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Alliance française or AF (French: Alliance française, French pronunciation: [aljɑ̃s fʁɑ̃sɛz]; The French Alliance), is an international organization that aims to promote the French language and francophone culture around the world. Created in Paris on 21 July 1883 under the name Alliance française pour la propagation de la langue nationale dans les colonies et à l'étranger (French alliance for the propagation of the national language in the colonies and abroad) — now known simply as L'Alliance française — its primary concern is teaching French as a second language and is headquartered in Paris. In 2014, the Alliance has 850 centers in 137 countries, on each inhabited continent.
|Founder||Louis Pasteur, Ferdinand de Lesseps, Jules Verne, Ernest Renan, Armand Colin|
|Product||French cultural and language education|
The Alliance was created in Paris on 21 July 1883 by a group including the scientist Louis Pasteur, the diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps, the writers Jules Verne and Ernest Renan, and the publisher Armand Colin.
It finances most of its activities from the fees it receives from its courses and from rental of its installations. The French government also provides a subsidy covering approximately five percent of its budget (nearly 665,000 € in 2003)
More than 440,000 students learn French at one of the centres run by the Alliance, whose network of schools includes:
- a centre in Paris, Alliance française Paris Île-de-France
- locations throughout France for foreign students and
- 1,016 locations in 135 countries.
The organizations outside Paris are local, independently run franchises. Each has a committee and a president. The Alliance française brand is owned by the Paris centre. In many countries, the Alliance française of Paris is represented by a Délégué général. The French Government also runs 150 separate French Cultural Institutes that exist to promote French language and culture.
- Fondation Alliance française
- Alliance française Paris Île-de-France
The Alliance française Paris Ile-de-France is a Higher Private Education Institute. It is an association from the law 1901. Located in the heart of the capital, the Alliance française Paris Île-de-France is a genuine international meeting point where more than 11,000 students from 160 different countries come every year to learn French. It is also the oldest one since the school offers courses in Paris since 1894.
Until 2007, the year of creation of the Alliance française Foundation, the Alliance française Paris Île-de-France was called "the Paris Alliance française".
It was divided into three branches: the International Relations (DRI), the School of Paris, and the Department of Human and Financial Resources (DRHF). In 2007, the DRI has become the Alliance française Foundation, while the School and the DRHF became the Alliance française Paris Île-de-France.
Three conventions are now governing the relations between the Foundation and the Alliance française Paris Île-de-France:
- a financial agreement: the Alliance française Paris Ile-de-France supports the Foundation financially.
- an agreement for the premises: the Paris Alliance française donated its building in Boulevard Raspail to the Foundation at the time of the division in 2007
- a teaching agreement: the Alliance française Paris Ile-de-France supports the Alliances françaises worldwide in their projects to professionalize their teaching and administrative staff. More than 40 missions per year are made abroad.
The Alliance française Paris Ile-de-France works with Alliances françaises from around the world, ministries, public bodies, and also large companies, supporting them in their desire to improve their command of the language in a professional environment.
Alliance française Montpellier is a French language school in the south of France, a private higher education institution providing French courses for foreigners (FLE) and a non-profit association, established in accordance with the statutes and objectives of the Alliance française Foundation. This study centre is part of the network of Alliances françaises de France.
- Botswana 1
- Comoros 3
- Eritrea 1
- Ethiopia 2 (Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa)
- Ghana 4
- Kenya 4 (Nairobi, Mombasa, Eldoret, and Kisumu)
- Lesotho 1
- Madagascar 29
- Mauritius 6
- Mozambique 1
- Namibia 1
- Nigeria 10 (Alliance française de Port Harcourt, Alliance française de Lagos )
- Southern Africa 13 (Alliance française of Port Elizabeth)
- Swaziland 1
- Uganda 1
- Zimbabwe 1
- Argentina there are 72 partnerships with 16,000 students forming a network is considered one of the largest and oldest in the world. In Rosario, Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Campana, Santa Fe, Mendoza.
- Bermuda has one Alliance française.
- Bolivia has five Alliances françaises in all the main centers of population: Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Sucre, Tarija.
- Brazil There are 39 Alliance française schools in Brazil, and six partner learning centres. Out of the federation's 26 states, only seven have no schools or learning centres. Alliance française has been in the Brazilian educational scenario for more than 130 years, since 1885.
