Anil Ambani

Anil Dhirubhai Ambani (born 4 June 1959) is an Indian businessman. He is the chairman of Reliance Group (also known as Reliance ADA Group), which was created in July 2006 following a demerger from Reliance Industries Limited. He leads a number of stocks listed corporations including Reliance Capital,[3] Reliance Infrastructure,[4] Reliance Power and Reliance Communications.[5] Ambani, once the sixth richest person in the world, declared before a UK court in February 2020 that his net worth is zero and he is bankrupt, although the veracity of that claim is in question.[6] He served in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India from Uttar Pradesh as an Independent MP between 2004 and 2006.[7][8]

Anil Ambani
Anil Ambani Reliance.jpg
Ambani in 2012
Chairman, Reliance Group
Assumed office
10 July 2006
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
2004–2006
ConstituencyUttar Pradesh
Personal details
Born (1959-06-04) 4 June 1959 (age 61)[1]
Bombay, Bombay State, India
NationalityIndian
Spouse(s)
(m. 1991)
RelationsMukesh Ambani (brother)
Nita Ambani (sister-in-law)
Children2 sons (Jai Anmol and Jai Anshul)
ParentsDhirubhai Ambani (father)
Kokilaben Ambani (mother)
Alma materK.C. College (BSc)
University of Pennsylvania (MBA)
OccupationBusinessman
Net worthUS$82.5 million in assets against US$305 million in liabilities (February 2020)[2]

Early life and educationEdit

Anil Ambani is the younger son of the founder of Reliance Industries, Dhirubhai Ambani and his wife Kokilaben. Ambani has said that his father would lead the brothers on "incentive-oriented outings" where they would be rewarded a box of mangoes for a 10-km hike, but also punished them for acting out in front of guests.[9] He earned his Bachelor of Science degree from Kishinchand Chellaram College and received a Master in Business Administration at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1983.[10]

Business careerEdit

Ambani's father Dhirubhai died in 2002 without leaving a clear succession plan. After bickering between Anil and his brother Mukesh, their mother Kokilaben mediated and split the family owned businesses between the two brothers.[11]

Anil Ambani received parts of Reliance Group with interests in telecom, entertainment, financial services, power and infrastructure.[12] Ambani is also credited with India's largest IPO, that of Reliance Power, which in 2008 was subscribed in less than 60 seconds, the fastest in the history of Indian capital markets to date.[13]

In 2005 Ambani made his debut in the entertainment industry with an acquisition of a majority stake in Adlabs Films, a company with interests in film processing, production, exhibition and digital cinema. The company was renamed Reliance MediaWorks in 2009.[14][15][16] In 2008 a joint venture worth US$1.2 billion with Steven Spielberg's production company DreamWorks cast Ambani's entertainment business on to a global platform.[17] He has contributed to the production of several Spielberg films, including the Academy Award-winning Lincoln.[18][19]

Ambani gained notoriety as one of the fastest destroyers of shareholder wealth in the last 100 years with the combined group market cap declining by 90% since the formation of the Reliance ADA Group.[20][21]

In early 2019, a court in Mumbai held Ambani in criminal contempt for non-payment of personally guaranteed debt Reliance Communications owed to Swedish gear maker Ericsson. Instead of jail time, the court gave him a month to come up with the funds. At the end of the month, Ambani was bailed out by his older brother, Mukesh Ambani.[9]

In April 2019, three ADAG Companies reached standstill agreement with Franklin Templeton after secured NCD default. This led to SEBI changing mutual fund regulation of reducing unlisted NCDs exposure to 10% and making standstill agreement void. In aftermath, FT India didn't sell the pledged securities and wound 6 debt funds affecting 3,00,000 investors.

In February 2020, Anil Ambani was locked in a legal battle with 3 Chinese banks. He was asked to set aside $100mn by the court which led him to make the statement that his net worth is currently zero after considering his liabilities.[22] The dispute still rages on with the UK court ordering him to pay the 3 Chinese banks to the tune of $716mn.[23]

Personal lifeEdit

Ambani is an Indian belongs to Gujarati community.[24] He is married to Indian actress Tina Munim,[25] and they have two sons, Jai Anmol Ambani and Jai Anshul Ambani.[26] Ambani is the younger brother of Mukesh Ambani and has two sisters, Nina Bhadrashyam Kothari and Dipti Dattaraj Salgaocar.[27]

Awards and recognitionEdit

  • Conferred the 'Businessman of the Year 1997' award by India's leading business magazine Business India, December 1998.[28]
  • Voted 'the Businessman of the Year' in a poll conducted by The Times of India – TNS, December 2006.[29]
  • Voted the 'Best role model' among business leaders in the biannual Mood of the Nation poll conducted by India Today magazine, August 2006.[30]
  • Conferred 'the CEO of the Year 2004' in the Platts Global Energy Awards.[31]
  • Conferred 'The Entrepreneur of the Decade Award' by the Bombay Management Association, October 2002.[32]
  • Awarded the First Wharton Indian Alumni Award by the Wharton India Economic Forum (WIEF) in recognition of his contribution to the establishment of Reliance as a global leader in many of its business areas, December 2001.[33]
  • Selected by Asiaweek magazine for its list of 'Leaders of the Millennium in Business and Finance' and was introduced as the only 'new hero' in Business and Finance from India, June 1999.[34]

