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Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki (born 20 June 1968) is a Polish politician, historian and economist who has been the Prime Minister of Poland since December 2017. He previously served in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Beata Szydło as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance and Minister of Development. Prior to his political career, Morawiecki had an extensive business career, including serving as Chairman of Bank Zachodni WBK from 2007 until his election to the Sejm in 2015.
Early life and educationEdit
At age 12 Morawiecki was already active in the Polish anti-communist movement, duplicating illegal political leaflets. In August 1980 he pasted a poster edition of the Lower Silesia Bulletin all over Wrocław. The poster listed the Gdańsk Demands and, in their support, called for a general strike on Poland's Baltic Sea coast. After martial law was declared in 1981, he printed and distributed underground Solidarity magazines.
Despite repeated arrests and beatings by Poland's Security Service (Służba Bezpieczeństwa, SB), until the late 1980s he continued taking part in political demonstrations. He edited the Lower Silesia Bulletin and was active in the Independent Students' Association. In 1988 and 1989 he participated in occupation strikes at the University of Wroclaw. He co-organized the Club for Political Thought, "Free and Solidary".
Morawiecki is an alumnus of the University of Wrocław (history, 1992), Wrocław University of Technology (1993), Wrocław University of Economics (Business Administration, 1995), the University of Hamburg (European Law and Economic Integration, 1995–97), and the University of Basel (European Studies, 1995–97). While at the Wrocław University of Technology, he studied abroad at Central Connecticut State University and completed an advanced executive program at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management.
In 1991 Morawiecki began work at Cogito Company and co-created two publishing firms, Reverentia and Enter Marketing-Publishing. That same year he co-founded the magazine Dwa Dni (Two Days), later becoming editor-in-chief.
In 1995 he completed an internship at Deutsche Bundesbank in credit analysis, financial restructuring, banking supervision, and financial market supervision. In 1996–97 he conducted banking and macroeconomic research at the University of Frankfurt. In 1998, as deputy director of the Accession Negotiations Department in the Committee for European Integration, he oversaw and participated in numerous areas, including finance, of the negotiations for Polish accession to the European Union.
With Frank Emmert, he co-authored the first textbook on The Law of the European Union published in Poland.
From 1996 to 2004 Morawiecki lectured at the Wrocław University of Economics, and from 1996 to 1998 also at the Wrocław University of Technology. He sat on policy committees at many institutions of higher education. From 1998 to 2001 he was a member of the supervisory boards of the Wałbrzych Power Company, Dialog (a local telephone-service provider), and the Industrial Development Agency. From 1998 to 2002 he was a member of the Lower Silesian Regional Assembly.
From November 1998 Morawiecki worked for Bank Zachodni WBK, Santander Group, where he began his career as deputy chair of the supervisory board, and supervisor of the economic analysis bureau and the international trade department. In 2001 he became managing director and a member of the board. In 2007–15 Morawiecki was chairman of Bank Zachodni WBK.
Morawiecki was elected to the Sejm on 25 October 2015, originally standing as an independent candidate. Despite the Law and Justice party winning a majority, and not requiring any coalition partners, he was nevertheless appointed to the Cabinet by newly-elected Prime Minister Beata Szydło, serving as both Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development. In March 2016, he announced that he had joined the Law and Justice party.
On 28 September 2016, in addition to his other positions, Morawiecki was appointed Minister of Finance, becoming the second most powerful member of the Government, overseeing the budget, government finances, European Union funds, and overall economic policy.
As Finance Minister, Morawiecki outlined an ambitious "Plan for Responsible Development", known colloquially as the "Morawiecki Plan", aimed at stimulating economic growth and raising revenues for generous government plans, including “Family 500+” child benefits for all families with two or more children. In March 2017, he took part in a meeting of G20 finance ministers in Baden-Baden, becoming Poland's first-ever representative at that summit.
Prime Minister of PolandEdit
In December 2017, Jarosław Kaczyński, the Chairman of the Law and Justice party, declared that he no longer had confidence in Beata Szydło to be the party's prime ministerial candidate, in part due to perceived conflict between her and other European Union leaders. With her position untenable, Szydło resigned, and Morawiecki quickly won internal party approval to be nominated as her successor. He was sworn in as Prime Minister of Poland on 11 December, immediately appointing Szydło as his deputy. In his first major address to Sejm, he pledged “continuity” rather than radical change.
In January 2018, following a highly public racist incident in Warsaw, Morawiecki declared: "There is no place in Poland for racism. The attack on a girl because of her skin color deserves the strongest condemnation. We shall do everything to make Poland safe for everyone."
In early 2018, both chambers of the Polish parliament (the Sejm and Senate) adopted an Amendment to the Act on the Institute of National Remembrance criminalising the ascription to Poles collectively of complicity in World War II Jewish-genocide-related or other war crimes or crimes against humanity that had been committed by the Axis powers, and condemning use of the expression, "Polish death camp". The law sparked a crisis in Israel–Poland relations.
At the Munich Security Conference on 17 February that year, Morawiecki said "it is not going to be seen as criminal to say that there were Polish perpetrators, as there were Jewish perpetrators, as there were Russian perpetrators, as there were Ukrainian perpetrators, not only German perpetrators." His remark roused controversy and prompted criticism by prominent Israeli politicians, including Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Israeli President Reuven Rivlin. The crisis was resolved in late June that year when the Polish and Israeli prime ministers issued a joint communiqué endorsing research into the Jewish Holocaust and condemning the expression, "Polish concentration camps".
In March 2018 a new Polish law took effect, banning nearly all commerce on Sundays, with supermarkets and most other retailers closed Sundays for the first time since liberal shopping laws were introduced in the 1990s. The law had been passed by the Law and Justice party with Morawiecki's support. 
As other Visegrád Group leaders, Morawiecki opposes any compulsory EU long-term quota on redistribution of migrants. In May 2018, Morawiecki said: "Proposals by the European Union that impose quotas on us hit the very foundations of national sovereignty."
In July 2018 Morawiecki said he "will not rest" until "the whole truth" of the World War II-era massacres in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia have been explained. Between 1942 and 1945, members of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) killed up to 100,000 civilians in nowadays Western Ukraine.
On the issue of Brexit, Morawiecki told the BBC in January 2019 that more and more Polish people are returning to Poland from the UK and he hoped the trend would continue to help boost the Polish economy.
In 2008 Morawiecki was made Honorary Consul of the Republic of Ireland in Poland. In 2013 he was awarded the Cross of Freedom and Solidarity. He has received many other distinctions from economic clubs, universities, publishing houses, and cultural institutions.
Morawiecki with Emmanuel Macron, Brussels 2017
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- Board of Governors Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
- Board of Governors International Monetary Fund (IMF).
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- Poland appoints ex-banker with Jewish roots as prime minister By JTA, 8 December 2017
| Deputy Prime Minister of Poland
| Minister of Development
| Minister of Finance
| Prime Minister of Poland