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Australian Hard Court Championships

The Australian Hard Court Championships[1][2] was a former professional tennis tournament established in 1938 and held until 2008. The event was played on clay courts until 1977 when it switched to hard courts. The tournament was a combined event for men and women until the end of the 1980s.[3] In 2009, Tennis Australia merged the separate men's and women's tournaments into a new combined tournament called the Brisbane International.[4][5]

Australian Hard Court Championships
Defunct tennis tournament
Event nameAustralian Hard Court Championships (1938–2008)
TourPre open era (1938–1967)
Independent tour (1968–1969)
Grand Prix circuit (1970–90)
WTA Tour (1973–2008)
ATP Tour (1990–2008)
Founded1938
Editions63
LocationVarious cities on rotation

HistoryEdit

Men's eventEdit

The Australian Men's Hard Court Championships began in Sydney in 1938. Throughout its history the championships were hosted in various cities around Australia. The tournament was played on clay until 1977. In 1978 the event switched to hard courts and continued to be played on that surface until 1987. In the years 1987 and 1988, the tournament was held in conjunction with the South Australian Open. Between 1999 and 2004, the national title was held in conjunction with the AAPT Championships.[6] In 2005, the tournament was held in conjunction with the Adelaide Next Generation Hard Courts.[7] From 2006 until 2008, the tournament was held in conjunction with the Adelaide Next Generation International.[8] In 2008, the tournament in Adelaide was discontinued and merged with the women's event into a new combined tournament called the Brisbane International.

Women's eventEdit

The Australian Women's Hard Court Championships event began alongside the men's in Sydney in 1938 and was also hosted in various cities around Australia throughout its history. The tournament was played on clay courts until 1977. In 1978 the event switched to hard courts and continued to be played on that surface till 1987. Between 1989 and 1994, the event was held in conjunction with the Danone Australian Hardcourt Championships.[9] It was not staged in 1995 and 1996, but re-emerged as a women's only event called the Thalgo Australian Women's Hard Courts which was held until 2002. In 2003, the tournament took the sponsorship of Uncle Tobys, and was named Uncle Tobys Hardcourts until 2005. Between 2006 and 2008, it was held as the Mondial Australian Women's Hardcourts.[10] In 2009 the tournament was discontinued and was merged with the men's event into a new combined tournament called the Brisbane International.

SponsorsEdit

Sponsors for the men's event included Eurovox[11] and Goldair.[12] Sponsors for the women's event included Danone, Uncle Tobys, Mondial, and Thalgo.

Past finalsEdit

Past finals of the championship's events include:[13][14]

