Open main menu

List of people who have declined a British honour

  (Redirected from Declining a British honour)

The following is a partial list of people who have declined a British honour, such as a knighthood or other grade of honour. In recent times most refusals have been for appointment to the Order of the British Empire.[1]

In most cases, the offer of an honour was rejected privately; others were rejected publicly, or accepted and then returned later based upon future events, as with John Lennon and Rabindranath Tagore. Nowadays, potential recipients are contacted by government officials, well before any public announcement is made, to confirm in writing whether they wish to be put forward for an honour, thereby avoiding friction or controversy. However, some let it be known the offer was declined, and there are also occasional leaks from official sources.


Reasons for rejectionEdit

People may reject state honours for various reasons, among which are:

  • Opposition to specific governmental actions or policy
  • Republicanism and anti-monarchism
  • Inappropriate due to the nature of the individual's work or position, or would attract unwanted attention
  • Personal opinion of pretension
  • Anti-imperialism or general unwillingness to be associated with the former British Empire (especially with regards to the Orders of the British Empire, e.g. CBE, OBE, MBE acceptance of which must imply some approval or, at least, neutrality towards. )
  • Inadequate recognition of the individual or a spouse, partner, friend or colleague
  • The archaic nature of the honour, notably with regards to peerages, knighthoods and baronetcies, or that honours conferring titles are meaningless in a modern society
  • Feelings that the honours system both reflects and reinforces social class distinctions, and diminishes the chance of a more equal and fairer society
  • Biased nature of the honours system, or feelings that undeserving people have been decorated
  • To hide real wealth and business connections from the public realm

Some potential recipients have rejected one honour then accepted another one (such as Sir Paul McCartney,[citation needed] Sir Alfred Hitchcock[2]), or have initially refused an honour then accepted it,[who?] or have accepted one honour then declined another (such as actor Robert Morley and actress Vanessa Redgrave[3]), or refused in the hope of another higher distinction (Roald Dahl refused being decorated as Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE),[2] allegedly because he wanted a knighthood so that his wife would be entitled to the title "Lady Dahl").[4]

Since John Key restored the New Zealand Order of Merit to the pre-2000 British system, Richie McCaw has repeatedly declined knighthood after winning the 2011 Rugby World Cup. In December 2011, Prime Minister John Key revealed that he had asked McCaw about the possibility of a knighthood in the 2012 New Year Honours, but that McCaw had turned it down. According to Key, "He made the call that he's still in his playing career and it didn't feel quite right for him, that day where he's no longer on the pitch may be the right time for him." No formal offer was ultimately made. McCaw was appointed a member of New Zealand's highest honour, the Order of New Zealand, which does not bestow a title, in the 2016 New Year Honours. The honour surpassed the knighthood he had previously turned down.[5][6]

Sometimes a potential recipient will refuse a knighthood or peerage, but will accept an honour that does not bestow a title (or precedence), such as the Order of Merit (OM) or the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH): Bertrand Russell, E. M. Forster, Paul Scofield, Doris Lessing, Harold Pinter (although Pinter's widow, Lady Antonia Fraser, was later appointed a DBE),[7] David Hockney, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Augustus John, V. S. Srinivasa Sastri, Francis Crick and Paul Dirac are examples of this last category. The artist Francis Bacon refused all honours, allegedly on the grounds they "were so ageing". The record for refusing the most state honours is held by the artist L. S. Lowry. Some people have also rejected a life peerage.[citation needed]

Identities of those who declined an honour or titleEdit

Many modern examples were identified in December 2003 when a confidential document containing the names of more than 300 such people was leaked to The Sunday Times,[8] but many more have become known since then.

Honours declinedEdit


  • In 1657, Oliver Cromwell, already Head of State and Head of Government, was offered the crown by Parliament as part of a revised constitutional settlement; he had been "instrumental" in abolishing the monarchy after the English Civil War. Cromwell agonised for six weeks over the offer. In a speech on 13 April 1657, he gave his opinion that the office of monarch, once abolished, should stay so: "I would not seek to set up that which Providence hath destroyed and laid in the dust, and I would not build Jericho again."[9]






Life peerage (barony)Edit

As a part of the House of Lords reform in 1999, members of the Royal Family who were peers of the first creation were offered life peerages as a pure formality, which would have given them the right to sit in the House of Lords, but nobody seriously expected them to accept, and all declined.[33] These included:


