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Chinese emperors family tree (early)

This is a family tree of Chinese emperors from the foundation of the Qin dynasty in 221 BC (by Qin Shihuangdi), till the end of the Sixteen Kingdoms period, in the first half of the fifth century AD.

Chinese emperors family tree (ancient)Chinese emperors family tree (early)Chinese emperors family tree (middle)Chinese emperors family tree (late)

Contents

Qin dynastyEdit

The Qin dynasty (秦朝) was established in 221 BCE after Qin Shi Huang, King of Qin, conquered his final independent neighbour, the state of Qi. It is now recognised as the first Chinese imperial dynasty in the modern sense of the term; in recognition of this, its rulers were for the first time titled "Emperor" (皇帝), a title of which the components are drawn from legend, higher than the previous title "King" (王). The ancestral name of the family was Ying (嬴), although it is anachronistic to regard this as a family name in the modern sense: it would not have been used together with a given name. The titles of the Qin emperors were literally regnal numbers: "Qin Shi Huang" (秦始皇), in full "Qin Shi Huangdi" (秦始皇帝) means literally "the first Emperor of Qin", "Qin Er Shi" (秦二世), in full "Qin Er Shi Huangdi" (秦二世皇帝) means "the second Emperor of Qin", and so forth.

Qin Dynasty
See: family tree of
the Kings of Qin
Zheng 政 259–210 BC
King of Qin 秦王 247–221 BC

 
Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇
221–210 BC
118 or 25 (disputed)
Fusu 扶蘇
d. 210 BC
Huhai 胡亥 229–207 BC
Qin Er Shi 秦二世
210–207 BC
Ziying 子嬰 d. 206 BC
Qin San Shi 秦三世
207 BC

Han dynasty, Xin dynasty and Shu HanEdit

Emperor Xian, the last emperor of the Han dynasty, was a descendant of the first emperor Liu Bang. Lasting for over 400 years (the first to last for more than a century), the Han dynasty is regarded as one of the golden ages of Chinese history. The Han dynasty was interrupted by the reign of the usurper Wang Mang, who declared the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD); on this basis, the Han dynasty is generally divided into the Western Han (206 BC – 9 AD and 23–25 AD) and the Eastern Han (25–220 AD). The rulers of the Shu Han, one of the three successor states to the Han dynasty during the Three Kingdoms period, were descended from the Han imperial family, and considered themselves a continuation of the Han dynasty; they are included below.

Han Dynasty, Xin Dynasty and Shu Han
Liu Taigong
劉太公 d. 197 BC
234
Liu Xi 劉喜
d. 193 BC
Prince Qing
of Dai 代頃王
Liu Bang 劉邦
256–195 BC

Gaozu 高祖
206–195 BC
Liu Jiao 劉交
d. 178 BC
Prince Yuan
of Chu 楚元王
1124569
Liu Pi 劉濞
216–154 BC
Prince of Wu 吳王
Liu Fei 劉肥
d. 189 BC
Prince Daohui
of Qi 齊悼惠王
Liu Ying 劉盈
210–188 BC

Huidi 惠帝
195–188 BC
Liu Ruyi
劉如意
208–194 BC
Prince Yin
of Zhao 趙隱王
Liu Heng 劉恆
202–157 BC

Wendi 文帝
180–157 BC
Liu You 劉友
d. 181 BC
Prince Ji
of Zhao 趙幽王
Princess
Luyuan

d.187 BC
Liu Yingke
劉郢客
d. 174 BC
Prince Yi
of Chu 楚夷王
31212
Liu Zhang
劉章 d. 177 BC
Prince Jing
of Chengyang
城陽景王
Liu Gong 劉恭
Qianshao
前少

