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Clayface is an alias used by several fictional supervillains appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The original and most well-known version of Clayface, Basil Karlo, first appeared in Detective Comics #40 (June 1940) and was created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane.

Clayface
Clayfaces.jpg
The different versions of Clayface, from top to bottom: Sondra Fuller, Basil Karlo, Preston Payne, Matt Hagen, Claything, and Cassius Payne
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance Karlo:
Detective Comics #40 (June 1940)
Hagen:
Detective Comics #298 (December 1961)
Payne:
Detective Comics #478 (August 1978)
Fuller
Outsiders #21 (July 1987)
Clay Payne, Malley:
Batman #550 (January 1998)
Russell:
Catwoman #1 (January 2002)
Williams
Batman: Gotham Knights #60 (February 2005)
Created by Karlo:
Bill Finger (writer)
Bob Kane (artist)
Hagen:
Bill Finger (writer)
Sheldon Moldoff (artist)
Payne:
Len Wein (writer)
Marshall Rogers (arist)
Fuller:
Mike W. Barr (writer)
Jim Aparo (artist)
Clay Payne, Malley:
Doug Moench (writer)
Kelley Jones (artist)
Russell:
Ed Brubaker (writer)
Darwyn Cooke (artist)
Williams:
A.J. Lieberman
Javier Piña
In-story information
Alter ego Basil Jamal Karlo
Matthew "Matt" Hagen
Preston "Bill" Payne
Sondra Fuller
Cassius "Clay" Payne
Peter Malley
Todd Russell
Mitch McConnell
Team affiliations Karlo:
The Society
Injustice League
Hagen:
Anti-Justice League
Fuller:
Strike Force Kobra
All:
Mud Pack
Notable aliases Karlo:
Clayface-Prime
Fuller:
Lady Clay
Malley:
Claything
Abilities

Karlo Basil:

Most incarnations of the character possess clay-like bodies and shape-shifting abilities, and all of them have been depicted as adversaries of the superhero Batman. In 2009, Clayface was ranked as IGN's 73rd Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time.[1]

Contents

Publication historyEdit

Created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane, the original Clayface (Basil Karlo) appeared in Detective Comics #40 (June 1940) as a B-list actor who began a life of crime using the identity of a villain he portrayed in a horror film.[2]

In the late 1950s, Batman began facing a series of science fiction-inspired foes, including Matt Hagen, a treasure-hunter given vast shape-shifting powers and resiliency by radioactive protoplasm, who became the new Clayface. He retained the title for the next several decades of comic book history.

In the late 1970s, Preston Payne became the third Clayface. A scientist suffering from hyperpituitarism, Preston Payne used the second Clayface's blood to create a cure but instead became a clay-like creature that needed to pass his condition on to others to survive.

Sondra Fuller of Strike Force Kobra used the terrorist group's technology to become the fourth Clayface, also known as Lady Clay. She formed the Mud Pack with the original and third Clayfaces. During this era, the original Clayface used the DNA of Payne and Fuller to become the most powerful Clayface.

Sometime after the Mud Pack event, Payne and Fuller had a son nammed Cassius "Clay" Payne, who also had metahuman clay powers.

In a 1998 storyline, Dr. Peter Malloy later used the Cassus Payne's skin sample to become Clayface when he was introduced in Batman #550 (January 1998).

In 2002, the Todd Russell version of Clayface was introduced in Catwoman vol. 3, #4 (May 2002), and in 2005, the Johnny Williams version of Clayface was introduced in Batman: Gotham Knights #60 (February 2005).

Fictional character biographyEdit

Basil KarloEdit

The original Clayface, Basil Karlo, first appeared in Detective Comics #40 (June 1940). He is a B-list actor who is driven insane when he hears that a remake of the classic horror film he had starred in, Dread Castle, would be shot without him acting in the film, even though he is to be one of the advising staff. Donning the costume of Clayface, a villain he once played in a different movie, he begins killing the actors playing characters he killed in the order and way they die in the film, along with someone who knew his identity. Last, he plans to murder the actor playing the Clayface killer. He is foiled by Batman and Robin.[3]

He reappears after the prison ambulance he is riding in plunges off a cliff. He once again dons the mask of Clayface and targets Bruce Wayne's fiancée, Julie Madison. Once again, the Dynamic Duo foil his plans. A movie buff, Batman co-creator Bob Kane states that the character was partially inspired by the Lon Chaney, Sr. version of The Phantom of the Opera and that the name of the character comes from Boris Karloff and Basil Rathbone.[4][5]

Much later, Karlo languishes in a prison hospital, when the current Clayface Sondra Fuller visits him out of curiosity. Karlo proposes an alliance between all living Clayfaces to kill Batman. He even arranged for a small piece of the remains of Matt Hagen to be gathered to make him a post-mortem member of the "Mud Pack", as the group called itself. Even though the "Mud Pack" is defeated, Karlo injects himself with blood samples from Preston Payne and Sondra Fuller, gaining the abilities to shapeshift and melt with a touch; he becomes the self-declared "Ultimate" Clayface.[6] He is defeated by the combined efforts of Batman and Looker of the Outsiders by overloading his abilities, making him melt into the ground. He literally sinks into the Earth's crust when he loses control of his powers; he survives, however, and now his body sports crystals similar to quartz that endow him with greater powers. Karlo escapes his underground prison when Gotham City is struck by a great cataclysm. He captures Batman and is about to kill him, but he gets into a feud with Mr. Freeze about who has a right to kill the Caped Crusader. Using that distraction, Batman soundly defeats both of them.

During the "No Man's Land" storyline, Karlo holds Poison Ivy, who is in charge of producing fresh vegetables for the remaining people in the city, prisoner in Robinson Park. After she is freed from her prison by Batman, Poison Ivy battles and defeats Karlo, sinking him deep into the ground. It appears that the Ultimate Clayface is destroyed in this battle, but has resurfaced as a member of the Secret Society of Super Villains. Later, he seeks to increase his already formidable powers by absorbing Wonder Woman (a clay construct similar to him), giving him an amount of powers that bordered on invulnerability.

 
Basil Karlo as Clayface on the cover of Batman: The Dark Knight Vol 2 #23.3 (November 2013). Art by Cliff Richards.

