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Anish Kumar Giri (Nepali: अनिश कुमार गिरी; born June 28, 1994) is a Russian-born Dutch chess player. A former chess prodigy, he completed the requirements for the title Grandmaster at the age of 14 years, 7 months and 2 days, which made him the youngest Grandmaster in the world at that time.[note 1] FIDE awarded him the title in 2009.
Anish Giri in Bundesliga 2014
|Country||Russia (until 2009)|
Netherlands (since 2009)
|Born||June 28, 1994|
Saint Petersburg, Russia
|FIDE rating||2780 (October 2019)|
|Peak rating||2798 (January 2016)|
|Ranking||No. 5 (June 2019)|
|Peak ranking||No. 3 (January 2016)|
Giri is a four-time Dutch champion (2009, 2011, 2012, and 2015) and won the Corus Chess B Group in 2010. He has represented the Netherlands at five Chess Olympiads (2010, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018). He also won some major international tournaments, including the 2012 Reggio Emilia tournament, 2017 Reykjavik Open and shared 1st place in the 2015 London Chess Classic and 2018 Wijk aan Zee. In 2019 he won clear first at the Shenzen Masters in China with 6,5 out of 10 possible points. He is currently an active top 10 player, sponsored by Dutch company Optiver and supported by Dutch Chess Federation (KNSB).
Giri was born in St Petersburg on 28 June 1994 to a Russian mother, Olga Giri, and a Nepalese father, Sanjay Giri. In 2002, he moved to Sapporo, Japan, with his parents and lived there until 2008. Since February 2008, Giri and his family have lived in Rijswijk, Netherlands, where his father works at a research and consulting foundation. He has two sisters, Natasha and Ayusha.
In June 2013, Giri graduated from Grotius College high school in Delft. He married Sopiko Guramishvili on 18 July 2015. He lives in The Hague. On October 3, 2016, while Anish was playing the Tal Memorial, his son Daniel was born.
Giri began playing chess with his mother at the age of six. Giri's first club was a local youth sport club 'DYUSH-2' in St. Petersburg, Russia. His trainers in this club were Asya Kovalyova and Andrei Praslov. He was a member of the Japan Chess Association and the Sapporo Chess Club during his stay in Japan.
Giri developed quickly as a junior, his rating increasing rapidly between April 2006 and July 2010 from 2114 to 2672.
Giri shared first place in the Russian Higher League Under-14s Boys Championship scoring 6½/9, winning the St Petersburg Boys Under 16s and coming third in the Under 18s event in 2007. The next year saw him share first at the Blokadny St Petersburg Open and win the Petrograd Winter Open scoring 8½/9. He followed with his first Grandmaster norm, achieved at the Intomart GfK Open sharing first with 7/9 in April 2008, sharing second at Kunsthalle GM Open and reaching his second Grandmaster norm at Groningen by sharing fourth place with 6½/9.
Giri's first appearance at a major tournament came in his shared second place at Corus Chess Group C in January 2009 giving him his third GM norm, his Grandmaster status being confirmed in June. He also shared second at the Dutch Open, won the Dutch Championship and shared second at the Unive tournament.
His performance in the previous year's Corus Chess Group C earned him a spot in Group B in 2010. He won the tournament with a score of 9/13, half a point ahead of Arkadij Naiditsch. Despite a disappointing result in the European Individual Championships, he drew a match with Nigel Short and won the Sigeman & Co tournament scoring 4½/5, coming second in the Dutch Championships behind Erwin L'Ami and was one of the best scorers for the Rising Stars team during the NH tournament against the Experienced team, but was unable to qualify for the Melody Amber tournament, losing on tiebreaks against Nakamura.
It was revealed in May 2010 that Giri had aided Viswanathan Anand in preparation for the World Chess Championship 2010 against challenger Veselin Topalov. Anand won the match 6½–5½ to retain the title.
At his debut appearance at Tata Steel in 2011 he scored 6½/13 (+2–2=9) and defeated Magnus Carlsen with Black in 22 moves. He also became Dutch champion for the second time and shared first place at Sigeman & Co with Wesley So and Hans Tikkanen.
Despite being the lowest ranked player, Giri won the 2012 Reggio Emilia chess tournament, claimed his third Dutch championship and shared third place at the strong Biel Chess Festival. His solid improvement continued with fourth place at the Reykjavik Open and a match victory against Vassily Ivanchuk at Leon in 2013.
Giri took part in the 2012/13 FIDE Grand Prix cycle, but failed to qualify for the Candidates Tournament.
In 2014 Giri shared second place at the Tata Steel tournament, won individual bronze for his first board performance at the 41st Chess Olympiad in Tromso and finished second at the strong Qatar Masters Open.
Giri participated in the 2014/15 FIDE Grand Prix cycle, but again failed to qualify for the Candidates Tournament.
In March 2016, Giri participated in the Candidates Tournament 2016 in Moscow, Russia, where he drew all 14 games. He went to the tournament with his wife Sopiko Guramishvili and his coach Vladimir Tukmakov.
In March 2019, Giri won the 3rd Dute Cup in Shenzhen, placing clear first with 6,5/10 (+3-0=7).
In May, Anish participated in the Moscow FIDE Grand Prix tournament, which is part of the qualification cycle for the 2020 World Chess Championship. The tournament was a 16-player event. Anish was eliminated from the tournament after an upset loss to the lowest ranked player, GM Daniil Dubov in the first round..
