Education in West Bengal

Education in West Bengal is provided by both the public sector as well as the private sector. The modern education system was developed by the British missionaries and the Indian social reformists. West Bengal has many institutes of higher education like – University of Calcutta, Presidency University, Jadavpur University, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Marine Engineering and Research Institute, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, Indian Statistical Institute and Visva-Bharati University.

HistoryEdit

 
London Mission Bengali Girls' School, Calcutta (LMS, 1869, p.12)[1]

Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. Western models of education came to India through Kolkata. Many of the first schools and colleges were established by the missionaries and reformists. Sir William Jones (philologist) established the Asiatic Society in 1784 for promoting oriental studies. People like Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Shashi Bhusan Chatterjee, and William Carey played a leading role in the setting up of modern schools and colleges in the city. The Fort William College was established in 1800. The Hindu College was established in 1817. In 1855 the Hindu College, Calcutta was renamed as the Presidency College.

William Carey established the Serampore College in Serampore City (30 km from Calcutta), 1818. It went on to become India's first modern university in 1827 when it was incorporated by a Royal Charter as a Danish University. Although it had the charter, it was not technically a university in the modern sense of that term. The Sanskrit College was established in 1824. Reverend Alexander Duff of the Church of Scotland established the General Assembly's Institution in 1830 and later the Free Church Institution in 1844, which were later merged to form what is now known as the Scottish Church College, Calcutta. These institutions played a significant role in what came to be known as the Young Bengal Movement and the Bengal Renaissance. La Martiniere Calcutta was established in 1836. John Bethune established a school for Indian girls in 1850 at a time when women's education was frowned upon in the society. The Bethune College for girls was set up by him in 1879.

The oldest medical school in Asia, the Calcutta Medical College was set up in 1835. In 1857, the University of Calcutta was established as the first full-fledged multi-disciplinary university in south Asia. It was modelled on the lines of the University of London. Today it is amongst the largest multidisciplinary universities of India and offers some of the widest number of academic disciplines for study. In 1856 technical and engineering education came with the establishment of a civil engineering college / department. This setup went through various reorganisations to finally become the Bengal Engineering College in 1921. The Jesuit administered St Xavier's College was established in 1860. In 1906, the partition of Bengal led to widespread nationalistic and anti British feelings. This led to the setting up of the National Council of Education, Bengal. This later on became the Jadavpur University in 1955. The nation's first homeopathy college was established in the city in 1880. In 1883 Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu became the first women graduates from the University of Calcutta. In the process, they became the first female graduates of the British Empire. Kadambini went on to become the first female physician trained in the Western system of medicine in South Asia. The Science College was established in 1917. The first blind school came into being in 1925.

After independence, Calcutta continued to be in the forefront of the educational scene. The Government College of Art & Craft was established in 1951. The Rabindra Bharati University was established in 1962. This university offers courses in the fine and performing arts. The Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management was set up in 1953 as the country's first management institute and is also the first in the country to offer an MBA degree of a university. The first, Indian Institute of Technology was set up at Kharagpur about 120 km from Calcutta. In 1960 the Regional Engineering college (presently National Institute of Technology) at Durgapur was set up. It is amongst the top NITs in India and also among the oldest. Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, the first among the prestigious Indian Institutes of Management, was set up in 1961 at Joka. It was the first national institute for post-graduate studies and research in management sciences. It was established with the help of the MIT Sloan School of Management and the Ford Foundation.

StructureEdit

West Bengal schools are run by the School Education Department, West Bengal government or by private organisations, including religious institutions. Instruction is mainly in English or Bengali, though Urdu is also used, especially in Central Kolkata. The secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open School (NIOS) or the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education. Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing secondary school, students typically enroll for 2 years in a junior college, also known as pre-university, or in schools with a higher secondary facility affiliated with the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education or any central board. Students choose from one of three streams, namely liberal arts, commerce or science. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enrol in general or professional degree programs. South Point School, St. Xaviers Collegiate School, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School etc. are some of the best schools of West Bengal.

Schools in West BengalEdit

AsansolEdit

DarjeelingEdit

KolkataEdit

Other locationsEdit

Government General Degree Colleges (GGDC)Edit

Major universitiesEdit

 
Ashutosh Building of the University of Calcutta at the College Street campus
 
The historic Presidency University at the College Street campus
 
Jorasanko Thakur Bari where Rabindra Bharati University, a state university established in 1962, is located

In West Bengal there is one central university, twenty seven state universities, eleven private universities and two deemed university. Besides, there are three Regional Centres of IGNOU at Siliguri, Kolkata and Raghunathganj and one Sub - Regional Centre of IGNOU at Darjeeling.

