Dewas Senior

Dewas Senior was established by Tukoji Rao I Puar during the Maratha conquest of Central India. It was a 15 Gun Salute Maratha princely state. On 12 December 1818 it became a British protectorate.

Dewas State (Senior Branch)
देवास रियासत
Princely State of British India
1728–1948
Flag of Dewas
Flag
Area 
• 1901
1,160 km2 (450 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
62,312
History 
• Established
1728
1948
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Maratha Empire
India
Today part ofIndia

HistoryEdit

The original state was founded in 1728 by Tukoji Rao, from the Puar clan of Maratha who together with his younger brother Jivaji Rao, had advanced into Malwa with Peshwa Baji Rao I as part of the Maratha Conquest.[1] The brothers divided the territory among themselves; their descendants ruled as the senior and junior branches of the family. After 1841, each branch ruled his own portion as a separate state, though the lands belonging to each were intimately entangled; in Dewas, the capital town, the two sides of the main street were under different administrations and had different arrangements for water supply and lighting.

The two Rajas heading Dewas states both lived in separate residences in the town of Dewas, and ruled over separate areas.[2]

The Senior branch had an area of 446 sq mi (1,160 km2) and a population of in 62,312 1901.[3] From 1907, both Dewas states were in the Malwa Agency of the Central India Agency. After India's independence in 1947, the Maharajas of Dewas acceded to India, and their states were integrated into Madhya Bharat, which became a state of India in 1950. In 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh state.

Dewas Junior Darbar (Court) was composed of Jagirdars, Sardars, Istamuradars and Mankaris.[4][5]

RulersEdit

 
HH Maharaja Tukoji Rao III Puar of Dewas Sr

RajasEdit

  • 1728 – 16 Nov 1754 Tukoji Rao I Puar (b. c.1696 – d. 1754)
  • 16 Nov 1754 – 24 Mar 1789 Krishnaji Rao I Puar (b. 1740 – d. 1789)
  • 16 Nov 1754 – 1756 Rani Savitribai (f) -Regent
  • 24 Mar 1789 – 28 Sep 1827 Tukoji Rao II Puar (b. 1783 – d. 1827)
  • 24 Mar 1789 – 4 Oct 1794 Rani Gangabai (f) -Regent
  • 28 Sep 1827 – 26 Jul 1860 Rukmangad Tukoji Rao Puar (b. 1821 – d. 1860) "Khasi Sahib"
  • 28 Sep 1827 – 1835 Bhawanibai Raje Sahib (f) -Regent (d. 1835)
  • 26 Jul 1860 – 12 Oct 1899 Krishnaji Rao II Puar (b. 1849 – d. 1899) "Baba Sahib"
  • 26 Oct 1860 – 23 Mar 1867 Maharani Yamunabai (f) -Regent (b. 1829 – d. 1909)
  • 12 Oct 1899 – 1 Jan 1918 Tukoji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao" (b. 1888 – d. 1937) "Bapu Sahib" (from 12 Dec *1911, Sir Tukaji Rao III Puar)

MaharajasEdit

  • 1 Jan 1918 – 21 Dec 1937 Sir Tukoji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao (s.a.) Bapu Sahib" (fled to Pondicherry, French India 26 Jul 1934)
  • 21 Dec 1937 – 23 Mar 1947 Vikramsinh Rao I Puar "Nana Sahib" (b. 1910 – d. 1983) (from 12 Jun 1941, Sir Vikramsinh Rao Puar) (administrator from 26 Jul 1934)
  • 11 Aug 1941 – 15 May 1943 Maharani Pramilabai (f) -Regent (b. 1910 – d. 2008) (1st time)
  • 23 Mar 1947 – 15 Aug 1947 Maharani Pramilabai (f) -Regent (s.a.) (2nd time)
  • 23 Mar 1947 – 21 Jan 1994 Krishnaji Rao III Puar "Aba Sahib" (b.1932 – d. 1999)
  • 21 Jan 1994 – 19 June 2015 Tukoji Rao IV Puar (b.1963 – d. 2015)
  • 19 June 2015 – Present Vikram Singh Rao II Puar (b.1989 – present)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mayer, Adrian C. (1960). Caste and Kinship in Central India: A Village and Its Region: International library of sociology and social reconstruction. University of California Press. p. 13. ISBN 9780520017474. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  2. ^ Lethbridge, Sir Roper (1893). The golden book of India: a genealogical and biographical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire. Macmillan. p. 116. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  3. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dewas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 137.
  4. ^ Madan, T.N. (1988). Way of Life: King, Householder, Renouncer : Essays in Honour of Louis Dumont. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 129. ISBN 9788120805279. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  5. ^ Russell, Robert Vane (1916). "Pt. II. Descriptive articles on the principal castes and tribes of the Central Provinces".

Coordinates: 22°58′N 76°04′E / 22.96°N 76.06°E / 22.96; 76.06