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L'Alliance Française (French pronunciation: [aljɑ̃s fʁɑ̃sɛz], French Alliance), or AF, is an international organization that aims to promote French language and culture around the world. Created in Paris on 21 July 1883 under the name Alliance française pour la propagation de la langue nationale dans les colonies et à l'étranger (French alliance for the propagation of the national language in the colonies and abroad) — now known simply as Alliance française — its primary concern is teaching French as a second language and is headquartered in Paris. In 2014, the Alliance has 850 centers in 137 countries, on five continents.
|Founder||Louis Pasteur, Ferdinand de Lesseps, Jules Verne, Ernest Renan, Armand Colin|
|Product||French cultural and language education|
The Alliance was created in Paris on 21 July 1883 by a group including the scientist Louis Pasteur, the diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps, the writers Jules Verne and Ernest Renan, and the publisher Armand Colin.
It finances most of its activities from the fees it receives from its courses and from rental of its installations. The French government also provides a subsidy covering approximately five percent of its budget (nearly 665,000 € in 2003)
More than 440,000 students learn French at one of the centres run by the Alliance, whose network of schools includes:
- a centre in Paris, Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France
- locations throughout France for foreign students and
- 1,016 locations in 135 countries.
The organizations outside Paris are local, independently run franchises. Each has a committee and a president. The Alliance Française brand is owned by the Paris centre. In many countries, the Alliance Française of Paris is represented by a Délégué général. The French Government also runs 150 separate French Cultural Institutes that exist to promote French language and culture.
In 2005, along with the Società Dante Alighieri, the British Council, the Goethe-Institut, the Instituto Cervantes, and the Instituto Camões, the Alliance française was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for outstanding achievements in communications and the humanities.
- Fondation Alliance Française
- Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France
The Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France is a Higher Private Education Institute. It is an association from the law 1901. Located in the heart of the capital, the Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France is a genuine international meeting point where more than 11,000 students from 160 different countries come every year to learn French. It is also the oldest one since the school offers courses in Paris since 1894.
The 110 faculty teachers at the Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France are all certified in teaching French as a foreign language.
Until 2007, the year of creation of the Alliance Française Foundation, the Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France was called "the Paris Alliance Française".
It was divided into three branches: the International Relations (DRI), the School of Paris, and the Department of Human and Financial Resources (DRHF). In 2007, the DRI has become the Alliance Française Foundation, while the School and the DRHF became the Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France.
Three conventions are now governing the relations between the Foundation and the Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France:
- a financial agreement: the Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France supports the Foundation financially.
- an agreement for the premises: the Paris Alliance Française donated its building in Boulevard Raspail to the Foundation at the time of the division in 2007
- a teaching agreement: the Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France supports the Alliances Françaises worldwide in their projects to professionalize their teaching and administrative staff. More than 40 missions per year are made abroad.
The Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France works with Alliances Françaises from around the world, ministries, public bodies, and also large companies, supporting them in their desire to improve their command of the language in a professional environment.
It is also a training center for French language teachers. Each year, nearly 2,300 teachers across the world are trained on site or remotely, initial or continuing training.
It delivers specific diplomas for French teachers such as the ‘DAEFLE’ (Diplôme d'Aptitude à l'Enseignement du Français Langue Étrangère), created with the ‘CNED’ (National Center for Distance Education) or the ‘DPAFP – FLE’ (Diplôme Professionnel de l’Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France en Français Langue Étrangère), which you obtain in five months after an initial training on site.
It also offers summer teaching courses for French teachers wishing to deepen and improve their knowledge. The Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France has been awarded the FLE Quality Label, achieving top marks for each of the criteria studied by the auditors: welcome, quality of teaching, premises, school management.
It is also co-founder of ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe), an association that includes some of the most prestigious European institutions in the field of evaluation in foreign language.
Since 2010, it is the provider of the ‘OFII’ (French Office for Immigration and Integration) for language training of the signatories of the Contract Integration living in Paris.
- Botswana 1
- Comoros 3
- Eritrea 1
- Ethiopia 2 (Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa)
- Ghana 4
- Kenya 2
- Lesotho 1
- Madagascar 29
- Mauritius 6
- Mozambique 1
- Namibia 1
- Nigeria 10 (Alliance Française de Port Harcourt)
- Southern Africa 13 (Alliance Française of Port Elizabeth)
- Swaziland 1
- Uganda 1
- Zimbabwe 1
- Argentina there are 72 partnerships with 16,000 students forming a network is considered one of the largest and oldest in the world. In Rosario, Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Campana, Santa Fe, Mendoza.
- Bermuda has 1 Alliance Française.
- Bolivia has 5 Alliances Françaises in all the main centers of population: Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Sucre, Tarija.
- Brazil There are 39 Alliance Française schools in Brazil, and 6 partner learning centres. Out of the federation's 26 states, only 7 have no schools or learning centres. Alliance Française has been in the Brazilian educational scenario for more than 130 years, since 1885.
- Canada has 13 Alliances Françaises from coast to coast: Victoria, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto (four campuses, located in Downtown Toronto, North York, Markham, and Mississauga), Oakville, Ottawa, Moncton, and Halifax.