State universitiesEdit

University Location Type Established Specialization Sources
Aliah University Kolkata State 1781 Arts, Sciences, Engineering, Management, Islamic Studies [2]
Bankura University Bankura State 2014 Arts, Sciences, Engineering, Law [3]
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Nadia State 1974 Agriculture, Horticulture and Agricultural Engineering [4]
University of Burdwan Bardhaman State 1960 Arts, Sciences, Commerce, Engineering and Law [5]
University of Calcutta Kolkata State 1857 Arts, Sciences, Commerce, Engineering and Law [6]
Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma University Cooch Behar State 2012 Arts, Sciences [7]
Diamond Harbour Women's University Diamond Harbour State 2013 Humanities and Basic Sciences [8]
University of Gour Banga Malda State 2008 Arts, Sciences, and Commerce [9]
Jadavpur University Kolkata 1955 Engineering, Technology, Science, Arts and Commerce [10]
University of Kalyani Kalyani State 1960 Arts, Sciences, Commerce and Law [11]
Kazi Nazrul University Asansol State 2012 Arts, Sciences, Commerce, law and Engineering. [12]
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology Kolkata State 2000 Engineering and Management [13]
Netaji Subhas Open University Kolkata State and distance education 1998 Arts, Sciences, and Commerce [14]
University of North Bengal Siliguri State 1962 Arts, Sciences, Commerce, and Law [15]
Presidency University Kolkata State 1817 Arts and Sciences [16]
Rabindra Bharati University Kolkata State 1962 Arts, Fine Arts, and Performing Arts [17]
Raiganj University Raiganj State 2015 Humanities, Science [18]
Senate of Serampore College (University) Serampore State 1818 Theology [19]
Sidho Kanho Birsha University Purulia State 2010 Arts and Sciences [20]
The Sanskrit College and University Kolkata State 2015 Sanskrit, Languages [21]
Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Cooch Behar State 2001 Agriculture, Horticulture [22]
Vidyasagar University Midnapur State 1981 Arts, Sciences, Commerce and Law [23]
West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata State 1999 Law [24]
West Bengal State University Barasat State 2008 Arts, Sciences, Commerce and Law [25]
West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences Kolkata State 1995 Veterinary & Animal Sciences [26]
West Bengal University of Health Sciences Kolkata State 2003 Medicine [27]
West Bengal University of Teachers' Training, Education Planning and Administration Kolkata State 2015 Teachers Training, B.Ed. M.Ed [28]

Central UniversityEdit

University Location Type Established Specialization Sources
Visva-Bharati University Santiniketan (Bolpur) Central University 1921 Arts and Sciences [29]

Centrally Funded Technical Institutes & Other institution CampusesEdit

Institute of National ImportanceEdit

University Location Type Established Specialization Sources
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta Joka Autonomous 1961 Social Sciences and Management [31]
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata Haringhata Autonomous 2006 Basic Sciences, Applied Sciences [32]
Indian Statistical Institute Baranagar Autonomous 1959 Basic Sciences, Applied Sciences, Social Sciences [33]
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur Kharagpur Autonomous 1951 Science, Management, Engineering & Technology, Law [34]
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur Howrah Autonomous 1856 Sciences, Management, Engineering & Technology [35]
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani Kalyani Autonomous 2014 Engineering & Technology, Sciences [36]
National Institute of Technology, Durgapur Durgapur Autonomous 1960 Engineering & Technology, Sciences, Management [37]
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata Kolkata Autonomous 2007 Pharmacy [38]
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalyani Kalyani Autonomous 2019 Medical

Deemed universitiesEdit

University Location Type Established Specialization Sources
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science Kolkata Deemed 1876 Basic sciences, applied sciences [39]
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute Belur Math Deemed 2005 Agricultural Management, Rural Development, Basic Sciences, Indian Culture and Spirituality

