Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance

Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance or EAPL–CFA (Lithuanian: Lietuvos lenkų rinkimų akcija – Krikščioniškų šeimų sąjunga or LLRA–KŠS; Polish: Akcja Wyborcza Polaków na Litwie – Związek Chrześcijańskich Rodzin or AWPL–ZCHR) is a political party in Lithuania. It represents the Polish minority and positions itself as Christian-democratic.[1][2] It has three seats in the Seimas, one seat in the European Parliament, and six seats in coalition with the Russian Alliance in the Vilnius City Municipality after the 2019 local election.

Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance
Lietuvos lenkų rinkimų akcija – Krikščioniškų šeimų sąjunga
Akcja Wyborcza Polaków na Litwie – Związek Chrześcijańskich Rodzin
AbbreviationLLRA-KŠS
ChairmanValdemar Tomaševski
Vice ChairpeopleZbignev Jedinskij
Vanda Kravčionok
Zdzislav Palevič
Marija Rekst
Leonard Talmont
Secretary GeneralRenata Sobieska-Monkevič
Founded28 August 1994
HeadquartersPilies g. 16, Vilnius
Membership2,097 (2022)
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right[2] to right-wing
European affiliationAlliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
European Parliament groupEuropean Conservatives and Reformists
ColoursMaroon and blue
Seimas
3 / 141
European Parliament
1 / 11
Municipal councils
54 / 1,501
[6]
Mayors
2 / 60
Website
www.awpl.lt

Formed in 1994 from the political wing of the Association of Poles in Lithuania, LLRA experienced a surge in support in the 2000s, under the leadership of Valdemar Tomaševski. It increased its representation from under 2% in 2000, leading to the party being invited to join the governing coalition:[7] an invitation they rejected. They increased their vote again to 3.8% in 2004 and 4.8% in 2008: just short of the 5% election threshold for any of the Seimas's 70 proportional representation seats. In the 2009 European election, they won 8.2% and one seat. The party's vote is concentrated in the south-east of the country, around the capital, where the Polish minority is located. At the 2012 election, LLRA broke through 5% in a parliamentary election for the first time: qualifying for proportional representation seats.

In the Seimas, the party sits with fellow right-leaning party Order and Justice. LLRA's MEP (its leader Valdemar Tomaševski) sits in the European Parliament with the European Conservatives and Reformists, which includes the Polish Law and Justice and Poland Comes First, and the party is a member of the ACRE.

HistoryEdit

At the beginning of 1994 the law on social organisations was adopted. According to this law, social organisations had to transform into political parties or simply remain social organizations. Till that time the Association of Poles in Lithuania (LLA) was a public-political organisation. Thus it had the option to act both in social and political spheres. The Polish community which did not have its own party faced the difficult task of keeping the Association and simultaneously enabling its participation in the political life of Lithuania at the same time. The creation of the party required a lot of organizational effort. In this situation the central administration of the LLA convened the 5th Extraordinary Conference of the LLA on 14 August. During the Conference the decision was adopted to transform the APL into a social organisation and support the efforts of the group initiating the establishment of a party set up under the name of the Electoral Action of the LLA. Finally, on 23 October after pressure from the Lithuanian Ministry of Justice to remove the word 'Union' from the name of the party, it was registered as the Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania (LLRA). During the Founding Conference of 1994 and 1997 Jan Senkevič was elected as LLRA leader. In 1999 during the 3rd LLRA Conference Valdemar Tomaševski became the chairman of the organisation. Moreover, Tomaševski was elected as leader in the 4th and 5th LLRA Conferences.

The LLRA takes part in various elections – starting with municipal through parliamentary and ending with the elections to the European Parliament in 2004. During the whole period of its existence the LLRA took part in defense of the interests of the Polish minority in Lithuania. The Union of the Russians of Lithuania had cooperated with the LLRA in elections, running within a common list in 2004.

In 2016, Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania changed its name to Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance.[8]

IdeologyEdit

The party's primary aim is not ideological, but the protection and enhancement of the rights of the Polish minority,[9] who make up 7% of Lithuania's population.[10] Their main policies include the restoration of land seized from Poles by the Soviet government, the improvement of the education system and allowing the use of the Polish language in schools, and giving official recognition to the Polish orthography of names.[7]

It supports a more influential political role for the Roman Catholic Church, mandatory religious education in schools,[11] and a reduction in the number of Lithuanian parliamentarians from 141 to 101 coupled to an increase in the number of local councillors. Since 2005, it unsuccessfully tried to submit bills to penalize abortion.[12]

External relationsEdit

LLRA is a member of the Europe-wide anti-federalist Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR), along with both Law and Justice from Poland. It is also member of the AECR's associated political grouping, the European Conservatives and Reformists, having resisted intensive lobbying from the Polish Civic Platform to join the EPP group,[9] to which Civic Platform belong and to which LLRA had been considered likely to join.[13] Its youth wing belongs to the European Young Conservatives.