Knight Companion of the Order of the GarterEdit

Knighthood (Knight Bachelor)Edit

Appointment to the Order of the BathEdit

As Knight Grand Cross (GCB)Edit

As Companion (CB)Edit

Appointment to the Order of Merit (OM)Edit

Appointment to the Order of the Star of IndiaEdit

As Knight Commander (KCSI)Edit

Appointment to the Order of St Michael and St GeorgeEdit

As Knight Commander (KCMG)Edit

As Companion (CMG)Edit

Appointment to the Order of the Indian EmpireEdit

As a Companion (CIE)Edit

  • Narayan Malhar Joshi (1879–1955), Member of the Bombay Corporation (1919–1922) and Indian Legislative Assembly; delegate to the ILO and Round Table Conferences (refused in 1921, on the grounds he was too poor for the honour)[85][86]

Appointment to the Royal Victorian OrderEdit

As a Commander (CVO)Edit

  • Craig Murray, former United Kingdom Ambassador to Uzbekistan (had previously declined appointments as LVO and OBE),[87] in 1999, for reasons of Scottish nationalism and republicanism.

Appointment as a Companion of Honour (CH)Edit

Appointment to the Order of the British EmpireEdit

As a Knight Grand Cross (GBE)Edit

As a Knight Commander (KBE)Edit

As a Dame Commander (DBE)Edit

  • Dorothy Hodgkin, scientist, Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1964 (later accepted OM)
  • Glenda Jackson, actress and politician
  • Doris Lessing, CH, author (declined DBE in 1992, stating it was in the name of a non-existent Empire; also declined appointment as OBE in 1977; accepted appointment as CH as it is does not carry a title, in 2000)[2][90] Nobel Prize for Literature
  • Geraldine McEwan, actress (in 2002; had previously declined appointment as OBE in 1986)
  • Vanessa Redgrave, actress, accepted CBE in 1967; declined damehood in 1999[2][91]
  • Bridget Riley, artist (accepted CH and CBE)
  • Dorothy Wedderburn, academic, Principal of Royal Holloway and Bedford College London, 1980–90

As a Commander (CBE)Edit

As an Officer (OBE)Edit

As a Member (MBE)Edit

Renouncing an honourEdit

As no official provision exists for (unilaterally) renouncing an honour, any such act is always unofficial, and the record of the appointment in the London Gazette stands. Nevertheless, the physical insignia can be returned to the Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood — though even this act is purely symbolic, as replacement insignia may be purchased for a nominal sum. Any recipient can also request that the honour not be used officially, e.g. Donald Tsang, ex-Chief Executive of Hong Kong, was knighted in 1997 but has not used the title since the handover to China.[111]

Those who have returned insignia include:

  • Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, journalist (returned MBE insignia in 2003 in her view of "a growing spirit of republicanism and partly in protest at the Labour government, particularly its conduct of the war in Iraq")
  • Roy Bailey, folk singer (returned MBE insignia in August 2006 in protest at the British Government's foreign policy in Lebanon and Palestine)
  • Carla Lane, television writer (appointed OBE in 1989; returned insignia in 2002 in protest at the appointment of CBE of the managing director of Huntingdon Life Sciences due to the company's reputed animal testing)
  • John Lennon, musician (returned MBE insignia in 1969; returned with letter that read, "I am returning this MBE in protest against Britain's involvement in the Nigeria-Biafra thing, against our support of America in Vietnam, and against 'Cold Turkey' slipping down the charts.")
  • Gareth Peirce, solicitor (gazetted CBE in 1999, but later she returned its insignia, blaming herself and apologizing to then Prime Minister Tony Blair for the misunderstanding)
  • Narindar Saroop, soldier and Tory politician. Returned CBE in 2016 in disgust at the 'Dishonours List of David Cameron "showering peerages, knighthoods and other rewards on friends and party backers."
  • Susan Wighton, AIDS worker (returned MBE insignia in 2006 in protest at the British Government's Middle East foreign policies)

Knights who have "renounced" their knighthoods include:

Declining a baronetcy (Bt)Edit

Many offers of baronetcies have been declined from their inception, as this honour was one way, until recent times, for the Crown to raise money from landed gentry families. When a baronetcy becomes vacant on the death of a holder, the heir may choose not to register the proofs of succession, effectively declining the honour. The Official Roll of Baronets is kept at the Home Office by the Registrar of the Baronetage. Anyone who considers that he is entitled to be entered on the Roll may petition the Crown through the Home Secretary. Anyone succeeding to a baronetcy therefore must exhibit proofs of succession to the Home Secretary. A person who is not entered on the Roll will not be addressed or mentioned as a baronet or accorded precedence as a baronet. The baronetcy can be revived at any time on provision of acceptable proofs of succession, by, say, the son of a son who has declined to register the proofs of succession.[112] Around 83 baronetcies are currently listed as awaiting proofs of succession. Notable "refuseniks" include Jonathon Porritt, lately of Friends of the Earth, and journalist Ferdinand Mount.[citation needed]

The Cabinet Office disclosed on 24 January 2012 the refusal of a baronetcy in recent times[when?] by Sir Edwin Plowden, KCB, KBE (later created a life peer (1959)).