Private universitiesEdit

University Location Type Established Specialization Sources
Adamas University Barasat Private 2014 Sciences, Management, Humanities, Engineering & Technology [40]
Amity University, Kolkata New Town Global Private 2015 Sciences, Management, Humanities, Engineering & Technology [41]
Brainware University Kolkata Private 2015 Sciences, Management, Engineering & Technology [42]
International Management Institute Kolkata Kolkata Autonomous Management Institute 2011 Management [43]
JIS University Agarpara Private 2014 Science, Engineering & Technology, Pharmacy, Management, Law [44]
Neotia University Sarisha Private 2015 Sciences, Management, Humanities, Engineering & Technology [45]
Seacom Skills University Santiniketan (Bolpur) Private 2014 Sciences, Engineering & Technology [46]
Sister Nivedita University New Town Private 2017 Science, Engineering & Technology, Management, Social Science & Women Studies [47]
St. Xavier's University, Kolkata Kolkata Private 2017 Management, Commerce, Humanities, Mass Communication [48]
Techno India University Kolkata Private 2012 Sciences, Management, Engineering & Technology [49]
University of Engineering & Management (UEM), Kolkata New Town Private 2015 Engineering, Technology & Management [50]

Research InstitutesEdit

Research Institutes of West Bengal
Institute Location Established Specialization Sources
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Kolkata 1950 Science [51]
S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences Kolkata 1986 Science [52]
Bose Institute Kolkata 1917 Science [53]
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre Kolkata 1977 Science [54]
Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute Kolkata 1950 Science and Technology [55]
Indian Institute of Chemical Biology Kolkata 1935 Science [56]
Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute Durgapur 1958 Science and Technology [57]
Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute Kolkata 1959 Science [58]
National Institute of Biomedical Genomics Kalyani 2010 Science [59]
Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers Kolkata 1953 Science and Technology [60]
Indian Centre for Space Physics Kolkata 1999 Science [61]
National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology Kolkata 1938 Science and Technology [62]

