 19 appellate judgeships in 9 circuits. Since then, the number of authorized appellate judgeships has increased to 179.[1]

Summary of 13 circuits combinedEdit

As of December 11, 2018

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 179 84 83 12 30 24 27 18 19 18 14 8 4 4 - 1 - - - - -
2016 179 72 90 17 - 25 28 23 26 22 14 9 7 6 1 1 - - - - -
2012 179 84 78 17 - - 30 24 30 26 17 12 10 7 5 1 - - - - -
2008* 178 100 66 12 - - - 24 32 34 25 21 15 7 7 1 - - - - -
2004 179 94 69 16 - - - - 35 35 25 29 20 8 9 1 1 - - - -
2000 179 76 78 25 - - - - - 35 29 35 28 11 14 1 1 - - - -
1996 179 105 53 21 - - - - - - 29 40 45 14 22 3 2 1 1 1 -
1992 179 119 42 18 - - - - - - - 40 50 20 40 5 3 1 1 1 -
1988 168 96 62 10 - - - - - - - - 50 26 53 9 10 8 1 1 -
1984 168 66 76 26 - - - - - - - - - 33 57 15 17 14 5 1 -
1980 140 50 86 4 - - - - - - - - - - 59 16 30 19 8 2 1
  • There were temporarily 178 existing appellate federal judgeships, due to the elimination of a 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit by Section 509 of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007.[2] The Act also provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009 which increased the number of authorized appellate judgeships to 179 again.
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 100% 47% 46% 6% 17% 13% 15% 10% 11% 10% 8% 4% 2% 2% - 1% - - - - -
2016 100% 40% 50% 9% - 14% 16% 13% 15% 12% 8% 5% 4% 3% 1% 1% - - - - -
2012 100% 47% 44% 9% - - 17% 13% 17% 15% 9% 7% 6% 4% 3% 1% - - - - -
2008 100% 56% 37% 7% - - - 13% 18% 19% 14% 12% 8% 4% 4% 1% - - - - -
2004 100% 53% 39% 9% - - - - 20% 20% 14% 16% 11% 4% 5% 1% 1% - - - -
2000 100% 42% 44% 14% - - - - - 20% 16% 20% 16% 6% 8% 1% 1% - - - -
1996 100% 59% 30% 12% - - - - - - 16% 22% 25% 8% 12% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% -
1992 100% 67% 23% 10% - - - - - - - 22% 28% 11% 22% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% -
1988 100% 57% 37% 6% - - - - - - - - 30% 16% 32% 5% 6% 5% 1% 1% -
1984 100% 39% 45% 16% - - - - - - - - - 20% 34% 9% 10% 8% 3% 1% -
1980 100% 36% 61% 3% - - - - - - - - - - 42% 11% 21% 14% 6% 1% 1%

Partisan mix of the circuit courtsEdit

As of December 11, 2018

Appeals Court
(in numerical order)
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st 33% 67% 2 / 4 / 0 33% 67% 0%
2nd 36% 64% 4 / 7 / 2 31% 54% 15%
3rd 50% 50% 6 / 6 / 2 43% 43% 14%
4th 40% 60% 6 / 9 / 0 40% 60% 0%
5th 69% 31% 11 / 5 / 1 65% 29% 6%
6th 69% 31% 11 / 5 / 0 69% 31% 0%
7th 82% 18% 9 / 2 / 0 82% 18% 0%
8th 91% 9% 10 / 1 / 0 91% 9% 0%
9th 30% 70% 7 / 16 / 6 24% 55% 21%
10th 42% 58% 5 / 7 / 0 42% 58% 0%
11th 50% 50% 6 / 6 / 0 50% 50% 0%
D.C. 30% 70% 3 / 7 / 1 27% 64% 9%
Federal 33% 67% 4 / 8 / 0 33% 67% 0%
Total of 13 circuits 50% 50% 84 / 83 / 12 47% 46% 7%

First CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
Current 6 2 4 - - 2 1 - 1 - 1 - - 1 - - - -
2016 6 2 4 - - 2 1 - 1 - 1 - - 1 - - - -
2012 6 3 2 1 - - 1 - 1 - 1 1 - 1 - - - -
2008 6 3 2 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 - 1 - - - -
2004 6 4 2 - - - - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - -
2000 6 4 2 - - - - - - 1 1 2 1 1 - - - -
1996 6 5 1 - - - - - - - 1 3 1 1 - - - -
1992 6 5 1 - - - - - - - - 3 1 1 1 - - -
1988 6 3 3 - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2 - 1 1
1984 6 2 3 1 - - - - - - - - - 1 2 - 1 1
1980 4 1 3 - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 1 1