While he is successful in absorbing some of the heroine's powers, causing her to regress to a teenage appearance resembling Donna Troy, he is ultimately returned to normal when Wonder Woman and Donna were able to trick Clayface into entering a train carriage with Wonder Woman while she was disguised as Donna, Donna subsequently using the Lasso of Truth to swing the carriage around and turn it into a mystical centrifuge, causing the clay Clayface had taken from Wonder Woman to split away from him and re-merge with Wonder Woman due to the differences between the two types of clay.

Basil Karlo is among the members of the Injustice League and is among the villains seen in Salvation Run. He can be seen as a member of Libra's Secret Society of Super Villains. In the second issue of Final Crisis, he triggers an explosion at the Daily Planet under Libra's orders when Lex Luthor demands for Libra to do something that will draw Superman to them.[7]

Black Mask attempted to control Clayface by implanting a device in his body. He escaped Black Mask but was captured and imprisoned by the Outsiders.

In The New 52 (a 2011 reboot of the DC Comics universe) as a part of "Death of the Family" storyline, Poison Ivy breaks Basil Karlo out of Arkham intent on marrying him.[8] This turns out to be a ruse with Poison Ivy messing with Karlo's mind. He later sets out to seek revenge.[9]

Karlo later returns with a new plan: to use his DNA-duplication abilities to impersonate Bruce Wayne and take control of Wayne Enterprises. He even guesses that Wayne is Batman's true identity. However, Batman plants false evidence to suggest that he anticipated Karlo's attempt to take his DNA and tricked him into taking a fake sample. Batman eventually stops Karlo by trapping him in a security system that can only be deactivated with Karlo's original DNA, reasoning that he has changed too much for his original DNA to be present in his system.[10]

 
Basil Karlo as Clayface in Detective Comics #938 (October 2016). Art by Álvaro Martínez and Al Barrionuevo.

With the changeover from the New 52 to DC Rebirth, Basil Karlo was radically changed. While previously written and portrayed as an older man in his late 60s, prior to gaining his shapeshifting powers, Basil was retconned to be a young 20-something actor similar to the version of the Matt Hagan Clayface featured on Batman the Animated Series. Detective Comics Annual #1 retconned Basil backstory as a handsome young actor who was disfigured in a car accident, caused after learning that his father had died while driving. In a desperate bid to salvage his career, Clayface began heavily abusing an industrial make-up chemical known as "Re-Nu" which when combined with clay and putty, can warp flesh into new shapes and forms; a secret Clayface discovered from his father, a former special effects artist. Sadly, the chemical was long out of production and Basil was forced to steal more of it to ensure his face was restored during production of his film. Basil was arrested by Batman, who revealed to the world tha Basil was disfigured and led to his girlfriend Glory dumping him. Batman attempts to get Basil to turn state's witness against the creator of Re-Nu (Roland Daggett) but Clayface declines, instead attempting to break into the warehouse where the police are holding his stolen stash of Re-Nu. When police open fire on the vials, Basil is doused in the chemical and transformed into Clayface. Clayface then attacks the set of the film he was fired from. Batman attempts to evacuate the set, but fails as Basil flung him off into the distance and began massacring everyone in sight. As an added bit of revenge, Clayface pours acid upon the face of his former girlfriend Glory, who was working on the film as a production assistant before Batman brought him down[11].

In Detective Comics #934 (August 2016), Basil Karlo is recruited by Batman to join his new team of heroes to defend Gotham City. Per his new backstory, Basil is portrayed as a more sympathetic figure and truly attempts to reform his evil ways. Sadly, Basil's attempts to help Batman in secret backfire on him when his ex-girlfriend Glory (who he disfigured) resurfaces as part of the First Victim Society; a group of Gotham citizens who have been maimed or disfigured by Batman and his enemies. Glory outs Clayface as working for Batman, creating a public relations nightmare that turns the public against Batman. When the First Victim Society attempt to kill Batman after finding out that his allies are forming an army to counter the growing members of the First Victim Society, Clayface ultimately sacrifices his life to stop the group. [12]

Matt HagenEdit

 
Matt Hagen as Clayface II on the cover of Detective Comics #298 (December 1961).

The second Clayface, Matt Hagen, first appeared in Detective Comics #298. A treasure hunter, Hagen finds a mysterious radioactive pool of protoplasm in a cave. Immersing himself in it by accident, he is transformed into a malleable clay-like form which could be shaped into almost anything he desires. This is only a temporary effect, however, requiring him to return to the pool periodically in order to maintain use of his powers. His criminal activities attracted the attention of Batman and Robin. Batman discovered his weakness and defeated him.[2][13]

Matt Hagen later escaped from prison and decided to investigate the protoplasmic substance that turned him into Clayface so that he can find a way to prolong his powers. Clayface posed as wealthy civilians of Gotham City in order to learn more about his criminal activities. Batman and Robin later confronted Clayface at his hideout where they used a combination of a freeze gun and the protoplasmic substance to defeat Clayface and return him to prison.[14]

Matt Hagen eventually breaks out of prison and uses the protoplasmic pool to become Clayface again. This time, Batman defeats Clayface by immersing himself in the protoplasm with the resulting battle causing Batman to destroy the cave that contained the protoplasmic pool.[15]

Clayface later competes with Joker causing Batman, Robin, Batwoman and Bat-Girl to work to defeat both villains.[16]

After escaping from Green Wells Maximum Security Prison upon having stashed some chemicals there, Clayface eventually copies the pool's protoplasmic jelly by chemistry studies, although the artificial proptoplasm only allows him five hours of Clayface powers compared to the full two days of the pool's. Clayface resumes his crime spree by stealing the priceless stamp collection of millionaire K.A. King and stealing the trophy that was to be given to Batman. Clayface's activities also attract the attention of Superman. Assuming the form of Superman, Clayface is evenly matched with him until Clayface smashes some bleachers to provide a diversion to get away. During Clayface's robbery, Batman used Kryptonite on Clayface's Superman form only for Clayface to get away by shapeshifting into a rocket. When Batman uses Red Kryptonite, it causes Clayface to go crazy. Clayface uses the X-Ray powers in his Superman form to see who Batman is. Before he can reveal who Batman is, Clayface's powers wore off causing him to regress back to Matt Hagen. Superman managed to save Clayface from the fall. Matt Hagen had lost the memory of Batman's secret identity as he is handed over to the Gotham City Police Department.[17]