- Chile has 6 Alliances Françaises in 6 cities in Santiago, Viña del Mar, Concepción, Curicó, Antofagasta and Osorno.
- Colombia has more than 20 Alliances Françaises in 16 cities.
- Costa Rica has 3 Alliances Françaises, the first in Barrio Amón, in the East side of the capital San José and another two, one in La Sabana (West side of the capital) and also in Heredia, another province of Costa Rica.
- Cuba has 3 Alliances Françaises, one located in Santiago de Cuba and the other two in Havana City.
- Dominica has 1 Alliance Française, in the capital city, Roseau.
- Dominican Republic has 4 Alliance Françaises, one in the capital city, Santo Domingo, and others in Santiago, Mao and Monte Cristi.
- Ecuador has 5 Alliances Françaises, located in the capital city of Quito and in the cities of: Cuenca, Guayaquil, Loja and Portoviejo.
- El Salvador has 1 Alliance Française Centre in the capital city, San Salvador.
- Grenada has 1 Alliance Française in Saint George's
- Guatemala has 1 Alliance Française, located in zone 13 of the capital, Guatemala City.
- Haiti has 5 Alliance Française organizations.
- Honduras has 2 Alliance Françaises, one located in Tegucigalpa and the other in San Pedro Sula.
- Jamaica has 1 Alliance Française Centre in Kingston
- Mexico has 38 Alliance Française organizations throughout the country and 12 affiliated centers.
- Nicaragua has 3 Alliance Française Centre, in the capital city, Managua and others in León and Granada
- Panama has 1 Alliance Française organization.
- Paraguay has 2 Alliance Française organization throughout the country.
- Peru has 12 Alliance Française organizations, 6 in the capital city, Lima and others in Trujillo, Arequipa, Cusco, Piura, Huancayo and Iquitos.
- Puerto Rico has 1 Alliance Française, located in the capital city of San Juan.
- Saint Lucia has 1 Alliance Française, located in the capital city of Castries.
- Trinidad and Tobago has 1 main centre located in the capital city, Port of Spain, with additional classes on offer in San Fernando and Tobago.
- The United States has 110 chapters in 45 states, including Alliance Française de Washington, Alliance Française de Chicago, Alliance Française de San Francisco and The French Cultural Center in Boston.
- Uruguay has 1 Alliance Française, located in the capital city, Montevideo
- Venezuela has 12 Alliance Françaises, 5 in the capital city Caracas, and in several others states.
- Australia has thirty-one Alliance Française organizations.
- Bangladesh has two Alliance Française organizations, in Dhaka (Alliance Française de Dhaka, three branches located in Dhanmondi, Gulshan and Uttara) and in Chittagong
- Brunei Darussalam
- China has fifteen Alliance Française organizations: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Dalian, Tianjin, Qingdao, Jinan, Chengdu, Wuhan, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Xian, and Nanjing.
- Hong Kong has three Alliance Française organizations, one in Wanchai, one in Jordan and another one in Shatin. Alliance Française de Hong Kong was created in 1953.
- There are 24 Alliances Françaises located in India (Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai (Alliance Française de Madras), Coimbatore, Goa, Gurgaon, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Karikal, Kolkata, Madurai, Mahé, Mumbai, New Delhi, Nashik, Pondicherry, Pune, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Trivandrum, Vadodara)
- Indonesia has 4 Alliances Françaises located in Medan, Balikpapan, Semarang and Denpasar.
- Kazakhstan has 2 Alliances Françaises located in Astana and Almaty.
- Malaysia has three Alliances Française centres, with two of them in Kuala Lumpur and another in George Town, Penang.
- Maldives has 1 center in capital city Malé
- New Zealand has three Alliance Française organizations. The Alliance Française d'Auckland has 900 members.
- In Pakistan there are four Alliance Françaises located in Karachi (Alliance Française de Karachi), Lahore, Faisalabad and Islamabad.
- The Philippines has Alliance Française de Cebu located in Cebu City, and Alliance Française de Manille located in Makati City.
- Singapore has an Alliance Française located in Newton.
- South Korea has seven Alliance Française organizations: Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Jeonju, Gwangju, Daegu, and Busan.
- Sri Lanka has Alliance Française de Kotte located in Colombo, and Alliance Française de Kandy in Kandy.
- Taiwan has two Alliance Française centres in Taipei and Kaohsiung.
- Thailand has its main centre in Bangkok and branches in Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, and in the city of Phuket.
- Vietnam has an Alliance Française located near the Sword Lake, the focal point of central Hanoi.
- Albania has four Alliance Française organization located in Tirana, Korça, Shkodra and Elbasan.
- Armenia has one Alliance Française organization located in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
- Belgium has one Alliance Française organization located in the capital Brussels.
- Croatia has one Alliance Française organization located in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia.
- Iceland has one Alliance Française organization located in Reykjavik.
- Ireland has six Alliance Française organizations. Dublin, the capital of Ireland, is home to the third largest Alliance in Europe. There is also a location in Cork, Ireland's second city. Alliance Française de Cork also organises the Cork French Film Festival.
