Nell Hall Hopman
Eleanor "Nell" Mary Hall Hopman (née Hall; 9 March 1909 – 10 January 1968) was one of the female tennis players that dominated Australian tennis from 1930 through the early 1960s. She was the first wife of Harry Hopman, the coach and captain of 22 Australian Davis Cup teams.
|Full name||Eleanor Mary Hall Hopman|
|Born||9 March 1909|
|Died||10 January 1968 (aged 58)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||F (1939, 1947)|
|French Open||3R (1938)|
|Wimbledon||3R (1934, 1952, 1953)|
|US Open||3R (1938)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||F (1935, 1937, 1955)|
|French Open||W (1954)|
|Wimbledon||QF (1935, 1947)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|Australian Open||W (1930, 1936, 1937, 1939)|
Hopman was born on 9 March 1909 at Coogee, Sydney and was the only daughter and second of three children of Charles Ernest Hall, clerk, and Mabel Gertrude, née Tipper. She was educated at Claremont College, Randwick and as a student she excelled at tennis and music. She obtaining her licentiate and teaching diploma at the Royal College of Music, London and received a scholarship in 1928 but instead elected to pursue a tennis career.
Hopman teamed with her husband to win four mixed doubles titles at the Australian Championships (1930, 1936, 1937, and 1939). They were mixed doubles finalists at Wimbledon in 1935, losing to Fred Perry and Dorothy Round Little in three sets.
Hopman was a singles finalist at the Australian Championships in 1939 and 1947. She partnered with Maureen Connolly to win the women's doubles title at the 1954 French Championships. She played in 58 Grand Slam singles events during her career, the last one a first round loss at the 1966 French Championships when she was 57 years old. She played in 27 of the 28 singles events that were held at the Australian Championships from 1930 through 1962, including 25 consecutive events from 1933 through 1962. Her last Grand Slam event was the women's doubles tournament at the 1966 US Championships, where she and Mrs. Arklay Richards lost in the first round.
Hopman was instrumental in Tennis Australia's decision to invite the reigning Wimbledon champion, Louise Brough Clapp, and Doris Hart to play tournaments in Australia in the summer of 1949–1950. She also arranged for Connolly and the American junior title holder Julie Sampson Haywood to play in Australia in the summer of 1952–1953. The end result was Tennis Australia's decision to establish a committee to discuss ways and means of improving the "poor standards of Australian women's tennis". Other tennis writers supported Hopman's efforts, accusing Tennis Australia of a "parochial attitude to women players". In 1955, Tennis Australia finally sent a women's team abroad, under the management of Adrian Quist. In 1961, Hopman took another women's team abroad, consisting of Margaret Court, Lesley Turner Bowrey, and Mary Carter Reitano. Although the tour was a financial success, Hopman was accused of overworking and underfeeding her players and forcing them to stay in inadequate hotels. As a result, Court refused to participate in the 1962 overseas tour led by Hopman.
Hopman was employed by the United States Lawn Tennis Association and the Southern California Tennis Association from 1952 through 1954 to be the travelling companion and chaperon of Connolly. In 1962, she persuaded the International Tennis Federation to begin sponsoring the Federation Cup, now known as the Fed Cup, an international team event for women similar to the Davis Cup for men.
Grand Slam tournament finalsEdit
Singles: 2 (2 runners-up)Edit
|Loss||1939||Australian Championships||Grass||Emily Hood Westacott||1–6, 2–6|
|Loss||1947||Australian Championships||Grass||Nancye Wynne Bolton||3–6, 2–6|
Doubles: 4 (1 titles, 3 runners-up)Edit
|Loss||1935||Australian Championships||Grass||Louise Bickerton|| Evelyn Dearman
|Loss||1937||Australian Championships||Grass||Emily Hood Westacott|| Thelma Coyne Long
Nancye Wynne Bolton
|Win||1954||French Championships||Clay||Maureen Connolly|| Maude Galtier
|7–5, 4–6, 6–0|
|Loss||1955||Australian Championships||Grass||Gwen Thiele|| Mary Bevis Hawton
Mixed doubles: 6 (4 titles, 2 runners-up)Edit
|Win||1930||Australian Championships||Grass||Harry Hopman|| Marjorie Cox Crawford
|11–9, 3–6, 6–3|
|Loss||1935||Wimbledon Championships||Grass||Harry Hopman|| Dorothy Round Little
|5–7, 6–4, 2–6|
|Win||1936||Australian Championships||Grass||Harry Hopman|| May Blick
|Win||1937||Australian Championships||Grass||Harry Hopman|| Dorothy Stevenson
|3–6, 6–3, 6–2|
|Win||1939||Australian Championships||Grass||Harry Hopman|| Margaret Wilson
|6–8, 6–2, 6–3|
|Loss||1940||Australian Championships||Grass||Harry Hopman|| Nancye Wynne Bolton
|5–7, 6–2, 4–6|
Grand Slam singles tournament timelineEdit
|Australian Championships||1R||1R||A||QF||QF||SF||QF||2R||SF||F||SF||NH||NH||QF||F||QF||2R||QF||QF||2R||2R||QF||QF||2R||2R||1R||2R||1R||2R||2R||A||A||0 / 27|
|French Championships||A||A||A||A||1R||2R||A||A||3R||A||NH||R||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||1R||1R||1R||2R||1R||A||A||1R||A||1R||2R||A||1R||0 / 12|
|Wimbledon||A||A||A||A||3R||2R||A||A||1R||A||NH||NH||NH||A||4R||A||A||A||A||3R||3R||1R||2R||2R||A||A||2R||A||1R||A||A||A||0 / 11|
|US Championships||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||3R||A||A||A||A||A||2R||A||A||A||A||A||2R||2R||2R||1R||A||A||2R||A||A||2R||A||A||0 / 8|
|SR||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 0||0 / 1||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 4||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 0||0 / 0||0 / 1||0 / 3||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 3||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 4||0 / 1||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 0||0 / 1||0 / 58|
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.
- "Hopman, Eleanor (1909 - 1968)". The Australian Women's Register.
- "Australian Open players archive – Nell Hopman". Tennis Australia.
- "Wimbledon draws archive – 1935 Mixed Doubles". AELTC.
- "Death of Mrs Nell Hopman". The Canberra Times. 11 January 1968. p. 24 – via National Library of Australia.
- "News in Brief Australians Honoured". The Canberra Times. 19 July 1962. p. 3 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Nell Hopman Dies at 57". The Sydney Morning Herald. 11 January 1968. p. 6.