Maroon (US/UK /məˈrn/ mə-ROON,[2] Australia /məˈrn/ mə-ROHN[3]) is a dark Purple or Brown crimson color that takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut.[4] "Marron" is also one of the French translations for "brown" as it is a subfamily of dark redish browns and purples.

Maroon
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#800000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(128, 0, 0)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 100, 50)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 50%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(26, 86, 12°)
SourceHTML/CSS[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown or purple
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

According to multiple dictionaries, there are variabilities in defining the color maroon. The Cambridge English Dictionary defines maroon as a dark reddish-purple color while its "American Dictionary" section defines maroon as dark brown-red or burgundy color. This suggests slight perceptual differences in the U.K. versus North America.[5] Lexico online dictionary defines maroon as a brownish-red.[6] Similarly, Dictionary.com defines maroon as a dark brownish-red or burgundy purple/wine color.[7] The Oxford English Dictionary describes maroon as "a brownish crimson (strong red) or claret (purple color) color,"[8] while the Merriam-Webster online dictionary simply defines it as a dark red.[9]

In the sRGB color model for additive color representation, the web color called maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red to about one half. It is also noted that maroon is the complement of the web color called teal.[1]

EtymologyEdit

 
The word "maroon" derives from the French marron, meaning chestnut.

Maroon is derived from French marron ("chestnut"),[10] itself from the Italian marrone that means both chestnut and brown (but the color maroon in Italian is granata and in French is grenat), from the medieval Greek maraon.[11]

The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.[12]

In cultureEdit

Religion
National symbols
Politics
Military
  • The distinctive maroon beret has been worn by many airborne forces around the world since 1942.[17] It is sometimes referred to as the "red beret."
  • Historically maroon was the distinguishing color of the Caçadores (rifle) regiments of the Portuguese Army.
Business
  • Maroon is the signature color of the Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway, decided by a vote of women customers in 1923.[18] In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents
Music
School colors

Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, maroon and gold, and maroon and blue.

Sports

Sports teams often use maroon as one of their identifying colors, as a result, many have received the nickname "Maroons."

Commercial variations of maroonEdit

Maroon (Crayola)Edit

Maroon (Crayola)
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C32148
sRGBB (r, g, b)(195, 33, 72)
HSV (h, s, v)(346°, 83%, 76%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(43, 112, 5°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color designated as maroon in Crayola crayons since 1949 is a bright medium shade of maroon halfway between brown and rose.

Rich maroon (maroon (X11))Edit

Rich maroon [ maroon (X11) ]
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B03060
sRGBB (r, g, b)(176, 48, 96)
HSV (h, s, v)(338°, 73%, 69%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(42, 82, 355°)
SourceX11 color names#Color name clashes
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed in the adjacent table is the color rich maroon, i.e. maroon as defined in the X11 color names, which is much brighter and more toned toward rose than the HTML/CSS maroon shown above.

See the chart Color name clashes in the X11 color names article to see those colors that are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Dark redEdit

Dark Red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8B0000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(139, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 55%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(28, 94, 12°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed in the adjacent table is the web color dark red.

UP maroonEdit

UP Maroon
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#7B1113
sRGBB (r, g, b)(123, 17, 19)
HSV (h, s, v)(359°, 86%, 48%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(26, 75, 12°)
Sourcehttps://www.colorhexa.com/7b1113
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

UP Maroon is the shade used by the University of the Philippines as its primary color.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "CSS Color Module Level 3". w3.org. 19 June 2018.
  2. ^ "maroon (Random House (US) & Collins (UK) dictionaries)". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  3. ^ Australian Oxford Dictionary, Second Edition (2004). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-551796-5
  4. ^ Cambridge English Dictionary on-line; "maroon is red!!!"; Webster's New World Dictionary of American English, 3rd College Edition, (1988). "A dark brown or purple". Random House College Dictionary (1975), "a dark brownish or purple".
  5. ^ Cambridge English Dictionary on-line
  6. ^ "MAROON | Definition of MAROON by Oxford Dictionary on Lexico.com also meaning of MAROON". Lexico Dictionaries | English. Archived from the original on October 24, 2020.
  7. ^ "Definition of maroon | Dictionary.com". www.dictionary.com.
  8. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, 1973.
  9. ^ "Definition of MAROON".
  10. ^ "maroon". Princeton WordNet.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition (1973).
  12. ^ Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1930, Page 198; Color Sample of Maroon: Page 37, Plate 7, Color Sample L7
  13. ^ Wong, Edward (February 18, 2009). "China Adds to Security Forces in Tibet Amid Calls for a Boycott". The New York Times.
  14. ^ According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu svītru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) "Par Latvijas valsts karogu (The Latvian flag)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde. Turkina, Eiženija & Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC 3085262.
  15. ^ Latvijas valsts karogs ir karmīnsarkans ar baltu horizontālu svītru. (The Latvian national flag is carmine with white horizontal stripes.)"Latvijas valsts karoga likums (The Latvian flag law)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 17 November 2009.
  16. ^ "State Colour". Queensland Government.
  17. ^ "The Parachute Regiment "Paras"". specialoperations.com. Archived from the original on 2011-11-28.
  18. ^ Robertson, Jennifer Ellen (1998). Takarazuka: Sexual Politics and Popular Culture in Modern Japan (ebook ed.). p. 153. ISBN 978-0-520-92012-5.
  19. ^ Communications, Texas A&M University-Marketing &. "Brand Colors | University Brand Guide | Texas A&M University". Texas A&M University Brand Guide.
  20. ^ a b school-colors. "School Colors". bc.edu. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  21. ^ "Colors and Type". University Relations. January 27, 2017.
  22. ^ "Minnesota Golden Gophers Colors". 27 July 2017. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  23. ^ "Minnesota". NCAA. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  24. ^ The Blue Book of College Athletics. Rohrich Corporation. 1966. p. 253.
  25. ^ "Autumn Events". Shimer College Record. Vol. 44, no. 4. October 1952. p. 2.
  26. ^ "Communicating UChicago" (PDF). News.UChicago.edu. The University of Chicago. 2013. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  27. ^ McMenamin, Dave (17 December 2012). "Kobe Bryant feeling fine in Philly". ESPN. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  28. ^ "Mississippi State Traditions". HailState.com.
  29. ^ "Mississippi State Traditions". HailState.com.
  30. ^ "Colgate at a Glance | Colgate University". Colgate.edu.
  31. ^ "Our Colors". brand.missouristate.edu.
  32. ^ "1-Color Reproduction | Identity Guidelines | SIU".
  33. ^ "Virginia Tech colors". Virginia Tech – History and Traditions. 2019.
  34. ^ "UP Visual Identity Guidebook 2017 now available online". University of the Philippines System. 2017.
  35. ^ "Mississippi State Traditions". HailState.com.
  36. ^ "From Parrots to Maroons". philstar.com.
  37. ^ "Sports Teams". perpetualdalta.edu.ph.
  38. ^ "About the University". perpetualdalta.edu.ph.
  39. ^ "Heart of Midlothian - Historical Football Kits".
  40. ^ "Maroon, Maroons, and the Phoenix". Athletics.UChicago.edu.

External linksEdit