Dictionary of Welsh Biography

The Dictionary of Welsh Biography (DWB) (also The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940 and The Dictionary of Welsh Biography, 1941 to 1970) is a biographical dictionary of Welsh people who have made a significant contribution to Welsh life over seventeen centuries.[1][2] It was first published in 1959, and is now maintained as a free online resource.[3]

Origins edit

Robert Thomas Jenkins was assistant editor, then joint editor, of Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig and its English-language counterpart, the Dictionary of Welsh Biography, writing over 600 entries.[4] His joint editor was John Edward Lloyd, but the Dictionary was not published until 1959, twelve years after his death. It is properly known as The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940,[5] and its supplementary volume as The Dictionary of Welsh Biography, 1941 to 1970 (2001). Originally published by the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, recent editions have been published by the University of Wales Press.

The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940 contains about 4,900 entries[6] within its 1157 pages on the careers and accomplishments of notable Welsh men and women who had distinguished themselves, providing a representative portrait of Welsh society and history up to the 20th century. However, it did not include anyone who was still living in 1940; its supplementary volume, The Dictionary of Welsh Biography, 1941 to 1970 did, containing an additional 600 entries within its 318 pages.[7]

Welsh Biography Online edit

The logo of Welsh Biography Online

The Welsh Biography Online resource has about 4,325 biographies online including clergy, princes, members of the gentry, poets and writers, government officials, ministers, artisans, sportsmen, workers, soldiers, industrialists and farmers.

Welsh Biography Online is a bilingual resource with every entry in Welsh and English. Welsh Biography Online combines the two volumes, The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940 and The Dictionary of Welsh Biography, 1941–1970 with the three Welsh language volumes, Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig hyd 1940, Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig, 1941–1950 and Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig, 1951–1970, all originally published by the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion of London between 1953 and 2001.[1]

The idea of transcribing The Dictionary of Welsh Biography into digital form came because of the constant enquiries the staff of the National Library of Wales receive from users and the constant use made of the Dictionary in the Library. The National Library of Wales also has a long and close association with The Dictionary of Welsh Biography. Several National Librarians have served as editors and many members of staff have undertaken editorial and research work for the publication. The National Library of Wales then decided to make the online resource a live data-base.[1]

Contributors edit

Authors of articles in the dictionary include:

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Welsh Biography Online on Culture Net Cymru". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
  2. ^ 'Historical who's who goes online', BBC News 24 August 2004
  3. ^ "Dictionary of Welsh Biography". biography.wales. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  4. ^ Williams, John Gwynn (2001). "Jenkins, Robert Thomas (1881 - 1969)". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales.
  5. ^ The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940 Published under the auspices of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, London (1959) Editors: John Edward Lloyd & R. T. Jenkins
  6. ^ "Publications". Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion. Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
  7. ^ "People from Dyfed". Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
  8. ^ Bell, Harold Idris (1959). "JONES, Sir HENRY STUART (1867–1939)". DWB.
  9. ^ Bowen, Emrys George. "Illtud". DWB.
  10. ^ Bowen, Geraint (1959). "Gruffudd, Ifan (c.1655-c.1734), poet". DWB.
  11. ^ Llewelyn Davies, Sir William (1959). "Bute, marquesses of Bute, Cardiff Castle, etc.". DWB.
  12. ^ Dodd, Arthur Herbert (1959). "MORGAN, ROBERT (1608 – 1673), bishop of Bangor". DWB.
  13. ^ Ellis, Mary Gwendoline (1959). "LLAWDDEN or IEUAN LLAWDDEN (fl. 1450), a cywyddwr who wrote during the years 1450 to 1480". DWB.
  14. ^ Ellis, Thomas Iorwerth (1959). "OLLIVANT, ALFRED (1798 – 1882), bishop". DWB.
  15. ^ Evans, David Emrys (1959). "REICHEL , Sir HARRY (HENRY RUDOLF) (1856–1931)". DWB. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  16. ^ Evans, Gwynfor (2001). "Jones, John Edward (1905–1970), secretary and organiser of Plaid Cymru, 1930–62". DWB.
  17. ^ Foster, Idris Llewelyn. "Powell, Griffith (1561 – 1620), principal of Jesus College, Oxford". DWB.
  18. ^ Havard, William Thomas (1959). "Hughes, Joshua (1807-1889), bishop". DWB.
  19. ^ Humphreys, Edward Morgan (1959). "Mytton, John (1796 – 1834), sportsman and eccentric". DWB.
  20. ^ Jenkins, David (1959). "DAVIES-COOKE family, of Gwysaney, Flintshire, successors of the DAVIES family, of Llannerch, Denbighshire, and Gwysaney.". DWB.
  21. ^ Jenkins, Robert Thomas (1959). "Marged vch Ifan (Margaret Evans; 1696–1801?), a 'character'". DWB.
  22. ^ Jones, Bedwyr Lewis. "Foulke, Annie". DWB.
  23. ^ Jones, David Gwenallt (1959). "Derfel, Robert Jones (1824–1905), poet and socialist". DWB.
  24. ^ Jones, Evan David (1959). "GRUFFUDD ap NICOLAS (fl. 1425–1456), an esquire and a leading figure in the local administration of the principality of South Wales in the middle of the 15th century". DWB.
  25. ^ Lloyd, John Edward (1959). "BEUNO (died 642?), patron saint". DWB.
  26. ^ Lloyd, John Morgan (1959). "JENKINS, DAVID (1848 - 1915), musician". DWB.
  27. ^ Lord, Peter. "WILLIAMS, MARGARET LINDSAY (1888–1960)". DWB.
  28. ^ Mathew, David (1959). "MATHEW family, of Llandaff, Radyr and Castell y Mynach – all in Glamorgan". DWB.
  29. ^ Mathias, Roland Glyn (2001). "Haycock, Blodwen Myfanwy". DWB.
  30. ^ Morgan, Derec Llwyd (15 April 2009). "Parry, Sir Thomas (1904–1985), scholar, Librarian of the National Library of Wales, University Principal, poet". DWB.
  31. ^ Frederick John North. "DAWKINS, Sir WILLIAM BOYD (1837–1929), geologist and antiquary". DWB.
  32. ^ John Dyfnallt Owen (1959). "POWELL, HOWELL (d. 1716), Congregational minister". DWB.
  33. ^ Parry, Sir Thomas (1959). "EDWARDS, THOMAS (Twm o'r Nant; 1739–1810)". DWB.
  34. ^ Steegman, John Edward Horatio; Peate, Iorwerth Cyfeiliog (1959). "WILSON, RICHARD (1713–1782), landscape painter". DWB.
  35. ^ Price, Watkin William (1959). "BAILEY family, of Nant-y-glo, Aberaman, etc.". DWB.
  36. ^ Rees, Brinley (1959). "Williams, Watkin Hezekiah (Watcyn Wyn; 1844–1905), schoolmaster, poet, and preacher". DWB.
  37. ^ Richards, Thomas (1959). "BULKELEY, WILLIAM (1691 – 1760), squire and diarist". DWB.
  38. ^ Roberts, Brynley Francis (2010). "RICHARDS, GRAFTON MELVILLE (1910–1973)". DWB.
  39. ^ Thomas, Lawrence (1959). "Harris, John (1680–1738), bishop of Llandaff". DWB.
  40. ^ David Williams (1959). "Lewis, Sir Thomas Frankland (1780–1855), politician". DWB.
  41. ^ Williams, Sir Glanmor (1959). "MORGAN, WILLIAM (c. 1545 – 1604), bishop, and translator of the Bible into Welsh". DWB.

External links edit