See alsoEdit

  • Canadian titles debate – Ongoing debate since 1919 over whether or not Canadians can accept British honours
    • Black v Chrétien – 2001 legal case that affirmed the power of the Canadian prime minister to block such appointments


  1. ^ The Committee Office, House of Commons (13 July 2004). "House of Commons – Public Administration – Fifth Report". Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Some who turned the offer down". London: The Guardian. 22 December 2003. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Harvey McGavin (22 December 2003). "Honoured? No thanks, say elite of arts and TV". London: The Independent. 
  4. ^ Roald Dahl among hundreds who turned down Queen's honours, Walesonline (also published in the Western Mail), 27 January 2012; retrieved 7 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Richie McCaw surpasses knighthood, appointed NZ's top honour". One News Now. Retrieved 2016-06-10. 
  6. ^ Staff, Newstalk ZB. "McCaw joins exclusive club in honours list". Retrieved 2016-06-10. 
  7. ^ Singh, Anita (31 December 2010). "Lady Antonia Fraser leads New Year Honours 2011 list". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  8. ^ Katz, Liane (22 December 2003). "MPs to investigate 'secretive' honours system". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  9. ^ Roots, Ivan (1989). Speeches of Oliver Cromwell. Everyman's Classics. London: Dent. p. 128. ISBN 0-460-01254-1. 
  10. ^ "Biography of Benjamin Disraeli". National Portrait Gallery. 15 August 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  11. ^ Queen Victoria, a Biographical Companion. p. 330. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  12. ^ "Dukedom for Salisbury Expected". New York: The New York Times. 3 September 1901. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  13. ^ "The Point of View, 1900, Scribner's Magazine, volume 28, p.124". 23 August 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  14. ^ Hicks, Lady Pamela (2013). Daughter of Empire; my life as a Mountbatten (Book) (1st ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-4767-3381-4. 
  15. ^ Koss, Stephen (1976). Asquith. London: Allen Lane. pp. 66–67. 
  16. ^ Max Egremont, Balfour: A Life of Arthur James Balfour (Collins, 1980) p. 315
  17. ^ The Complete Peerage of Great Britain and Ireland, including titles, deeds and estates that are abeyant, dormant or extinct, St Catherine's Press, London, XIV volumes, 1937–1949
  18. ^ R Terrill, R.H Tawney and his Times: Socialism as Fellowship [1974], ISBN 0674743776.
  19. ^ Young, Michael (1982). The Elmhirsts of Dartington: the Creation of an Utopian Community. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 344. ISBN 0-07-100905-1. 
  20. ^ Biography of Thomas Holderness, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  21. ^ Hardman, Robert (2012). Her Majesty; Queen Elizabeth II and her court (Book) (1st ed.). New York: Pegasus Books. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-60598-361-5. 
  22. ^ Seddon, Mark (3 October 2017). "Rodney Bickerstaffe obituary". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  23. ^ "UNION CHIEF TURNS DOWN SEAT IN LORDS". Doncaster Free Press. UK. 4 January 2001. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  24. ^ Kite, Melissa (30 December 2007). "Tony Blair spurns honour system". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  25. ^ a b Nikkhah, Roya (17 April 2011). "Lord Cleese of Fawlty Towers: Why John Cleese declined a peerage". Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "Michael Foot: Leftwing fighter who led Labour to poll collapse". The Independent. 2010-03-03. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 
  27. ^ a b "Major John Freeman: Soldier who became an MP, diplomat and broadcaster". The Independent. 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 
  28. ^ Mike Molloy. Obituary: Geoffrey Goodman, The Guardian, 6 September 2013
  29. ^ "Thomas Jackson (1925–2003)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/90043.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  30. ^ "Jones, James Larkin [Jack] (1913–2009))". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/101871.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  31. ^ "Major to turn down Peerage". BBC News. 8 October 2000. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  32. ^ a b Hope, Christopher (26 January 2012). "JB Priestley, Roald Dahl, Lucian Freud and LS Lowry among 277 people who turned down honours". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  33. ^ Brown, Colin; Schaefer, Sarah (3 November 1999). "Fury over Blair offer of life peerages to Royals". The Independent. London. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  34. ^ Ioan James (2010). Remarkable Engineers: From Riquet to Shannon. Cambridge University Press. p. 50. 
