Hasselt (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɑsəlt] (listen)) is a Flemish city and municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg in Belgium. The Hasselt municipality includes the original city of Hasselt, plus the old communes of Sint-Lambrechts-Herk, Wimmertingen, Kermt, Spalbeek, Kuringen, Stokrooie, Stevoort and Runkst, as well as the hamlets and parishes of Kiewit, Godsheide and Rapertingen.
Old City Hall of Hasselt
|• Mayor||Steven Vandeput (N-VA)|
|• Governing party/ies||N-VA, Roodgroen+, Open VLD|
|• Total||102.24 km2 (39.48 sq mi)|
|• Density||760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
3500, 3501, 3510, 3511, 3512
On 31 December 2007 Hasselt had a total population of 71,520 (34,951 men and 36,569 women). Both the Demer river and the Albert Canal run through the municipality. Hasselt is located in between the Campine region, north of the Demer river, and the Hesbaye region, to the south. On a larger scale, it is also situated in the Meuse-Rhine Euroregion.
Hasselt was founded in approximately the 7th century on the Helbeek, a tributary of the Demer river. The name Hasselt came from Hasaluth, which means hazel wood. During the Middle Ages, it became one of the free cities of the county of Loon (which had borders approximately the same as the current province of Limburg). Hasselt was first named in a document in 1165. In 1232 Arnold IV, Count of Loon gave the city the freedoms like those enjoyed in Liège. Even though the city of Borgloon was the original capital of Loon, Hasselt was to become the biggest city thanks to its favourable setting, and the proximity of the count’s castle and Herkenrode in Kuringen. In 1366 the county of Loon became part of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège and remained so until the annexation by France in 1794.
During the First French Empire, after the French revolution, the city of Maastricht became the capital of the area called the French Department of the Lower Meuse. This comprised not only the area of the modern province of Limburg in Belgium, but also the neighbouring province of the same name in the Netherlands. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Belgium became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. During this time, King William I confusingly named the area after the medieval Duchy of Limburg, which had been centered in Limbourg on the Vesdre river, (now in the Liège province of Belgium), which had never encompassed Hasselt or Maastricht. Belgium split from the Netherlands in 1830, but the status of Limburg was only resolved nine years later in 1839, with the division of Limburg into Belgian and Dutch parts. Hasselt became the provisional capital of the Belgian province of Limburg. In ecclesiastical terms Belgian Limburg became an independent entity from the Diocese of Liège in 1967, and Hasselt became the seat of the new Diocese of Hasselt.
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The centre is mostly car-free and contains a number of historical buildings. Among the oldest buildings in the town centre are the St. Quentin's Cathedral (11th to 18th centuries) and the "Herkenrode Abbey refuge house" (1542). The Grand Place and the nearby streets are lined with restaurants brasseries, cafes and taverns.
The Demerstraat and the Koning Albertstraat are the most important shopping streets. In the Kapelstraat and the Hoogstraat are expensive shops with the most famous brands. Another major religious building, besides the cathedral, is the Virga Jesse Basilica. The churches must cede domination of the skyline of the city to the modern twin towers of the "TT-wijk", however. In 2003, the renovation of this complex, now including a shopping mall and a hotel, gave the centre a new boost. In 2004, Hasselt was the first city to receive the title "most sociable city of the region of Flanders", and has since claimed the title of "Capital City of Taste".
- The Abbey and Refugehuis of Herkenrode in Kuringen
- Kiewit Airfield (recreational)
- The Japanese gardens, the largest in Europe
- The National Bank building, by architect Henri Van Dievoet.
- The St. Quentin's Cathedral
- The Virga Jesse Basilica
- National jenever museum
- The Virga Jesse festival, featuring a Procession of the historic wooden statue of infant Jesus with Mary, is celebrated every seven years, most recently in August 2010.
- The yearly "Jeneverfeesten" celebrate the history of the jenever beverage in Hasselt.
- Hasselt celebrates Carnival, but at a slightly different date than most places.
- Many events take place in the Ethias Arena, the largest arena in Belgium.
- Kiewit is the location of the yearly Pukkelpop (Pimplepop) festival, one of Europe's largest alternative music festivals with over a hundred concerts, at the end of August in the suburb of Kiewit. Rimpelrock (Wrinklerock), a festival with music for an older audience, is held at the same location, one week earlier.
- Like in most Belgian cities, there is an annual Kermesse, on a date associated with the local church's patron saint, in this case Saint Lambert, which takes place in September.
- The Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was held in Hasselt.
- The Grand Prix van Hasselt is a cyclo-cross race held in November which is part of the BPost Bank Trophy.
- Dutch in Hasselt is often spoken with a distinctive Limburgish accent, which should not be confused with the Limburgish language.
- Limburgish (or Limburgian) is the overlapping term of the tonal dialects spoken in the Belgian and Dutch provinces of Limburg. The Hasselt dialect is only one of many variants of Limburgish.