- Canada has 13 Alliances françaises in nine cities from coast to coast: Victoria, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto (five campuses, located in Spadina, North York, Markham, Mississauga, and Oakville), Ottawa, Moncton, and Halifax.
- Chile has six Alliances françaises in six cities in Santiago, Viña del Mar, Concepción, Curicó, Antofagasta and Osorno.
- Colombia has more than 20 Alliances françaises in 16 cities.
- Costa Rica has three Alliances françaises, the first in Barrio Amón, in the East side of the capital San José and another two, one in La Sabana (West side of the capital) and also in Heredia, another province of Costa Rica.
- Cuba has three Alliances françaises, one located in Santiago de Cuba and the other two in Havana City.
- Dominica has one Alliance française, in the capital city, Roseau.
- Dominican Republic has 4 Alliance françaises, one in the capital city, Santo Domingo, and others in Santiago, Mao and Monte Cristi.
- Ecuador has five Alliances françaises, located in the capital city of Quito and in the cities of: Cuenca, Guayaquil, Loja and Portoviejo.
- El Salvador has one Alliance française Centre in the capital city, San Salvador.
- Grenada has one Alliance française in Saint George's
- Guatemala has one Alliance française, located in zone 13 of the capital, Guatemala City.
- Haiti has five Alliances françaises organizations.
- Honduras has two Alliances françaises, one located in Tegucigalpa and the other in San Pedro Sula.
- Jamaica has one Alliance française Centre in Kingston
- Mexico has 38 Alliances françaises organizations throughout the country and twelve affiliated centers. It has one of the first franchise in America, the Alliance Française de México
- Nicaragua has three Alliances françaises Centre, in the capital city, Managua and others in León and Granada
- Panama has one Alliance française organization.
- Paraguay has one Alliance française organization in Asunción.
- Peru has twelve Alliances françaises organizations, six in the capital city, Lima and others in Trujillo, Arequipa, Cusco, Piura, Huancayo and Iquitos.
- Puerto Rico has one Alliance française, located in the capital city of San Juan.
- Saint Lucia has one Alliance française, located in the capital city of Castries.
- Trinidad and Tobago has one main centre located in the capital city, Port of Spain, with additional classes on offer in San Fernando and Tobago.
- The United States has 110 chapters in 45 states, including Alliance française de Washington , Alliance française de Chicago and Alliance française de San Francisco.
- Uruguay has one Alliance française, located in the capital city, Montevideo
- Venezuela has twelve Alliances françaises, five in the capital city Caracas, and in several others states.
- Australia has 31 Alliances françaises organizations.
- Bangladesh has two Alliances françaises organizations, in Dhaka (Alliance française de Dhaka, two branches located in Dhanmondi and Gulshan) and in Chittagong.
- Brunei Darussalam
- Cambodia has one Alliance française, located in Siem Reap.
- China has fifteen Alliances françaises organizations: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Dalian, Tianjin, Qingdao, Jinan, Chengdu, Wuhan, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Xian, and Nanjing.
- Hong Kong has three Alliances françaises centres, one in Wanchai, one in Jordan and another one in Shatin. Alliance française de Hong Kong was created in 1953.
- India has 24 Alliances françaises located in Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai (Alliance française de Madras), Coimbatore, Goa, Gurgaon, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Karikal, Kolkata, Madurai, Mahé, Mumbai, New Delhi, Nashik, Pondicherry, Pune, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Trivandrum, Vadodara.
- Indonesia has four Alliancess françaises located in Medan, Balikpapan, Semarang and Denpasar.
- Kazakhstan has two Alliances françaises located in Nur-Sultan and Almaty.
- Kyrgyzstan has one Alliance française, located in Bishkek.
- Malaysia has three Alliances françaises centres, with two of them in Kuala Lumpur and another in George Town, Penang.
- Maldives has one center in capital city Malé.
- New Zealand has three Alliances françaises organizations. The Alliance française d'Auckland has 900 members.
- Pakistan has four Alliance françaises located in Karachi (Alliance française de Karachi), Lahore, Faisalabad and Islamabad.
- The Philippines has Alliance française de Cebu located in Cebu City, and Alliance française de Manille located in Makati City.
- Singapore has an Alliance française located in Newton.
- South Korea has seven Alliances françaises organizations: Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Jeonju, Gwangju, Daegu, and Busan.
