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FIS Nordic World Ski Championships

The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships is a biannial nordic skiing event organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS). The World Championships was started in 1925 for men and opened for women's participation in 1954. World Championship events include nordic skiing's three disciplines: cross-country skiing, ski jumping, and nordic combined (the latter being a combination sport consisting of both cross-country and ski jumping). From 1924 to 1939, the World Championships were held every year, including the Winter Olympics. After World War II, the World Championships were held every four years from 1950 to 1982. Since 1985, the World Championships have been held in odd-numbered years.

FIS Nordic World Ski Championships
FIS World Ski Championships Gold Medal.jpg
Gold medal
Statusactive
Genresporting event
Date(s)February–March
Frequencybiennial (since 1985)
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1925 (1925)
Organised byFIS

Contents

HistoryEdit

The International Ski Federation arranged annual Rendezvous races from 1925 to 1927 and annual FIS races from 1929 to 1935. At the FIS congress in 1936, it was decided that the first World Championships should be held in 1937 and take place in Chamonix, France.[1] All Rendezvous and FIS races were given official World Championship status at FIS' 25th congress in 1965.[2] This decision ment that the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1925 in Janské Lázně, Czechoslovakia, were given status as the first official World Championships.

The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1941 were declared a non-World Championship event by FIS at the 16th FIS congress in 1946[3] and their results have been struck from the official records.

The 1980 and 1984 World Championships consisted of a total of only three events; women's 20 km cross-country (1980), ski jumping team event and nordic combined team event (both 1984). These events were not held in the 1980 and 1984 Winter Olympics and therefore got their own World Championships.

Historical notesEdit

  1. In the years 1925–1927, the FIS referred to these events as Rendezvous races. During the periods of 1929–1931 and 1933–1935, the FIS referred to these events as FIS races. This event has been officially referred to as the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships since 1937.
  2. The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1941 were declared a non-event by the FIS at their 1946 meeting and their results have been struck from the official records.
  3. The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1980 consisted of a women's 20 km cross-country event because it was not included in the program of the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid.
  4. The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1984 consisted of team events in both ski jumping and Nordic combined held at separate locations because neither event was included in the program of the Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.

The following list shows when new events were added for the first time:

  • 1933, men's relay (cross-country) was added.
  • 1954, women's 10 km and 3 × 5 km relay was added, men's 15 km (cross-country) replaced the 18 km.
  • 1962, men's normal hill (ski jumping) were added.
  • 1978, women's 20 km (cross-country) was added.
  • 1982, men's ski jumping team large hill and nordic combined team large hill were added.
  • 1989, women's 15 km was added (cross-country) and women's 30 km replaced the 20 km.
  • 1991, men's 10 km (cross-country) was added.
  • 1993, cross-country pursuit (both genders) were added.
  • 2001, men's ski jumping team normal hill was added and cross-country sprint (both genders) replaced the 10 km (men) and the 5 km (women).
  • 2003, women's 30 km and men's 50 km (cross-country) changed from interval start to mass start.
  • 2005, cross-country team sprint (both genders) were added.
  • 2009, women's normal hill (ski jumping) was added.
  • 2011, nordic combined team normal hill was added.
  • 2013, mixed team (ski jumping) was added and team sprint large hill (nordic combined) replaced the team large hill.
  • 2019, women's team normal hill (ski jumping) was added.
  • 2021, women's nordic combined with normal hill individual and team sprint will be added.