  35. ^ "Richardsons in Scotland and Ireland". Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Cabinet Office list of honours declined by since deceased persons, 1951–1999" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  37. ^ Auerback, Frank Helmut, in The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History (ed. William D. Rubinstein: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), p. 41.
  38. ^ Obituary: Peter Benenson, Economist, March 3, 2005.
  39. ^ Marlene Wagman-Geller, Eureka!: The Surprising Stories Behind the Ideas That Shaped the World (Penguin 2010).
  40. ^ Samira Ahmed, Arnold Bennett: The Edwardian David Bowie?, BBC Radio 4 (June 23, 2014).
  41. ^ Thompson, Jody (8 January 2007). "Sixty things about David Bowie". BBC News. 
  42. ^ Merritt, Stephanie (30 December 2012). "Honours list: happy for Sir Wiggo, but Danny Boyle has a point". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  43. ^ Cadigan, Neil (2008). A Man Among Mavericks – Lester Brain: Australia's Greatest Aviator. Sydney: ABC Books. pp. 211–212. ISBN 0-7333-2096-1. 
  44. ^ Robert Cecil Olby, Francis Crick: Hunter of Life's Secrets (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2009), p. 434.
  45. ^ a b Lyall, Sarah (2012-01-26). "Britain Releases Partial List of Those Declining Knighthood". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 
  46. ^ McKie, Robin (1 February 2009). "Anti-matter and madness". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  47. ^ O'Connor, JJ; Robertson, E.F. "Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac". Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  48. ^ " Michael Faraday quote
  49. ^ Tyndall, ... I must remain plain Michael Faraday to the last; and let me now tell you, that if accepted the honour which the Royal Society desires to confer upon me, I would not answer for the integrity of my intellect for a single year. - Michael Faraday
  50. ^ Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies, Part 2 (ed. Marco Ceccarelli: Springer Science & Business Media, 2009), p. 92.
  51. ^ Sunil Kumar Sarker, E.M. Forster's A Passage to India (Atlantic, 2007), p. 92.
  52. ^ David Bradshaw, ed. (2007). "Chronology". The Cambridge Companion to E. M. Forster. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-83475-9. Retrieved 27 May 2008. 
  53. ^ "News in Brief: Mr. Galsworthy". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 2 January 1918. p. 7. 
  54. ^ Peterkin, Tom (2008-06-15). "Stephen Hawking warns Government over 'disastrous' science funding cuts". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-04-02. 
  55. ^ Carroll, Brian (2004). Australia's Governors General: From Hopetoun to Jeffery. Rosenberg Publishing Pty, Limited. p. 185. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  56. ^ McNay, By Michael (1999-03-22). "The colour of genius". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 
  57. ^ Guardian
  58. ^ "No. 60367". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 2012. p. 28. 
  59. ^ Rincon, Paul (28 December 2012). "Peter Higgs: honour for physicist who proposed particle". BBC News website. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  60. ^ "Former MP turns down knighthood". London: Streatham Guardian. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  61. ^ William B. Dillingham, Rudyard Kipling: Hell and Heroism (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), p. 51.
  62. ^ Jad Adams, Kipling (Haus: 2005), p. 138.
  63. ^ Outline chronology: 1918 (Oct–Dec), T.E. Lawrence Studies.
  64. ^ Harold Orlans, T.E. Lawrence: Biography of a Broken Hero (McFarland: 2002), p. 7.
  65. ^ "Lewis, Essington (1881–1961) Biographical Entry". Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  66. ^ Wright, E. P., "Mann, Arthur Henry (1876–1972)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, January 2011; accessed 13 February 2013
  67. ^ Buchanan, Brenda J. (May 2007). "McAdam, John Loudon". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. 
  68. ^ Buckingham Palace. "Mr Neil MacGregor appointed to the Order of Merit, 4 November 2010". The Royal Household. Retrieved 4 November 2010. 
  69. ^ "New Zealand Dictionary of National Biography". 15 May 1932. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  70. ^ "Frank Pick profile". Design Museum. Archived from the original on 13 July 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  71. ^ Greg Sheridan, The Australian, 28 January 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2017
