Ian Alexandrovich Nepomniachtchi (Russian: Ян Алекса́ндрович Непо́мнящий, tr. Yan Aleksandrovich Nepomnyashchiy, IPA: [ˈjan ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ nʲɪˈpomnʲɪɕːɪj] ; born 14 July 1990) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

Ian Nepomniachtchi
Nepomniachtchi at the World Chess Championship 2023
Full nameIan Alexandrovich Nepomniachtchi
Born (1990-07-14) 14 July 1990 (age 33)
Bryansk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
TitleGrandmaster (2007)
FIDE rating2771 (December 2023)
Peak rating2795 (March 2023)
RankingNo. 5 (December 2023)
Peak rankingNo. 2 (February 2023)

Nepomniachtchi won the 2010 and 2020 Russian Superfinal and the 2010 European Individual titles. He also won the 2016 Tal Memorial and both the 2008 and 2015 Aeroflot Open events. He won the World Team Chess Championship as a member of the Russian team in Antalya[1] (2013) and Astana (2019). Nepomniachtchi won the 2015 European Team Chess Championship in Reykjavík with the Russian team. In October 2016, Nepomniachtchi was ranked fourth in the world in both rapid chess and blitz chess. He has won two silver medals in the World Rapid Championship and a silver medal at the World Blitz Championship, as well as winning the 2008 Ordix Open. In October 2022, he won a silver medal in FIDE World Fischer Random Chess Championship 2022.

In December 2019, he qualified for the Candidates Tournament 2020–2021 by finishing second in the FIDE Grand Prix 2019. He won the 2021 FIDE Candidates tournament with a round to spare, which qualified him as the challenger in the World Chess Championship 2021 for the world championship title but lost his challenge to defending champion Magnus Carlsen. In July 2022, he won the 2022 FIDE Candidates tournament with a round to spare, thereby winning two Candidates tournaments in a row and again qualifying him to play in the World Chess Championship 2023; additionally, he garnered the highest score in any Candidates tournament since the modern format was introduced in 2013.[2] However, he once again lost his challenge for the World Chess Championship title after losing to Ding Liren in 2023 during the 4th game of tiebreaks.

Career edit

Early career edit

Nepomniachtchi learned to play chess at age four. His grandfather Boris Iosifovich Nepomniashchy (1929–1998) was a famous teacher and lyricist in Bryansk. Nepomniachtchi's first coaches were his uncle Igor Nepomniashchy, Valentin Evdokimenko, international master Valery Zilberstein, and grandmaster Sergei Yanovsky. At age five, Nepomniachtchi moved to Bryansk with his first coach, Valentin Evdokimenko, and trained until Nepomniachtchi was 13. Under the guidance of his coach, he took part in the World and European Championships.[3] Nepomniachtchi won the European Youth Chess Championship three times. In 2000, he won the under-10 category, and in 2001 and 2002, he came first in the U12 championship.[4] In 2002, Nepomniachtchi also won the World Youth Chess Championship in the U12 category, edging out Magnus Carlsen on tiebreak score.[5]

2007–2009 edit

In 2007, he finished second in the C group of the Corus Chess Tournament in Wijk aan Zee[6] earning his first grandmaster (GM) norm. Later that same year, Nepomniachtchi gained his second GM norm at the European Individual Chess Championship in Dresden. The third and final norm required for the GM title was won at the 5th Vanya Somov Memorial – World's Youth Stars tournament in Kirishi.[7] Nepomniachtchi won the latter event, edging out Rauf Mamedov, Parimarjan Negi and Zaven Andriasian on tiebreak score.[8]

By winning the Aeroflot Open in Moscow in February 2008, he qualified for the 2008 Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting. In this tournament, he shared second place after an undefeated run. In the same year, he also won the Ordix Open, a rapid chess tournament in Mainz.[9][10]

He won the gold medal in chess at the 2009 Maccabiah Games.[11]

2010–2011 edit

In 2010, in Rijeka, Nepomniachtchi won the European Individual Championship with a score of 9/11.[12] Later the same year, in Moscow, he won the Russian Chess Championship, after defeating Sergey Karjakin in a playoff.[13]