List of championshipsEdit

# Year Location Date Venue Country Top Nation Events Notes
1 1925 Janské Lázně 4 – 14 Feb   Czechoslovakia   Czechoslovakia 4 Denoted Rendezvous races
2 1926 Lahti 4 – 6 Feb Salpausselkä   Finland   Norway 4 Denoted Rendezvous races
3 1927 Cortina d'Ampezzo 2 – 5 Feb Trampolino Olimpico   Italy   Sweden 4 Denoted FIS races
4 1929 Zakopane 5 – 9 Feb   Poland   Finland 4 Denoted FIS races
5 1930 Oslo 27 Feb – 1 Mar Holmenkollen   Norway   Norway 4
6 1931 Oberhof 13 – 15 Feb   Germany   Norway 4
7 1933 Innsbruck 8 – 12 Feb   Austria   Sweden 5 Denoted FIS races. First with cross-country relay
8 1934 Sollefteå 20 – 25 Feb Hallstaberget   Sweden   Norway 5 Denoted FIS races
9 1935 Vysoké Tatry 13 – 18 Feb   Czechoslovakia (2)   Norway 5 Denoted FIS races
10 1937 Chamonix 12 – 28 Feb Tremplin Olympique / Stade Olympique   France   Norway 5 First official FIS Nordic World Ski Championships
11 1938 Lahti (2) 24 – 28 Feb Salpausselkä   Finland (2)   Finland 5
12 1939 Zakopane (2) 11 – 19 Feb   Poland (2)   Finland 5
1941 Cortina d'Ampezzo (2) 1 – 10 Feb Trampolino Olimpico   Italy (2)   Finland 5 Declared unofficial in 1946
13 1950 Lake Placid (SJ)
Rumford (XC)
1 – 6 Feb Intervales
  United States   Sweden 5 First championship outside Europe
14 1954 Falun 13 – 21 Feb Lugnet   Sweden (2)   Soviet Union 8 First championship with women
15 1958 Lahti (3) 1 – 9 Mar Salpausselkä   Finland (3)   Finland 8
16 1962 Zakopane (3) 18 – 25 Feb   Poland (3)   Soviet Union 10 First with normal hill
17 1966 Oslo (2) 17 – 27 Feb Holmenkollen   Norway (2)   Norway 10
18 1970 Vysoké Tatry (2) 14 – 22 Feb Štrbské pleso   Czechoslovakia (3)   Soviet Union 10
19 1974 Falun (2) 16 – 24 Feb Lugnet   Sweden (3)   East Germany 10
20 1978 Lahti (4) 18 – 26 Feb Salpausselkä   Finland (4)   Soviet Union 11
21 1980 Falun (3) 8 Mar Lugnet   Sweden (4)   East Germany 1[4] Non-Olympic event
22 1982 Oslo (3) 19 – 28 Feb Holmenkollen   Norway (3)   Norway 13 First with team large hill/Nordic combined relay
23 1984 Engelberg (SJ)
Rovaniemi (NC)
26 Feb
17 Mar
Gross-Titlis-Schanze
   Switzerland
  Finland (5)
  Finland 2[5] Non-Olympic events
24 1985 Seefeld 16 – 27 Jan Seefeld Nordic Competence Centre /
Bergiselschanze in Innsbruck
  Austria (2)   Norway 13
25 1987 Oberstdorf 12 – 21 Feb Schattenberg Ski Jump / Birgsautal   West Germany (2)   Sweden 13
26 1989 Lahti (5) 17 – 26 Feb Salpausselkä   Finland (6)   Finland 15
27 1991 Val di Fiemme 7 – 17 Feb Lago di Tesero / Trampolino dal Ben   Italy (3)   Norway 15 First with 10 km cross-country (men)
28 1993 Falun (4) 19 – 28 Feb Lugnet   Sweden (5)   Norway 15 First with pursuit
29 1995 Thunder Bay 9 – 19 Mar Big Thunder   Canada   Russia 15
30 1997 Trondheim 21 Feb – 2 Mar Granåsen Ski Centre   Norway (4)   Russia 15
31 1999 Ramsau 19 – 28 Feb Ramsau am Dachstein /
Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze in Bischofshofen
  Austria (3)   Norway 16 First with 10 km/large hill
32 2001 Lahti (6) 15 – 25 Feb Salpausselkä   Finland (7)   Norway 19 First with team normal hill; first with sprint
33 2003 Val di Fiemme (2) 18 Feb – 1 Mar Lago di Tesero / Trampolino dal Ben   Italy (4)   Norway 18
34 2005 Oberstdorf (2) 16 – 27 Feb Schattenberg Ski Jump / Ried   Germany (3)   Norway 19 First with team sprint
35 2007 Sapporo 22 Feb – 4 Mar Miyanomori / Okurayama /
Shirahatayama / Sapporo Dome
  Japan   Norway 18
36 2009 Liberec 18 Feb – 1 Mar Ještěd / Vesec   Czech Republic (4)   Norway 20 First with ski jumping for women; only with Nordic combined mass start
37 2011 Oslo (4) 23 Feb – 6 Mar Holmenkollen   Norway (5)   Norway 21 First with Nordic combined normal hill relay
38 2013 Val di Fiemme (3) 20 Feb – 3 Mar Lago di Tesero / Trampolino dal Ben   Italy (5)   Norway 21 First with mixed team ski jumping

First with Nordic combined large hill Team Sprint

39 2015 Falun (5) 18 Feb – 1 Mar Lugnet   Sweden (6)   Norway 21
40 2017 Lahti (7) 22 Feb – 5 Mar Salpausselkä   Finland (8)   Norway 21
41 2019 Seefeld (2) 20 Feb – 3 Mar Seefeld Nordic Competence Centre /
Bergiselschanze in Innsbruck
  Austria (4)   Norway 22 First with women's team ski jumping
42 2021 Oberstdorf (3) 24 Feb – 7 Mar Schattenberg Ski Jump / Ried   Germany (4) 24 First with women's nordic combined individual normal race and team sprint
43 2023 Planica 22 Feb - 5 Mar Planica Nordic Centre   Slovenia 24
44 2025 Trondheim 19 Feb – 2 Mar Granåsen Ski Centre   Norway (6) 24