Men's singlesEdit

Location Year Champion Runner up Score
Sydney 1938   Jack Crawford[15]   Vivian McGrath 2–6, 3–6, 6–2, 6–2, 6–4
Toowoomba[16] 1939   Vivian McGrath   James Gilchrist 3–6, 7–5, 7–5, 6–0
Hobart 1940   John Bromwich[17]   Jack Crawford 6–1, 4–6, 6–2, 6–2
1941–1945 No event WW2
Sydney 1946   Dinny Pails[18]   Geoff Brown 7–5, 6–2 7–5
Toowoomba 1947   Adrian Quist[19]   Frank Sedgman 6–3, 6–2, 6–3
Sydney[20] 1948   Adrian Quist   Bill Sidwell 6–2, 6–1, 7–5
1949   Adrian Quist   Geoff Brown 4–6, 8–6, 6–4, 6–0
Toowoomba[21] 1950   Frank Sedgman   George Worthington 6–1, 6–0, 6–4
Launceston[22] 1951   Frank Sedgman   Don Candy 6–3, 6–2, 6–2
Melbourne 1952   Lew Hoad   Ken Rosewall 2–6, 6–1, 1–6, 6–2, 11–9
Sydney 1953   Lew Hoad[22]   John Bromwich 7–5, 6–3, 2–6, 9–7
Brisbane 1954   Mervyn Rose   Don Candy 7–5, 6–4, 6–2
Launceston 1955   Ken Rosewall   Neale Fraser 6–3, 5–7, 6–4, 2–6, 6–1
Melbourne 1956   Ashley Cooper[23]   Mervyn Rose 7–5, 6–4, 9–11, 6–4
1957   Ashley Cooper[23]   Neale Fraser 6–2, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3
Brisbane 1958   Ashley Cooper[23]   Bob Mark 7–5, 6–2, 6–2
Melbourne 1959   Neale Fraser   Roy Emerson 6–2, 3–6, 12–10, 6–3
Hobart 1960   Martin Mulligan   Bob Hewitt 6–1, 6–2, 4–6, 6–4
1961   Bob Hewitt   Rod Laver 6–4, 6–2, 5–7, 6–3
Brisbane 1962   Rod Laver   Fred Stolle 6–2, 2–6, 6–4, 4–6, 8–6
Melbourne 1963   Neale Fraser   Owen Davidson 6–2, 6–2, 6–4
Launceston 1964   Martin Mulligan   Fred Stolle 6–3, 6–4, 8–6
Sydney 1965   John Newcombe   Fred Stolle 4–6, 6–1, 6–1, 6–3
1966   Roy Emerson   Tony Roche 6–3, 8–6, 4–6, 6–3
Melbourne 1967   Tony Roche   John Newcombe 5–7, 7–5, 6–2, 6–2
Open era
Sydney 1968   Phil Dent   Bob Giltinan 6–2, 6–4, 12–10
1969   Ray Ruffels   Ian Fletcher 6–4, 6–4, 3–6, 5–7, 6–3
Toowoomba 1970   Colin Dibley[24]   Bob Giltinan 6–3, 7–6, 6–4
Southport 1971   Mal Anderson   Geoff Masters 2–6, 6–0, 6–3, 6–2
1972   Geoff Masters   Mal Anderson 6–3, 6–7, 6–3, 7–5
Rockdale 1973   Ross Case   Kim Warwick 6–3, 6–1, 6–0
Gympie 1974   Ulrich Pinner   Kjell Johansson 6–3, 6–2, 4–6, 7–5
Melbourne 1975   Peter McNamara   John Marks 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
Sydney 1976   Terry Rocavert   Warren Maher 6–4, 6–7, 2–6, 7–6, 6–4
Melbourne 1977   David Carter   Mal Anderson 6–1, 6–3
1978 No event
Hobart 1979[25]   Guillermo Vilas   Mark Edmondson 6–4, 6–4
1980[26]   Shlomo Glickstein   Robert Van't Hof 7–6, 6–4
Sydney 1981   Kim Warwick   Greg Whitecross 6–3, 7–6
1982   Pat Cash   Craig A. Miller 7–5, 6–7, 6–2
1983   Simon Youl   John Frawley 3–6, 7–5, 6–2
1984   Peter Doohan[27]   Jonathan Canter 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1985   Peter Doohan[27]   Bruce Derlin 6–4, 6–4
1986   Peter Doohan[27]   Desmond Tyson 6–3, 6–2
1987   John Frawley   Johan Anderson 6–2, 6–3
Adelaide 1988   Mark Woodforde   Wally Masur 6–2, 6–4
1989   Mark Woodforde   Patrik Kühnen 7–5, 1–6, 7–5
1990   Thomas Muster   Jimmy Arias 3–6, 6–2, 7–5
1991   Nicklas Kulti   Michael Stich 6–3, 1–6, 6–2
1992   Goran Ivanišević   Christian Bergström 1–6, 7–6(7–5), 6–4
1993   Nicklas Kulti   Christian Bergström 3–6, 7–5, 6–4
1994   Yevgeny Kafelnikov   Alexander Volkov 6–4, 6–3
1995   Jim Courier   Arnaud Boetsch 6–2, 7–5
1996   Yevgeny Kafelnikov   Byron Black 7–6(7–0), 3–6, 6–1
1997   Todd Woodbridge   Scott Draper 6–2, 6–1
1998   Lleyton Hewitt[28]   Jason Stoltenberg 3–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
1999   Thomas Enqvist   Lleyton Hewitt 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
2000   Lleyton Hewitt   Thomas Enqvist 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
2001   Tommy Haas   Nicolás Massú 6–3, 6–1
2002   Tim Henman   Mark Philippoussis 6–4, 6–7(6–8), 6–3
2003   Nikolay Davydenko   Kristof Vliegen 6–2, 7–6(7–3)
2004   Dominik Hrbatý   Michaël Llodra 6–4, 6–0
2005   Joachim Johansson[29]   Taylor Dent 7–5, 6–3
2006   Florent Serra   Xavier Malisse 6–3, 6–4
2007   Novak Djokovic   Chris Guccione 6–3, 6–7(6–8), 6–4
2008   Michaël Llodra   Jarkko Nieminen 6–3, 6–4
succeeded by Brisbane International