At the Chess World Cup 2011, Nepomniachtchi defeated Isan Reynaldo Ortiz Suárez in the first round[14] and Alexander Riazantsev in the second round in tiebreaks,[15] but he lost to Gata Kamsky in the third round in tiebreaks.[16]

In November 2011, Nepomniachtchi tied for 3rd–5th with Vasily Ivanchuk and Sergey Karjakin in the category 22 Tal Memorial in Moscow.[17]

Nepomniachtchi's coach in 2011 was Vladimir Potkin.[18]

2013–2015 edit

In May 2013, Nepomniachtchi tied for 1st–8th with Alexander Moiseenko, Evgeny Romanov, Alexander Beliavsky, Constantin Lupulescu, Francisco Vallejo Pons, Sergei Movsesian, Hrant Melkumyan, Alexey Dreev, and Evgeny Alekseev in the European Individual Championship.[19] The following month, Nepomniachtchi finished second to Shakhriyar Mamedyarov in the World Rapid Chess Championship, held in Khanty-Mansiysk.[20]

In August 2013, Nepomniachtchi participated in the Chess World Cup 2013. He was defeated by Wei Yi in the first round.[21]

In October 2013, he tied for first with Peter Svidler in the Russian Championship Superfinal, finishing second on tiebreak.[22]

Over the course of 2013, Nepomniachtchi's blitz rating surged from 2689 in January to 2830 in December.

Nepomniachtchi won the silver medal at the World Blitz Chess Championship of 2014 held in Dubai.[23] In August, at the 5th International Chess Festival "Yaroslav the Wise" in Yaroslavl, he won the Tournament of Champions, a rapid chess event held with the double round-robin format featuring the six European champions of 2009–2014.[24][25] At the SportAccord World Mind Games, held in December 2014 in Beijing, he won the gold medal in the men's Basque chess tournament.[26]

In April 2015, he won the Aeroflot Open for the second time in his career, edging out Daniil Dubov on tiebreak, having played more games with the black pieces, and earned a spot in the 2015 Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting. Right after the end of the tournament he also won the Aeroflot blitz tournament.[27] Later that year, in September, he won the Moscow Blitz Championship[28] and one month later, he took the silver medal at the World Rapid Chess Championship in Berlin.[29]

At the Chess World Cup 2015, Nepomniachtchi defeated Zhao Jun and Laurent Fressinet in the first and second rounds, but lost to Hikaru Nakamura in the third round in tiebreaks.[30]

2016–2020 edit

Nepomniachtchi at the 2018 Russian Chess Championships Super Finals

Nepomniachtchi won the 7th Hainan Danzhou tournament in July[31][32] and the Tal Memorial in October.[33]

At the 42nd Chess Olympiad, held in 2016, he won the team bronze medal and an individual silver playing board 4 for Russia.

At the Chess World Cup 2017, Nepomniachtchi defeated Mladen Palac and Baskaran Adhiban in the first and second rounds, but lost to Baadur Jobava in tiebreaks.[34]

On 10 December 2017, Ian won a chess game against world champion Magnus Carlsen at the super tournament in London. In the tournament, Nepomniachtchi, the leader after eight rounds (+3−0=5), lost in a tie-break to Fabiano Caruana, who managed to catch up with the leader in the ninth round, and took 2nd place. On 27 December 2017, he took third in the World Rapid Chess Championship, which ended in Riyadh.

In July 2018, he won the 46th Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting, scoring 5/7 (+3–0=4) to finish a point ahead of his nearest competitors.[35]

In January 2019, Nepomniachtchi competed in the 81st Tata Steel Masters, placing third with 7½/13 (+4–2=7).[36]

In March 2019, Nepomniachtchi contributed to Russia's World Team Chess Championship.[37]

At the Chess World Cup 2019, Nepomniachtchi advanced past the third round for the first time. He was defeated by Yu Yangyi in the fourth round.[38]

Over the course of 2019, he participated in the FIDE Grand Prix series, which was part of the qualification cycle for the 2020 World Chess Championship. In the series, Nepomniachtchi won two out of three tournaments in which he played. He finished second in the overall standings of the series, qualifying him for the 2020 Candidates Tournament.

