The Sanskrit College and University

The Sanskrit College and University (erstwhile Sanskrit College) is a state university[2] located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It focuses on liberal arts, offering an UG, PG degree in Sanskrit language, Pali language, linguistics and ancient Indian and world history.

The Sanskrit College and University
The Sanskrit College and University logo.png
MottoKeeping to the root, reaching for the future.
TypePublic
EstablishedJanuary 1, 1824; 196 years ago (1824-01-01) as Sanskrit College
2016 as University
ChancellorJagdeep Dhankhar
Vice-ChancellorSoma Bandopadhyay(in charge)[1]
Location
22°34′33″N 88°21′51″E / 22.5757°N 88.3643°E / 22.5757; 88.3643Coordinates: 22°34′33″N 88°21′51″E / 22.5757°N 88.3643°E / 22.5757; 88.3643
CampusUrban
Affiliations UGC
Websitesansuniv.ac.in

HistoryEdit

 
A 1999 stamp dedicated to the 175th anniversary of the Sanskrit College

Sanskrit College was founded on 1 January 1824, during the Governor-Generalship of Lord Amherst, based on a recommendation by HT James Prinsep and Thomas Babington Macaulay among others.

Secretaries[3][further explanation needed]
  • 1824–1832: W. A. Price
  • 1832: Horace Hayman Wilson (offg)
  • 1832–1833: Leftt. Todd
  • 1833: Horace Hayman Wilson (offg)
  • 1832–1839: A. Troyer
  • 1835–1839: Ramkamal Sen
  • 1836–1837: Radhakanta Dev (interim)
  • ?: J. C. C. Sutherland (3 months)
  • 1840–1841: T. A. Wise
  • 1841–1851: Rasamoy Dutta
Principals
  • 1851–1858: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  • 1858–1864: Edward Byles Cowell
  • 1864–1876: Prasanna Kumar Sarbadhikary
  • 1876–1895: Mahesh Chandra Nyayratna Bhattacharyya
  • 1895–1900: Nilmani Mukhopadhyaya
  • 1900–1908: Haraprasad Shastri
  • 1908–1910: Kaliprasanna Vidyaratna
  • 1910–1920: Satish Chandra Vidyabhusan
  • 1920–1923: Ashutosh Shastri
  • 1924–1931: Aditya Nath Mukhopadhyay
  • 1931–1942: Surendranath Dasgupta
  • 1944–1946: Anantaprasad Banerjee Shastri
  • 1947–1948: Jatindra Bimal Chaudhury
  • 1948–1954: Sadananda Bhaduri
  • 1954–1957: Prabodh Chandra Lahiri
  • 1957–1967: Gaurinath Shastri
  • 1967–1968: Kalicharan Shastri
  • 1968–1969: Tarashankar Bhattacharya
  • 1969–1983: Bishnupada Bhattacharya
  • 1983: Munishwar Jha
  • 1983–1985: Herambanath Chatterjee Shastri
  • 1990–1994: Dilip Kumar Kanjilal
  • 1997–1999: Sukomal Choudhury
  • 1999–2000: Manjula Mitra
  • 2000-2000: Pradip Kumar Majumdar
  • 2007–2012: Anadi Kumar Kundu
  • 2012–2016: Sanjukta Das
Vice Chancellors
  • 2016–: Dilipkumar Mohanta[4]

Mahesh Chandra Nyayratna Bhattacharyya, the scholar of Sanskrit, was the principal of the college for over 18 years. He was made a Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire (C.I.E.), and a member of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.

He played a crucial role in colonial Bengal's educational reformation. He revived the tol system in Sanskrit education, and introduced titles or "Upadhi".

The institution rose to prominence during the principalship of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar in 1851, who admitted students from other than the brahmin caste. In particular, the tol or traditional Indian training school model was incorporated as a department in the 1870s.

From 1824 until 1851 the College did not have the post of Principal but was headed by a Secretary. From 1851 the College was headed by a Principal.[3]

Transformation into a universityEdit

The Sanskrit College and University, West Bengal Bill 2015, aimed at transforming Sanskrit College into a university was passed in West Bengal Assembly on 17 December 2015.[citation needed] The university was established vide The Sanskrit College and University, West Bengal Act 2015 on 19 February 2016[5] and became functional on 15 June 2016 when the first Vice-Chancellor, Dilipkumar Mohanta, joined the institute.[6]

CampusEdit

The Sanskrit College and University is located on College Street in central Kolkata, India. Its centrality is heightened by its proximity to Hindu School, Presidency University, Kolkata, the University of Calcutta, and the Indian Coffee House.

Notable alumniEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About the Vice-Chancellor". sanskritcollegeanduniversity.org.in. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  2. ^ "List of State Universities as on 29.06.2017" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 29 June 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Sanskrit College: About, sanskritcollege.co.in (archive version). Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  4. ^ "About the Vice-Chancellor". sanskritcollegeanduniversity.org.in. The Sanskrit College & University. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  5. ^ "The Sanskrit College and University, West Bengal Act 2015" (PDF). Kolkata Gazette. 19 February 2016.
  6. ^ "History". sanskritcollegeanduniversity.org.in. The Sanskrit College & University. Retrieved 7 September 2017.

External linksEdit