Tuoba Shiyijian (Chinese: 拓跋什翼犍; pinyin: Tuòbá Shíyìjiàn; 320–376) was the last prince of the Tuoba Dai and ruled from 338 to 376 when Dai was conquered by the Former Qin. He was the son of Tuoba Yulü and the younger brother of Tuoba Yihuai, whom he succeeded in 338. In 340 he moved the capital to Shengle (盛樂) (near modern Horinger County, Inner Mongolia). His grandson Tuoba Gui founded the Northern Wei dynasty.
- Jianguo (建國 jiàn guó) 338–376
- Tuoba Yulü (拓跋鬱律)
- Princess Murong, a princess of Former Yan
- Tuoba Shi (拓跋寔), the Heir Apparent (died 371)
- Tuoba Shijun (拓跋寔君)
- Tuoba Han (拓跋翰), Prince Ming of Qin, born by Princess Murong and fathered Tuoba Yi (拓跋仪), Tuoba Lie (拓跋烈) and Tuoba Gu (拓跋觚)
- Tuoba Yanpo (拓跋阏婆)
- Tuoba Shoujiu (拓跋壽鳩), fathered Tuoba Zun (拓跋遵)
- Tuoba Gegen (拓跋紇根), fathered Tuoba Qian (拓跋虔)
- Tuoba Digan (拓跋地干), fathered Tuoba Shun (拓跋顺)
- Tuoba Quduo (拓跋屈咄), only son survived the rebel of Shijun
- Princess of Liaoxi, married He Yegan maternal nephew of Shiyijian and the Helan chieftain
- However, see Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei for problems with placing Tuoba Shi as a son of Tuoba Shiyijian. It may very well be that Tuoba Gui (Emperor Daowu) was a son of Tuoba Shiyijian, not a grandson (through Tuoba Shi).