When Brainiac returns to Earth to plan his revenge on Superman, he goes on a rampage and blasts the walls to a prison where Matt Hagen was imprisoned. This gives Matt Hagen the opportunity to escape and head to one of his secret laboratories in order to regain his powers. He makes more of the synthetic formula that gives him shapeshifting powers for five hours. With Jimmy Olsen by his side, Batman works to track down Clayface while Robin works with Superman to catch Brainiac. This leads to a team-up between Clayface and Brainiac. While Superman and Robin managed to apprehend Brainiac, Clayface tries to escape only for his formula to wear off and enable Batman and Jimmy Olsen to apprehend him.[18]

Clayface later appears as a member of Queen Bee's Anti-Justice League in order to capture the Justice League. They are defeated by the Justice League.[19]

Matt Hagen's blood was later obtained by Preston Payne.[20]

Clayface later breaks out of prison and restores his powers. He kidnaps Lois Lane as part of a plot to destroy Batman and Superman. Both superheroes managed to rescue Lois Lane and defeat Clayface.[21]

Clayface is among the villains that fight Batman and Robin.[22]

During the Crisis on Infinite Earths storyline, Matt Hagen is ultimately killed by one of the Anti-Monitor's shadow demons.[23]

Clayface appeared in Limbo alongside other dead villains as part of a plan to return to the living, only to be defeated by Hawk and Dove, the Teen Titans and Jeb Stuart's Haunted Tank. The imposter Etrigan the Demon offered them a way out through another portal, but he was merely toying with the dead villains. When he sent them through the portal, it turned out to be an entrance to Hell.[24]

During the "Mud Pack" storyline, Basil Karlo gathers a small piece of Hagen's remains and makes him a post-mortem member of the group. He was unable to bring Matt Hagen back to life.[25]

Preston PayneEdit

 
Preston Payne as Clayface III on the cover of Detective Comics #479 (October 1978).

The third Clayface, Preston Payne, first appeared at the end of Detective Comics #477 before making his first full appearance in #478-479. Suffering from hyperpituitarism, Payne works at S.T.A.R. Labs searching for a cure. He obtains a sample of the then-living Matt Hagen's blood, and isolates an enzyme which he introduces into his own bloodstream. Although he is briefly able to shape his own appearance, this effect is short-lived: while on a date, his flesh begins to melt, and when he grabs his horrified girlfriend's arm, she completely dissolves into a shapeless pile of protoplasm. Payne builds an anti-dissolving exoskeleton suit to support his clay-like flesh and contain his contagion, but he soon learns that he needs to transmit this dissolving contagion onto others to survive by touching them (he feels excruciating pain if he does not dissolve anyone). During this time his mental health starts to slip as he falls in love with a wax mannequin he names "Helena", thinking she is the only woman immune to his touch. After another breakdown, he thinks Helena enjoys watching men "fighting over her" when he battles Batman yet again in front of the wax doll.[26] Although he does not give her up, he keeps her in Arkham Asylum, saying "we're both too polite to admit divorce, but she can't live forever".[27][2]

When Swamp Thing visits Arkham Asylum, he witnesses Payne in an "argument" with Helena.[28]

Dr. R. Hutton takes a nightshift at Arkham Asylum in order to do research for his new book detailing superhuman psychology. He keeps a close watch on the inmates at Arkham Asylum. During this time, he sees Clayface spending intimate time with Helena.[29]

During the events of the "Mud Pack", Sondra Fuller, the fourth Clayface, begins masquerading as the superheroine Looker and visits Payne at Arkham. That same night, he gets into an argument with Helena and unintentionally knocks her head off. Believing he has killed her, Payne goes on a rampage until subdued in a nearby swamp by the asylum guards. Fuller, who is still using Looker's appearance and powers, rescues him and influences him to follow Basil Karlo's commands. Karlo ultimately betrays Fuller and takes samples of her and Payne's blood to inject into himself. Payne finally breaks free of Fuller's control and is about to kill her when she admits how sorry she is for using him. The two fall in love and go on to live together, leading to Fuller becoming pregnant with their child, Cassius.

Preston acquires medicine to control his pain and now feels the "hunger" only in his mind. It is also revealed that he was abused by his parents.

A stunted, emaciated Preston Payne appears in the graphic novel Arkham Asylum by Grant Morrison and Dave McKean. He is used to metaphorically represent sexually transmitted diseases.

Payne next appears in the Justice League: Cry for Justice miniseries, having been coerced into working for Prometheus, who had threatened the life of his son. Prometheus had further mutated Payne giving him back his old shapeshifting abilities and had him act as a decoy for the Justice League. When the ruse was discovered, an explosive device planted inside Payne's body detonated. It is unknown if he survived the explosion.[30]

Sondra FullerEdit

The fourth Clayface, Sondra Fuller (also known as Lady Clay), first appeared in Outsiders (volume 1) #21. She is a member of Strikeforce Kobra who is transformed into a shape-changer by her employer Kobra's technologies. She agreed to going through with the process because she hates her own face. The process works and she becomes a member of Strike Force Kobra.[31]

She possesses identical abilities to those of Matt Hagen, but they are permanent, without the requirement for a source of protoplasm. She can additionally copy any special powers of the being she is mimicking. She is defeated by the Outsiders.[2]

Later, after the Mud Pack forms and battles Batman, Fuller falls in love with Preston Payne. After Clayface-Prime (Karlo) is defeated, Preston Payne and Sondra Fuller get married and they have a child named Cassius "Clay" Payne, a play on boxer Muhammad Ali's birth name. After Abbatoir kidnaps the child, the couple get into a fight involving Azrael/Batman. Batman eventually defeated them both, and Fuller was put into custody.

The "DC Rebirth" version of Sondra Fuller appeared in the "Watchmen" sequel "Doomsday Clock" where she claims that Kobra was not the person who gave her the powers of shapeshifting after all. Instead, she claims that her powers were the result of a government conspiracy to create super-powered beings. Her proclamation further adds to the global scandal known as "The Superman Hypothesis" which suggests that the United States has been secretly creating superheroes and supervillains for an unknown/unstated purpose.[32]

The Mud PackEdit

Before the debut appearances of the fifth and sixth Clayfaces, Clayface III and IV team up, breaking Clayface I out of prison. Clayface I also futilely tries to revive Clayface II. Together, the trio form the "Mud Pack". Clayface I later copies the others' powers by injecting himself with extracts of blood samples of Clayface III and IV, becoming the "Ultimate Clayface". Clayface I is defeated by Batman and Looker and Clayface III and IV escape.[33]

Cassius "Clay" PayneEdit

 
Cassius "Clay" Payne as the fifth Clayface.