- Sri Lanka has Alliance française de Kotte located in Colombo, and Alliance française de Kandy in Kandy.
- Taiwan has two Alliances françaises centres in Taipei and Kaohsiung.
- Thailand has its main centre in Bangkok and branches in Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, and in the city of Phuket.
- Uzbekistan has an Alliance française located in capital, Tashkent.
- Vietnam has an Alliance française located near the Sword Lake, the focal point of central Hanoi.
- United Arab Emirates has three Alliance française centres in Abu Dhabi city, Khalifa city and Dubai.
- Albania has four Alliance française organization located in Elbasan, Korça, Shkodra and Tirana.
- Armenia has one Alliance française organization located in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
- Belgium has one Alliance française organization located in the capital Brussels.
- Croatia has five Alliances françaises organizations located in Dubrovnik, Osijek, Rijeka, Split, and Zagreb, the capital of Croatia.
- Hungary has five Alliances françaises organizations located in Debrecen, Győr, Miskolc, Pécs and Szeged.
- Iceland has one Alliance française organization located in Reykjavik.
- Ireland has six Alliances françaises organizations. Dublin, the capital of Ireland, is home to the third largest Alliance in Europe. There is also a location in Cork, Ireland's second city. Other locations in Ireland include Galway, Kilkenny, Limerick, and Waterford, which also has a branch in Wexford. Alliance française de Cork also organises the Cork French Film Festival.
- Italy has thirty-seven Alliances françaises organizations located throughout the country.
- Malta has one Alliance francaise organization located in Floriana."Welcome". Alliance Française de Malte ~ Méditerranée. Retrieved 2015-08-11.</ref>
- Moldova has one Alliance française organization located in Chişinău, the capital of Moldova.
- Monaco has one Alliance française organization located in the Principality, at the Embassy of France in Monaco.
- Romania has four Alliances françaises organizations located in Braşov, Constanţa, Piteşti and Ploieşti.
- Russia has thirteen offices - in Yekaterinburg, Irkutsk, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Saratov, Tolyatti, Vladivostok, Ufa, and Ulyanovsk.
- Spain has twenty Alliances françaises organizations located all over the country, promoted by the Cultural Services of the French Embassy in Spain.
- Sweden has 17 Alliances françaises organizations throughout the country. The oldest Swedish organization was established in 1889 in Stockholm.
- Turkey has one Alliance française organization located in Adana.
- The United Kingdom has eleven Alliances françaises organizations. The first Alliance française organization in the UK was located in London, which traces its roots back to 1884. Other locations in the British Isles include Bristol-Bath, Cambridge, Exeter, Glasgow, Jersey, Manchester, Milton Keynes, Newcastle-upon-tyne, Oxford and York. During WWII, the London location served as the international headquarters of Alliance française when the Paris location was closed.
- Sometimes wrongly written "Alliance Française" with a capital "F", including by some Alliance française themselves.
- "Homepage". Alliance Française Paris Ile-de-France. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- The French Language Worldwide 2014 (PDF). Paris: Nathan. ISBN 978-2-09-882654-0. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2015-08-11 – via Francophonie.org.
- "Institut français du Royaume-Uni | French Cultural Institute in South Kensington". Institut-francais.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Fondation Alliance Française. "Premier réseau d'écoles de français en France". Alliances Françaises France. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
- "The Ghanaian Network". Alliance Française Accra. Archived from the original on 2014-12-25. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "The French Touch in Kenya". Alliance Française. Archived from the original on 2015-08-11. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Homepage". Alliance Française Nigeria. Archived from the original on 2012-07-01. Retrieved 2011-12-08.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- "Home". Alliance Francaise Southern Africa. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance Française in Dar es Salaam". France in Tanzania. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Kampala. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- "Christmas Party 2013". L'Alliance Française des Bermudes. Archived from the original on 2014-01-09. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Actualite". Alliance Française de Bolivia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on July 7, 2015.
- "AF in Canada". Alliance Française. General Delegation in Canada. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
- "Home". Alianza Francesa. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alianza Francesa San José – Costa Rica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-16. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Paola Cabrera Rodríguez; Ismael Francisco (11 May 2015). "Preside François Hollande inauguración de sede de Alianza Francesa y Foro empresarial". CubaDebate (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alianza Francesa en Cuenca" [Alliance Française in Cuenca]. Campus France (in Spanish).