188–184 BC
Liu Hong 劉弘
Houshao
後少

184–180 BC
Liu Qi 劉啟
188–141 BC

Jingdi 景帝
157–141 BC
Liu Wu 劉武
c.184–144 BC
Prince Xiao
of Liang
Liu Sui 劉遂
d. 154 BC
Prince of Zhao
趙王
Liu Wu 劉戊
d. 154 BC
Prince of Chu
楚王
56910
Liu Xi 劉喜
Prince Gong
of Chengyang
城阳恭王
Liu Fei 劉非
169–128 BC
Prince Yi
of Jiangdu
江都易王
Liu Fa 劉發
d. 127 BC
Prince Ding
of Changsha
长沙定王
Liu Sheng
劉勝 d. 113 BC
Prince Jing
of Zhongshan
中山靖王
Liu Che 劉徹
157–87 BC

Wudi 武帝
141–87 BC
Princess
Pingyang

平陽公主
13156
Liu Yan 劉延
Prince Qing
of Chengyang
城阳顷王
Liu Mai 劉買
Marquess Jie
of Chongling
舂陵节侯
Liu Ju 劉據
128–91 BC
Crown Prince Li
戾太子
Liu Bo 劉髆
d. 86 BC
Prince Ai
of Changyi
昌邑哀王
Liu Fuling 劉弗陵
94–74 BC>

Zhaodi 昭帝
87–74 BC
1211
Liu Yi 劉义
Prince Jing
of Chengyang
城阳敬王
Liu Xiongqu
劉熊渠
Marquess Dai
of Chongling
舂陵戴侯
Liu Wai 劉外
Govnr. of
Yulin Comm.
郁林太守
Liu Jin 劉進
113–91 BC
Emperor's father
Dao 悼皇考
Liu He 劉賀
~92–59 BC

Pr. of Changyi
昌邑王
74 BC
Liu Wu 劉武
Prince Hui
of Chengyang
城阳惠王
Liu Li 劉利
Govnr. of
Cangwu Comm.
苍梧太守
Liu Hui 劉回
Superint. of
Julu 巨鹿都尉
Wang Jin
王禁
Liu Xun 劉詢
91–49 BC

Xuandi 宣帝
74–49 BC
13
Liu Shun 劉顺
Prince Huang
of Chengyang
城阳荒王
Liu Zizhang
劉子張
Liu Qin 劉欽
d. 3 AD
Magistr. of
Nandun county
南顿令
Wang Man
王曼
Wang
Zhengjun

王政君
71 BC–13 AD
Liu Shi 劉奭
75–33 BC
Yuandi 元帝
49–33 BC
Liu Xiao 劉囂
d. 25 BC
Prince Xiao
of Chu 楚孝王
WESTN HAN
RESTORATION
EASTN HANXIN
DYNASTY
123
Liu Xian 劉宪
Marquess
of Shi 式侯
Liu Xuan 劉玄
d. 25 AD

Gengshi
更始

23–25 AD
Liu Xiu 劉秀
5 BC – 57 AD

Guangwu
光武

25–57 AD
45 BC–23 AD
Wang Mang
王莽

9–23 AD
Liu Ao 劉驁
51–7 BC

Chengdi
成帝

33–7 BC
Liu Kang 劉康
d. 23 BC
Gongdi 恭帝
Liu Xing 劉興
d. 8 BC
Prince Xiao
of Zhongshan
中山孝王
Liu Xun 劉勳
Marquess Yang
of Guangqi
广戚炀侯
47
Liu Meng 劉萌
Marquess
of Shi 式侯
Liu Zhuang 劉莊
28–75 AD

Mingdi 明帝
57–75 AD
Liu Ying
劉英 d. 71
Prince of Chu
Liu Xin 劉欣
27–1 BC

Aidi 哀帝
7–1 BC
Empress
Wang

王皇后
8 BC – 23 AD
Liu Kan 劉衎
9 BC – 6 AD

Pingdi 平帝
1 BC – 6 AD
Liu Xian 劉顯
Marquess of
Guangqi 广戚侯
1
Liu Penzi
劉盆子
b.10 AD
25–27 AD
Liu Da 劉炟
57–88 AD