After the Mud Pack incident, Payne and Fuller fall in love and eventually have a child together named Cassius "Clay" Payne,[34] who becomes the fifth Clayface and debuted in Batman #550.[35] The boy is separated from his parents and held in a government laboratory. The name "Cassius" is a pun on "Cassius Clay", the birth name of boxer Muhammad Ali.

If a piece of him is separated from his body, it can grow a mind of its own, but it mostly thinks in an unstable form of what Cassius wants. If bonded with another human, it becomes a Claything; the piece can give that human Clayface-like abilities, such as becoming soft and malleable, being able to withstand bullets and other harm, and could also manifest Payne's ability to melt objects; all this person would have to do to perform such an action is think about it.

In an issue of Batman: Gotham Knights, Cassius is depicted as having the clay-like appearance of his mother and father, but can only stay in Clayface mode while awake (a similar trait shared by Plasmus in the Teen Titans animated series (2003-2006)).[36]

Following the Final Crisis storyline, Cassius attacks the National Guard on the roadblock, but when he was approached by General Immortus' team, he is able to recognize one of the team, Human Flame. Cassius attacks and blames him for Libra enslaving the Earth. The Justice League arrives to end the fight as Human Flame and General Immortus' team teleport away, leaving Cassius to be captured. After the League interrogates him, he is taken to FBI vehicles, but the measures to contain him are proven useless; Cassius breaks loose, escaping into the desert.[37]

Dr. Peter "Claything" MalleyEdit

The sixth Clayface, also known as Claything, also debuted in Batman #550. Claything is created when a skin sample from Cassius Payne comes to life and merges with a DEO (Department of Extranormal Operations) scientist, Dr. Peter Malley. He has the ability to melt objects simply by looking at them. Claything is destroyed and his remains are stored at the DEO Headquarters.

Todd RussellEdit

The seventh Clayface debuted in Catwoman (vol. 3) #1 (January 2002), but is not actually shown until Catwoman (vol. 3) #4 (May 2002). This version of Clayface is not named until Catwoman (vol. 3) #44. Having the power to change into virtually any shape and size, he preys upon prostitutes in Gotham's East End until Catwoman is able to capture his shriveled body inside of a freezer. There are very few background details given about the seventh Clayface's past. He was in the army, suffered injuries, and was subsequently experimented on (possibly by the DEO) before losing most of his memory and discovering his new powers.[38] After his capture, he is held captive and further experimented upon for almost two years at S.T.A.R. Labs in Gotham before being freed by Catwoman.[39]

Johnny WilliamsEdit

 
Johnny Williams as Clayface on the cover of Batman: Gotham Knights #69 (November 2005). Art by Claudio Castellini.

The eighth Clayface debuted in Batman: Gotham Knights #60 (February 2005).[40] Johnny Williams is introduced as a former firefighter in Gotham who is transformed into a clay-based creature by an explosion in a chemical plant. He first discovers his transformation after he accidentally kills a prostitute; horrified and stricken with guilt, he plans to commit suicide. Just then, he is approached by Hush and the Riddler, who tell him that the chemicals turned him into the latest Clayface. They begin to manipulate Williams, holding out the promise of a cure and making him do their bidding, including pretending to be Tommy Elliot (Hush's true identity) and an adult Jason Todd, to hurt and confuse Bruce Wayne[41][42], as well as taking samples from him to infect Batman's ally Alfred Pennyworth with a virus that allows Hush to exert some degree of control over Alfred, forcing him to commit murder. Eventually, Williams realizes he is being manipulated. Knowing that he is going to die, he offers Batman assistance against Hush in exchange for protecting his family. He redeems himself in his death by providing Batman with a sample of himself so that Batman can find a cure for the virus infecting Alfred, also ensuring that Alfred is cleared of murder by ensuring that his final appearance after death includes fingerprints that are so similar to Alfred's that the detectives conclude they simply made a mistake.[43]

Clayface of JapanEdit

The ninth Clayface debuted in Batman Incorporated (vol. 1) #6 (June 2011) as part of The New 52 (a reboot of the DC Comics universe).[44] Batman tasks Batman Japan (Jiro Osamu) to fight The Clayface of Japan about two-and-a-half months into his Batman Incorporated venture.[45] Not much is known about this Clayface, although he resembles all the previous Clayfaces and seems to have their same power set. Presumably, this Clayface, as a rival to Osamu, is a native to Japan. Batman states that this Clayface is a newcomer, a samurai, and operates in or around Hokkaido.[46]

Clayface ClonesEdit

In The New 52 (a reboot of the DC Comics universe), a villain named Jeffrey Bode makes several short-lived clones of Clayface.[47]

Powers and abilitiesEdit

Each of the Clayfaces has a different power with the exception of their shapeshifting ability.

  • In earlier appearances, Basil Karlo had no powers, but wore a clay mask based on one of his movie roles. In recent comics, Basil Karlo's body is made out of mud upon taking the DNA of Clayface III and IV, enabling him to gain the combined powers of both. In The New 52, these are improved to a level in which he can mimic the DNA of others.
  • Matt Hagen had temporary shapeshifting, voiceshifting, and a body constituted by living mud which he can divide or change tone at will. Hagen had to reimmerse himself in a pool of protoplasm that gave him his powers to recharge them every 48 hours or else he would regress back to his human form.
  • Preston Payne originally had shapeshifting powers, yet ended up gaining the ability to dissolve people with his touch. He has super-strength from his exoskeleton anti-dissolving suit. Preston's shapeshifting ability was later restored by Prometheus.
  • Sondra Fuller has shapeshifting powers and power duplication.
  • Cassius "Clay" Payne has the combined powers of both his parents. If a piece of him is separated from his mass, it can develop some consciousness of its own and even "bond" with a human to transform them into a "Claything".
  • Dr. Peter Malley had the same powers as Cassius, but could also melt people just by looking at them.
  • Todd Russell had shapeshifting powers.
  • Johnny Williams had shapeshifting powers.