In December 2020, he won the Russian championship with 7½ points out of 11 matches, edging out GM Sergey Karjakin by half a point.[39]

2021 edit

In April 2021, Nepomniachtchi won the 2020/2021 Candidates tournament with 8½/14 points (+5-2=7) half a point above second place Maxime Vachier-Lagrave.[40] The Candidates win qualified Nepomniachtchi to challenge Magnus Carlsen in a match for the World Chess Championship in November–December 2021. Carlsen retained his title, winning 7½–3½.

World Chess Championship 2021
Rating Rank Match games Points
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  Magnus Carlsen (NOR) 2856 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 Not required
  Ian Nepomniachtchi (CFR) 2782 5 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0

In August 2021 Nepomniachtchi was Russia's highest-ranked chess player, with a rating of 2792. This placed him fourth in the world and second in Europe (after Magnus Carlsen).[41]

From 26–28 December 2021, Nepomniachtchi participated in the 2021 FIDE World Rapid Championship, where he ended as one of the joint leaders with 9½/13 points, and scored second place after tiebreaks. As a result, he qualified for a playoff against Nodirbek Abdusattorov, who also had 9½/13 points and scored first place after tiebreaks. Nepomniachtchi held Abdusattorov to a draw in their first playoff game, but lost in the second. As a result, he ended in second place.[42]

In December 2021, Nepomniachtchi played a friendly match with Nornickel president Vladimir Potanin, which ended with victory for the grandmaster in the 38th move.[43]

2022 edit

Nepomniachtchi qualified for the 2022 Candidates tournament as the World Championship runner-up, and took an early lead in the tournament.[44][45] He competed under the FIDE flag, following FIDE's suspension of the Russian and Belarusian teams from international competition.[46][47] In round 13, Nepomniachtchi clinched a victory in the Candidates after securing a draw against Richárd Rapport, going into the 14th and final round with a lead of 1½ points. This guaranteed him qualification for the World Chess Championship 2023.[48] He is the first player to win the Candidates tournament undefeated since Viswanathan Anand in 2014; additionally, he got the highest score of 9½/14 in any Candidates tournament since the modern format was introduced in 2013.[2] Nepomniachtchi participated in the World Rapid Chess Championship 2022 and World Blitz Chess Championship 2022 but did not finish in the top three spots of these Championships.

2023 edit

Nepomniachtchi reached his peak rating of 2795, ranked 16th highest peak rating attained ever, in March 2023.

World Chess Championship 2023
Rating Classical games Points Rapid games Total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
  Ian Nepomniachtchi (FIDE) 2795 ½ 1 ½ 0 1 0 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 7 ½ ½ ½ 0
  Ding Liren (CHN) 2788 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 1 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 7 ½ ½ ½ 1

During the FIDE World Chess Championship 2023, Nepomniachtchi had a tied score of 7–7 with Ding Liren in the classical portion of the match. He ended up losing to Ding 9½–8½ in the 4th tiebreaker playoff as white in the rapid portion of the 18-game championship.[49]

In May 2023, Nepomniachtchi participated in the Superbet Chess Classic 2023, finishing in 9th place, after losing to Fabiano Caruana, Alireza Firouzja, and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave.[50]

At the Chess World Cup 2023, Nepomniachtchi advanced to the fifth round, where he was defeated by Vidit Gujrathi in tiebreaks.[51]

Rapid and blitz rankings edit

In addition to his strength in classical time controls, Nepomniachtchi is very skilled at rapid and blitz chess. As of September 2023, Nepomniachtchi ranked fourth on the FIDE rapid list[52] and sixth on the blitz list.[53]

Personal life edit

Nepomniachtchi is Jewish.[54][55] He is often referred to by the nickname "Nepo".[56] He graduated from the Russian State Social University.[57]

On 4 October 2021, Nepomniachtchi appeared on the TV intellectual show What? Where? When?.[58]

Together with 43 other Russian elite chess players, Nepomniachtchi signed an open letter to Russian president Vladimir Putin in March 2022, protesting against the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and expressing solidarity with the Ukrainian people.[59]

Video gaming edit

In 2006, he was introduced to the video game Defense of the Ancients (Dota), later becoming a semiprofessional Dota 2 player.[60][61] He was a member of the team that won the ASUS Cup [ru] Winter 2011 Dota tournament, and also served as a commentator at the ESL One Hamburg 2018 Dota 2 tournament, using the nickname FrostNova.[62] He also plays Hearthstone and introduced fellow Russian chess grandmaster Peter Svidler to the game. The two later provided feedback to the Hearthstone game developers.[63]

Books edit

  • Grandmaster Zenon Franco (2021). Nail It Like Nepo!: Ian Nepomniachtchi's 30 Best Wins. [Limited Liability Company Elk and Ruby Publishing House]. ISBN 978-5604-56073-0.
  • Grandmaster Dorian Rogozenco (2021). Eight Good Men: The 2020–2021 Candidates Tournament. [Limited Liability Company Elk and Ruby Publishing House]. ISBN 978-5604-17707-5.
  • Cyrus Lakdawala (2021). Nepomniachtchi: Move by Move. [Everyman Chess]. ISBN 9781781946251.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "World Team 09 Russia takes gold; China silver". ChessBase. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b Doggers (PeterDoggers), Peter. "Ding Beats Nakamura To Finish 2nd Behind Nepomniachtchi; Radjabov Claims 3rd Place". Chess.com. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Ян Непомнящий: "Стал играть злее, и результаты пошли"". sport-express.ru. 25 December 2010.
  4. ^ "The Week in Chess 420". The Week in Chess. Mark Crowther. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  5. ^ da Nóbrega, Adaucto Wanderley. "Heraklio 2002 – 17° World Championship u12 (boys)". BrasilBase. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  6. ^ Standings of grandmaster group C 2007 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Tata Steel Chess
  7. ^ GM title application FIDE
  8. ^ Crowther, Mark (28 May 2007). "TWIC 655: Somov Memorial Kirishi". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  9. ^ Doggers, Peter (4 August 2008). "Nepomniachtchi wins Ordix Open". ChessVibes. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  10. ^ "Mainz 2008: Ian Nepomniachtchi wins Ordix Open". ChessBase. 5 August 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Ian Nepomniachtchi is European Chess Champion". Chessdom. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  13. ^ "First Russian title for Nepomniachtchi". ChessVibes.com. Archived from the original on 24 December 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  14. ^ "World Chess Cup 2011 Khanty-Mansiysk » Results". FIDE. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  15. ^ "World Cup R2 tiebreaks: The 2700 clashes are coming". ChessBase. 2 September 2011. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  16. ^ "World Cup R3 Tiebreaks: Navara wins, and Mamedyarov falls to Zherebukh". ChessBase. 5 September 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  17. ^ "Carlsen catches Aronian in last round, wins Tal Memorial on tiebreak". ChessVibes. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
  18. ^ "Vladimir Potkin on chess coaching and cheating". Chess in Translation. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  19. ^ Crowther, Mark (16 May 2013). "14th European Individual Championships 2013". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
  20. ^ "Shakhriyar Mamedyarov is 2013 World Rapid Chess Champion". Chessdom. 8 June 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  21. ^ Heitmann, Jarle (ed.). "Results and Pairings". www.chessworldcup2013.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  22. ^ "Russian Super Final: Svidler, Gunina win". ChessBase. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  23. ^ FIDE World Blitz Championship 2014 Chess-Results
  24. ^ "Ian Nepomniachtchi convincing in Yaroslavl". Chessdom. 28 August 2014.
  25. ^ "Tournament of Champions in Yaroslavl". Chessdom. 25 August 2014.
  26. ^ McGourty, Colin (17 December 2014). "Hou Yifan and Nepomniachtchi Basque in glory". Chess24.
  27. ^ "Ian Nepomniachtchi dominates the Aeroflot Open". Chessdom. 6 April 2015. Archived from the original on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  28. ^ "Ian Nepomniachtchi and Valentina Gunina win the Moscow Blitz Chess Championships". FIDE. 11 September 2015. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  29. ^ "Magnus Carlsen is 2015 World Rapid Champion!". Chessdom. 12 October 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  30. ^ "Results tree". www.bakuworldcup2015.com. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  31. ^ "7th Hainan Danzhou GM 2016". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  32. ^ Shankland, Samuel (19 July 2016). "Nepomniachtchi Wins Super Tournament in China". World Chess. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  33. ^ Silver, Albert (7 October 2016). "Ian Nepomniachtchi wins Tal Memorial". ChessBase. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  34. ^ "Results". FIDE & OC Tbilisi 2017. Archived from the original on 1 September 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  35. ^ 46th Dortmund Sparkassen Chess-Meeting 2018 The Week in Chess