Zhangdi 章帝
75–88 AD
Liu Ying 劉嬰
5–25 AD

Ruzi 孺子
6–9 AD
13456
Liu Kang 劉伉
d. 93
Prince Zhen
of Qiancheng
千乘贞王
Liu Qing 劉慶
78–106

Xiaode 孝德
Liu Zhao 劉肇
79–105

Hedi 和帝
88–105
Liu Shou
劉壽 d. 120
Prince Hui
of Jibei 济北惠王
Liu Kai 劉開
d. 132
Xiaomu 孝穆
skipped
generations
2
Liu Chong
劉寵 d. 122
Prince Yi
of Le'an 乐安夷王
Liu Hu 劉祜
94–125

Andi 安帝
106–125
Liu Long 劉隆
105–106

Shangdi 殤帝
105–106
Liu Yi 劉懿
d. 125

Shaodi 少帝
125
Liu Yi 劉翼
Xiaochong
孝崇
Liu Shu 劉淑
Xiaoyuan 孝元
Liu Xiong
劉雄
1
Liu Hong 劉弘
d. 147
Prince Xiao
of Bohai 渤海孝王
Liu Bao 劉保
115–144

Shundi 順帝
125–144
Liu Zhi 劉志
132–168

Huandi 桓帝
146–168
Liu Chang 劉萇
Xiaoren 孝仁
Liu Hong
劉弘
1SHU HAN
Liu Zuan 劉纘
138–146

Zhidi 質帝
145–146
Liu Bing 劉炳
143–145

Chongdi
沖帝

144–145
Liu Hong 劉宏
156–189

Lingdi 靈帝
168–189
Liu Bei 劉備
161–223

Zhaoliedi
昭烈帝

221–223
121
Liu Bian 劉辯
176–189

Shaodi 少帝
189
Liu Xie 劉協
181–234

Xiandi 獻帝
189–220
Liu Shan 劉禪
207–271

Xiaohuaidi
孝懷帝

223–263

Cao WeiEdit

Cao Wei

- - - - - = The dashed line denotes an adoption

Cao Cao 曹操 155–220
Wudi 武帝
Cao Pi 曹丕 187–226
Wendi 文帝
220–226
Cao Zhang 曹彰 189–223
Prince Wei of
Rencheng 任城威王
Cao Yu 曹宇 d.278
Prince of Yan 燕王
Cao Rui 曹叡 205–239
Mingdi 明帝
226–239
Cao Lin 曹霖 d. 249
Prince Ding of
Donghai 東海定王
Cao Kai 曹楷
Prince of Jinan 济南王
Cao Huan 曹奐 246–303
Yuandi 元帝
260–265
Cao Mao 曹髦 241–260
Duke of Gaogui
District 高貴鄉公

254–260
Cao Fang 曹芳 232–274
Shaodi 少帝
239–254

Eastern WuEdit

Eastern Wu
Sun Zhong 孫鍾
Sun Jian 孫堅
c. 155–191
Sun Jing
孫靜
175–200
Sun Ce 孫策
Marquis of Wu
197–200
182–252
Sun Quan 孫權
229–252
Sun Gao
孙暠
Sun Deng 孫登
209–241
Sun He 孫和
223–253
235–264
Sun Xiu 孫休
258–264
243–260
Sun Liang 孫亮
252–258
Sun Chuo
孫綽
Sun Gong
孙恭
242–284
Sun Hao 孫皓
264–280
Sun Chen
孙綝
231–258
Sun Jun
219–256

Jin dynasty and ChuEdit

The following is a family tree for the Jin dynasty, which ruled a unified China during the Western Jin Dynasty (265–316 AD). Although greatly weakened by the War of the Eight Princes during the reign of the developmentally disabled Emperor Hui, when members of the clan fought among themselves for imperial control, and forced Eastwards after the conquest of their capital in 316 AD, the dynasty nonetheless continued in the form of the Eastern Jin Dynasty until 420 AD.