Men's doublesEdit

Location Year Champions Runners-up Score
Adelaide 1990   Andrew Castle
  Nduka Odizor
  Alexander Mronz
  Michiel Schapers
7–6, 6–2
1991   Wayne Ferreira
  Stefan Kruger
  Paul Haarhuis
  Mark Koevermans
6–4, 4–6, 6–4
1992   Goran Ivanišević
  Marc Rosset
  Mark Kratzmann
  Jason Stoltenberg
7–6, 7–6
1993   Todd Woodbridge
  Mark Woodforde
  John Fitzgerald
  Laurie Warder
6–4, 7–5
1994   Mark Kratzmann
  Andrew Kratzmann
  David Adams
  Byron Black
6–4, 6–3
1995   Jim Courier
  Patrick Rafter
  Byron Black
  Grant Connell
7–6, 6–4
1996   Todd Woodbridge
  Mark Woodforde
  Jonas Björkman
  Tommy Ho
7–5, 7–6
1997   Patrick Rafter
  Bryan Shelton
  Todd Woodbridge
  Mark Woodforde
6–4, 1–6, 6–3
1998   Joshua Eagle
  Andrew Florent
  Ellis Ferreira
  Rick Leach
6–4, 6–7, 6–3
1999   Gustavo Kuerten
  Nicolás Lapentti
  Jim Courier
  Patrick Galbraith
6–4, 6–4
2000   Mark Woodforde
  Todd Woodbridge
  Lleyton Hewitt
  Sandon Stolle
6–4, 6–2
2001   David Macpherson
  Grant Stafford
  Wayne Arthurs
  Todd Woodbridge
6–7(5–7), 6–4, 6–4
2002   Wayne Black
  Kevin Ullyett
  Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
7–5, 6–2
2003   Jeff Coetzee
  Chris Haggard
  Max Mirnyi
  Jeff Morrison
2–6, 6–4, 7–6(9–7)
2004   Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
  Arnaud Clément
  Michaël Llodra
7–5, 6–3
2005   Xavier Malisse
  Olivier Rochus
  Simon Aspelin
  Todd Perry
7–6(7–5), 6–4
2006   Jonathan Erlich
  Andy Ram
  Paul Hanley
  Kevin Ullyett
7–6(7–4), 7–6(12–10)
2007   Wesley Moodie
  Todd Perry
  Novak Djokovic
  Radek Štěpánek
6–3, 4–6, [15–13]
2008   Martín García
  Marcelo Melo
  Chris Guccione
  Robert Smeets
6–3, 3–6, [10–7]
succeeded by Brisbane International

