Northern Yan

The Northern Yan (Chinese: 北燕; pinyin: Bĕi Yān; 407 or 409–436), also known in some historical texts as the Eastern Yan (simplified Chinese: 东燕; traditional Chinese: 東燕; pinyin: Dōng Yān), was a dynastic state during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in northern China. Some historians consider Gao Yun, a member of the Goguryeo royal family, to be the first Northern Yan monarch, while others consider Feng Ba of Han Chinese ethnicity to be the founder.[7]

Northern Yan (北燕)

Northern Yan in early 420s.
Northern Yan in early 420s.
Sixteen Kingdoms 416 AD.jpg
Tian Wang 
• 407–409
Gao Yun
• 409–430
Feng Ba
• 430–436
Feng Hong
• Established
15 September 407[1][2] 407
• Feng Ba's claiming of the throne
6 November 409[3][4]
• Disestablished
4 June 436[5][6] 436
• Feng Hong's death
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Later Yan
Northern Wei
Today part ofChina

All rulers of the Northern Yan declared themselves "emperors".

Rulers of the Northern YanEdit

Temple name Posthumous name Personal name Durations of reign Era name
Unknown Huiyi (惠懿) Murong Yun1
or Gao Yun1
407–409 Zhengshi (正始) 407–409
Taizu (太祖) Wencheng (文成) Feng Ba 409–430 Taiping (太平) 409–430
Zhaocheng (昭成) Feng Hong 430–436 Daxing (大興) 431–436
1 The family name of Gao Yun was changed to Murong when he was adopted by the Murong. If Gao Yun was counted as a ruler of the Later Yan, the Northern Yan would begin in 409. It started in 407 otherwise.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "中央研究院網站".
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 114.
  3. ^ "中央研究院網站".
  4. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 115.
  5. ^ "中央研究院網站".
  6. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 123.
  7. ^ Asia major. Princeton University Press. 1997. p. 105. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Original from the University of California