Jin Dynasty and Chu
  • – Western Jin dynasty emperor;
  • – Eastern Jin dynasty emperor;
  • The Eight Princes
  • - - - - - = The dashed line denotes an adoption
Sima Ang 司馬昂
d. 205 BC

Yinwang 殷王
206–205 BC
skipped
generations
Sima Jun
司馬儁
113–197
Sima Fang
司馬防
149–219
Sima Lang
司馬朗
171–217
Sima Fu
司馬孚
180–272
Sima Yi 司馬懿
179–251

Xuandi 宣帝
Sima Kui
司馬馗
Sima Wang
司馬望 205–271
Prince of Langyang
Sima Gui
司馬瑰 d. 274
Prince of Taiyuan
Sima Zhao
司馬昭 211–265
Wendi 文帝
Sima Liang
司馬亮 d. 291
Prince of Runan
Sima Lun
司馬倫
r.301?; d. 301
Prince of Zhao
Sima Shi
司馬師
208–255

Jingdi 景帝
Sima Zhou
司馬伷
227–283
Sima Tai
司馬泰 d. 299
Prince of Gaomi
Sima Yong
司馬顒 d. 306
Prince of Hejian
Sima Yan 司馬炎
236–290

Wudi 武帝
265–290
Sima You
司馬攸
248–283
Prince of Qi
Sima Jin
司馬覲 256–290
Prince of Langye
Sima Yue
司馬越 d. 311
Prince of
Donghai
Sima Mo
司馬模
d. 311

Prince of
Nanyang
Sima Zhong 司馬衷
259–307

Huidi 惠帝
290–307
Sima Wei
司馬瑋
271–291
Prince of Chu
Sima Ai 司馬乂
277–304
Prince of
Changsha
Sima Jiong
司馬冏
d. 302
Prince of Qi
Sima Rui 司馬睿
276–323

Yuandi 元帝
317–323
Sima Bao 司馬保
294–320

Yuanwang
元王

319–320
Sima Yu 司馬遹
278–300
Crown Prince
Sima Ying
司馬穎 279–306
Prince
of Chengdu
Sima Yan
司馬晏283–313
Prince of Wu
Sima Chi 司馬熾
284–313

Huaidi 懷帝
307–311
Huan Yi
桓彝
276–328
Sima Ye 司馬業
300–318

Mindi 愍帝
313–316
Sima Shao 司馬紹
299–326

Mingdi 明帝
323–326
Sima Yu 司馬昱
320–372

Jianwen 簡文
371–372
Huan Chong
桓沖 328–384
Prince of
Xuancheng
Huan Wen
桓溫 312–373
Xuanwu 宣武
Sima Xingnan
司馬興男
Sima Yan 司馬衍
321–342

Chengdi 成帝
326–342
Sima Yue 司馬岳
322–344

Kangdi 康帝
342–344
Sima Yao 司馬曜
362–396

Xiaowu 孝武
372–396
Sima Daozi
司馬道子
364–403
Prince of Kuaiji
Huan Xuan
桓玄 369–404
Wudao 武悼
of Chu

403–404
Sima Pi 司馬丕
341–365

Aidi 哀帝
361–365
Sima Yi 司馬奕
342–386

Feidi 廢帝
365–371
Sima Dan 司馬聃
343–361

Mudi 穆帝
344–361
Sima Dezong
382–419

Andi 安帝
396–403;
404–419
Sima Dewen
司馬德文 386–421

Gongdi 恭帝
419–420
Sima Yuanxian
司馬元顯
382–402
Heir Apparent
Zhongof Kuaiji
Emperor Shao
of Liu Song
(劉)宋少帝
406–422–424
Sima Maoying
司馬茂英
393?–439

