Goethe University Frankfurt (German: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main) is a university located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was founded in 1914 as a citizens' university, which means it was founded and funded by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt. The original name in German was Universität Frankfurt am Main. In 1932, the university's name was extended in honour of one of the most famous native sons of Frankfurt, the poet, philosopher and writer/dramatist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The university currently has around 45,000 students, distributed across four major campuses within the city.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
|Königliche Universität zu Frankfurt am Main|
|Established||18 October 1914|
|Budget||€ 715.3 Mio. (2020)|
|Vice-president||Bernhard Brüne, Michael Huth, Christiane Thompson, Ulrich Schielein|
|3.631,8 (FTE, 2020)|
|2,082,9 (FTE, 2020)|
|5,940 (teacher education) (2022)|
The university celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2014. The first female president of the university, Birgitta Wolff, was sworn into office in 2015, and was succeeded by Enrico Schleiff in 2021. 20 Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with the university, including Max von Laue and Max Born. The university is also affiliated with 18 winners of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize.
Goethe University is part of the IT cluster Rhine-Main-Neckar. The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, the Goethe University Frankfurt and the Technische Universität Darmstadt together form the Rhine-Main-Universities (RMU).
The historical roots of the university can be traced back as far as 1484, when a City Council Library was established with a bequest from the patrician Ludwig von Marburg. Merged with other collections, it was renamed City Library in 1668 and became the university library in 1914. Depending on the country, the date of foundation is recorded differently. According to Anglo-American calculations, the founding date of Goethe University would be 1484. In Germany, the date on which the right to award doctorates is granted is considered the founding year of a university.
The modern history of the University of Frankfurt can be dated to 28 September 1912, when the foundation contract for the “Königliche Universität zu Frankfurt am Main" (Royal University at Frankfurt on the Main) was signed at the Römer, Frankfurt's town hall. Royal permission for the university was granted on 10 June 1914, and the first enrollment of students began on 16 October 1914. Members of Frankfurt's Jewish community, including the Speyer family, Wilhelm Ralph Merton, and the industrialists Leo Gans and Arthur von Weinberg donated two thirds of the foundation capital of the University of Frankfurt.
The university has been best known historically for its Institute for Social Research (founded 1924), the institutional home of the Frankfurt School, a preeminent 20th-century school of philosophy and social thought. Some of the well-known scholars associated with this school include Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Jürgen Habermas, as well as Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm, and Walter Benjamin. Other well-known scholars at the University of Frankfurt include the sociologist Karl Mannheim, the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer, the philosophers of religion Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Buber, and Paul Tillich, the psychologist Max Wertheimer, and the sociologist Norbert Elias. The University of Frankfurt has at times been considered liberal, or left-leaning, and has had a reputation for Jewish and Marxist (or even Jewish-Marxist) scholarship. During the Nazi period, "almost one third of its academics and many of its students were dismissed for racial and/or political reasons—more than at any other German university". The university also played a major part in the German student movement of 1968.
In recent years, the university has focused in particular on law, history, and economics, creating new institutes, such as the Institute for Law and Finance (ILF) and the Center for Financial Studies (CFS). One of the university's ambitions is to become Germany's leading university for finance and economics, given the school's proximity to one of Europe's financial centers. In cooperation with Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business, the Goethe Business School offers an MBA program. Goethe University has established an international award for research in financial economics, the Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics.
The university consists of 16 faculties. Ordered by their sorting number, these are:
- 01. Rechtswissenschaft (Law)
- 02. Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Economics and Business Administration)
- 03. Gesellschaftswissenschaften (Social Sciences)
- 04. Erziehungswissenschaften (Educational Sciences)
- 05. Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften (Psychology and Sports Sciences)
- 06. Evangelische Theologie (Protestant Theology)
- 07. Katholische Theologie (Roman Catholic Theology)
- 08. Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften (Philosophy and History)
- 09. Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaften (Faculty of Linguistics, Cultures, and Arts)
- 10. Neuere Philologien (Modern Languages)
- 11. Geowissenschaften/Geographie (Geosciences and Geography)
- 12. Informatik und Mathematik (Computer Science and Mathematics)
- 13. Physik (Physics)
- 14. Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie (Biochemistry, Chemistry and Pharmacy)
- 15. Biowissenschaften (Biological Sciences)
- 16. Medizin (Medical Science)
In addition, there are several co-located research institutes of the Max Planck Society:
- Max Planck Institute of Biophysics
- Max Planck Institute for Brain Research
- Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
The university is involved in the Hessian Centre for Artificial Intelligence (hessian.AI).