Medical CollegesEdit

Name Established City University Type Degrees Awarded Comments Ref.
Bankura Sammilani Medical College 1956 Bankura WBUHS State Funded [63]
Burdwan Medical College 1969 Purba Bardhaman WBUHS State Funded [64]
Calcutta National Medical College 1948 Kolkata WBUHS State Funded
College Of Medicine & JNM Hospital 2009 Kalyani University Campus State Funded
College of Medicine & Sagore Dutta Hospital 2010 Kolkata WBUHS State Funded
Coochbehar Government Medical College and Hospital 2019 Coochbehar WBUHS State Funded
Diamond Harbour Government Medical College and Hospital 2019 Diamond Harbour WBUHS State Funded
ESIC Medical College, Kolkata 2013 Joka WBUHS Central Funded
Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital 2016 Durgapur WBUHS Private [65]
ICARE Institute of Medical Sciences and Research 2011 Haldia WBUHS Private
IPGMER and SSKM Hospital 1707 Kolkata WBUHS State Funded
IQ City Medical College 2016 Durgapur WBUHS Private
Jagannath Gupta Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital 2016 Kolkata WBUHS Private [66]
KPC Medical College and Hospital 2006 Kolkata WBUHS State Funded
Malda Medical College and Hospital 2011 Malda WBUHS State Funded
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata 1835 Kolkata WBUHS State Funded
Midnapore Medical College and Hospital 2004 Midnapore WBUHS State Funded
Murshidabad Medical College 2012 Berhampore WBUHS State Funded
Nil Ratan Sarkar Medical College and Hospital 1873 Kolkata WBUHS State Funded
North Bengal Medical College 1968 Siliguri WBUHS State Funded
R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital 1886 Kolkata WBUHS State Funded
Raiganj Government Medical College and Hospital 2019 Raiganj WBUHS State Funded
Rampurhat Government Medical College and Hospital 2019 Birbhum WBUHS State Funded
Shri Ramkrishna Institute of Medical Sciences and Sanaka Hospital 2015 Durgapur WBUHS Private [67]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ London Missionary Society, ed. (1869). Fruits of Toil in the London Missionary Society. London: John Snow & Co. p. 12. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Aliah University, Kolkata". aliah.ac.in. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Bankura University". bankurauniv.ac.in. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya". bckv.edu.in. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  5. ^ "University of Burdwan". buruniv.ac.in. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Calcutta University". caluniv.ac.in. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma University". cbpbu.ac.in. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Diamond Harbour Women's University". dhwu.ac.in. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Gaur Banga University". ugb.ac.in. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Jadavpur University". jaduniv.edu.in. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  11. ^ "Kalyani University". klyuniv.ac.in. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  12. ^ "Kazi Nazrul University". knu.ac.in. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology". wbut.net. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  14. ^ "Netaji Subhas Open University". wbnsou.ac.in. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  15. ^ "North Bengal University". nbu.ac.in. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  16. ^ "Presidency University". presiuniv.ac.in. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  17. ^ "Rabindra Bharati University". rbu.ac.in. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  18. ^ "Raiganj University". Raiganj University. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  19. ^ "Senate of Serampore College (University)". senateofseramporecollege.edu.in. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  20. ^ "Sidho Kanho Birsha University". skbu.ac.in. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  21. ^ "The Sanskrit College and University". The Sanskrit College and University. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  22. ^ "Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya". Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  23. ^ "Vidyasagar University". vidyasagar.ac.in. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  24. ^ "West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences". nujs.edu. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  25. ^ "Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology(Formerly known as West Bengal University of Technology)". wbut.ac.in. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  26. ^ "West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences". wbuafscl.ac.in. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  27. ^ "West Bengal University of Health Sciences". thewbuhs.in. Archived from the original on 18 June 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  28. ^ "West Bengal University of Teachers' Training, Education Planning and Administration". West Bengal University of Teachers' Training, Education Planning and Administration. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  29. ^ "Visva-Bharati University". visva-bharati.ac.in. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  30. ^ https://turing.iitpkd.ac.in/web/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/CFTI.pdf
  31. ^ "IIM Calcutta". iimcal.ac.in. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  32. ^ "IISER Kolkata". iiserkol.ac.in. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  33. ^ "ISI Kolkata". isical.ac.in/. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  34. ^ "IIT Kharagpur". iitkgp.ac.in. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  35. ^ "Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur". iiests.ac.in. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  36. ^ "Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani". Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  37. ^ "NIT Durgapur". nitdgp.ac.in. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  38. ^ "NIPER Kolkata". niperkolkata.edu.in. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  39. ^ "Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science". iacs.res.in. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  40. ^ "Adamas University". adamasuniversity.ac.in. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  41. ^ "Amity University, Kolkata". amity.edu/kolkata/. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  42. ^ "Brainware University". brainware-india.com. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  43. ^ "International Management Institute, Kolkata". Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  44. ^ "Jis University". jisuniversity.ac.in. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  45. ^ "The Neotia University". tnu.in. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  46. ^ "Seacom Skills University". seacomskillsuniversity.org. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  47. ^ "Sister Nivedita University". snuniv.ac.in. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  48. ^ "Seacom St. Xavier's University, Kolkata". St. Xavier's University, Kolkata. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  49. ^ "Techno India University". technoindiauniversity.com. Archived from the original on 16 August 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  50. ^ "Welcome to UEM KOLKATA". uem.edu.in.
  51. ^ "Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata". saha.ac.in. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  52. ^ "S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata". bose.res.in. S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  53. ^ "Bose Institute, Kolkata". boseinst.ernet.in. Bose Institute. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  54. ^ "Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata". vecc.gov.in. Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  55. ^ "Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata". cgcri.res.in. Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  56. ^ "Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata". iicb.res.in. Indian Institute of Chemical Biology. Archived from the original on 9 February 2003. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  57. ^ "Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur". cmeri.res.in. Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  58. ^ "Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata". cifri.ernet.in. Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  59. ^ "National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, Kolkata". nibmg.ac.in. National Institute of Biomedical Genomics. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  60. ^ "Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, Kolkata". crijaf.org.in/. Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers. Archived from the original on 30 June 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  61. ^ "Indian Centre for Space Physics, Kolkata". csp.res.in/. Indian Centre for Space Physics. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  62. ^ "National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Kolkata". nirjaft.res.in/. National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  63. ^ "Welcome". Bankura Sammilani Medical College. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  64. ^ "Burdwan Medical College". Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  65. ^ "Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital". Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  66. ^ "Jagannath Gupta Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital". Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  67. ^ "Shri Ramkrishna Institute of Medical Sciences and Sanaka Hospital". Retrieved 7 December 2019.

68. List of All Government ITI Colleges in West Bengal. 18 Oct 2020