  72. ^ a b Martin, Stanley (2007). "George Bernard Shaw". The Order of Merit: one hundred years of matchless honour. London: Taurus. p. 484. ISBN 978-1-86064-848-9. 
  73. ^ Paul Scofield declined knighthood
  74. ^ Inglis, Fred (14 May 2009). "Bringing off the miracle of resurrection". Times Higher Education Supplement. London. Retrieved 30 August 2011. 
  75. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. p. 516. ISBN 0091825857. 
  76. ^ The Solicitors' Journal and Reporter Vol. 21 (1877) pg. 874
  77. ^ "November - Speaker of the House John Bercow delivers J.H. Whitley Lecture - University of Huddersfield". Retrieved 2016-10-31. 
  78. ^ Geoffrey Goodman, Norman Willis obituary, Guardian, June 25, 2014.
  79. ^ William Woodfull OBE - Cricket, Sport Australia Hall of Fame.
  80. ^ "Berkeley, Hon. George Cranfield (1753–1818)"; retrieved 21 October 2011.
  81. ^ Biography of Housman, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  82. ^ Gibbs, A.M. (2005). Bernard Shaw: A Life (pp. 375–76). Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. p. 554. ISBN 0-8130-2859-0. 
  83. ^ Mohan Lal (2006). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature, Volume 5. Sahitya Akademi. p. 4175. ISBN 978-81-260-1221-3. 
  84. ^
  85. ^ Who's Who, 1935, pg 1792
  86. ^ Who's Who, 1956, pg 39
  87. ^ Craig Murray, "On Being Hurt"; retrieved 21 October 2011.
  88. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 59. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 504. ISBN 0-19-861409-8. 
  89. ^ a b c "People who snubbed honours from the Queen: in full". Retrieved 2017-03-04. 
  90. ^ a b Adams, Stephen (21 October 2008). "Doris Lessing rejected top honour for being 'in the name of a non-existent Empire'". London, UK: The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  91. ^ a b c Some who turned honours down | Politics | The Guardian
  92. ^ Gough, Patrick (27 April 2013). "Why Honor Blackman still packs a punch". Bournemouth Echo. Bournemouth. 
  93. ^ C.S., Lewis (1994). W. H. Lewis, Walter Hooper, ed. Letters of C.S. Lewis. New York: Mariner Books. p. 528. ISBN 0-15-650871-0. Churchill offered Lewis the investiture following the Conservative Party's return to power in 1951. 
  94. ^ Hennessy, Patrick (29 December 2012). "Ken Livingstone turned down CBE for Olympic role". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  95. ^ Andrew Alderson and Nina Goswami (5 August 2005). "When Sir Ian heard who the lawyer was, it is likely he let out a long, hard sigh". London, UK: The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  96. ^ Hastings, Chris (21 December 2013). "'He would have felt insulted': Did George Harrison refuse an OBE because he envied Paul McCartney's knighthood?". Daily Mail. London. 
  97. ^ "ENTERTAINMENT | Director Loach slams TV news". BBC News. 2001-03-13. Retrieved 2018-06-10. 
  98. ^ Anne Gillies (24 December 2012). "BBC ALBA – Trusadh, Series 3, Kenneth McKellar". Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  99. ^ William Newman, "Max Newman – Mathematician, Codebreaker and Computer Pioneer", p. 177 from pp. 176–188 in B. Jack Copeland, ed., Colossus: The Secrets of Bletchley Park's Codebreaking Computers, Oxford University Press, 2006
  100. ^ Hello (2012-05-06). "Michèle Roberts: Confessions of a cultural heretic". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-06-10.  line feed character in |author= at position 18 (help)
  101. ^ The NS Interview: Nitin Sawhney, musician
  102. ^ Hillsborough campaigner Prof Phil Scraton turns down OBE | Football | The Guardian
  103. ^ Banks-Smith, Nancy. "Reputations: Frankie Howerd". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  104. ^ "Winner shuns 'toilet-cleaner OBE'". BBC News. 28 May 2006. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  105. ^ Demetriou, Danielle (27 November 2003). "Benjamin Zephaniah declines an OBE in protest against colonialism". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  106. ^ "Lingerie firm founder rejects MBE", BBC News, 20 June 2007
  107. ^ Former BBC presenter turns down MBE - BBC News
  108. ^ "Why I rejected my MBE – Bob Holman". London: 4 June 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  109. ^ "NME News: Pandit G Turns Down MBE". NME. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  110. ^ "Breaking out of constraints". The Stage. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  111. ^ The Complete Peerage (1911–1949)
  112. ^ Whitaker's Almanac, 2005, p. 83, et seq.

External linksEdit