The university is located across four campuses in Frankfurt am Main:
- Campus Westend:
Headquarters of the university, also housing Social sciences, Pedagogy, Psychology, Theology, Philosophy, History, Philology, Archaeology, Law, Economics and Business Administration, Human geography
- Campus Bockenheim:
University library, Mathematics, Computer science, Art history, Fine Arts
- Campus Riedberg:
Pharmacy, Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biology, Geosciences and Geography
- Campus Niederrad:
Medical science, dentistry, university hospital
- Campus Ginnheim:
“Campus Westend” of the university is dominated by the IG Farben Building by architect Hans Poelzig, an example of the modernist New Objectivity style. The style for the IG Farben Building was originally chosen as "a symbol for the scientific and mercantile German manpower, made out of iron and stone", as the IG Farben director at the time of construction, Baron von Schnitzler, stated in his opening speech in October 1930.
After the university took over the complex, new buildings were added to the campus. On 30 May 2008, the House of Finance relocated to a new building designed by the architects Kleihues+Kleihues, following the style of the IG Farben Building. The upper floors of the House of Finance building have several separate offices as well as shared office space for researchers and students. The ground floor is open to the public and welcomes visitors with a spacious, naturally lit foyer that leads to lecture halls, seminar rooms, and the information center, a 24-hour reference library. The ground floor also accommodates computer rooms and a café. The floors, walls and ceiling of the foyer are decorated with a grid design that is continued throughout the entire building. The flooring is inspired by Raphael's mural, The School of Athens.
Goethe Business SchoolEdit
The Goethe Business School is a graduate business school at the university, established in 2004, part of the House of Finance at the Westend Campus and the IKB building. it is a non-profit foundation under private law held by the university. The chairman of the board at Goethe Business School, Rolf E. Breuer, is former chairman of the supervisory board of Deutsche Bank. Goethe Business School has a partnership in Executive Education with the Indian School of Business (ISB) in Hyderabad.
The Deutsche Bank PrizeEdit
The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics honors renowned researchers who have made influential contributions to the fields of finance and money and macroeconomics, and whose work has led to practical and policy-relevant results. It is awarded biannually, since 2005, by the Center for Financial Studies, in partnership with Goethe University Frankfurt. The award carries an endowment of €50,000, which is donated by the Stiftungsfonds Deutsche Bank im Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft.
