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The Daly College is a co-educational residential and day boarding school located in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. It was founded by Sir Henry Daly of the British Indian Army during India's colonial British Raj. The school started in 1870 as the Residency School. It was then renamed as the East Rajkumar College in 1876, and in 1882, it came to be known as The Daly College. It was established by the Resident Governor of the erstwhile Presidency, to educate the children of the royalty, nobility and aristocracy of Central Indian Princely States of the 'Marathas', 'Rajputs', 'Mohameddans' and 'Bundelas'. It is one of the oldest co-educational boarding schools in the world.[1][3][4][5]

The Daly College, Indore.
The Daly College.jpg
The Daly College main building
Location
Indore, Madhya Pradesh

India
Information
TypeIndependent Boarding cum Day Boarding School.
Motto"Gyanamev Shakti"
("Knowledge alone is Power ")
Established1882 (1870)[1]
PrincipalNeeraj Kumar Bedhotiya,[2]
GradesPre Primary – 12th
Boarding: 4th to 12th
Number of students2000 appx.
Campus size118.8 acres (0.481 km2)
AffiliationCentral Board of Secondary Education Examination (CBSE) C.I.E.
Website

As of 2015 the school has more than 2,000 students.[6] It is ranked 1st in India by Educationworld India for the year 2015 in the category day-cum-boarding schools.[7]

Daly College is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and CIE. In 2007, the first International Round Square Conference was held at Daly College, and was attended by former King Constantine II of Greece[2] as its president. In December that year, a commemorative stamp on the college was released by India Post.[8] The school is a member of the G20 Schools Group. The Daly College now also has a Business School under its umbrella – the Daly College Business School (DCBS), in collaboration with the De Montfort University, Leicester, UK. DCBS offers an undergraduate course in business management- Bachelor in Management (Business Studies) (BMBS).[9]

Old Campus of The Daly College, Indore

HistoryEdit

 
HH Maharaja Sir Jayaji Rao Scindia of Gwalior State, General Sir Henry Daly (Founder of The Daly College), with British officers and Maratha nobility in Indore, Holkar State, ca 1879.

The school has its origins in the Residency School, founded by Sir Henry Daly Governor General of India's Agent to Central India Agency in 1870, as a school for the children of nobility and aristocrats in the Indore Residency. It was later renamed as the East Rajkumar College in 1876, and in 1882 the school received its present name, The Daly College, after its founder. The school was visited by Lord Northbrook (1st Earl of Northbrook) Viceroy and Governor-General of India in 1875, thereafter it was renamed "Indore Residency College" in 1876. In 1882 the Chiefs named the school "The Daly College" to honour the contribution of Sir Henry Daly.

The foundation stone of the new building was laid on 14 November 1885 by Lord Dufferin (1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava) Viceroy and Governor-General of India, as a memorial in the honour of Sir Henry Daly.[10] In 1891 the two Maratha Maharajas, Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar of Indore (Hokar State) and Sir Madho Rao Scindia of Gwalior donated the two student houses, 'Gwalior House' and 'Indore House'. In 1898 the "Rajkumar School", which had opened at Nowgaon near Chhatarpur (Bundelkhand) in 1872, was amalgamated with the Daly College.[11][12] Later Lt. Gen. H.H. Maharajadhiraja Sir Madho Rao Scindia, Maharaja of Gwalior unveiled a bust in the honour of Sir Henry Daly in the main building of the school.

 
The Scindia Pavilion, Circa 1910s

In 1905, Sir Henry's son, Sir Hugh Daly, was appointed agent to the Governor-General for Central India at Indore, to the position previously occupied by his father. He took great interest in the Daly College and made it flourish it as a Chief's College. H.H. Maharajadhiraja Sir Tukojirao Holkar III, Maharaja of Indore (Hokar State) then donated 118 acres (0.48 km2) of land east of the old campus and rulers contributed to build on the newly acquired land. Construction started in 1906 on two student houses, a temple, a mosque and the Principal's residence. The main building was constructed with marble from the Udaipur quarries and was designed in the Indo-Saracenic architecture by Col. Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob. The clock tower was donated by H.H Maharaja Sir Sayaji Rao III Gaekwad of Baroda.[13]

The main building was officially inaugurated on 8 November 1912 by H.E. Lord Hardinge (1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst) Viceroy and Governor-General of India, after which the old campus was given up. For the next 28 years the college was open exclusively to the sons of the Princes and Chiefs of Central India as well as the rest in the Indian Empire. In 1940 the Board of Governors decided to prepare students for a modern and free India. The Daly College came together with a few other institutions and started the Indian Public Schools Conference. Its doors were thrown open to admissions on merit, regardless of caste or creed. Recently, the school added an 1100+ seat auditorium to its infrastructure.

The school became coeducational residential in 1997, and in 2005 it became a member of the Round Square. It was proclaimed the second best school in India in 2013. The school won the prestigious "Kasliwal Trophy" for a record 20 times (1992–2012).

