CowParade is an international public art exhibit that has featured in major world cities. Fiberglass sculptures of cows are decorated by local artists, and distributed over the city centre, in public places such as train stations, important avenues, and parks. They often feature artwork and designs specific to local culture, as well as city life and other relevant themes.

Bronze casting commemorating Chicago's 1999 exhibition

After the exhibition in the city, which may last many months, the statues are auctioned off and the proceeds donated to charity.

There are a few variations of shape, but the three most common shapes of cow were created by Pascal Knapp, a Swiss-born sculptor who was commissioned to create the cows specifically for the CowParade series of events. Pascal Knapp owns the copyrights to the standing, lying, and grazing cow shapes used in the CowParade events.

HistoryEdit

The concept of "cow parade" has its origins in Zürich, Switzerland, in 1998[1] by artistic director Walter Knapp, it is based on an idea which was realised in the same city for the first time in 1986: Lions as the symbol of Zurich were painted and then on display throughout the city.

The Zürich exhibit 1998 was not called "cow parade" - it was called Land in Sicht (roughly translated as "Countryside in view").[citation needed] The concept was brought to the United States when Chicago businessman Peter Hanig, along with Commissioner of Cultural Affairs Lois Weisberg, organized an event in Chicago in 1999 called Cows on Parade. A Swiss company, CowHolding Parade AG, started to explore the idea.[citation needed] The American company capitalizing on this idea, CowHolding Parade, was founded in 1999; the Swiss company promptly sued but the case fizzled out without results.[citation needed] A bronze casting of one of the cows is on permanent display in Chicago in commemoration of the city's initial exhibition.[citation needed]

The success of this venture inspired many other cities to host similar fundraising projects. The idea has been taken up by other cities which have chosen animals for public art projects with painted fiberglass sculptures (see Similar projects).[citation needed]

CowsEdit

Some CowParade citiesEdit

Similar projectsEdit

 
Globe in TelAviv, A Gateway to the World, 2007

The phenomenon of CowParade has spawned copy-cat statue decorating projects in a number of cities worldwide.[13]

Zürich itself has adapted the bear theme in the "Teddy-Summer" in 2005.[14]

Elephant ParadesEdit

Elephant Parade is dedicated to saving the Asian elephant from extinction with auctioned off proceeds going to the Elephant Family organisation.[citation needed]

Location Name Exhibits Date
Copenhagen Elephant Parade 102 baby elephants 2011 June[15]
Hasselt Elephant Parade 2012[16]
Heerlen Elephant Parade 2011[16]
London Elephant Parade 2010[16]
Singapore Elephant Parade 2011[16]

Buddy BearsEdit

 
Two Buddy Bears at Kurfürstendamm 21, Berlin

This adopts the Cowparade idea to Berlin's town mascot; however the entailing United Buddy Bears exhibitions are very different from all other urban events. The bears were created by the German artists Klaus and Eva Herlitz. The idea and the philosophy behind the United Buddy Bears exhibitions are unique: with its international approach and its symbolism, this synthesis of the arts globally promotes tolerance, international understanding and a peaceful coexistence.

Location Name Number of Buddy Bears Date
Berlin Buddy Bear Berlin Show 350 2001 and 2002
Berlin + since 2004 worldwide United Buddy Bears Worldtour 150 2002 and 2003, since 2004 worldwide

Wild in ArtEdit

Since 2008 Wild in Art has created sculpture trails since 2008 from Aberdeen to Cape Town including events associated wth sporting events (2012 Olympics and 2014 Commonwealth Games).[17]

