Auburn, New South Wales

Auburn is a Western Sydney suburb in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Auburn is located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) west of the Sydney central business district and is in the local government area of Cumberland City Council, having previously been the administrative centre of Auburn Council.[2] The suburb was named after Oliver Goldsmith's poem The Deserted Village, which describes 'Auburn' in England as the "loveliest village of the plain".[3]

Auburn
New South Wales
(1)St Josephs Village Auburn 043.jpg
Duncraggarn Hall, a house now part of St Joseph's retirement village
Map
Population37,366 (2016 census)[1]
Established1793
Postcode(s)2144
Elevation23 m (75 ft)
Location16 km (10 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)Cumberland City Council
State electorate(s)Auburn
Federal division(s)
Suburbs around Auburn:
Clyde Rosehill Silverwater
South Granville Auburn Lidcombe
Sefton Regents Park Berala

Auburn prides itself as one of the most multicultural communities in Australia, being home to a high percentage of immigrants from Afghan, Turkish, Lebanese, and Chinese backgrounds.

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

The Auburn area was once used by Aboriginal people as a market place for the exchange of goods, a site for ritual battles and a 'Law Place' for ceremonies. The area was located on the border between the Darug inland group and the Eora/Dharawal coastal group. The Wangal and Wategoro, sub-groups or clans, are the groups most often recognised as the original inhabitants of the Auburn/Homebush Bay region.

Bennelong, one of the most famous Aborigines of the time, was a member of Wangal, as was his wife, Barangaroo. Pemulwuy, who organised tribes to resist the white settlement of the Sydney region from 1790 to 1802 was also a member of the Wangal.

On 5 February 1788, soon after the landing of Captain Phillip at Sydney Cove, Captain John Hunter and Lieutenant William Bradley sailed up what is now known as the Parramatta River, as far as Homebush Bay. Captain Hunter was the first European to set foot within the Auburn Local Government Area. Ten days later, the Governor, along with a well-armed party in three boats, reached Homebush Bay. They ventured about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) inland. The following day a party of explorers traced the river in a westerly direction, coming to the place where the Duck River enters the Parramatta River. They explored the tributary as far as the depth of water permitted. Seeing what appeared to be ducks rising out of a swamp covered with reeds, they named the river Duck River. The ducks were actually Eastern Swamp Hens, but the name Duck River remained. The Eastern Swamp Hen featured prominently on the council's Coat of Arms and was part of the former Auburn City Council logo.

SettlementEdit

In February 1793, Auburn area was established as the first free-agricultural settlement thanks to Governor Phillip's repeated applications to the British government for free settlers.[citation needed] Phillip was of the opinion that only free settlers with the assistance of convicts will be able to create an environment in which a country could support its inhabitants. Secretary Dundas endorsed Governor's opinion and secured an agreement with several farmers, some of whom were members of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), to settle in the colony. The first grants were given to Thomas Rose, Frederic Meredith, Thomas and Joseph Webb as well as Edward Powell.[citation needed] The deeds of the land described the farms' location as Liberty Plains and this is the name given to the neighbourhood of their farms by the first settlers, although the actual area bearing that name was a little further, lying at the upper part of Port Jackson. Dwellers of the Liberty Plains Parish were very proud of the fact that in the colony of felons they were the first people who came to Australia as free men and were given a privilege of choosing their own grants. This proud heritage is reflected in the motto on the Auburn coat of arms: "Liberty, with steady zeal".

In the late 1870s a "township" was surveyed “in the centre of the Liberty Plains… 11 miles from Sydney, on the Suburban Railway line” and divided into “fine township allotments all fronting grand wide streets”. The subdivision was named 'Auburn', being a reference to Goldsmith's poem ‘The Deserted Village’. The poem begins: “Sweet Auburn! Loveliest village of the plain”. Advertisements for the sale of allotments in May 1878 quoted the poem and added: “So wrote the poet in years gone by in describing the 'Auburn' of Old England, and fitly does it describe the new Auburn of the Sunny South”.[4]

One of the early settlers in the area was Fred Chisholm, who had an estate west of the present site of Auburn railway station. In the 1880s, John Buchanan, a timber merchant, purchased land from Fred Chisholm and built his home, 'Duncraggarn Hall', a two-storey Italianate mansion with a central tower and elaborate wrought-iron balconies. In 1892, Buchanan sold his thirteen-acre estate to the Sisters of Charity, who turned the house into St Joseph's Hospital for Consumptives. In 1903, extensions to the hospital were constructed and the house itself became a convent for the sisters. Further modifications and extensions took place over the years, with the eventual result that the old hospital site became St Joseph's Village—a retirement village—with a modern hospital next door. 'Duncraggarn Hall' is heritage-listed.[5]

Auburn councilEdit

The formal Auburn Local Government Area was formed in 1948, when Auburn and Lidcombe Councils merged into Auburn Municipal Council. In 2006 it became the City of Auburn which in 2016 was split between other local government areas.[6]

20th century and immigrationEdit

In the late 20th century, Auburn became a popular point of settlement for successive waves of immigrants. In the post-World War II era, immigrants from the Ukraine, Russia, Italy and Greece settled in Auburn, who were succeeded in the 1960s by immigrants from Turkey and Vietnam. More recently, a large number of immigrants have settled in Auburn from China and Afghanistan. The history of immigrant settlement in Auburn has resulted in a suburb which is noted for its multicultural environment.[7][8]

Heritage listingsEdit

Auburn has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Commercial areaEdit

Auburn has a mixture of residential, commercial and industrial areas. A commercial area is located close to Auburn railway station. There are many multicultural restaurants and cafes.

