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Haldia is a city and a municipality in Purba Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a major riverport and industrial belt located approximately 125 kilometres southwest of Kolkata near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges. The Haldia Township is bordered by the Haldi River an offshoot of the Ganges River. Haldia is a centre for many petrochemical businesses, and is being developed as a major trade port for Kolkata.

Haldia
City
Skyline of Haldia
Nickname(s): 
Port City
Haldia is located in West Bengal
Haldia
Haldia
Haldia is located in India
Haldia
Haldia
Coordinates: 22°04′00″N 88°04′11″E / 22.0667°N 88.0698°E / 22.0667; 88.0698Coordinates: 22°04′00″N 88°04′11″E / 22.0667°N 88.0698°E / 22.0667; 88.0698
Country IND
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Medinipur district
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyHaldia Municipality
Area
 • Total102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total207,695

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Cities and towns in Haldia subdivision of Purba Medinipur district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, S: port
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

LocationEdit

Haldia is located at 22°02′N 88°04′E / 22.03°N 88.06°E / 22.03; 88.06.[1] It has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft).

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 census, Haldia had a population of 200,762, out of which 104,852 were males and 95,910 were females. The 0–6 years population was 21,122. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 89.06 per cent.[2]

As of 2001 India census, Haldia had a population of 170,695. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. In Haldia, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.[3]

AdministrationEdit

Haldia Municipality falls under the jurisdiction of two police territories, served by Haldia and Bhabanipur police stations. Haldia police station is located in Chinranjibpur, and covers an area of 98 km2 with a population of 65,000.[citation needed] Bhabanipur police station is located in Bhabanipur, and covers an area of 115 km2 with a population of 124,906.[citation needed]

Haldia is also a base of Indian Coast Guard.[citation needed] Indian coast guard DHQ 8 (Headquarters for West Bengal) is located at Haldia.[citation needed] There is a hoverport to house four of the eighteen hovercrafts belonging to the Indian Coast Guard. Indian coast guard also have pantoon jetty to berth fleet of ships.[citation needed] Presently two fast patrol vessels, one inshore patrol vessels, and one small craft is based at Haldia.[citation needed]

ClimateEdit

Haldia
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
6
 
 
26
13
 
 
23
 
 
29
16
 
 
33
 
 
33
21
 
 
51
 
 
36
25
 
 
128
 
 
35
25
 
 
330
 
 
34
26
 
 
321
 
 
32
26
 
 
313
 
 
32
26
 
 
291
 
 
32
26
 
 
159
 
 
31
24
 
 
33
 
 
30
19
 
 
15
 
 
26
14
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[4]

Haldia has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw), with winter temperatures ranging from a low of around 7 degrees Celsius to a high of 22 degrees Celsius. Summers can be very hot and humid. Usual summer temperatures in May, the hottest month range from a low of 24 degrees to highs around 39 degrees. Although summers are hot and humid, Kalbaishakhis provide a relief to the people, albeit killing some in the process. Rainfall is heavy during monsoons, with an average rainfall of 144 inches and the rainy months are between May and September.

TransportationEdit

Road-wayEdit

Haldia is connected to Kolkata by bus. Recent efforts have seen introduction of new air-conditioned buses which takes less than three hours from the place to Kolkata.[citation needed].Haldia is also connected to Kharagpur by bus.

Rail-wayEdit

Haldia railway station is the major railway station connecting the city to Kolkata , Chennai and Delhi.For long distance trains except one or two weekly for delhi and chennai you have to go to either Mecheda or kolkata or kharagpur.

Water-wayEdit

Haldia is also connected via the 1620 km long inland waterway, National Waterway 1 that runs from Prayagraj across Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river system to Haldia (Sagar). A catamaran service used to operate from Kolkata to Haldia, but was withdrawn due to its high price and unpopularity among tourists.[citation needed]

IndustryEdit

Haldia has several major factories, including South Asian Petrochemicals Ltd, Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Haldia Energy Limited, Exide, Shaw Wallace, Tata Chemicals, Haldia Petrochemicals, India Power Corporation Ltd., Hindustan Lever, Mitsubishi Chemical Corporations, S.J.Constructions and LTC&Co. in addition to various light industries. Other transport companies like JAY ROAD CARRIERS provide major logistics services across India.

SportsEdit

The Indian Football Association and Tata Football Academy have been operating for years in the city to scout and promote football talent.[citation needed] A new project called Haldia International Sports City is also under construction.[citation needed]

Japanese communityEdit

The Japanese community of Haldia are mostly engineers and top executives at the Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation purified terephthalic acid plant in the city.[5] The community have been living in the mini Japanese township called Sataku (Japantown) for many years. Sataku has many Japanese restaurants and a local Japanese news station. Japanese movies are shown in local theaters. Haldia is the only Indian city to have a Japantown.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Haldia
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  3. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Climate History for Haldia". Weather 2. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ ": Expats in new India". Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2011.

External linksEdit