Women's singlesEdit

Location Year Champion Runner up Score
Rockdale 1938   Emily Hood Westacott[3]   May Hardcastle 7–5 6–1
Toowoomba 1939   May Hardcastle   Thelma Coyne 6–3 6–4
Hobart 1940   Nell Hall Hopman   Thelma Coyne 6–4 3–6 6–1
1941–45 No event WW2
Sydney 1946   Nancye Wynne Bolton[30]   Dulcie Whittaker 7–5 6–1
Toowoomba 1947   Thelma Coyne Long   Mary Bevis 8–6 6–3
Launceston 1948   Nancye Wynne Bolton   Sadie Berryman Newcombe 6–2 6–3
Sydney[31] 1949   Mary Bevis   Esme Ashford 6–1 6–1
Toowoomba 1950[32]   Nancye Wynne Bolton   Thelma Coyne Long 5–7 6–3 6–3
Launceston 1951   Joyce Fitch   Beryl Penrose 4–6 7–5 6–1
Sydney 1952   Pam Southcombe   Loris Nichols 6–4 7–5
1953   Beryl Penrose   Mary Bevis Hawton 6–2 6–3
Brisbane 1954   Jenny Staley   Beryl Penrose 3–6 6–0 6–4
Launceston 1955   Margaret Hellyer   Pat Parmenter 6–4 6–3
Melbourne 1956   Mary Carter   Marie Toomey Martin 7–5 4–6 6–1
Sydney 1957   Beth Jones   Mary Bevis Hawton 6–3 4–6 6–2
Brisbane 1958   Lorraine Coghlan   Mary Bevis Hawton 6–3 6–3
Melbourne 1959   Jan Lehane   Lorraine Coghlan 6–0 2–6 6–2
Hobart 1960   Lesley Turner   Dawn Robberds 6–2 6–2
Rockdale 1961   Margaret Smith   Lesley Turner 6–2 0–6 7–5
Brisbane 1962   Lesley Turner   Jan Lehane 4–6 6–4 6–4
Glen Iris 1963   Joan Gibson   Madonna Schacht 10–8 6–3
Launceston 1964   Madonna Schacht   Gail Sherriff 1–6 8–6 10–8
Sydney 1965   Lesley Turner[33]   Margaret Smith 7–5 6–3
Brisbane 1966   Karen Krantzcke   Lexie Kenny 6–1 6–2
Melbourne 1967   Lesley Turner   Karen Melville 1–6 7–5 6–2
↓  Open era  ↓
Launceston 1968   Karen Krantzcke   Evonne Goolagong 6–1 6–1
Sydney 1969   Kerry Melville   Karen Krantzcke 6–3 8–10 6–1
Toowoomba 1970   Evonne Goolagong   Marilyn Tesch 6–3 7–5
Southport 1971   Evonne Goolagong   Mona Schallau 6–1 6–1
Melbourne 1972   Evonne Goolagong   Pat Coleman 6–7 6–2 6–2
Sydney 1973   Dianne Fromholtz[34]   Ann Kiyomura 6–1 7–5
Gympie 1974   Helena Anliot   Natasha Chmyreva 6–1 7–5
Melbourne 1975   Judy Tegart Dalton   Kym Ruddell 6–2 6–3
Sydney 1976   Dianne Fromholtz   Leanne Harrison 6–1 6–0
Brighton East 1977   Sue Saliba   Pam Whytcross 2–6 7–6 6–2
1978 No event
? 1979   Jill Davis ? ?
Hobart-Jan 1980   Nerida Gregory   Karen Gulley 7–5 6–2
Hobart -Nov 1980   Susan Leo ? ?
1981 No event
Sydney 1982   Anne Minter   Amanda Tobin Dingwall 6–4 6–2
1983   Anne Minter   Amanda Tobin Dingwall 6–3 6–4
1984   Dianne Fromholtz   Anneli Bjork 6–3 6–2
1985   Helena Dahlström   Monica Lundqvist 6–4 3–6 7–6
1986   Nicole Provis   Michelle Bowrey 6–3 6–3
Auburn 1987   Louise Stacey   Jane Morro 0–6 7–6 6–2
1988 No event
Brisbane 1989   Helena Suková[35]   Brenda Schultz 7–6 7–6
1990   Helena Suková[35]   Rachel McQuillan 6–4 6–0
1991   Helena Suková[35]   Akiko Kijimuta 6–4 6–3
1992[36]   Nicole Provis   Rachel McQuillan 6–3 6–2
1993   Conchita Martínez   Magdalena Maleeva 6–3 6–4
1994   Lindsay Davenport   Florencia Labat 6–1 2–6 6–3
1995–1996 No event
Hope Island 1997   Elena Likhovtseva   Ai Sugiyama 3–6, 7–6, 6–3
1998   Ai Sugiyama[37]   Maria Vento 7–5, 6–0
1999   Patty Schnyder[38]   Mary Pierce 4–6, 7–6(7–5), 6–2
Gold Coast 2000   Silvija Talaja   Conchita Martínez 6–1, 3–6, 6–0
2001   Justine Henin   Silvia Farina Elia 7–6(7–5), 6–4
2002   Venus Williams[39]   Justine Henin 7–5, 6–2
2003   Nathalie Dechy   Marie-Gayanay Mikaelian 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
2004   Ai Sugiyama   Nadia Petrova 1–6, 6–1, 6–4
2005   Patty Schnyder   Samantha Stosur 1–6, 6–3, 7–5
2006   Lucie Šafářová   Flavia Pennetta 6–3, 6–4
2007   Dinara Safina   Martina Hingis 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
2008   Li Na   Victoria Azarenka 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
succeeded by Brisbane International