- Other locations in Ireland include Galway, Kilkenny, Limerick and Waterford, which also has a branch in Wexford.
- Malta has one Alliance Francaise organization located in Floriana.
- Moldova has one Alliance Française organization located in Chişinău, the capital of Moldova.
- Monaco has one Alliance Française organization located in the Principality, at the Embassy of France in Monaco.
- Romania has four Alliance Française organizations located in Braşov, Constanţa, Piteşti and Ploieşti.
- Spain has twenty Alliance Française organizations located all over the country, promoted by the Cultural Services of the French Embassy in Spain.
- Sweden has 17 Alliance Française organizations throughout the country. The oldest Swedish organization was established in 1889 in Stockholm.
- Turkey has one Alliance Française organization located in Adana.
- The United Kingdom has eleven Alliance Française organizations. The first Alliance Française organization in the UK was located in London, which traces its roots back to 1884. During WWII, the London location served as the international headquarters of Alliance Française when the Paris location was closed.
- Other locations in the British Isles include Bristol-Bath, Cambridge, Exeter, Glasgow, Jersey, Manchester, Milton-Keynes, Newcastle-upon-tyne, Oxford and York.
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- "2014 : The French Language Worldwide" (PDF). Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Institut français du Royaume-Uni | French Cultural Institute in South Kensington". Institut-francais.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française of Accra". Afaccra.com. Archived from the original on 2014-12-25. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française de Kenya". Afkenya.or.ke. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-01. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
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- "Alliance Française in Dar es Salaam - La France en Tanzanie". Ambafrance-tz.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française de Kampala | Learn French, speak to the world!". Afkampala.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Welcome to nginx!". Alianzafrancesa.org.ar. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
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-  Archived July 7, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
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- "Inicio". Alianza Francesa. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
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-  Archived June 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- http://www.afquito.org.ec/ Alliance Française in Quito was founded in 1953 and is the oldest of the five Alliances in Ecuador.
- "La France en Équateur". www.ambafrance-ec.org. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
- "Quinta edición de la semana francesa". Diario El Mercurio - Cuenca Ecuador Vía @mercurioec (in Spanish). 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
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- "Alianza Francesa". Retrieved 2017-01-30.
- "Federación de Alianzas Francesas de México - Portada". Alianzafrancesa.org.mx. 2015-07-20. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alianza Francesa Managua". Alianzafrancesa.org.ni. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alianza Francesa de Asunción - La France au Paraguay". Ambafrance-py.org. 2014-06-13. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "SecciĂłn AcadĂŠmica". Alianza Francesa. 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alianza Francesa - Sección Académica". Huancayo.alianzafrancesa.org.pe. 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française Trinidad & Tobago | L'alternative culturelle depuis 1951". Alliancetnt.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Délégation générale Alliance française USA". Retrieved 2018-02-02.
- "[The Alliance Française de Macao]". Alliancefrancaise.org.mo. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française de Kuala Lumpur - The official French culture and language center in Kuala Lumpur since 1961". Alliancefrancaise.org.my. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française de Penang". afpenang.com. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- "Alliance Française de Malé | We are a non-profit organisation aiming to teach French language, promote & share French speaking countries culture, and to encourage cultural diversity". Afmaldives.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "afmongolie". Afm.mn. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française de Lahore". Aflahore.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Aleanca Franceze | Frengjishtja, gjuha e europes". Aftirana.org. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Հայկական Ալյանս Ֆրանսեզ". Alliancefr.am. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance française de Bruxelles-Europe". Alliancefr.be. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
- "Francuske alijanse u Hrvatskoj". Alliance-francaise.hr. 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française de Reykjavik". Af.is. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française Dublin". Alliance-francaise.ie. 1974-11-15. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Francaise Cork, Learn French, French Language and Cultural Organisation". Alliancefrancaisecork.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "26th Cork French Film Festival 1 – 8 March 2015 | The Fall of the House of Usher". Corkfrenchfilmfestival.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
-  Archived May 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Alliance Française Kilkenny – promoting French language and culture in Kilkenny". AF Kilkenny. 2015-06-17. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
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- "Alianta Franceza in Romania". Afbv.ro. 2015-06-16. Archived from the original on 2016-01-09. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Las Af En España". Alliancefrancaise.es. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française de Suède". Alliancefrancaise.se. Archived from the original on 2016-07-02. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
- "Alliance Française d'Adana". Archived from the original on May 20, 2008. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "About Us". Alliancefrancaise.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "130 years". Alliancefrancaise.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance française de Manchester". Afmanchester.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Bruézière, Maurice (author) L'Alliance Française, Histoire d'une Institution 1883-1983, 1983 Librairie Hachette, Paris. ISBN 2-01-009341-0.
- Ürményházi, Attila J.(author) Un Centenaire de Rayonnement de la Culture Française (the abridged version of the AF's history to include Une Célébration de l'Alliance Française en Tasmanie), 2004. National Library of Australia, Canberra (Australian Collection) Np 943.9052 U77.