Other versionsEdit

Earth-9Edit

The Earth-9 version of Clayface is featured in Tangent Comics' Superman's Reign series. This version is a shapeshifter like the mainstream versions, but his base form is that of a hulking, misshapen human with melted skin.[48]

DCAU comicsEdit

In The Batman Adventures #9, Clayface makes a cameo in a flashback sequence along other Batman rogues.[49] He finally returns in issue #14, revealing that he survived the fireworks explosion in the Justice League episode "Secret Society" and decides to finish off Batman and The Gray Ghost. However, at the end, he gets mixed with concrete and ends up becoming an statue of The Gray Ghost, ending his threat once and for all.[50]

FlashpointEdit

In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, a version of Clayface is a member of Deathstroke's pirates after being broken out of a floating prison by Deathstroke.[51] During attacks by Aquaman and Ocean Master, Clayface is pushed by Aquaman into the water apparently killing him.[52]

Injustice: Gods Among UsEdit

The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in Year Two of the Injustice: Gods Among Us comic.

Batman: Arkham KnightEdit

In Batman: Arkham Knight's prequel comic series, samples of Basil Karlo's mud were acquired by various parties including Simon Stagg, who created "Project: Meta", and Hush which he used for his face to hide his cosmetic surgery scars. Karlo also appeared during one of Joker's fantasies, and briefly during one of Batman's simulations for Robin. It was also revealed that Karlo is still alive within the mud collected by GCPD, but unable to take form again because of the Lazarus Particles mixed with his mud and the explosion from the generator.

Batman '66Edit

In Batman '66 (which is based off the 1960s TV series), the Basil Karlo name was used for the true identity of False-Face. In issue #23, False-Face gets his hands on a shapeshifting formula that transforms him into Clayface.[53]

In other mediaEdit

TelevisionEdit

Live actionEdit

  • A character that resembles the Matt Hagen version of Clayface appears among the attacking criminals in the animated opening credits of the sixties Batman TV series, but the villain never actually appeared on the show itself and was instead replaced with the lesser known but similar-sounding masked master of disguise called False Face.
  • Clayface made an appearance in the 12th episode of the short-lived Birds of Prey TV series, portrayed by Kirk Baltz. This version of Clayface is a sculptor who is inspired by other people's pain. Like other versions, he is a shapeshifter but his powers are explained to come from taking a special formula specifically tailored by a crooked scientist to work with his DNA. In this series, he is hired by the Joker to kill Catwoman. His son Chris Cassius (portrayed by Ian Reed Kesler) can turn people into clay after stealing and taking his father's formula, making his powers similar to the Preston Payne version of Clayface and his own son Cassius "Clay" Payne. Chris is eventually defeated by Helena Kyle.
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in Gotham, portrayed by Brian McManamon.[54][55][56] Introduced in season 2 episode "A Legion of Horribles", This version of the character is a deceased actor who was revived from the dead by Hugo Strange and Ethel Peabody at the underground Indian Hill facility; thanks to the octopod's DNA inserted in him, Basil can stretch and shape his face, making him look like anyone. Season 4 will explore Clayface's origins.