Sixteen KingdomsEdit

Cheng HanEdit

Cheng Han
Li Mu
Li Te 李特
(r. 303)
Li Liu 李流
248–303; r. 303
Li Xiang 李骧
Li Dang 李蕩
(?–303)
Li Xiong 李雄 (274–334)
Wu 武
r. 304–334
Empress Ren
任皇后
Empress Yan
閻皇后
Li Shou 李壽 (300–343)
Zhaowen 昭文
r. 338–343
Li Ban 李班 (288–334)
Aidi 哀皇帝 r. 334
Li Qi 李期 (314–d. 338)
Yōu 幽 r. 334–338
Empress Yan
閻皇后
Li Yue (?–338)Empress Li
李皇后
Li Shi
r. 343–347; d. 361

(Han) Former ZhaoEdit

(Han) Former Zhao emperors family tree
Huzheng 呼徵
(d. 179; r. 178–179)
Qiangqui 羌渠
(d. 188; r. 179–188)
Liu Liang 刘亮
Yufuluo 於夫羅
Chizhishizhuhou
持至尸逐侯

(150–196; r. 188–195)
Huchuquan
呼廚泉
(d.? r. 195–216)
Liu Guang 刘广
HAN?
Liu Bao 劉豹
(d.?; r. 216–260)
Liu Qubei
劉去卑
d. 272; r. 260–272
Liu Fang 刘防
Liu Yannian
刘延年
Liu Yuan 劉淵 (d. 310)
Guangwen
光文
(r. 304–310)
Liu Xiong
刘雄
See XiaLiu Lu 劉綠
(FORMER) ZHAO
Liu He
劉和

(d./r. 310)
Liu Gong 刘恭
d. 310
Liu Cong 劉聰 (d. 318)
Zhāowǔdi
昭武皇帝
(r. 310–318)
Liu Yu 劉裕
(d. 310)
Liu Long 刘隆
d. 310
Liu Yi 刘乂
(d. 317)
Liu Yao 劉曜
(d. 329; r. 318–329)
Liu Can 劉粲 (d. 318)
Yin
隱帝
(r. 318)
Liu Yin 劉胤
(d./r. 329)
Liu Xi 劉熙
(d./r. 329)
Liu Yuangong
劉元公 (d. 318)

Yan states and TuyuhunEdit

Legend:
Murong clan family tree
Murong
慕容
?–156–181
skipped
generations
Murong Mohuba
慕容莫护跋
r. ?–246
Murong Muyan
慕容木延
r. 246–271
Murong Shegui
慕容涉归
r. 271–283
Murong Shan
慕容刪
r. 283–285
Murong
Tuyuhun

慕容吐谷浑
Henan King
284–317
Murong Yun
慕容运
Murong Hui
慕容廆
Duke Xiang
of Liaodong

269–307–333
Murong Tuyan
慕容吐延
Henan King
317–329
Murong Huang
慕容皝
Wenming
of Former Yan

297–333–348
Murong Ping
慕容評
Regent of
Murong Wei
?-?
Murong Yeyan
慕容葉延
Tuyuhun King
329–351
Murong Yong
of Western Yan

慕容永(d. 394)
(r. 386–394)
Murong Jun
慕容儁
Jingzhao
of Former Yan

319–348–360
Murong Ke
慕容恪
Prince Huan
of Taiyuan
(?–367)
Murong Huan
慕容桓 (?–373)
Prince of Yidu
Murong Na
慕容纳 (?–385)
Prince of Beihai
Murong Chui
慕容垂
Wucheng
of (Later) Yan

326–384–396
Murong De
慕容德
Xianwu of
(Southern) Yan

336–398–405
Murong Suixi
慕容碎奚
Tuyuhun King
351–371
Murong Wei
You
of Former Yan

350–360–
370
–385
Murong Hong
of Western Yan

慕容泓 (d. 384)
Murong Chong
慕容冲
Wei
of Western Yan

359–384–386
Murong Yi
Prince of
(Western) Yan

慕容顗 (d./r. 386)
Murong Chao
of Southern Yan

慕容超
385–405–410
Murong Bao
慕容宝
Huimin
of (Later) Yan

355–396–398
Murong Nong
慕容農
Prince Huanlie
of Liaoxi
d. 398
Murong Long
慕容隆
Prince Kang
of Gaoyang
d. 397
Murong Lin
慕容麟
Prince of Zhao
r. 397; d. 398
Murong Xi
慕容熙
Zhaowen
of (Later) Yan

