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Portoviejo (Spanish pronunciation: [poɾtoˈβjexo]) is a city in Ecuador, and the capital the Province of Manabí 30 kilometres (19 miles) from the Pacific coast. (Population: about 250,000). Also known as the city of the "Royal Tamarind Trees" for the beautiful trees found in the area. Portoviejo is the main political and economical centre of the Portoviejo River valley, which also includes the cantons of Santa Ana and Rocafuerte, where about 110 square kilometres (42 square miles) are cultivated every year. The valley is rich in the production of tomatoes, onions, peppers, bananas, mangoes and other tropical fruits. The city, which was affected by economic crisis in the eighties and nineties, is now recovering but severe budget limitations and a huge unemployment rate present difficulties for local authorities. Portoviejo is a large commercial center for the province, where there are two shopping malls, one with a large hypermarket, 8 movie theaters, food court, and other stores. The city is home of the cancer treatment hospital "Dr Julio Villacreses Colmont" serving the provinces of Manabí and Esmeraldas.

Portoviejo
City
San Gregorio de Portoviejo
Calle Olmedo
Calle Olmedo
Flag of Portoviejo
Flag
Official seal of Portoviejo
Seal
Motto(s): 
Spanish:Portoviejo se Levanta Querer es Poder (English:Portoviejo rises, to want is Power)
Portoviejo is located in Ecuador
Portoviejo
Portoviejo
Coordinates: 1°3′22″S 80°27′19″W / 1.05611°S 80.45528°W / -1.05611; -80.45528Coordinates: 1°3′22″S 80°27′19″W / 1.05611°S 80.45528°W / -1.05611; -80.45528
Country Ecuador
ProvinceManabí
CantonPortoviejo
FoundedMarch 12, 1535
Founded byFrancisco Pacheco
Urban parishes
Government
 • MayorAgustin Casanova
Area
 • City418.06 km2 (161.41 sq mi)
 • Metro
960.73 km2 (370.94 sq mi)
Elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • City223,086
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Metro
280,029
 • Metro density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5
Postal code
EC130105
Area code(s)593 5
ClimateBSh
Websitewww.portoviejo.gob.ec

Portoviejo is the capital of Manabí Province and is important for coffee, cattle and fishing. Founded on March 12, 1535, it is one of the oldest cities in Ecuador and is the sixth largest.

Portoviejo has a thriving agricultural-processing industry and is an important commercial center, with good road connections to Quito and Guayaquil.

The city houses over 200,000 inhabitants and is the capital of Manabi province as well as the main center for commercial activity such as coffee production, fishing and cattle ranching.

HistoryEdit

Founded March 12, 1535 by the Spanish captain Francisco Pacheco as "Villa Nueva de San Gregorio de Portoviejo".

One of the greatest poets to come from Portoviejo was Vicente Amador Flor, who wrote many poems about the city.

Sandra Vinces, Miss Ecuador 2009 was born in the city.

On April 16 and 17, 2016, a large earthquake struck the region. Portoviejo sustained fatalities and building damage.[1]

GastronomyEdit

Portoviejo has one of the richest and varied cuisines in the Eucador. You can usually eat at a countryside restaurants located on the side of Portoviejo-Crucita roads. Also Manabí province is most important when it comes to gastronomy.

Its typical meals eaten are: 1) Viche Fish or Shrimp 2) Corviche 3) Bolones de verde (with cheese or mixed) 4) Encebollado - Ceviche Braised Chicken 5) Broth of Hen Rice served with breaded fish or with shrimp 6) Cangrejada - White Serum or curd and among others.

TourismEdit

Being in the Ecuadorian coast Portoviejo has many attractions inside and outside the city, one of them is the Crucita Beach that along with the Mangrove La Boca conform the coastal profile of this canton. Crucita is recognized worldwide as a great place for the practice of paragliding. Also as part of the rural area is the Enchanted Lagoon located in the parish of San Placido.

Changing location towards the city, we find the Mamey Ecological Park (much visited by athletes and children) located beside the River Portoviejo, the UTM park and Botanical Garden is the largest park in the city and it also has a large animal reserve, The Forest Park is located in the north of the city and is the busiest, and finally the Central Park Vicente Amador Flor, whose interior is full of history. The Cerro Jaboncillo archeological complex is a large complex with an archeological site and museum that exposes the history of the ancestors that inhabited the southern part of Manabí Province before the Spanish colonization.

You can stroll around the city easily by foot and visit the Parque Eloy Alfaro which faces the local cathedral. An interesting nearby village to visit is Sosote just a few minutes from Portoviejo, it's worth visiting because of its tagua workshops.

The local airport is used for domestic flights.

GalleryEdit

ClimateEdit

Portoviejo has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) with consistently very warm to hot conditions all year round. The advance and retreat of the cold Humboldt Current means there are two seasons: a lengthy dry season from May to December and a short wet season from January to April. The wet season is quite erratic owing to the El Niño Southern Oscillation:.[2] in El Niño years rainfall may be several times the long-term mean.

Climate data for Portoviejo, Ecuador
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
26.0
(78.8)
28.7
(83.7)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 89.9
(3.54)
114.7
(4.52)
107.1
(4.22)
59.6
(2.35)
26.1
(1.03)
20.3
(0.80)
10.4
(0.41)
2.1
(0.08)
4.0
(0.16)
2.7
(0.11)
4.6
(0.18)
15.9
(0.63)
457.4
(18.03)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 10 12 12 8 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 54
Source: HKO [Hong Kong Observatory] (1961-1990) [3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ayala, Maggie; Casey, Nicholas (April 17, 2016). "Ecuador Earthquake Kills Hundreds in Huge Wave of Collapses". New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
  2. ^ Dewar, Robert E; Wallis, James R (1999). "Geographical patterning of interannual rainfall variability in the tropics and near tropics: An L-moments approach". Journal of Climate. 12 (12): 3457–3466. Bibcode:1999JCli...12.3457D. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1999)012<3457:GPOIRV>2.0.CO;2.
  3. ^ "Climate Statistics for Portoviejo, Ecuador". Missing or empty |url= (help)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Portoviejo at Wikimedia Commons