Location Name Exhibits Date
Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Inverness Oor Wullie's Big Bucket Trail[18] 60 Wullies June 17, 2019 for 6 weeks[19]
Aberdeen Wild Dolphins 50 Dolphins June 23, 2014[20][18]
Ashford, Kent Snowdogs Discover Ashford[21] 55 Snowdogs September 12-November 18, 2018[22]
Birmingham Big Hoot[23] 89 owls July 20 to September 27, 2015[23][18]
Birmingham Big Sleuth[24][25] 100 sun bears July 10 to September 17, 2017[26]
Bournemouth Pride in Bournemouth[18] 50 lions 2011
Bristol Gromit Unleashed[18] 80 Gromits 2013[27][28][29]
Cambridge Cows about Cambridge[30] 90 Red Poll cows[30] June 28, 2021- September 4, 2021[30]
Chester Rhino Mania[31] 70 rhinos[32] 2010
Liverpool Go Penguins[33] 142 penguins 2009[34]
Liverpool Go Superlambananas![18] 125 Superlambananas 2008
London 83 Wenlock and Mandeville mascots 2012[35][36]
London Year of the Bus Sculpture Trails[37] 41 buses 2014[38]
Manchester Bee in the City[39] Over 100 bees July 23 to September 23, 2018[40]
Norwich GoGoDragons![18] 84 large dragons, 120 school dragons[41] 2015[41]

AsiaEdit

EuropeEdit

 
Two of the 104 decorated pigs on display in the English city of Bath. This was a public art event, called "King Bladud's Pigs in Bath". Pig sculptures were on display around the city through the summer of 2008.
Location Name Exhibits Date
's-Hertogenbosch Garden of Earthly Delights sculpture trail Figures taken from the Hieronymus Bosch work The Garden of Earthly Delights 2016[42]
Bath King Bladud's Pigs 104 pigs 2008[43]
Bath Lions of Bath 100 lions 2010[44]
Bristol Shaun in the City Shaun the Sheep visits Bristol in the summer 2015, after the spring 2015 visit to London. To coincide with Shaun the Sheep Movie. 2015[45]
Bristol Wow! Gorillas 61 gorillas 2011[46]
Colchester Stand tall 112 giraffes 2013[47]
Dortmund Dortmunder Nashorn [de] 120 winged rhinos 2005, expanded for 2006 FIFA World Cup
Glasgow Clyde's Mascot Trail[48] 25 Clydes, the mascot of the 2014 Commonwealth Games 2014
Hamburg Hans Hummel 100 Hans Hummel 2003[citation needed]
Hannover Elefanten-Parade 45 elephants 2004'[citation needed]
Istanbul Shoe Art 500 shoes 2008 September
Hull Larkin with Toads 40 toads 2010
Kaiserslautern Fishing for Phantasy 250 fish 2001
Leipzig LeOLips 100 lions 2002[49]
London What's in your DNA? 21 double helix sculptures including designed by Zaha Hadid, Orla Kiely and Ai Weiwei[50] June 29 – September 6, 2015
London Shaun in the City 50 Shaun the Sheeps. Associated with a parade in Bristol in the summer 2015, and release of Shaun the Sheep Movie March 28 to May 25, 2015[45]
London Budgie the Little Helicopter Comes to Town 2021
London The Big Egg Hunt 2012
London The Paddington Trail 50 Paddington Bears 2014[51][52]
London Tusk Rhino Trail 21 rhinos September 2018[53]
Munich Löwenparade 500 lions 2004
Neustadt an der Aisch Aischgruender Karpfen 120 carp 2008 September[54]
Newport South Wales, UK SuperDragons 60 dragons 2010[55]
Northampton Pride of Northampton 2010[56]
Norwich Go Elephants 54 baby elephants 2008[57]
Norwich GoGoGorillas! 53[58] gorillas 2013[59]
Paris Pathé Roosters 50 roosters 2021[citation needed]
Sheffield Herd of Sheffield 58 elephants 2016[60]
Southampton Go Rhinos! rhinos 2013[61]
Versmold Bunte Borstenviecher 120 pigs 2007[62]
Wells Swans of Wells 60 swans 2012, to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II[63]
Wolverhampton Wolves in Wolves 30 wolves 5 July 5, 2017 - 24 September 2017[64]
Wuppertal Pinguinale 200 penguins 2006
Zürich Teddy-Summer 630 teddy-bears 2005

North AmericaEdit

CriticismEdit

CowParade has been criticized by contributing artists for their selectivity standards; David Lynch's cow with its flesh partially ripped off, and organs showing, was rejected. The explanation is that this particular CowParade cow was rejected by the City of New York, not the CowParade organisation.[145]

A Swedish organization called The Militant Graffiti Artists of Stockholm kidnapped and decapitated one of the cows of the Stockholm event in protest of the publicly provisioned cows carrying advertisements.[146]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit