The FIDE Grand Prix is a biennial series of chess tournaments, organized by FIDE and its commercial partner Agon. Each series consists of three to six chess tournaments, which used to form part of the qualification cycle for the World Chess Championship or Women's World Chess Championship.
The Grand Prix was first played in 2008. The initial Grand Prix saw Magnus Carlsen withdraw (along with Michael Adams) due to changed incentives toward the World Chess Championship, (see FIDE Grand Prix 2008–2010 for details).
The first two Grand Prix consisted of six tournaments, but the 2014–2015 edition had only four. Often there were problems finding sponsors and many announced host cities were changed eventually (to date, 8 of the 16 locations have been changed). The 2014–15 edition was announced late, with only 4 events instead of 6, reduced the prizes per event to about 1/3 of the previous amounts, and had no money for overall placings (as in the earlier editions). In 2014–15, four top 10 players (Carlsen, Anand, Topalov and Aronian) didn't participate, with the small prize funds and organizational uncertainty being the usual reasons given.
The winner of the Grand Prix (and sometimes lower finishers) gets entry to the Candidates Tournament. The winner of the women's cycle is directly qualified to a championship match. The women's edition has been dominated by Chinese GM Hou Yifan, though she withdrew from the 2015–16 series.
The format was changed for the FIDE Grand Prix 2017 with 24 players taking part in the cycle. Four events took place with 18 players in competing in each nine-round Swiss tournament. The events were originally announced to take place on Oct. 12 to 23, 2016; Feb. 10 to 21, 2017; May 11 to 22, 2017; and July 5 to 16, 2017. On May 26, 2016, Agon CEO Ilya Merenzon hoped to announce the venues within the next two weeks. After the FIDE meetings at the 42nd Chess Olympiad in Baku in early September 2016, Peter Doggers of Chess.com reported that the Grand Prix has been postponed until 2017. Shakhriyar Mamedyarov and Alexander Grischuk qualified to the 2018 Candidates Tournament.
In 2019, the format has been changed by FIDE once again, making Grand Prix a knock-out series with 21 players taking part in the Series and 16 player in each event. 20 players qualified by rating and 2 are wild cards invited by organizers. The cities were Moscow, Riga, Hamburg and Jerusalem. The Series is organized by World Chess (formerly Agon) and was broadcast on worldchess.com and via media partners.
The 2022 Grand Prix took place in Berlin, Belgrade, then Berlin again.
The players who qualify for the Candidates Tournament are marked with green background.
|Years||Stages||Total prize money||Winner||Runner-up||Third place||Format|
|2008–10||6||€1,272,000||Levon Aronian||Teimour Radjabov||Alexander Grischuk||21 players, each plays 4 of 6 14-player single round-robin|
|2012–13||6||€1,440,000||Veselin Topalov||Shakhriyar Mamedyarov||Fabiano Caruana||18 players, each plays 4 of 6 12-player single round-robin|
|2014–15||4||€480,000||Fabiano Caruana||Hikaru Nakamura||Dmitry Jakovenko||16 players, each plays 3 of 4 12-player single round-robin|
|2017||4||€520,000||Shakhriyar Mamedyarov||Alexander Grischuk||Teimour Radjabov||24 players, each plays 3 of 4 18-player Swiss|
|2019||4||€800,000||Alexander Grischuk||Ian Nepomniachtchi||Maxime Vachier-Lagrave||21 players, each plays 3 of 4 16-player knockout|
|2022||3||€450,000||Hikaru Nakamura||Richárd Rapport||Wesley So||24 players, each plays 2 of 3 16-player hybrid|
See also edit
- Magnus Carlsen withdraws from Grand Prix
- I am not giving up the fight! (Morozevich)
- FIDE Grand Prix Events (item 25, scroll down)
- I'm friendly in everyday life (Aronian)
- "The Grand Prix, Remade". World Chess. Archived from the original on 2020-03-30. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- Interview with Ilya Merenzon Archived 2016-08-01 at the Wayback Machine (FIDE)
- Tal Memorial participants announced (Peter Doggers, Chess.com)
- "FIDE World Chess". worldchess.com. Archived from the original on 2019-09-11. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
- 2022 FIDE Grand Prix Series Announced, FIDE, 17 June 2021
- Regulations for the FIDE Grand Prix Series 2022, FIDE, June 2021