The party currently sits with fellow centre-right party Freedom and Justice and the centre-left Lithuanian Regions Party in the "Regions Political Group" in the Seimas. They have agreed an electoral alliance with the Lithuanian Russian Union.[citation needed]

The party has received criticism from some Polish politicians for its support and connections to Russian politicians.[14]

Electoral resultsEdit

SeimasEdit

Election Votes[a] % Seats +/– Government
1992 39,772 2.1 (#7)
4 / 141
Opposition
1996 40,941 3.1 (#9)
1 / 141
  3 Opposition
2000 28,641 1.9 (#10)
2 / 141
  1 Coalition (2000–2001)
Opposition (2001–2004)
2004 45,302 3.8 (#7)
2 / 141
  Opposition
2008 59,237 4.8 (#8)
3 / 141
  1 Opposition
2012 79,840 5.8 (#7)
8 / 141
  5 Coalition (2012–2014)
Opposition (2014–2016)
2016 69,810 5.7 (#6)
8 / 141
  Opposition (2016–2019)
Coalition (2019–2020)
2020 56,386 5.0 (#7)
3 / 141
  5 Opposition
  1. ^ Proportional representation votes

European ParliamentEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/–
2004 68,937 5.7 (#7)
0 / 13
2009 46,293 8.2 (#5)
1 / 12
  1
2014 92,108 8.0 (#6)
1 / 11
 
2019 69,263 5.5 (#7)
1 / 11
 

LeadersEdit

Members of Parliament before 2019 electionEdit

Parliamentarian Since
Zbignev Jedinskij 2012
Vanda Kravčionok 2012
Juzef Kvetkovskij 2012
Michal Mackevič 2008
Jaroslav Narkevič 2008
Irina Rozova 2004–2008; since 2012
Leonard Talmont 2008
Rita Tamašunienė 2012

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Lithuania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b c King, Gundar J.; McNabb, David. E (2015). Nation-Building in the Baltic States: Transforming Governance, Social Welfare, and Security in Northern Europe. CRC Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-1482250718.
  3. ^ "European Social Survey 2014 Appendix A3" (PDF). European Social Survey. 2014. p. 22.
  4. ^ Kaniok, Petr; Hloušek, Vít (2016). "Euroscepticism and the prospects of future enlargement of the EU" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Stirring the pot". The Economist. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  6. ^ "2019 m. kovo 3 d. savivaldybių tarybų rinkimai - vrk.lt". vrk.lt.
  7. ^ a b "Lithuanian coalition". Warsaw Business Journal. 24 April 2006. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Pavadinimas LLRA-KŠS – oficialiai įregistruotas". LLRA-KŠS (in Lithuanian). 16 June 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  9. ^ a b Bale, Tim; Hanley, Seán; Szczerbiak, Aleks (2010). "'May Contain Nuts'? The Reality behind the Rhetoric Surrounding the British Conservatives' New Group in the European Parliament". The Political Quarterly. 81 (1): 85–98. doi:10.1111/j.1467-923X.2009.02067.x.
  10. ^ Sawicki, Krzysztof (2009). Raport o sytuacji Polonii i Polaków za granicą: 2009 (PDF) (in Polish). Warszawa: Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych, Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych. p. 141. ISBN 978-83-89607-81-2. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  11. ^ "LLRA pirmininku perrinktas V. Tomaševskis norėtų būti premjeras (papildyta)". Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  12. ^ Human Rights Monitoring Institute, "Polish Minority Party Wants to Ban Abortions in Lithuania", Liberties, 28 February 2017
  13. ^ "Polski eurodeputowany z Litwy w EPP?". Rzeczpospolita. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  14. ^ Gielewska, Anna; Dzierżanowski, Marcin (25 June 2018). "Do Polonii Litewskiej przenikają ludzie Kremla? Polskie władze zbadają sprawę". WPROST.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 28 May 2019.

External linksEdit