385–401–407
Feng An 馮安
Murong Shilian
慕容視連
?–371–390
Murong Zhong
(Prince) of
(Western) Yan

慕容忠(d./r. 386)
Murong Yao
(Prince) of
(Western) Yan

慕容瑶(d./r. 386)
Murong Sheng
慕容盛
Zhaowu
of (Later) Yan

373–398–401
Murong Hui
慕容會
Prince of
Qinghe
373–397
Gao/Murong Yun
高/慕容云 (d. 409)
Huiyi
of (Later)/
(Northern)Yan

r. 407–409
Feng Ba
馮跋 (d. 430)
Wencheng
of Northern Yan

r. 409–430
Feng Hong
馮弘 d. 438
Zhaocheng
of Northern
Yan

r. 430–436
Murong Shipi
慕容視羆
368–390–400
Murong Wugeti
慕容烏紇褆
?–400–405
Murong
Shuluogan

慕容樹洛干
392–405–417
Murong Achai
慕容阿柴
?–417–424
Murong Mugui
慕容慕璝
?–424–436
Murong Muliyan
慕容慕利延
?–436–452
Murong Shiyin
慕容拾寅
?–452–481
Murong Duyihou
慕容度易侯
?–481–490
Murong
Fulianchou

慕容伏連籌
?–490–540
Murong
Heluozhen

呵羅真
?–529–530
Murong Kualu
慕容夸呂
?–540–591
Murong Fofu
佛輔
?–530–534
Murong Shifu
慕容世伏
?–591–597
Murong Fuyun
慕容伏允
?–597–635
Murong
Ketazhen

可沓振
?–534–540
Murong Shun
慕容顺
604–635
Murong
Nuohebo

慕容諾曷鉢
?–635–672–688

Later ZhaoEdit

Later Zhao monarchs family tree
Adoption
Shi Xie 石邪Shi Beixie
石㔨邪
Shi Zhouhezhu
石周曷朱
Shi Koumi
寇覓
Shi Le
石勒 (274–333)

Ming
r. 319–333
Shi Hu 石虎 (295–349)
Wu
(r. 334–349)
Ran Long 冉隆
Shi Hong 石弘
314–335; r. 333–334
Shi Zun 石遵
(d./r. 349)
Shi Jian 石鉴
d. 350; r. 349–350
Shi Zhi 石祗
d. 351; r. 350–351
Shi Shi 石世
339–349; r.349
Ran Zhan
冉瞻 (299?–328)
Ran Min 冉闵 (d. 352)
of Ran Wei (冉魏) state
r. 350–352
Ran Zhi 冉智 (d. 354)
of Ran Wei (冉魏) state
r. 352

Former LiangEdit

Former Liang rulers family tree
Zhang Gui 张轨 (255–314)
Wǔwáng 武王
(r. 301–314)
Zhang Shi 张寔 (d. 320)
Míngwáng 明王 / Zhāowáng 昭王
(r. 314–320)
Zhang Mao 張茂 (276–324)
Chenglie 成烈 / Cheng 成
r. (320–)323–324
Zhang Jun 張駿 (307–346)
Wen 文 / Zhongcheng 忠成
r. 324–346
Zhang Zuo 张祚 (d. 355)
Wei
(r. 353–355)
Zhang Chonghua 張重華 (327–353)
Jinglie 敬烈 / Huan 桓
r. 346–353
Zhang Tianxi 張天錫 (346–406)
Dao 悼
(r. 363–376)
Zhang Yaoling 張曜靈 (344–355)
Ai 哀
(r. 353–355)
Zhang Xuanjing 張玄靖 (350–363)
Jingdao 敬悼 / Chong 沖
r. 355–363
Zhang Dayu 张大豫
d. 387; r. 386–387