Notable alumni (partial list)Edit
- Theodor W. Adorno (1903–1969), double Ordinarius of philosophy and sociology and member of the Frankfurt School
- Max Horkheimer, member of the Frankfurt School
- Alex Karp, co-founder of Palantir Technologies and American billionaire
- Jürgen Habermas, sociologist and a philosopher
- Hans Bethe, theoretical physicist (Nobel Prize 1967)
- Max Born, theoretical physicist and mathematician (Nobel Prize 1954)
- Klaus Bringmann, historian
- Rolf van Dick, social psychologist
- Paul Ehrlich, Nobel Prize Winner 1908
- Walter Gerlach, theoretical physicist
- Walter Hallstein (1901–1982), first President of the European Commission
- Helmut Kiener, psychologist turned investment professional, founder of the ponzi scheme K1 fund
- Vladimir Košak, economist, lawyer, politician and diplomat
- Josef Mengele, officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz
- Oskar Dirlewanger, officer, who served as the founder and commander of the infamous Nazi SS penal unit "Dirlewanger" during World War II
- Boudewijn Sirks, Professor of the History of Ancient Law from 1997 to 2005, later Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford
- Walter Greiner, theoretical physicist in high energy physics
- Alfred Schmidt, philosopher and translator
- Horst Stöcker, theoretical physicist
- Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, chemist
- Luciano Rezzolla, theoretical astrophysicist
- Hannah Elfner, Head of Simulations at the Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research and Professor of Physics at the Goethe University Frankfurt
- Alexander T. Sack, neuroscientist and cognitive psychologist
- Helma Wennemers, German organic chemist and professor
- Nancy Faeser, German politician
- Nina Eisenhardt (born 1990), German politician
Nobel Prize winners (alumni and faculty)Edit
- Paul Ehrlich: 1908 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Max von Laue: 1914 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Otto Loewi: 1914 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Paul Karrer: 1937 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Otto Stern: 1943 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Max Born: 1954 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Alexander Robertus Todd: 1957 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Karl Ziegler: 1963 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Hans Bethe: 1967 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Niels Kaj Jerne: 1984 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Gerd Binnig: 1986 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Jean-Marie Lehn: 1987 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Hartmut Michel: 1988 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Reinhard Selten: 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics
- Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard: 1995 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Horst Ludwig Störmer: 1998 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Günter Blobel: 1999 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Peter Grünberg: 2007 Nobel Prize for Physics
|Global – Overall|
|ARWU World||101–150 (2017)|
|QS World||340 (2022)|
|THE World||251–300 (2019)|
Points of interestEdit
- ""Aus der Mitte der Stadtgesellschaft – 100 Jahre Goethe-Universität" von Prof. Dr. Werner Müller-Esterl" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Zahle, Daten, Fakten 2020. Berichtswesen gem. § 14 (5) sowie § 34 (10) HHG" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
- "Goethe-Universität hat neuen Kanzler: Dr. Albrecht Fester übernimmt das Amt an Hessens größter Universität" (in German). 16 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Stabwechsel an der Goethe-Universität" (in German). Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "Vizepräsident*innen der Goethe-Universität" (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
- "Studierendenstatistik (Daten pro Semester)" (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
- "Viertes Gesetz zur Änderung des Hessischen Hochschulgesetzes" (PDF) (in German). Hessische Staatskanzlei. 8 October 2007. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
- "UniReport" (PDF).
- "Neue Uni-Präsidentin will kommunikativen Führungsstil". Faz.net. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Zoske, Sascha. "Neuer Uni-Präsident: Lieber ohne Amtskette" – via www.faz.net.
- "Nobel prize Physics laureates".
- "Goethe-Universität — Nobelpreisträger an der Goethe Universität". www.uni-frankfurt.de. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "Goethe-Universität — Leibnizpreisträger an der Goethe-Universität". www.uni-frankfurt.de. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- Rudolf Jung, Frankfurter Hochschulpläne 1384–1868. In: Frankfurter Historische Forschungen. Heft 1. K. F. Koehler, Leipzig 1915.
- "Geschichte der Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek". www.ub.uni-frankfurt.de. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
- "Die Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität auf dem Weg zur führenden Wirtschaftshochschule in Deutschland" (PDF). Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "Faculties". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "Ein Wandgemälde in Frankfurts Universität – Monumente Online". www.monumente-online.de.
- M. Tafuri, F. Dal Co: Klassische Moderne, Stuttgart, 1988, S148f
- "Nobel Prize Goethe University". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "Loewi, Otto". Deutsche Biographie. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "Goethe-Universität — Nobelpreisträger an der Goethe Universität". www.uni-frankfurt.de.
- "Niels K. Jerne – Biographical". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "Jean-Marie Pierre Lehn – Curriculum Vitae". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "ARWU World University Rankings 2017 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017 | Top 500 universities | Shanghai Ranking – 2017". www.shanghairanking.com. Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
- "QS World University Rankings 2019". Top Universities. 1 February 2017.
- "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 26 September 2018.
- "Global Companies Rank Universities". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017". Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2018.