  36. ^ McGourty, Colin (28 January 2019). "Tata Steel 2019, 13: Carlsen's Magnificent Seven". Chess24.
  37. ^ "FIDE World Team Championship 2019 | The Week in Chess". theweekinchess.com.
  38. ^ "FIDE World Cup: Dominguez and Xiong win on demand". ChessBase. 22 September 2019. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  39. ^ "73rd Russian Chess Championships 2020 | The Week in Chess". theweekinchess.com.
  40. ^ "Ian Nepomniachtchi wins FIDE Candidates Tournament". www.fide.com. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  41. ^ "Кто такой и чем известен российский гроссмейстер Ян Непомнящий, претендент на шахматную корону". sport-express.ru (in Russian). 23 August 2021. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  42. ^ "FIDE World Rapid Championship 2021".
  43. ^ "Непомнящий обыграл Потанина в товарищеском матче по шахматам". 24 December 2021.
  44. ^ Colodro, Carlos Alberto (30 June 2022). "Candidates R10: Ding and Naka strike as Caruana falters". Chessbase. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  45. ^ McGourty, Colin (30 June 2022). "Madrid Candidates 10: Caruana caught by Ding and Nakamura". chess24.com. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  46. ^ "FIDE Candidates Tournament: Drawings of lots and pairings". www.fide.com. 28 April 2022. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  47. ^ "Russia and Belarus teams suspended from FIDE competitions". www.fide.com. 16 March 2022. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  48. ^ Colodro, Carlos Alberto (4 July 2022). "Ian Nepomniachtchi wins second consecutive Candidates Tournament". ChessBase.
  49. ^ Parodi, Alessandro (1 May 2023). "Chess-China's Ding Liren defies odds to become world champion". Reuters.
  50. ^ "Results & Standings - Grand Chess Tour: Superbet Chess Classic Romania 2023". Chess.com.
  51. ^ "FIDE World Cup Round 5 Tiebreaks: Ian Nepomniachtchi is out of the World Cup". FIDE. 14 August 2023. Archived from the original on 14 August 2023. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  54. ^ "Nepomniachtchi sets up World Chess Championship date with Carlsen". the Guardian. 26 April 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  55. ^ Soffer, Ram (24 July 2013). "2013 Maccabiah Games – The Jewish Olympics". ChessBase. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  56. ^ "Will Nepo's supercomputer give him world chess title edge over Carlsen?". The Guardian. 25 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  57. ^ "Vladimir Palikhata opened 9th International RSSU Cup Moscow Open 2013". Moscow Open 2013. 2 February 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  58. ^ "Брянский гроссмейстер Ян Непомнящий сыграл в "Что? Где? Когда?"" (in Russian). 4 October 2021.
  59. ^ "'Stop the war.' 44 Top Russian Players Publish Open Letter To Putin", Chess.com, 3 March 2022
  60. ^ Bolding, Jonathan (18 April 2021). "World #6 chess grandmaster compares watching esports to watching chess". PC Gamer. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  61. ^ Ganeev, Timur (10 May 2017). ""Я отошел от киберспорта и сосредоточился на шахматах"" [I moved away from esports and focused on chess]. Izvestia (in Russian). Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  62. ^ Neprash, Alexander (26 April 2021). "Россиянин Ян Непомнящий сыграет в матче за мировую шахматную корону. Он побеждал на Asus Cup Winter 2011 и комментировал ESL One Hamburg 2018" [Russian Ian Nepomniachtchi will play in the match for the world chess crown. He won the Asus Cup Winter 2011 and was one of the commentators in ESL One Hamburg 2018]. Cyber.Sports.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  63. ^ "European Champion in chess Ian Nepomniachtchi: "Hearthstone is more like sudoku than chess"". Vie Esports – esports stories. 20 May 2019. Archived from the original on 28 May 2019. Retrieved 26 October 2019.

External links edit

Preceded by Russian Chess Champion
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Chess Champion
Succeeded by