Second CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
Current 13 4 7 2 1 - 4 1 1 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2016 13 4 7 2 - - 4 1 2 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2012 13 5 8 - - - 5 1 3 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2008 13 6 6 1 - - - 1 4 4 2 1 - - - - - - -
2004 13 6 7 - - - - - 4 5 2 2 - - - - - - -
2000 13 2 10 1 - - - - - 5 4 2 - - 1 - - - -
1996 13 5 6 2 - - - - - - 4 3 1 1 2 - - - -
1992 13 10 2 1 - - - - - - - 3 3 3 2 1 - - -
1988 13 9 3 1 - - - - - - - - 3 4 2 1 1 1 -
1984 13 7 4 2 - - - - - - - - - 4 2 2 1 1 1
1980 11 6 4 1 - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 4 1 1

Third CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
Current 14 6 6 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 - - - - - - -
2016 14 5 7 2 - 3 2 3 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2012 14 6 7 1 - - 2 3 2 3 1 - 1 - 1 - - -
2008 14 6 6 2 - - - 3 2 4 1 - 1 - 1 - - -
2004 14 7 6 1 - - - - 4 4 1 2 1 - 1 - - -
2000 14 6 6 2 - - - - - 4 1 2 3 1 1 - - -
1996 14 11 2 1 - - - - - - 1 3 7 1 1 - - -
1992 14 11 1 2 - - - - - - - 3 7 1 1 - - -
1988 12 9 3 - - - - - - - - - 7 1 2 - 1 1
1984 12 6 4 2 - - - - - - - - - 1 2 1 4 2
1980 10 6 4 - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 5 2

Fourth CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 15 6 9 - 2 1 5 1 1 2 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2016 15 5 10 - - 1 5 1 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2012 15 5 10 - - - 6 1 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2008 15 6 5 4 - - - 1 2 3 2 2 - 1 - - - - - -
2004 15 8 5 2 - - - - 2 3 2 3 1 1 - - 1 - - -
2000 15 6 5 4 - - - - - 3 2 3 1 1 - - 1 - - -
1996 15 9 4 2 - - - - - - 2 4 1 1 2 1 2 - - -
1992 15 9 3 3 - - - - - - - 4 1 1 3 1 2 - - -
1988 11 6 5 - - - - - - - - - 1 2 4 1 2 1 - -
1984 11 6 5 - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 1 2 1 - -
1980 10 4 6 - - - - - - - - - - - 4 1 2 2 - 1

Fifth CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 17 11 5 1 5 1 2 4 - - 2 - 2 - - - - - - - -
2016 17 9 5 3 - 1 2 4 2 - 2 - 2 1 - - - - - - -
2012 17 10 5 2 - - 2 4 2 - 2 - 2 2 1 - - - - - -
2008 17 13 4 - - - - 4 2 - 3 3 2 2 1 - - - - - -
2004 17 11 4 2 - - - - 2 - 3 4 2 3 1 - - - - - -
2000 17 9 5 3 - - - - - - 4 4 2 3 1 - - - - - -
1996 17 11 6 - - - - - - - 4 4 3 4 2 - - - - - -
1992 17 11 2 4 - - - - - - - 4 3 4 2 - - - - - -
1988 16 9 6 1 - - - - - - - - 3 4 6 1 1 - - - -
1984 16 7 7 2 - - - - - - - - - 5 7 1 1 - - - -
1980 14 3 10 1 - - - - - - - - - - 8 1 1 2 - - 1
  • The 5th Circuit judges who were transferred to the 11th Circuit in 1981 are not included in the 5th Circuit numbers for 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

Sixth CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 16 11 5 - 4 - 2 3 3 1 2 1 - - - - - - - -
2016 16 10 5 1 - - 2 4 4 1 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2012 16 10 6 - - - 2 4 4 1 2 1 1 - 1 - - - - -
2008 16 10 6 - - - - 4 4 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - -
2004 16 6 6 4 - - - - 4 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - -
2000 16 5 7 4 - - - - - 2 3 3 2 - 2 - - - - -
1996 16 7 6 3 - - - - - - 3 3 4 - 3 - - - - -
1992 16 9 5 2 - - - - - - - 3 5 1 5 - - - - -
1988 16 10 5 1 - - - - - - - - 5 3 5 1 1 - - -
1984 16 6 6 4 - - - - - - - - - 4 5 1 1 - 1 -
1980 11 3 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 6 1 1 1 1 1