Giri has represented the Netherlands at five Chess Olympiads earning three individual Bronze medals and scoring a total of 28,5 points from 40 games(+19-2=19).
|Olympiad||Board||Individual result||Team result|
|Khanty-Mansiysk 2010||Fourth||8/11 (Bronze)||15th|
|Tromso 2014||First||8/11 (Bronze)||12th|
|Batumi 2018||First||8,5/11 (Bronze)||40th|
Other team resultsEdit
Giri has also competed in a World Team Championship, two European Team Championships and a World Cities Championship, earning a team gold medal in the World Cities Championship:
|Event||Board||Individual result||Team result|
|2011 European Team Championship||Fourth||5/9 (7th)||6th|
|2012 World Cities Championship||First||5/7||Gold|
|2013 European Team Championship||First||6½/9 (7th)||11th|
|2013 World Team Championship||First||5/9 (5th)||6th|
Giri has played for numerous clubs in team tournaments including SK Turm Emsdetten since 2008 in the Chess Bundesliga, HSG (Hilversum Chess Society), the Delftsche SchaakClub (Delft Chess Club), HMC Calder and En Passant. He used to play in Spanish league for chess club Sestao Naturgas Energia. He used to play in the French league (TOP-16) for l'Echiquier Châlonnais and Russian league for SHSM-64 (Moscow). He has participated and won the prestigious European Club Cup with Azeri SOCAR and Russian Siberia.
Giri has a very solid, conservative style. This makes him very hard to beat, but also leads to him not translating his chances into wins. His infamous streak of 14 draws at the 2016 Candidates Tournament is illustrative, and led to him being the butt of many jokes, such as a Chess24.com April Fool's piece about Giri writing a book entitled My 60 Memorable Draws (a play on Bobby Fischer's My 60 Memorable Games). He also has been dubbed ‘the artist’ due to his propensity for drawing. Nonetheless his peers acknowledge his strengths as a player, with Grandmaster Arkadij Naiditsch opining that beating world champion Magnus Carlsen is easier than beating Giri.
Other interests and skillsEdit
He annotated a number of top games for the popular chess site ChessBase, and has written several articles, including analyses of his own games for chess magazines, such as New in Chess, 64 (chess magazine), and Schach Magazin 64. He used to be a columnist for the magazine ChessVibes Training. He has been regularly contributing to his own official website and is a contributing editor to New In Chess.
In 2014 Giri published his first book, My Junior Years In 20 Games. 
- This means that of all the GMs in the world at the time, Giri was the youngest. It should not be confused with the record for the youngest age to earn the GM title, a record which is held by Sergey Karjakin. Karjakin became a GM at the age of 12 years and 7 months.
- Player transfers in 2009. FIDE.
- "Anish Giri, 14, makes his final GM norm". Chessbase.com. 2009-01-31. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
- "NRN boy youngest grandmaster". MyRepublica.com. 2009-02-01. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
- "Promise of greatness in Dutch chess prodigy". Nrc.nl. 2010-01-15. Archived from the original on 2010-03-29. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- Another Chess Wedding: Anish Giri becomes a Son in Law of Georgia, and Sopiko Guramishvili Marries One of the World's Top Players - chess-news.ru, 18 July 2015
- "Exclusive Interview with GM Anish Giri | Chess Blog of iChess.NET". Chess Videos, Chess DVDs, Chess Software and more. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
- "FIDE Title Applications". FIDE. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Sigeman: Giri wins with 4½/5 and a 2936 performance". ChessBase. 2010-05-31. Archived from the original on 3 June 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
- "NH Chess Tournament 2010". The Week in Chess. 2011-08-22. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
- "Anand in Playchess – the helpers in Sofia". Chessbase. 2010-05-19. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
- "Carlsen, Giri, Kasparov and Kramnik all helped Anand". Chessvibes. 2010-05-20. Archived from the original on 23 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- "73rd Tata Steel Chess Tournament 2011 | The Week in Chess". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Emmett (SonofPearl), Ryan. "Giri Stuns Carlsen In Tata Steel". Chess.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- "19th Sigeman & Co 2011 | The Week in Chess". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Emmett (SonofPearl), Ryan. "Three-Way Tie At Sigeman". Chess.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- "Giri and Lanchava win Dutch Championship titles". The Week In Chess. Mark Crowther. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Giri beats Ivanchuk in Leon". ChessBase. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Results - Tata Steel Chess". Tata Steel Chess. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Tromso Final". ChessBase. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Yu Yangyi wins Qatar Masters Open 2014". ChessBase. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "FIDE Candidates 2016 | The Week in Chess". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Doggers (PeterDoggers), Peter. "Karjakin Wins Candidates' Tournament, Qualifies For World Title Match". Chess.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- "Tournament Standings". Chessgames.com. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Barden, Leonard (2018-02-02). "Chess: Magnus Carlsen storms back into form with Wijk aan Zee victory". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- "Tata Steel Chess: Carlsen, the Roger Federer of chess". Chess News. 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Staff writer(s) (28 April 2018). "Results: Cross Table". Shamkir Chess.
- 46th Dortmund Sparkassen Chess-Meeting 2018 The Week in Chess
- "2nd DT Cup 2018 | The Week in Chess". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- McGourty, Colin (28 January 2019). "Tata Steel 2019, 13: Carlsen's Magnificent Seven". Chess24.
- Doggers, Peter (18 May 2019). "Top GMs Exit Early After Bloody FIDE Grand Prix Day 2". Chess.com.
- "Men's Chess Olympiads: Anish Giri". Olimpbase. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Candidate Profile: Anish Giri". 3 March 2016.
- "Giri's 60 Memorable Draws (exclusive excerpt!)". Chess24.com. 1 April 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "Tata Steel Chess Round 2: Anish Giri takes sole lead; Viswanathan Anand in joint 2nd after draw".
- "Chessbase India interview with Delhi International 2018 winner GM Arkadij Naiditsch". 16 January 2018.
- "Sofia World Championship: Giri on game twelve". ChessBase. 2010-05-11. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- "Anish Giri: My Junior Years in 20 Games - Google Books".