NotesEdit

Notes 1: From inception in 1938 the men's and women's events of the championships were hosted at the same locations and venues for most of its duration until 1986. Though there were a few exceptions after 1986, the name of the event- the (national title)- remained but the tournaments were separated into individual events for men and women[40] until 2008.
Notes 2: As early as 1949, the (national championships) were occasionally held in conjunction with other tournaments[41] which has been the case in more recent times.[36]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alexander, J. A. (1950). Australia, the Herald Year Book. Melbourne Herald & Weekly Times. p. 776.
  2. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". The Evening News. Rockhampton, Qld. 28 June 1938. p. 12. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b "HARD-COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". The Age. Melbourne. 4 July 1938. p. 7. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Baghdatis confirmed, Tomic expected". Brisbane International Tennis. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Transferring tennis championships to Brisbane wrong: Rann". ABC News. 8 July 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  6. ^ "PLUS: TENNIS – AAPT CHAMPIONSHIPS; Norman Wins First-Round Match". The New York Times. Associated Press. 2000. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Johansson wins Adelaide title". The Age. 9 January 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  8. ^ "2008 Next Generation Adelaide International Singles ATP Results". Fox Sports. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  9. ^ "RESULTS PLUS". The New York Times. 5 January 1989. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  10. ^ "WTA Finals – 2014 to 1971" (PDF). Women's Tennis Association (WTA). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  11. ^ The Age. Melbourne. 5 January 1980. p. 30 https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/121890090/. Retrieved 21 October 2017 – via Newspapers.com. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Warwick wins tennis, with no umpires". The Canberra Times. 26 October 1982. p. 18. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  13. ^ Archives, Tennis. "Australian Hard Courts". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  14. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CH. Tournament Roll of honour". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis Base. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  15. ^ "HARD-COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". Border Watch. Mount Gambier, SA. 5 July 1938. p. 8. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  16. ^ "HARD-COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". West Australian. Perth. 29 March 1940. p. 17. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Bromwich Wins Tennis Title". Sporting Globe. Melbourne. 30 March 1940. p. 5. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  18. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 9 September 1946. p. 5. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Quist Wins Singles Title". Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton, Qld. 10 November 1947. p. 4. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  20. ^ "HARD COURT TITLES FOR SYDNEY". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 February 1949. p. 7. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  21. ^ "TITLES GAMES IN TOOWOOMBA". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 2 February 1950. p. 4. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  22. ^ a b "Nore Courts Necessary at Launceston". The Mercury. Hobart, Tasmania. 22 April 1949. p. 12. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  23. ^ a b c "Cooper Wins Third Hard-Court Title". The Canberra Times. 31 March 1958. p. 8. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  24. ^ "Australian hard court title to NSW". The Canberra Times. 9 November 1970. p. 14. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  25. ^ "Hobart Results 1979". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  26. ^ "Hobart Results 1980". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  27. ^ a b c "Display: Peter Doohan". collections.ncc.nsw.gov.au. Sporting Hall of Fame, New South Wales Government, Australia. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Hewitt in Adelaide swansong". The Daily Telegraph, Australia, 21 August 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  29. ^ "Johansson wins Adelaide title – Tennis". The Age. 9 January 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  30. ^ "AUSTRALIAN HARD COURT CHAMPIONSHIPS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 9 September 1946. p. 5. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  31. ^ "HARDCOURT TITLES HERE". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 April 1949. p. 8. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  32. ^ "TENNIS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. 22 April 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  33. ^ "Margaret Smith beaten". The Canberra Times. 25 October 1965. p. 13. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  34. ^ "Dianne's 10th title of year". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 December 1973. Retrieved 21 October 2017 – via Google News Archive Search.
  35. ^ a b c "SPORTS TODAY". The Buffalo News. 6 January 1991. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  36. ^ a b "Australians clash in women's tennis final". The Age. Melbourne. 5 January 1992. p. 44. Retrieved 21 October 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  37. ^ "1998 Hope Island". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  38. ^ David, Rowe (2003). Critical Readings: Sport, Culture And The Media. McGraw-Hill Education (UK). p. 285. ISBN 9780335211500.
  39. ^ "Venus Is Australia Hardcourt Champ". Huron Daily Tribune (3 January 2012). Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  40. ^ "Tennis news..." The Times (4 January 2006). Malta. Reuters. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  41. ^ "HARDCOURT TITLES HERE". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 April 1949. p. 8. Retrieved 21 October 2017.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit