Maroon (US/UK /məˈrn/ mə-ROON,[2] Australia /məˈrn/ mə-ROHN[3]) is a brownish crimson color that takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut.[4] "Marron" is also one of the French translations for "brown".

About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#800000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(128, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 50%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(26, 86, 12°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Different dictionaries define maroon differently. The Cambridge English Dictionary defines maroon as a dark reddish-purple color while its "American Dictionary" section defines maroon as dark brown-red.[5] Lexico online dictionary defines maroon as a brownish-red.[6] Similarly, defines maroon as a dark brownish-red.[7] The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary describes maroon as "a brownish-crimson or claret colour,"[8] while the Merriam-Webster online dictionary simply defines it as a dark red.[9]

In the sRGB color model for additive color representation, the web color called maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red to about one half. It is also noted that maroon is the complement of the web color called teal.[1]


The word "maroon" derives from the French marron, meaning chestnut.

Maroon is derived from French marron ("chestnut"),[10] itself from the Italian marrone that means both chestnut and brown (but the color maroon in Italian is granata and in French is grenat), from the medieval Greek maraon.[11]

The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.[12]

In culture

National symbols
  • The distinctive maroon beret has been worn by many airborne forces around the world since 1942.[18] It is sometimes referred to as the "red beret."
  • Historically maroon was the distinguishing color of the Caçadores (rifle) regiments of the Portuguese Army.
  • Maroon is the signature color of the Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway, decided by a vote of women customers in 1923.[19] In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents
School colors

Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, maroon and gold, and maroon and blue.


Sports teams often use maroon as one of their identifying colors, as a result, many have received the nickname "Maroons."

Commercial variations of maroon


Maroon (Crayola)

Maroon (Crayola)
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C32148
sRGBB (r, g, b)(195, 33, 72)
HSV (h, s, v)(346°, 83%, 76%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(43, 112, 5°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color designated as maroon in Crayola crayons since 1958 (when it was renamed from dark red) is a bright medium shade of maroon halfway between brown and rose.

Rich maroon (maroon (X11))

Rich maroon [ maroon (X11) ]
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B03060
sRGBB (r, g, b)(176, 48, 96)
HSV (h, s, v)(338°, 73%, 69%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(42, 82, 355°)
SourceX11 color names#Color name clashes
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed in the adjacent table is the color rich maroon, i.e. maroon as defined in the X11 color names, which is much brighter and more toned toward rose than the HTML/CSS maroon shown above.

See the chart Color name clashes in the X11 color names article to see those colors that are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Mystic maroon

Mystic Maroon
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#AD4379
sRGBB (r, g, b)(173, 67, 121)
HSV (h, s, v)(329°, 61%, 68%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(45, 66, 343°)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color mystic maroon, one of the colors in the special set of metallic Crayola crayons called Silver Swirls, the colors of which were formulated by Crayola in 1990.

Although this is supposed to be a metallic color, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a computer.

Dark red

Dark Red
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8B0000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(139, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 55%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(28, 94, 12°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed in the adjacent table is the web color dark red.

UP Maroon

UP Maroon
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8a1538
sRGBB (r, g, b)(138, 21, 56)
HSV (h, s, v)(342°, 85%, 54%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(30, 75, 2°)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

UP Maroon is the shade used by the University of the Philippines as its primary color.

See also



  1. ^ According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu svītru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) [14] Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde.[15]


  1. ^ a b "CSS Color Module Level 3". 19 June 2018.
  2. ^ "maroon (Random House (US) & Collins (UK) dictionaries)". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  3. ^ Australian Oxford Dictionary, Second Edition (2004). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-551796-5
  4. ^ Cambridge English Dictionary on-line; "maroon is red!!!"; Webster's New World Dictionary of American English, 3rd College Edition, (1988). "A dark brown". Random House College Dictionary (1975), "a dark brownish".
  5. ^ Cambridge English Dictionary on-line
  6. ^ "MAROON | Definition of MAROON by Oxford Dictionary on also meaning of MAROON". Lexico Dictionaries | English. Archived from the original on October 24, 2020.
  7. ^ "Definition of maroon |".
  8. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 1993 edition
  9. ^ "Definition of MAROON". 8 November 2023.
  10. ^ "maroon". Princeton WordNet.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition (1973).
  12. ^ Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1930, Page 198; Color Sample of Maroon: Page 37, Plate 7, Color Sample L7
  13. ^ Wong, Edward (February 18, 2009). "China Adds to Security Forces in Tibet Amid Calls for a Boycott". The New York Times.
  14. ^ "Par Latvijas valsts karogu" [About the national flag of Latvia] (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009.
  15. ^ Turkina, Eiženija & Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC 3085262.
  16. ^ "Latvijas valsts karoga likums" [The Latvian national flag law] (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 17 November 2009. Latvijas valsts karogs ir karmīnsarkans ar baltu horizontālu svītru. [The Latvian national flag is carmine-red with white horizontal stripes.]
  17. ^ "State Colour". Queensland Government.
  18. ^ "The Parachute Regiment "Paras"". Archived from the original on 2011-11-28.
  19. ^ Robertson, Jennifer Ellen (1998). Takarazuka: Sexual Politics and Popular Culture in Modern Japan (ebook ed.). University of California Press. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-520-92012-5.
  20. ^ Communications, Texas A&M University-Marketing &. "Brand Colors | University Brand Guide | Texas A&M University". Texas A&M University Brand Guide.
  21. ^ a b school-colors. "School Colors". Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  22. ^ "Colors and Type". University Relations. January 27, 2017.
  23. ^ "Minnesota Golden Gophers Colors". 27 July 2017. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  24. ^ "Minnesota". NCAA. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  25. ^ The Blue Book of College Athletics. Rohrich Corporation. 1966. p. 253.
  26. ^ "Autumn Events". Shimer College Record. Vol. 44, no. 4. October 1952. p. 2.
  27. ^ "Communicating UChicago" (PDF). The University of Chicago. 2013. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  28. ^ McMenamin, Dave (17 December 2012). "Kobe Bryant feeling fine in Philly". ESPN. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  29. ^ "Mississippi State Traditions". Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
  30. ^ "Mississippi State Traditions". Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
  31. ^ "Colgate at a Glance | Colgate University".
  32. ^ "Our Colors".
  33. ^ ISD, Littlefield (2023-08-29). "Littlefield ISD". Retrieved 2023-08-29.
  34. ^ "2023 IDENTITY GUIDELINES". July 12, 2024.
  35. ^ "Virginia Tech colors". Virginia Tech – History and Traditions. 2019.
  36. ^ "Parent/Student Handbook". Crooms AOIT. 2024.
  37. ^ "UP Visual Identity Guidebook 2017 now available online". University of the Philippines System. 2017.
  38. ^ "Mississippi State Traditions".
  39. ^ "From Parrots to Maroons".
  40. ^ "Sports Teams".
  41. ^ "About the University".
  42. ^ "Heart of Midlothian - Historical Football Kits".
  43. ^ "Maroon, Maroons, and the Phoenix". Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2014-05-13.