AnimationEdit

  • Clayface's first animated appearance was in Filmation's 1970s TV series called The New Adventures of Batman, voiced by Lou Scheimer and later by Lennie Weinrib. This was the Matt Hagen version and he must apply his special potion daily to keep his Clayface powers. In this show, he often took on the forms of animals. In "Dead Ringers", Clayface, in his true form of Matt Hagen, forces former criminal-turned-acrobat Kit Martin to help him in exchange for not telling his boss of his criminal record. The plot involves posing as Batman in order to kidnap the Arabian Oil Minister Basil Oram. They disguise themselves as Batman and Robin, capture Oram and escape in a special shapeshifting vehicle. Clayface later calls Commissioner Gordon, stating that he will return Oram and the blueprints for an oil-finding device in exchange for $10,000.000 by the end of the first hour. Clayface then orchestrates a car accident that knocks out Batman and then stows away in the Batmobile in order to infiltrate the Batcave. Clayface then discovers that Batman has amnesia and uses this advantage to find out Batman's secret identity, but his plan is foiled when Bat-Mite distracts him long enough for the Bat-Computer to create an antidote for Batman's amnesia. Clayface sneak out of the Batcave disguised as a rabbit with Bat-Mite in pursuit while Robin and Batgirl learn why Kit is involved with Clayface's kidnapping plot. Batman used the Bat-Boat to pursue Clayface when he escapes into the water in the form of a dolphin. After Kit returns the blueprints to Commissioner Gordon, Robin and Batgirl learn from Kit that he was to deliver a 'medicine' to Clayface before midnight. When Clayface's shapeshifting wears off, he reverts back to Matt Hagen and begins to drown as Hagen cannot swim, until Batman saves him and hands him over to the police. In "Curses! Oiled Again", Clayface collaborates with Catwoman to steal a shipment of oil bound for Gotham City during a cold snap. They also plan to steal the country's oil supply. When Batman and Robin scout out each of the storage tanks in the south side and the waterfront, Batman finds Catwoman and Clayface at the oil storage tanks on the waterfront and is led into a trap where Clayface attacks Batman in the form of a snake. Catwoman appears and shows Batman how she and Clayface have been draining the oil from Gotham City. Batman breaks free from Clayface when Robin, Batgirl and Bat-Mite arrive. Clayface turns into an eagle to get Catwoman away from Batman. Catwoman and Clayface manage to lose Batman, Robin, Batgirl and Bat-Mite in a car chase when the Kitty Car jumps over Batgirl. Catwoman and Clayface intercept a call between Batman and Commissioner Gordon revolving around the oil supertanker arriving in Gotham City. Catwoman and Clayface manage to steal some of the oil and escape in their submarine as Catwoman flees in her plane. Clayface turns into a whale in order to attack Batman and Robin. Batman and Robin net Clayface, who turns into a flying fish to get out, only to be caught in a smaller net by Robin. In the two-part episode "Have an Evil Day", Zarbor enlists Joker, Penguin, Catwoman and Clayface to keep the Dynamic Duo busy while he steals America's nuclear power plants.
  • The DC Animated Universe featured the Matt Hagen version of Clayface, voiced by Golden Globe winner Ron Perlman.
    Matt Hagen as Clayface in Batman: The Animated Series.
    Matt Hagen as Clayface in The New Batman Adventures.
    • Matt Hagen is introduced in the critically acclaimed 1990s series Batman: The Animated Series, having several of Basil Karlo's aspects as well. In "Beware the Gray Ghost", Matt is seen on a poster. In the episode "Feat of Clay" (written by veteran comic book writer Marv Wolfman), Hagen was a past-his-prime actor disfigured in a horrible car accident. While recovering in a hospital, corrupt businessman Roland Daggett approached Hagen to make him as a test subject for the beauty cream 'Renuyu', promising this will immediately restore Matt's youthful good looks. In exchange, Hagen must use the cream to commit crimes for Daggett. Matt tries to resist, but is forced to comply as Renuyu is extremely addictive. After Hagen botches an attack on Lucius Fox while disguised as Bruce Wayne, Daggett cuts his supply off. Hagen attempts to steal a large quantity of Renuyu from Daggett's compound, but is caught and Daggett's men pour an entire canister of Renuyu down his throat and leave him for dead. Rather than kill him, the overdose saturates every cell in his body, turning him into the bulky and misshapen clay-like form of Clayface. For short periods of time, he can shapeshift into anything or anybody he wishes. Clayface tries to get revenge on Daggett, but Batman stops the villain by overwhelming his powers with images of his past movie roles. When caught, Clayface fakes his death (with the body in the morgue turning out to be a hollow shell which dries up and breaks apart) and secretly sneaks away in the form of a woman. The episode "Mudslide" shows Clayface reappearing and revealing that he has been in hiding and that his body is beginning to deteriorate. He is restored to a semblance of health by Dr. Stella Bates (voiced by Pat Musick), a former medical adviser during Hagen's career who fell in love with Matt. Batman tracks him down and prevents Clayface's treatment. Clayface and Batman then fight on a cliff during a rainstorm above an ocean. They both fall, and hang onto the cliff. Batman attempts to save Clayface, but his body absorbs too much rain to hold itself and he falls into the ocean where he dissolves.
    • Clayface returns in The New Batman Adventures. Clayface makes a brief appearance in the pilot episode "Holiday Knights" where he separates himself into various little boys to steal items during a Christmas Eve rush. Revealing himself, he attacks Detectives Harvey Bullock and Renee Montoya but is defeated by Batgirl. The episode "Growing Pains" reveals that after falling into the ocean during the events of "Mudslide", Clayface's remains drift near a pipe leaking strange chemicals into the ocean, restoring his strength. Still weakened, Clayface sends a portion of himself which takes a little girl's form later named Annie (voiced by Francesca Marie Smith) to see if the city is still safe for him to resurface. Annie unexpectedly develops an individual personality, wandering around Gotham with no memory of who she is and encounters Robin. As Robin develops an affection for Annie, Clayface poses as the girl's abusive father, committing various robberies in order to make a living in Gotham's sewers. Eventually, Clayface recovers, cornering Robin and Annie, to which Annie allows herself to be reabsorbed (effectively killing her) to save Robin. Enraged by Annie's 'death', Robin almost kills Clayface with gallons of solvent, but Batman intervenes and stops and the villain is arrested and imprisoned in Arkham Asylum. When Commissioner Gordon lists the charges Clayface is accused of, Robin quietly adds murder as one of them.
    • Clayface is also featured in the Justice League animated series. The episode "Secret Society" revealed he had been captured, separated and sealed into several biohazard canisters by Morgan Edge. The Secret Society free Clayface and offer membership. Now less aggressive and psychopathic than before, Clayface is reluctant at first but Gorilla Grodd promises to find a way to revert Clayface back to Matt Hagen yet allow him to keep his powers. However, Clayface is defeated along with the rest of the group after the Flash and Hawkgirl stuff him with fireworks and set them off.
      Ethan Bennett as Clayface in The Batman.
      Basil Karlo as Clayface in The Batman.
  • There are two versions of Clayface that appear on The Batman cartoon series: original character Ethan Bennett (voiced by Steve Harris), and the Basil Karlo incarnation's animated debut, voiced by Wallace Langham (in "Clayfaces") and by Lex Lang (in "The Batman/Superman Story"). The first incarnation (introduced in season one) is a detective in the Gotham City Police Department and Bruce Wayne's best friend. The second incarnation (introduced in season four) is an untalented actor who is repeatedly turned down in auditions for a dog food commercial when he hears that Bennett is about to be cured. Bennett turns into Clayface in the two-part season one finale "The Rubber Face of Comedy" and "Clayface of Tragedy" when he inhales a dose of the Joker's 'Joker Putty'. After a session of extensive brainwashing and traumatizing, Ethan is rescued by Batman and Detective Ellen Yin. After publicly denouncing Chief Angel Rojas's claims about Batman and getting suspended for it, Bennett mutates into a featureless gray clay-like figure and tries to look for help, scaring away the locals, though Ethan manages to change back into his original form with practice. While trying to murder Rojas, Clayface deals with Yin and Batman. In season two, Bennett appears primarily as Clayface. In the episode "Meltdown", Clayface is captured and put on trial for his crimes. Despite being released on probation, the temptations of being a criminal were too severe for Bennett. In the episode "Grundy's Night", Clayface impersonates Solomon Grundy (voiced by Kevin Grevioux) in order to loot the city on Halloween but is ultimately stopped by Batman. In season four, Bennett has a change of heart while Karlo appears. In the episode "Clayfaces", Bennett seems to have finally reformed by tracking down and capturing Joker, disguising himself as Joker's henchmen Punch and Judy. He hands Joker over to the police without using excessive force and turns himself in to the authorities. Now in Arkham Asylum, Bennett wants to return working as a police officer even as Clayface. However, Karlo breaks into Wayne Industries and drinks a refined, purified sample of the same mutagen that Bennett was exposed to. This successfully turns Basil into a new version of Clayface and he gives himself a more conventional appearance. After being rejected once again, Karlo snaps and uses his Clayface powers to attack the people who rejected him. Karlo initially believes this would be the death of his career but he then sees that being a supervillain has made him a celebrity covered on nearly every channel, as well as show his previous movie The Revenge of The Atomic Clone. As Karlo was wreaking havoc, Bennett resorts to escaping from Arkham. Bennett tracks down and battles Karlo with the aid of Batman and Robin. Bennett then restraining Karlo down while Batman administers the successful antidote, thus both Bennett and Karlo are cured and returned to Arkham. Ethan planned to finish his sentence. Visited by Bruce, Ethan states that they should play basketball one day. Since the antidote finally cured all of his mutated cells, Ethan will eventually be free. However, the episode's final scene shows that Karlo has retained his powers. The episode "Artifacts" depicts 20 years into the future with Bennett reinstated into the GCPD as Chief of Police. In season five's "The Batman/Superman Story", Karlo reappears as Clayface when he and Black Mask are hired by Lex Luthor to kidnap Lois Lane as bait for a trap to lure in Superman so that Bane and Mr. Freeze can attack Superman at once. Superman defeats the villains with Batman and Robin's help but Clayface escapes. Clayface later fights Batman and Robin in LexCorp's Gotham headquarters and ends up defeated.
  • The Preston Payne version of Clayface is featured in Batman: The Brave and the Bold. In the episode "Joker: The Vile and the Villainous", a portrait of Clayface is seen in the villain bar where Batman's Rogues Gallery hangs out.[57]
  • The Matt Hagen version of Clayface appears in the Young Justice animated series, voiced by Nolan North. In "Downtime", he is seen at the beginning where he overpowers the entire team and is about to kill Aqualad until Batman intervenes and quickly subdues him with a taser, which causes Clayface to dissolve into a puddle. He was later taken to Arkham Asylum. In "Happy New Year", Clayface encounters Miss Martian and Superboy in the sewers, where he attacks Superboy with the same tactics he used before. By this point he has become immune to the tasers Robin uses, but Superboy uses a special pill to freeze Clayface. He is then returned to Arkham.