Medalists by sportEdit

Medal tableEdit

Table updated after the 2019 Championships.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Norway146109112367
2  Finland637068201
3  Sweden464746139
4  Soviet Union (1954–91)36322492
5  Germany (1925–39, since 1991)33412498
6  Russia (since 1993)26323189
7  Austria24263282
8  East Germany (1954–89)12151138
9  Italy11222457
10  Japan10121537
11  Poland1071128
12  Czechoslovakia (1925–91)7121130
13  United States74617
14  France641222
15   Switzerland45817
16  West Germany (1954–89)4127
17  Czech Republic (since 1993)36615
18  Estonia (1938, since 1993)35210
19  Kazakhstan (since 1993)3249
20  Canada2136
21  Slovenia (since 1993)1348
22  Spain1102
23  Yugoslavia (1925–91)1001
24  Belarus (since 1993)0101
  Slovakia (since 1993)0101
26  Ukraine (since 1993)0022
Totals (26 nations)4594594581376

Multiple medalistsEdit

Boldface denotes active athletes and highest medal count among all athletes (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

All eventsEdit

Rank Athlete Country Gender Discipline From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Marit Bjørgen   Norway F Cross-country skiing 2003 2017 18 5 3 26
2 Yelena Välbe   Soviet Union
  Russia
F Cross-country skiing 1989 1997 14 3 17
3 Petter Northug   Norway M Cross-country skiing 2007 2015 13 3 16
4 Larisa Lazutina (Ptitsyna)   Soviet Union
  Russia
F Cross-country skiing 1987 2001 11 3 2 16
5 Therese Johaug   Norway F Cross-country skiing 2007 2019 10 2 3 15
6 Bjørn Dæhlie   Norway M Cross-country skiing 1991 1999 9 5 3 17
7 Thomas Morgenstern   Austria M Ski jumping 2005 2013 8 2 1 11
8 Eric Frenzel   Germany M Nordic combined 2011 2019 7 6 2 15
9 Gunde Svan   Sweden M Cross-country skiing 1985 1991 7 3 1 11
10 Alevtina Kolchina   Soviet Union F Cross-country skiing 1958 1966 7 1 8

Individual eventsEdit

MenEdit

Rank Athlete Country Discipline From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Petter Northug   Norway Cross-country skiing 2009 2015 7 2 9
2 Bjørn Dæhlie   Norway Cross-country skiing 1991 1999 5 4 3 12
3 Gunde Svan   Sweden Cross-country skiing 1985 1991 5 2 7
4 Vladimir Smirnov   Soviet Union
  Kazakhstan
Cross-country skiing 1989 1995 4 3 3 10
5 Mika Myllylä   Finland Cross-country skiing 1995 1999 4 2 2 8
6 Ronny Ackermann   Germany Nordic combined 2001 2007 4 1 1 6
Adam Małysz   Poland Ski jumping 2001 2011 4 1 1 6
8 Eric Frenzel   Germany Nordic combined 2011 2019 3 1 1 5
Johannes Rydzek   Germany Nordic combined 2011 2017 3 1 1 5
10 Birger Ruud   Norway Ski jumping 1931 1939 3 1 4
Bjarte Engen Vik   Norway Nordic combined 1997 2001 3 1 4

WomenEdit

Rank Athlete Country Discipline From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Marit Bjørgen   Norway Cross-country skiing 2003 2017 12 4 1 17
2 Yelena Välbe   Soviet Union
  Russia
Cross-country skiing 1989 1997 10 2 12
3 Therese Johaug   Norway Cross-country skiing 2007 2019 7 1 3 11
4 Larisa Lazutina (Ptitsyna)   Soviet Union
  Russia
Cross-country skiing 1987 2001 5 3 2 10
5 Bente Skari (Martinsen)   Norway Cross-country skiing 1999 2003 5 5
6 Stefania Belmondo   Italy Cross-country skiing 1991 1999 4 4 1 9
7 Alevtina Kolchina   Soviet Union Cross-country skiing 1958 1966 4 1 5
8 Galina Kulakova   Soviet Union Cross-country skiing 1970 1980 3 1 1 5
9 Justyna Kowalczyk   Poland Cross-country skiing 2009 2013 2 3 2 7
10 Marjo Matikainen   Finland Cross-country skiing 1987 1989 2 2 2 6

TV broadcastersEdit

Eurosport (75 countries)
Match TV (Russia)
ORF (Austria)
Eesti Media (Estonia)
YLE (Finland)
ARD/ZDF (Germany)
NRK (Norway)
SVT (Sweden)
SRG/SSR (Switzerland)
NBC (USA)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "14th Garmisch-Partenkirchen (GER) 1936". www.fis-ski.com. International Ski Federation (FIS). Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  2. ^ "25th Mamaia (ROM) 1965". www.fis-ski.com. International Ski Federation (FIS). Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  3. ^ "16th Pau (FRA) 1946". www.fis-ski.com. International Ski Federetion (FIS). Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  4. ^ Non-Olympic event: women's 20 km cross-country skiing.
  5. ^ Non-Olympic events: FIN: 3 x 10 km team Nordic combined; SUI: Non-Olympic event: team large hill ski jumping.

External linksEdit