Jean-Marie Lehn (born 30 September 1939) is a French chemist. He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Donald Cram and Charles Pedersen in 1987 for his synthesis of cryptands. Lehn was an early innovator in the field of supramolecular chemistry, i.e., the chemistry of host–guest molecular assemblies created by intermolecular interactions, and continues to innovate in this field. As of January 2006,[update] his group has published 790 peer-reviewed articles in chemistry literature.
Jean-Marie Lehn, 2018
|Alma mater||University of Strasbourg|
|Thesis||Résonance magnétique nucléaire de triterpènes (1963)|
|Doctoral advisor||Guy Ourisson|
|Doctoral students||Jean-Pierre Sauvage|
Lehn was born in Rosheim, Alsace, France to Pierre and Marie Lehn. He is of Alsatian German descent. His father was a baker, but because of his interest in music, he later became the city organist. Lehn also studied music, saying that it became his major interest after science. He has continued to play the organ throughout his professional career as a scientist. His high school studies in Obernai, from 1950 to 1957, included Latin, Greek, German, and English languages, French literature, and he later became very keen of both philosophy and science, particularly chemistry. In July 1957, he obtained the baccalauréat in philosophy, and in September of the same year, the baccalauréat in Natural Sciences.
At the University of Strasbourg, although he considered studying philosophy, he ended up taking courses in physical, chemical and natural sciences, attending the lectures of Guy Ourisson, and realizing that he wanted to pursue a research career in organic chemistry. He joined Ourisson's lab, working his way to the Ph.D. There, he was in charge of the lab's first NMR spectrometer, and published his first scientific paper, which pointed out an additivity rule for substituent induced shifts of proton NMR signals in steroid derivatives. He obtained his Ph.D., and went to work for a year at Robert Burns Woodward's laboratory at Harvard University, working among other things on the synthesis of vitamin B12.
In 1966, he was appointed a position as maître de conférences (assistant professor) at the Chemistry Department of the University of Strasbourg. His research focused on the physical properties of molecules, synthesizing compounds specifically designed for exhibiting a given property, in order to better understand how that property was related to structure.
In 1968, he achieved the synthesis of cage-like molecules, comprising a cavity inside which another molecule could be lodged. Organic chemistry enabled him to engineer cages with the desired shape, thus only allowing a certain type of molecule to lodge itself in the cage. This was the premise for an entire new field in chemistry, sensors. Such mechanisms also play a great role in molecular biology.
These cryptands, as Lehn dubbed them, became his main center of interest, and led to his definition of a new type of chemistry, "supramolecular chemistry", which instead of studying the bonds inside one molecule, looks at intermolecular attractions, and what would be later called "fragile objects", such as micelles, polymers, or clays.
In 1980, he was elected to become a teacher at the prestigious Collège de France, and in 1987 was awarded the Nobel Prize, alongside Donald Cram and Charles Pedersen for his works on cryptands.
Lehn is an atheist.
Honors and awardsEdit
Lehn has won numerous awards and honors including:
- Knight of the Ordre National du Mérite (1976)
- Knight of the Légion d'Honneur (1983)
- Humboldt Prize (1983)
- Elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (1983)
- Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1987)
- Officer of the Légion d'Honneur (1988)
- Knight of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques (1989)
- Pour le Mérite (1990)
- Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite (1993)
- Elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1993
- Commander of the Légion d'Honneur (1996)
- The Davy Medal of the Royal Society (1997)
- Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class (2001)
- Grand Officer of the Order of Cultural Merit of Romania (2004)
- ISA Medal for Science (2006)
- Knight Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2009)
- Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honour (2014)
- Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1984
- Autonomous University of Madrid, 1985
- Georg-August University of Göttingen, 1987
- Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1987
- University of Crete (Iraklion University), 1989
- Università degli Studi di Bologna, 1989
- Charles University of Prague, 1990
- University of Sheffield, 1991
- University of Twente, 1991
- University of Athens, 1992
- National Technical University of Athens (Polytechnical University of Athens), 1992
- Illinois Wesleyan University, 1995
- Université de Montréal, 1995
- University of Bielefeld, 1998
- Honorary Professor, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 1998
- Honorary Professor, Southeast University, Nanjing, 1998
- Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 1998
- Faculté des Sciences Appliquées, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1999
- Nagoya University, 2000
- Université de Sherbrooke, 2000
- Università di Trieste, 2001
- Honorary Professor, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2003
- Honorary Professor, Nanjing University, 2003
- Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, 2003
- University of St. Andrews, 2004
- Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, 2005
- Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (Technical University, St Petersburg), 2005
- Masaryk University, Brno, 2005
- Honorary Professor, Beijing University, 2005
- Kyushu University, 2005
- Moscow State University, 2006
- Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 2006
- Kazan Federal University, 2006
- Novosibirsk State University, 2006
- Honorary Professor, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 2007
- Honorary Professor, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, 2007
- Special Honorary Professorship, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, 2008
- University of Patras, 2008
- Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, 2008
- University of Basilicata, Potenza, 2008
- Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 2009
- Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, 2009
- University of Ljubljana, 2009
- City University of Hong Kong, 2010
- Queen's University Belfast, 2012
- Honorary Professor, Novosibirsk State University, 2012
- Honorary Professor, Xiamen University, 2012
- Honorary Professor, Jilin University, 2013
- Honorary Professor, Shanxi University, 2013
- University of Oxford, 2014
- Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST), 2015
- University of Málaga, 2015
- Honorary Professor, Kyushu University, 2016
- Honorary Professor, China Pharmaceutical University, 2016
- Honorary Professor, Wuhan University of Technology, 2016
- Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, 2017
- University of Cambridge, 2017
- New York University, 2017
- University of Bucharest, 2018
- University of Vienna, 2019
- "Professor Jean-Marie Lehn ForMemRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 1 November 2015.
- "Jean-Marie Lehn – Curriculum Vitae". NobelPrize.org. Stockholm: Nobel Media AB. 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Jean-Marie Lehn – Biographical". NobelPrize.org. Stockholm: Nobel Media AB. 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Reliance Innovation Council India - Raghunath Mashelkar - Mukesh Ambani - Jean-Marie Lehn - Robert Grubbs - George Whitesides - Gary Hamel - William Haseltine". www.ril.com.
- Lehn, Jean-Marie (24 December 2000). "Interview" (PDF). Advanced Materials. 12 (24): 1897. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- Masood, Ehsan (July 22, 2006). "Islam's reformers". Prospect. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
It is a scene I won't forget in a hurry: Jean-Marie Lehn, French winner of the Nobel prize in chemistry, defending his atheism at a packed public conference at the new Alexandria Library in Egypt.
- "J.M. Lehn". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 8 February 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- "Pour le Mérite: Jean-Marie Lehn" (PDF). www.orden-pourlemerite.de. 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1443. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- "ISA Medal for Science 2006 to Jean Marie Lehn". unibo.it. Bologna: University of Bologna. 4 April 2006. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "Jean-Marie Lehn". usias.fr. 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- "Honorary Doctor Jean-Marie Lehn". www.utwente.nl. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Heriot-Watt University Edinburgh & Scottish Borders: Annual Review 2004". www1.hw.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 2016-04-13. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
- "Jean-Marie Lehn Doctor Honoris Causa" (PDF). University of Bucharest. Bucharest. 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- "Encaenia and Honorary degrees 2014". ox.ac.uk. Oxford. 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "Honorary Degrees 2017". cam.ac.uk. Cambridge. 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "Ehrendoktorat Jean-Marie Lehn". chemie.univie.ac.at. Vienna. 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2019.