Seventh CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
Current 11 9 2 - 4 - 1 - 1 - 1 1 2 1 - - - - -
2016 11 6 3 2 - - 1 - 1 1 1 1 2 2 - - - - -
2012 11 7 3 1 - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 - - - - -
2008 11 7 3 1 - - - 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 - - - - -
2004 11 8 3 - - - - - 1 1 2 1 4 2 - - - - -
2000 11 8 3 - - - - - - 1 2 1 4 3 - - - - -
1996 11 8 3 - - - - - - - 2 1 4 3 - - - 1 -
1992 11 9 2 - - - - - - - - 1 4 3 1 1 - 1 -
1988 11 9 2 - - - - - - - - - 4 3 1 2 - 1 -
1984 11 6 2 3 - - - - - - - - - 4 1 2 - 1 -
1980 9 4 4 1 - - - - - - - - - - 1 2 2 2 1

Eighth CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
Current 11 10 1 - 4 1 - 1 4 - - 1 - - - - - -
2016 11 8 1 2 - 1 - 1 5 - - 1 1 - - - - -
2012 11 9 2 - - - - 1 6 1 1 1 1 - - - - -
2008 11 9 2 - - - - 1 6 1 1 1 1 - - - - -
2004 11 9 2 - - - - - 6 1 1 2 1 - - - - -
2000 11 6 4 1 - - - - - 1 1 3 2 1 2 - - -
1996 11 8 3 - - - - - - - 1 3 3 2 2 - - -
1992 11 9 2 - - - - - - - - 3 3 3 2 - - -
1988 10 6 3 1 - - - - - - - - 3 3 2 - - 1
1984 10 4 5 1 - - - - - - - - - 3 2 - 1 3
1980 9 3 5 1 - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 2 3

Ninth CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
Current 29 7 16 6 2 2 5 2 3 8 1 - - - - - - - -
2016 29 7 18 4 - 2 5 3 3 9 1 - 1 - 1 - - - -
2012 29 9 19 1 - - 5 3 4 11 2 - 2 - 2 - - - -
2008 28 11 16 1 - - - 3 4 11 2 2 2 - 3 - - - -
2004 28 8 16 4 - - - - 4 11 2 2 2 - 3 - - - -
2000 28 7 18 3 - - - - - 11 3 4 3 - 4 - - - -
1996 28 10 10 8 - - - - - - 3 4 6 - 6 - - - 1
1992 28 14 13 1 - - - - - - - 4 7 2 12 - 1 - 1
1988 28 11 14 3 - - - - - - - - 7 2 13 - 2 - 1
1984 28 8 16 4 - - - - - - - - - 3 15 3 2 - 1
1980 23 7 16 - - - - - - - - - - - 15 3 4 - 1
  • SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[2] provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009.

Tenth CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
Current 12 5 7 - 2 4 1 1 2 - 2 - - - - - - - -
2016 12 5 7 - - 4 1 2 2 - 2 1 - - - - - - -
2012 12 6 3 3 - - 1 2 3 - 2 1 - - - - - - -
2008 12 8 4 - - - - 2 4 - 4 1 1 - - - - - -
2004 12 7 5 - - - - - 4 - 4 1 2 - 1 - - - -
2000 12 5 5 2 - - - - - - 4 1 4 - 1 - - - -
1996 12 7 5 - - - - - - - 4 1 6 - 1 - - - -
1992 12 7 3 2 - - - - - - - 1 6 - 3 - - - -
1988 10 6 4 - - - - - - - - - 6 - 3 - - 1 -
1984 10 1 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 1 1 -
1980 8 3 5 - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 3 1 1

Eleventh CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
Current 12 6 6 - 3 2 2 - 1 2 - 1 - - - 1 - -
2016 12 3 8 1 - 3 2 - 1 3 - 1 - - - 1 - -
2012 12 4 6 2 - - 2 - 1 3 1 2 - - - 1 - -
2008 12 7 5 - - - - - 1 3 1 4 1 - 1 1 - -
2004 12 7 5 - - - - - 1 3 1 4 1 - 1 1 - -
2000 12 6 5 1 - - - - - 3 1 4 1 - 1 1 - -
1996 12 8 2 2 - - - - - - 1 4 2 - 1 2 - -
1992 12 8 3 1 - - - - - - - 4 2 - 3 2 - -
1988 12 6 6 - - - - - - - - - 2 - 6 3 1 -
1984 12 4 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 7 3 1 1
1980 12 4 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 7 3 1 1
  • In 1980, the 11th Circuit had not yet been created, but the judges that were later transferred to the 11th Circuit from the 5th Circuit are shown here for trend comparison purposes.