FilmEdit

  • The Flashpoint version of Clayface appears in Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox. He is part of Deathstroke's pirate crew that fights Aquaman's army until he is killed by Ocean Master.
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in Batman Unlimited: Monster Mayhem, voiced by Dave B. Mitchell. Clayface has joined Joker's gang of monsters to wreak mayhem on Gotham City.
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in Batman Unlimited: Mech vs. Mutants, voiced again by Dave B. Mitchell. Clayface, Killer Croc, Chemo, and Bane are freed from Arkham by Mr. Freeze and Penguin. Freeze uses a serum to turn Chemo and Croc into giant monsters. Meanwhile, the treacherous Penguin enlists Clayface and Bane to help with a coup against Freeze. Penguin injects them with the serum and Bane throw Freeze across Gotham. Clayface goes after Batman and Robin, but the serum turns Clayface into a lava monster. Using a freeze ray developed by Freeze, Robin, the Flash, Man-Bat, and Nightwing Clayface is frozen. However, Clayface is accidentally freed by some children and, back to his original form, escaped into the sewer.
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in The Lego Batman Movie, voiced by Kate Micucci in a manly voice. He is among the villains that assist Joker in his takeover of Gotham City. During the ceremony where Barbara Gordon is being sworn in as the new police commissioner, Joker assigns Mr. Freeze and Clayface to capture her. Though Barbara Gordon does a trick that causes Mr. Freeze to accidentally freeze Clayface. During the fight against the Phantom Zone inmates, Mr. Freeze and Clayface defeat the Kraken from Clash of the Titans.
  • Clayface appears in Scooby-Doo! & Batman: The Brave and the Bold, voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson.
  • A Feudal Japan version of Clayface will appear in Batman Ninja.

Video gamesEdit

  • The Matt Hagen version of Clayface appears as the final boss of Sega CD version of The Adventures of Batman & Robin, although he takes on the appearance of Rupert Thorne (who was on vacation at the time) throughout the majority of the game, having hired other villains such as Joker, Poison Ivy and Riddler to stall Batman and Robin. He is fought in an aerial battle while fleeing in a helicopter from the Batwing. In the end, Batman damages the helicopter and it crashes into a bridge. Clayface falls into the river below and dissolves. The game's cutscenes have since come to be known as the infamous "Lost Episode" of Batman: The Animated Series, though it is not considered canonical to the DC Animated Universe.
  • The Matt Hagen version of Clayface appears on the final level of SNES version of The Adventures of Batman & Robin as one of several villains trying to take down Batman.
  • The Matt Hagen version of Clayface is the second boss of Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu again voiced by Ron Perlman. Along with Scarecrow and Bane, he is manipulated by Sin Tzu into escaping Arkham Asylum and challenging Batman. Clayface takes over a chemical factory, intending to mutate Gotham's citizens into clay like himself, hoping that this will leave them more likely to search for a cure.
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in DC Universe Online, voiced by Benjamin Jansen. He attacks Gotham S.C.U. until the players activate a containment unit to trap Clayface. In the villain campaign, the players free Clayface from his containment unit. The players also confront Clayface again in the Old Gotham Subway duo instance, where he first appears taking the shape of Two-Face. After defeating him, Two-Face tells the player through communicator that "the Penguin must have promised him a cure for his unfortunate condition. He has not yet learned that the cure is worse than the disease".
  • Although he does not make an appearance as Clayface, Basil Karlo is referenced in Gotham City Impostors. There are posters on both sides of the theatre that depict a masked man, above of which are the words "Basil Karlo in..."
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface is mentioned in Injustice 2, in one of Poison Ivy's intro dialogues, in which, if she is put to fight against herself, she will mistake the other Ivy as being Karlo disguised.

Lego seriesEdit

  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in Lego Batman: The Videogame, with his vocal effects provided by Ogie Banks. He is a lieutenant of the Riddler. His look and structure is that of the Matt Hagen version from the DC animated universe (though his biography says differently).[58] His actions and mannerisms suggest a low level of intelligence. In the DS version, he is Hagen instead of Karlo, despite having the same design as Karlo.
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface makes an appearance in Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes, voiced by Fred Tatasciore. He appears as a boss fight and unlockable character, found in an alley behind Gotham Bank. Before the fight, he remarks on how his mother always told him he could "be anything" (which is true after gaining his powers).
  • The Basil Karlo version of Clayface appears in Lego Dimensions. He appears in The Lego Batman Movie adventure pack as the third boss.

Batman: Arkham seriesEdit

The Basil Karlo iteration of Clayface can be seen in the Batman: Arkham video game franchise, primarily voiced by Rick D. Wasserman.