Later LiangEdit

Later Liang
Lo Polou 吕婆楼
Lü Guang 呂光 (338–400)
Yiwu 懿武
(r. 386–400)
Lu Bao 吕宝
(d. 392)
Lu Zuan 呂纂 (d. 401)
Ling
r. (397–)399–401
Lü Shao 呂紹 (d. 399)
Yin
(r. 399)
Lü Long 吕隆
(d. 416)

r. 401–403(–416)

Northern LiangEdit

Northern Liang rulers family tree
Juqu Mengxun 沮渠蒙逊 368–433
Wuxuan 武宣
r. 401–433
Juqu Mujian 沮渠牧犍
bef. 420–d. 447
Ai 哀
r. 433–439
Juqu Wuhui
沮渠無諱
d. 444; r. 442–444
Juqu Anzhou
沮渠安周
d. 460; r. 444–460

Western LiangEdit

Western Liang rulers family tree
Li Gao (李暠) 351–417
Prince Wǔzhāo (武昭王) r. 400–417
Li Xin 李歆
d. 420; r. 417–420
Li Xun 李恂
d. 421; r. 420–421
Li Jingshou
李敬受 d. 437?
Juqu Mujian 沮渠牧犍
of Northern Liang

Former QinEdit

Former Qin
Fu Huaigui 苻怀归
Fu Hong (苻洪) 285–350
Huiwu
Fu Jian (苻健) 317–355
Jingming 景明
(r. 352–355)
Fu XiongFu Chang
Fu Sheng (苻生) 335–357
Li 厲
(r. 355–357)
Fu Jian 苻坚 (337–385)
Xuanzhao 宣昭
(r. 357–385)
Fu Deng 苻登 (343–394)
Gao 高
(r. 386–394)
Fu Pi 苻丕 (d. 386)
Aiping 哀平
(r. 385–386)
Fu Chong (苻崇)
d. 394; r. 394

Later QinEdit

Later Qin rulers family tree
柯回
Yao Yizhong (280–352)
Yao Xiang 姚襄 (331–357)Yao Chang 姚苌 (330–393)
Wuzhao 武昭
(r. 384–(386–)394)
Yao Xing 姚兴 (366–416)
Wenhuan 文桓
(r. 394–416)
Yao Hong 姚泓
388–417; r. 416–417

Western QinEdit

Western Qin
Qifu Sifan 乞伏司繁
(d. 376)
Qifu Guoren 乞伏国仁 (d. 388)
Xuanlie 宣烈
r. 385–388
Qifu Gangui 乞伏乾归 (d. 412)
Wuyuan 武元
r. 388–400; 409–412
Qifu Gongfu 乞伏公府Qifu Achai 乞伏阿柴Qifu Chipan 乞伏熾磐 (d. 428)
Wenzhao 文昭
r. 412–428
Qifu Yuanji 乞伏元基Qifu Mumo 乞伏暮末
d. 431; r. 428–431
Qifu Wanzai 乞伏万载

Southern LiangEdit

Southern Liang
Tufa Sifujian
Tufa Wugu
禿髮烏孤 d. 399
Wu
r. 397–399
Tufa Lilugu
禿髮利鹿孤 d. 402

Kang
r. 399–402
Tufa Rutan
禿髮傉檀 365–415
Jing
r. 402–414
Princess Zhejue
Qifu Chipan
Wenzhao
of (Western) Qin
r. 412–428
Princess Tufa
d. 423
Yuan He 源賀
b. 403–d. 479

XiaEdit

Xia
Yufuluo 於夫羅
b. 150–d. 196

Chizhishizhuhou
持至尸逐侯

r. 188–195
?
Liu Bao 劉豹
(d.?; r. 216–260)
Liu Qubei 劉去卑
d. 272; r. 260–272
See (Han)
Former Zhao
Liu Meng 刘猛
d. 272
Liu
Gaoshengyuan