D.C. CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
Current 11 3 7 1 1 4 - 1 - 1 2 1 - - - - - - -
2016 11 4 7 - - 4 - 3 - 1 2 1 - - - - - - -
2012 11 5 3 3 - - - 3 - 1 2 1 1 - - - - - -
2008* 11 6 3 2 - - - 3 - 1 2 1 2 - - - - - -
2004 12 5 4 3 - - - - 1 1 2 2 2 - 1 - - - -
2000 12 5 4 3 - - - - - 1 2 2 3 - 1 - - - -
1996 12 6 4 2 - - - - - - 2 2 4 - 2 - - - -
1992 12 7 4 1 - - - - - - - 2 5 - 4 - - - -
1988 12 6 5 1 - - - - - - - - 5 1 4 - - 1 -
1984 12 3 7 2 - - - - - - - - - 3 4 - - 2 1
1980 11 3 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 3 2 2
  • SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[2] eliminated the 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit.

Federal CircuitEdit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 12 4 8 - - 4 3 1 1 1 - 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2016 12 4 8 - - 4 3 1 1 1 - 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2012 12 5 4 3 - - 3 1 1 1 - 2 - 1 - - - - - -
2008 12 8 4 - - - - 1 1 3 1 3 2 1 - - - - - -
2004 12 8 4 - - - - - 1 3 1 4 2 1 - - - - - -
2000 12 7 4 1 - - - - - 3 1 4 2 1 - - - - - -
1996 12 10 1 1 - - - - - - 1 5 3 1 - - - - - 1
1992 12 10 1 1 - - - - - - - 5 3 1 1 - - - - 1
1988 12 7 3 2 - - - - - - - - 3 2 3 - 1 - - 1
1984 12 7 5 - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 1 3 1 1 1
1980 11 6 5 - - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 4 1 1 1
  • The Federal Circuit was created in 1982. The judges that sat on the courts that were combined into the Federal Circuit are shown in 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

Acronym keyEdit

Acronym President Term Date range
DJT Donald Trump current January 20, 2017 – present
BHO 2 Barack Obama second January 20, 2013 – January 20, 2017
BHO 1 Barack Obama first January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2013
GWB 2 George W. Bush second January 20, 2005 – January 20, 2009
GWB 1 George W. Bush first January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2005
WJC 2 Bill Clinton second January 20, 1997 – January 20, 2001
WJC 1 Bill Clinton first January 20, 1993 – January 20, 1997
GHWB George H. W. Bush only January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993
RWR 2 Ronald Reagan second January 20, 1985 – January 20, 1989
RWR 1 Ronald Reagan first January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1985
JEC Jimmy Carter only January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981
RMN/GRF Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford split January 20, 1973 – January 20, 1977
RMN 1 Richard Nixon first January 20, 1969 – January 20, 1973
LBJ Lyndon Johnson second January 20, 1965 – January 20, 1969
JFK/LBJ John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson split January 20, 1961 – January 20, 1965
DDE 2 Dwight Eisenhower second January 20, 1957 – January 20, 1961
DDE 1 Dwight Eisenhower first January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1957
HST 2 Harry Truman second January 20, 1949 – January 20, 1953
FDR/HST Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman split January 20, 1945 – January 20, 1949
FDR 3 Franklin Roosevelt third January 20, 1941 – January 20, 1945
FDR 2 Franklin Roosevelt second January 20, 1937 – January 20, 1941
FDR 1 Franklin Roosevelt first March 4, 1933 – January 20, 1937
HCH Herbert Hoover only March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933
JCC Calvin Coolidge second March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929
WGH/JCC Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge split March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1925
TWW 2 Woodrow Wilson second March 4, 1917 – March 4, 1921
TWW 1 Woodrow Wilson first March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1917
WHT William Howard Taft only March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 44(a)
  2. ^ a b c "Text of H.R. 660 (110th): Court Security Improvement Act of 2007 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill version) - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us.

External linksEdit