The College Coat of ArmsEdit

 
Coat of Arms (Daly College)

Motto – The Sanskrit motto "Gyanamev Shakti" or "Knowledge is power".[14]

Coat of arms – The arms represent the main section of the Central Indian Community Maratha, Rajput, Bundela and Mohammedan. The arms have been devised in great measure from those given to chiefs on the Delhi, banners of 1877.

1st Quarter – 'Tenne' is the nearest Heraldic colour to 'Bhagwa', the colour of Maratha standard and of Shaivite devotee: the wings and flame represent the Pawars (Puars of Dhar & Dewas), who derived descent from the Parmars, the worldwide Sovereignty of clan being proverbial (Wings), while they were also Aganikulas (Flame), the play of 6 argent and gules gives the well known Holkar banner, while the horse of Khandoba is their emblem, the chief azure is for Scindia, and the cobra is the mark of the house.

2nd Quarter – A Barry of fives is the Pachranga of the Rajputs: the sun representing the Suryavanshis and the moon the Chandravanshis, the flame the Agnivanshis.

3rd Quarter – Green is the Mohammedan colour and the crescent their badge: the tower represents Bhopal and its fort of Fatehgarh, the spear and 'talwar' the Pindari element, and the fish, the Mani Martib- the sacred emblem.

4th Quarter – Purpure or murrey is given to all Bundela Arms, the Chevron 'gutty de sang' refers to the traditional origin from 'bund' a drop, the fort on a hill to the famous Ath-kot of Bundelkhand, and to the Vindhyas whence also (Vyandhyelkhand) they derive their name: Devi Vindhyvasini of Mirzapur is the Tutelary goddess of the clan.

The Daly arms are commemorative of General Sir Henry Daly, from whom the College derives its name. All these symbols of different states are brought together by a common motto 'Gyanameva Shakti'.

The Supporters – On the right a Maratha prince and on the left Rajput Prince. Below the barley refers to Bundelkhand and the poppy to Malwa, thus designating the east and the west of the Region.

Patrons of the InstitutionEdit

 
Daly College on a 2007 stamp of India

Honorary

Hereditary

(Post-independence)

Alive

Hereditary -

Life -

Presidents of the Board of GovernorsEdit

British Raj

Union of India

Republic of India

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b George Nathaniel Curzon (1906). Lord Curzon in India: Being a Selection from His Speeches as Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1898–1905. Macmillan and co. p. 233. 4th November, 1905....The old Daly College was founded here as long ago as 1881, in the time of that excellent and beloved Political Officer, Sir Henry Daly
  2. ^ a b Tapping global education. India Today. 2 November 2007.
  3. ^ M. O'Dwyer (1988). India as I Knew it: 1885–1925. Mittal Publications. p. 161.
  4. ^ India. Education Dept; India. Ministry of Education (1904). Progress of Education in India: Quinquennial Review. H.M. Stationery Office.
  5. ^ A.K. Neogy (1979). The Paramount Power and the Princely States of India, 1858–1881. K. P. Bagchi.
  6. ^ "AboutUs". olddalians.org. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  7. ^ School Rankings of 2015. educationworld.in
  8. ^ 08th December 2007: A commemorative postage stamp on 'THE DALY COLLEGE' -Denomination 0500 P Archived 13 February 2011 at WebCite India Post Official website.
  9. ^ "Daly College Business School Indore". dcbsindia.org. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  10. ^ Frederic Boase (1912). Modern English biography: containing many thousand concise memoirs of persons who have died since the year 1850, with an index of the most interesting matter. Netherton and Worth. p. 16. the Daly college, Indore erected as a memorial of him was opened 14 Nov, 1885.
  11. ^ Speeches By George Nathaniel Curzon. Office of the Superintendent of Govt. Print., India. 1902. p. 408.
  12. ^ Ramesh Chandra Majumdar, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Bharatiya Itihas Samiti (1969). The History and culture of the Indian people. G. Allen and Unwin. p. 72.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Kenneth Frampton, Rahul Mehrotra, Preeti Goel Sanghi, Shilpa Ranade (2000). World architecture 1900–2000: a critical mosaic. Springer. p. 24. ISBN 978-3-211-83291-2.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ "The College Coat of Arms". dalycollege.org. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  15. ^ "Presidents Daly College". dalycollege.org. Retrieved 27 August 2015.

BibliographyEdit

  • Foundations of Daly College, Indore [India], by David Michael Litster. Published by Institution of Civil Engineers, 1889.
  • Memoirs of General Sir Henry Dermot Daly, G.C.B.C.I.E., Sometime Commander of Central India, by Hugh Daly. Published 1905.
  • Report of the working of the Daly college, by Indore Daly college. Published 1916.
  • A short history of the Daly College, by Daly College (Indore, India). Published by (s.n.), 1932.
  • Colonial childhoods: the juvenile periphery of India, 1850–1945, by Satadru Sen. Anthem Press, 2005. ISBN 1-84331-177-1.
  • The Daly Chronicle, Dermot Daly, The Irish Genealogist, volume II, part i, 2002, p. 3 of pp. 3–12.

External linksEdit