劉誥升爰 d. 309;
r. 272–309
Fu Lun
副仑
Lu Gu 路孤Liu Hu 劉虎
乌路孤 d. 341;
r. 309–341
Liu Wuheng
劉務恒
d. 356;
r. 341–356
Liu Eloutou
劉閼陋頭
r. 356–358
Liu Xiwuqi
劉悉勿祈
r. 358–359
Liú Wèichén
劉衛辰
d. 391;
r. 359–391
You Dedai
右地代
Li Qiti
力俟提
Āli Luoyin
阿利罗引
Zhi Lidi
直力鞮
Wei Fa
韦伐
Helian Bobo 赫連勃勃
b. 381– d. 425

Wulie 武烈

r. 407–425
Ruo Men
若门
Chi Yijian
叱以鞬
Yi Dou
乙斗
Wen Chen
文陈
Luo Tí
罗提
Helian
Zhuxing
赫連助興
Helián
Weiyidai
赫連謂以代
Helian
Duluogu
赫連度洛孤
Helian
Shegan
赫連社干
Helian
Wushìba
赫連烏視拔
Helian
Tugu
赫連禿骨
Helian
An
赫連安
Suruo
Dougen
宿若豆根
Yi Sheng
乙升
Helian
Gui
赫連璝
d. 424
Helian
Yan
赫連延
Helian Chang
赫連昌
d. 434; r. 425–428
Helian Lun
赫连伦 d. 424
Helian Ding
赫連定
d. 432; r. 428–431
Helian
Man
赫連滿
Empress Helian
d. 453

Empress Taiwu
太武皇后 (432–452)
Su Dagan
宿沓干
daughter
wife of
Luo Ti
罗提
Helian
Douwuyu
赫连豆勿于
Su Shí
宿石
Helian
Ziyue
赫连子悦
Su Ni
宿倪
Helian
Zhungzhang
赫连仲章

Other states in Sixteen KingdomsEdit

DaiEdit

Tuoba clan of Dai state family tree
Tuoba Liwei
拓拔力微
174–219–277
Tuoba
Shamohan
拓跋沙漠汗
d. 277
Tuoba Xilu
拓跋悉鹿
r. 277–286; d. 268
Tuoba Chuo
拓跋綽
r. 286–293;
d. 293
Tuoba Luguan
拓跋祿官
r. 294–307; d. 307
Tuoba Fu
拓跋弗
r. 293–294; d. 294
Tuoba Yituo
拓拔猗㐌
r. 295–305; d. 305
Tuoba Yilu
拓跋猗盧
r. 295–316; d. 316
Tuoba Yulü
拓跋鬱律
r. 316–321; d. 321
Tuoba Heru
拓跋賀傉
r. 321–325; d. 325
Tuoba Pugen
拓跋普根
r. (305–)316; d. 316
Tuoba Hena
拓跋紇那
r. 325–329; 335–337
Tuoba Liuxiu
拓跋六修
Tuoba Biyan
拓跋比延
Tuoba Yihuai
拓跋翳槐
r. 329–335;
337–338;
d. 338
Tuoba Shiyijian
拓跋什翼犍
320–338–376
son
r./d. 316
???
Tuoba Shi
拓跋寔
d. 371
Tuoba Gui 拓拔珪
371–409

Daowu
of Northern Wei
386–409
Tuoba clan
family tree
of Northern Wei
dynasty

Zhai WeiEdit

Zhai Wei family tree
Zhai Bin 翟斌
r. 383–384
Zhai Tan 翟檀
d. 384
Zhai Min 翟敏
d. 384
Zhai Liao 翟遼
Jianguang Tian Wang
建光天王 r. 386–391
Zhai Zhen 翟真
r. 384–385
Zhai Cheng 翟成
r. 385
Zhai Zhao 翟釗
Dingding Tian Wang
定鼎天王 r. 391–392– d. 393