  • Clayface can be seen in Batman: Arkham Asylum. Never seen in his true form, he is shown changing into the various likenesses of Commissioner Gordon and Quincy Sharp (both voiced by Tom Kane) as well as Aaron Cash (voiced by Duane R. Shepard Sr.) while asking to be let out of his cell (behind a strong glass wall smeared in clay). His biography states he is Basil Karlo, although the presence of a mannequin in the cell hints at Preston Payne's relationship with "Helena". His profile is obtained by scanning him (revealing that he has no visible skeleton unlike all other scanned characters), solving Riddler's riddle: "A case of mistaken identity?". After he is revealed, he stays in the form of Commissioner Gordon for the remainder of the game, and only laughs when the player tries talking to him. When the player returns to the Penitentiary section and finds Warden Sharp gone with the final Arkham Chronicles enscribed on the floor, Clayface as Gordon states that the warden left in a hurry. He is also one of the villains who is listed on the party list.
  • Clayface appears in Batman: Arkham City. He is seen present throughout the game, posing as a healthy version of Joker (voiced by Mark Hamill) to draw attention away from the dying Clown Prince of Crime. Scanning a poster of The Terror (a reference to Karlo's first appearance) outside the Monarch Theatre reveals that Clayface had escaped Arkham Island after the events of the previous game by posing as Quincy Sharp, and had been on the run from Hugo Strange ever since. The plot is revealed after Clayface as Joker is impaled and supposedly killed by Talia al Ghul. Batman then realizes what has happened, only for Talia to be shot and killed by the real Joker. Finally Clayface reveals himself and takes the cure for the Titan toxin, causing Batman to be highly shocked as Karlo was not even an inmate of Arkham City. He is the game's final boss, where he reverts to his true form for the fight. Clayface says that he joined up with Joker for the chance to play "the role of a lifetime" before brutally attacking Batman with a series of shapeshifting attacks and spawning miniature Clayfaces. Joker destroys the floor of the Monarch Theatre, sending the combatants into the Lazarus Chamber. There, Batman defeats Clayface and retrieves the cure using freezing grenades and Talia's sword.
  • In Batman: Arkham Origins, posters for a Basil Karlo comedy are seen next to a theater.
  • Although Basil Karlo doesn't appear in Batman: Arkham Knight, he is referenced in posters that say "Basil Karlo is The Terror" that can be found in Panessa Studios. Besides Karlo, several other versions of Clayface are referenced in a poster of a movie named "Dark Interlude" starring Matthew Hagen and Stella Bates (a reference to the character from the Batman: The Animated Series episode "Mudslide"), found in the Clock Tower, as well as other co-stars Karlo, Preston Payne and Sondra Fuller.

MiscellaneousEdit

  • Issue 12 of the comic book tie-in to Young Justice (which serves as a prequel to the episode "Downtime") reveals Matt Hagen/Clayface's back story as a mediocre member of the League of Shadows who romances Talia al Ghul. After her father Ra's al Ghul reluctantly gives the couple his blessing, Hagen reveals that he has cancer and uses her to heal himself in the Lazarus Pit. After he is submerged, Talia takes revenge on him by locking him there for months. After Ra's al Ghul uses the pit, Hagen emerges mutated and insane and attacks Talia, only to be subdued by Ra's al Ghul and Sensei. After convincing Clayface to sleep, Ra's al Ghul uses him against Batman in Gotham upon having Sensei dropping Clayface off in Gotham while demanding an explanation from Talia about how Clayface came to be. Clayface's attack leads up to the team's battle with him in the sewers. In issue 13, Clayface secretly studies The Team and takes down Superboy, Miss Martian, Kid Flash, and Robin in each trap. Before Clayface can finish off Aqualad, Batman intervenes and quickly subdues him with a stronger taser which causes Clayface to dissolve into a puddle.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Clayface is number 73 Archived 2010-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., IGN.
  2. ^ a b c d Wallace, Dan (2008). "Clayface I-IV". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. New York: Dorling Kindersley. p. 85. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5. OCLC 213309017. 
  3. ^ Detective Comics #40
  4. ^ Bob Kane, Batman and Me (Foestfille, CA: Eclipse Books 1989), pg 111.
  5. ^ Detective Comics #49
  6. ^ Secret Origins #44 and Detective Comics #604-607
  7. ^ Final Crisis #2
  8. ^ Detective Comics #14
  9. ^ Detective Comics #15
  10. ^ Batman #20 (July 2013)
  11. ^ Detective Comics Annual #1
  12. ^ Detective Comics #969-973
  13. ^ Detective Comics #298
  14. ^ Detective Comics #304
  15. ^ Detective Comics #312
  16. ^ Batman #159
  17. ^ World's Finest #140
  18. ^ World's Finest #144
  19. ^ Action Comics #443
  20. ^ Detective Comics #478
  21. ^ World's Finest #264
  22. ^ Detective Comics #526
  23. ^ Crisis on Infinite Earths #12
  24. ^ Hawk and Dove Annual #1
  25. ^ Detective Comics #604
  26. ^ Batman Annual #11
  27. ^ Secret Origins #44
  28. ^ Swamp Thing (vol. 2) #52
  29. ^ Swamp Thing (vol. 2) #66
  30. ^ Justice League: Cry for Justice #3
  31. ^ Outsiders #21
  32. ^ Doomsday Clock #3. DC Comics.
  33. ^ Detective Comics #604-607
  34. ^ Batman: Shadow of the Bat #26-27
  35. ^ Batman #550
  36. ^ Batman: Gotham After Midnight #3-4
  37. ^ Final Crisis Aftermath: Run #3
  38. ^ "The Real Batman Chronology Project: Modern Age (Year Eighteen) Part One". Therealbatmanchronoproject.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  39. ^ Catwoman #42
  40. ^ "The Real Batman Chronology Project: Modern Age (Year Eighteen) Part Three". Therealbatmanchronoproject.blogspot.com. 2006-09-02. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  41. ^ Batman #614
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  45. ^ Batman Incorporated (vol. 1) #6
  46. ^ Batman Incorporated (vol. 2) #0
  47. ^ Deathstroke Vol. 2 #1
  48. ^ Tangent: Superman's Reign #10
  49. ^ The Batman Adventures #9
  50. ^ The Batman Adventures #14
  51. ^ Flashpoint #2 (June 2011)
  52. ^ Flashpoint: Deathstroke and the Curse of the Ravager #2 (July 2011)
  53. ^ Batman '66 #23
  54. ^ Burlingame, Russ (April 5, 2015). "Gotham To Introduce Clayface, Mr. Freeze and Mad Hatter in Season Two". Comic Book.com. 
  55. ^ Jayson, Jay (March 18, 2016). "EXCLUSIVE: Brian McManamon Cast As Basil Karlo AKA Clayface In Gotham". Comc Book.com. 
  56. ^ McManamon, Brian (2016-03-11). ""Psyched to be guest starring (& bald!) in an upcoming episode of @Gotham with the gracious & talented @ben_mckenzie"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2016-09-24. 
  57. ^ "Formspring forum thread". Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  58. ^ Game Informer features a two-page gallery of the many heroes and villains who appear in the game with a picture for each character and a descriptive paragraph. See "LEGO Batman: Character Gallery", Game Informer 186 (October 2008): 93.