ControversiesEdit

In 2018, India's principal opposition party, Indian National Congress, accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi of favouring Anil Ambani's defence manufacturing company over HAL, a public sector enterprise, in a fighter aircraft deal worth INR 58,000 crores with French manufacturing firm Dassault. Ambani, several of whose companies are debt-ridden, has denied all charges of benefiting from crony capitalism. In factual terms, Reliance Defence stood to get just over 3 per cent of the Rs 30,000-crore Dassault Aviation offsets contract, contrary to the impression that it was to be the biggest beneficiary of the Rafale fighter jet deal.[35]

In a possibly related controversy, one of his businesses partly financed a French film in which former French president Francois Hollande's then-partner had acted around the same time the aircraft deal was being negotiated.[36]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Anil Ambani: One-time billionaire Anil Ambani says he's now worth nothing". The Economic Times.
  2. ^ "Anil Ambani tells UK court his 'net worth is zero'".
  3. ^ "Reliance Capital". Reliance Capital. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Reliance Infra". Reliance Infra. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  5. ^ "Reliance Communication". Reliance Communication. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Onetime Billionaire Says He's Now Worth Nothing". The Economic Times.
  7. ^ "Anil Ambani to stand for Rajya Sabha". The Economic Times. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Anil Ambani quits as Rajya Sabha MP amid office of profit row". Outlook. 25 March 2006. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  9. ^ a b Altstedter, Ari; Sanjai, P.R. (3 June 2020). "Mukesh Ambani Won the World's Most Expensive Sibling Rivalry". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Wharton Alumni Magazine: 125 Influential People and Ideas: Anil D. Ambani". wharton.upenn.edu. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  11. ^ Robin Banerjee (5 August 2019). "Family Business Falacy". Who Blunders and How: The Dumb Side of the Corporate World. SAGE Publications. ISBN 978-93-5328-580-7.
  12. ^ "The Ambani Achievements". Rediff.com. 7 July 2002. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  13. ^ "Anil Ambani". EXHIBIT MAGAZINE. 22 May 2014. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Reliance Cap buys 51% in Adlabs for Rs 360 crore". The Economic Times. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 1 July 2005. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  15. ^ "The Reliance-Spielberg Deal: Anil Ambani's Next Blockbuster?". Knowledge@Wharton. The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. 2 October 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  16. ^ "Adlabs Films to be renamed Reliance MediaWorks". Live Mint. HT Media. 4 September 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  17. ^ "DreamWorks to Receive Funds From Reliance". The Wall Street Journal. News Corporation. 10 April 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  18. ^ "Reliance Entertainment [in]". IMDb. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  19. ^ "Lincoln (2012) - Company credits". IMDb. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  20. ^ "DCC wants TRAI to review stand on spectrum pricing, quantum". The Economic Times. 14 June 2019.
  21. ^ "Anil Ambani falls off billionaire club; equity wealth crashes from $42 billion to $0.5 billion". businesstoday.in.
  22. ^ "One-time billionaire Anil Ambani says he's now worth nothing". The Economic Times. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  23. ^ "UK court order to pay 3 China banks: Anil Ambani denies giving any personal guarantee". The Financial Express. 24 June 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Top 10 Gujarati billionaires". India TV News. 1 August 2015.
  25. ^ Paranjoy Guha Thakurta; Subir Ghosh; Jyotirmoy Chaudhuri (30 March 2014). GAS WARS: Crony Capitalism and the Ambanis. Paranjoy Guha Thakurta. ISBN 978-81-928551-3-4.
  26. ^ "Tina Ambani got a third baby". Daily News and Analysis. 18 April 2009.
  27. ^ "Biggest secrets of Ambani family in pics". The Times of India. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  28. ^ Bureau, Our (20 July 2004). "Businessman of the Year 1997". Business Standard.
  29. ^ "Reliance Communications Ltd (RLCM.NS)". Reuters.
  30. ^ "Anil Ambani". nilacharal.com.
  31. ^ "Anil Ambani is Platts CEO of the Year". Rediff.com. Retrieved 11 December 2004.
  32. ^ Bhatia, S. K. (2004). Business Ethics and Corporate Governance. ISBN 9788176295925.
  33. ^ "Wharton India Economic Forum". the-south-asian.com.
  34. ^ "Anil Ambani makes it to Asiaweek's hall of fame". Rediff.com.
  35. ^ Pubby, Manu. "Rafale deal: Reliance Defence to get 3% of Rs 30,000 crore offset". The Economic Times. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  36. ^ "Rafale row: Reliance Entertainment confirms it paid 1.4 million Euros for film by Hollande's partner through partner". The Indian Express. 27 September 2018.

External linksEdit