South of the railway station, the commercial area stretches for approximately 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) and features many shops, restaurants and supermarkets, including a number of shops and restaurants specialising in Middle Eastern, Turkish and East Asian products and cuisine. This reflects Auburn's history as a popular place of settlement for successive waves of immigrants in Sydney. It is a focal point especially for significant events such as football matches or political developments in the Middle East.

Some distance north of the town centre clustered around the railway station, commercial and industrial developments are also located along the length of Parramatta Road and surrounding streets.

It is home to the LFL team Auburn Wildcats who play in the Australian Eastern Conference as it is one of 6 teams in Sydney who represent this league. There are 40 teams in total of the LFL Australia and 12 are located in NSW.

Transport servicesEdit

 
Railway storage and maintenance facilities at Auburn Maintenance Centre, near Auburn

RailEdit

Auburn railway station is on the Western and Inner West & Leppington lines of the Sydney Trains network, where there are frequent services.

The Auburn Maintenance Centre, a large maintenance and storage facility which services Sydney Trains rolling stock, is located to the northwest of the town centre, close to Clyde station.

BusEdit

Auburn also has a number of bus services, which service Auburn and the surrounding areas.[11]

Busways operate two routes to and from Auburn station:

Transdev NSW operates four routes via Auburn station:

Auburn railway station is served by two NightRide routes:

LandmarksEdit

SchoolsEdit

Religious structuresEdit

 
Auburn Gallipoli Mosque

The Auburn Baptist Church opened in 1888 and since 1928 has resided at its present location on Harrow Road.[21]

The Sri Mandir in Auburn is Australia's oldest Hindu temple, having opened in 1977.[22]

The Auburn Gallipoli Mosque took thirteen years to construct and was largely funded by the Turkish community in the area.[23] The name of the mosque reflects the legacy of Gallipoli in Turkey and the shared bond between Australian society and the Australian Turkish Muslim Community who constructed the mosque.

PopulationEdit

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2016 census of population, there were 37,366 residents in Auburn. 29.5% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China 12.7%, Nepal 6.5%, Afghanistan 6.1%, Pakistan 5.5% and India 5.0%. 12.9% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 13.3%, Mandarin 12.0%, Turkish 8.4%, Cantonese 6.8% and Nepali 6.7%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were Islam 43.0%, No Religion 15.5%, Catholic 9.7% and Hinduism 8.8%.[1]

Notable peopleEdit

Pop cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Auburn (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 November 2017.  
  2. ^ Liberty Plains: a history of Auburn N.S.W. - Centenary edition
  3. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 11.
  4. ^ Advertisement, Sydney Morning Herald, 18 May 1878, page 13.
  5. ^ State Heritage Register
  6. ^ Local Government (City of Parramatta and Cumberland) Proclamation 2016 NSW Government.
  7. ^ "Secret Suburb: Revealing Auburn's sweet treats and glittering gold". The Daily Telegraph. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  8. ^ "There's something about Auburn: Sydney's demographic hotspot". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Auburn Railway Signal Box". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage. H01023. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Electricity Substation No. 167". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage. H01790. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Auburn Station Map" (PDF). transportnsw.info. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  12. ^ Route 540 timetable Transport for NSW
  13. ^ Route 544 timetable Transport for NSW
  14. ^ Route 908 timetable Transport for NSW
  15. ^ Route 909 timetable Transport for NSW
  16. ^ Route 911 timetable Transport for NSW
  17. ^ Route S3 timetable Transport for NSW
  18. ^ Route N60 timetable Transport for NSW
  19. ^ Route N61 timetable Transport for NSW
  20. ^ Wilson, Jan; Laura Vallee; Murray Fagg (12 December 2006). "Auburn Botanical Gardens, Auburn Galipoli Mosque". Directory of Australian Botanic Gardens and Arboreta. Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 3 February 2007.
  21. ^ New South Wales Government Office of Environment and Heritage. "Auburn Baptist Church". Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Gunshots prompt prayers for peace". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 April 2011.
  23. ^ Gallipoli Mosque Archived 20 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Burke, Liz (17 August 2015). "Salim Mahajer: the man behind that wedding". Nationwide News Pty Ltd. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  25. ^ "Salim Mehajer's criminal record revealed". au.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  26. ^ Media, Fairfax. "INTERACTIVE: Salim Mehajer: the life and times of Sydney's most infamous deputy mayor". Parramatta Sun. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  27. ^ "Garry Rush". Australian Speedway Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 26 February 2017.
  28. ^ Cornford, Philip (23 April 2005). "How the trap snapped shut". The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved 26 June 2011.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 33°51′56″S 151°01′25″E / 33.86563°S 151.02360°E / -33.86563; 151.02360