Hasselt is at the junction of important traffic arteries from several directions. The most important motorways are the European route E313 (Antwerp-Liège) and the European route E314 (Brussels-Aachen). The old town of Hasselt is enclosed by 2 ring roads. The outer ring road serves to keep traffic out of the city center and main residential areas. The inner ring road, the "Green Boulevard", serves to keep traffic out of the commercial center, which is almost entirely a pedestrian area. There are also important traffic arteries to Tongeren, Sint-Truiden, Genk, and Diest.
The city lies within approximately an hour's drive from the airports of Brussels, Liège, Antwerp, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, and Düsseldorf. Within a three-hour radius, the major hubs of Paris and Frankfurt, can be reached. Small private aircraft can land in Hasselt itself, on the airfield of Kiewit.
In 2013, the subsidies were reduced, resulting in a 60 euro-cents fare per ride.
The plan for a new, attractive bus network in Hasselt was influenced by transport minister Eddy Baldewijns, who created an integrated transport policy framework in the middle of 1996 in which public transport was allocated a primary role. The city of Hasselt was one of the first cities to subscribe to the plan. Mayor Steve Stevaert proposed to give absolute primacy on the city's Green Boulevard to public transport. The mobility policy in Hasselt developed into an example of cooperation between the bus line, the government and the city of Hasselt, under the motto "the city guarantees the right of mobility for everyone".
Following the introduction of the new zero-fare policy, the usage of public transport immediately increased by 800-900% and has remained high, being currently more than 10-fold compared to the time of the old policy . The city's official website records passenger growth as follows:
|1997||1 498 088||428%|
|1998||2 837 975||810%|
|1999||2 840 924||811%|
|2000||3 178 548||908%|
|2001||3 706 638||1059%|
|2002||3 640 270||1040%|
|2003||3 895 886||1113%|
|2004||4 259 008||1217%|
|2005||4 257 408||1216%|
|2006||4 614 844||1319%|
In 2013, Hasselt cancelled free public transportation due to financial reasons. The operator increased its claim towards the city, which the city could not pay. Now persons up to the age of 19 travel for free.
Hasselt railway station run by NMBS is near the city centre, outside the innermost "Binnenring". The station is an IC station, which means there are several connections each day with important Belgian cities.
In February 2007, a plan was launched for the construction of an international light rail connection between Hasselt and Maastricht (Hasselt – Maastricht tramway). Agreements between the relevant governments were reached in June 2008 and December 2011. The line will reduce the current travel time of 61 minutes by bus to only 36 minutes. Construction should have started in 2014, with the line expected to go into service in 2017. The construction eventually got delayed due to problems with the Wilhelminabrug in Maastricht. The line is now expected to go into service in 2021.
Hasselt is home to Limburg United, one of the country's top professional basketball teams. The team plays its home games in the Sporthal Alverberg.
- Guy Bleus, artist (b. 1950, Hasselt)
- Bram Castro, footballer (b. 1982)
- Willy Claes, politician and former Secretary General of NATO (b. 1938)
- Adrien de Gerlache, officer of the Belgian Navy and leader of the Belgian Antarctic Expedition (1866–1934)
- Luuk Gruwez, poet (b. 1953)
- Daniel Guijo-Velasco, footballer (b. 1984)
- Luc Nilis, footballer (b. 1967)
- Axelle Red, singer-songwriter (b. 1968)
- Francis Rombouts, Mayor of New York City from 1679 to 1680
- Steve Stevaert, politician (1954–2015)
- Hendrik van Veldeke, writer of romance, lyric, and hagiography; first vernacular writer in the Low Countries (c. 1140–c. 1190)
- Jean-Joseph Thonissen, professor at law (1817–1891)
- Stef Driesen, Antwerp-based artist (b. 1966, Hasselt)
- Max Verstappen, Formula One Driver (b. 1997, Hasselt)
- Laurens Vanthoor, racing driver (b. 1991, Hasselt)
- Dana Winner, singer (b. 1965, Hasselt)
Twin and partner citiesEdit
- "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "Hasselt Town Hall's Virga Jesse link". Hasselt.be. Archived from the original on 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- "Hasselt Town Hall's Carnival link". Hasselt.be. 2010-02-15. Archived from the original on 2011-10-01. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- "Hasselt Town Hall's Kermis page". Hasselt.be. Archived from the original on 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- Peters, Jörg (2006), "The dialect of Hasselt", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 36 (1): 117, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002428
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-20. Retrieved 2008-05-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Hasselt cancels free public transport after 16 years (Belgium)". eltis.org.
- C. van Goeverden, P. Rietveld, J. Koelemeijer, P. Peeters: 'Subsidies in public transport' European Transport 32 (2006): 5-25
- PR Newswire (29 Jun 2007), Hasselt Celebrates 10 Years of Free Public Transport, retrieved 2002-02-21
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-07-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Akkoord over tram Hasselt-Maastricht | OV-Magazine". www.ovmagazine.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-04-19.