- "Sedes Ecuador" [Venues Ecuador]. Alliance Française (in Spanish). Archived from the original on June 10, 2012.
- "UNKNOWN". Alliance Française – Quito (in Spanish).
Alliance Française in Quito was founded in 1953 and is the oldest of the five Alliances in EcuadorCite uses generic title (help)
- "UNKNOWN". La France en Équateur (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2016-10-11. Retrieved 2016-10-07. Cite uses generic title (help)
- AGN (2009-11-04). "Quinta edición de la semana francesa". El Mercurio (in Spanish). Diario El Mercurio Cuenca - Ecuador. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
- "UNKNOWN". Alliance Française de San Salvador (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2015-08-01. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
… es una asociación de carácter cultural sin fines de lucro que ofrece cursos de francés, dedicada a una enseñanza de calidad [… is a non-profit cultural association that offers French courses, dedicated to quality teaching]Cite uses generic title (help)
- "Inicio" [Start]. Alliance Française Guatemala (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-01-30.
- "Home". Alliance Française de la Jamaïque. Archived from the original on 2015-08-10.
- "Sedes". Alliance Française Mexique (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alianza Francesa Managua (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alianza Francesa de Asunción (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- "Bienvenido a la pagina oficial de la Alianza Francesa en el Perú" [Welcome to the official website of the French Alliance in Peru]. Alianza Francesa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- "Home". Alliance Française Eastern Caribbean – Trinidad & Tobago. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française USA Délégation générale. Retrieved 2018-02-02.
- "Alliance Française Siem Reap". Alliance Française Siem Reap, Cambodge (in French). Retrieved 2019-04-03.
- "Your French Language and Culture Destination in Macao". Alliance Française de Macao. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "The official French culture and language center in Kuala Lumpur since 1961". Alliance Française de Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Learn French in the most prestigious language school!". Alliance Française de Penang. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- "Home". Alliance Française de Malé. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
We are a non-profit organization aiming to teach French language, promote & share French speaking countries culture, and to encourage cultural diversity
- "Alliance Française d'Oulan-Bator". Alliance Française d'Oulan-Bator, Mongolie (in French). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Lahore. Aflahore.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Tirana (in Albanian). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Հայաստանի Ալիանս Ֆրանսեզ" [Alliance Francis in Armenia]. Alliance Française d'Arménie (in Armenian). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Bruxelles–Europe (in French). Retrieved 2017-04-16.
- "Home". Alliance Française Zagreb Osijek Dubrovnik Split Reijeka (in Croatian). Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- "Alliance Française Hongrie". Alliance Française Hongrie. Retrieved 2018-10-09.
- "Home". Alliance Française Reykjavik (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "About Us". Alliance Française Dublin. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Cork. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Welcome". Alliance Française Galway. Archived from the original on May 2, 2012.
- "Home". Alliance Française Kilkenny. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Limerick. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française Waterford & Wexford. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Cork French Film Festival. —— "Home". 26th Cork French Film Festival 1 – 8 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-09-15. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Ou Sommes Nous". Alliance Française Fondazione d' Italia. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
- "Accueil". Alliance Française Chisinau – Moldavie (in French). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Alliance française à Monaco". Alliance Française à Monaco (in French). Retrieved 2015-08-25.
- "Home". Alliance Française de Brașov (in Romanian). Alianta Franceză Brașov. Archived from the original on 2016-01-09. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Institut français". Institut français. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
- "Las af en España". Alliance Française Espagne (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Välkommen till Alliance française" [Welcome to Alliance Française]. Alliance Française de Suède (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2016-07-02. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
- "Alliance Française Adana'ya hoşgeldiniz" [Welcome to Alliance Française Adana]. Alliance Française Adana (in Turkish). Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "About the Alliance Française de Londres". Alliance Française de Londres. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "Home". Alliance Française de Manchester. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "130 years of Franco-British of friendship in London…". Alliance Française de Londres. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Bruézière, Maurice (author) L'Alliance française. Histoire d'une institution 1883-1983, 1983 Librairie Hachette, Paris. ISBN 2-01-009341-0.
- Ürményházi, Attila J.(author) Un Centenaire de Rayonnement de la Culture Française (the abridged version of the AF's history to include Une Célébration de l'Alliance Française en Tasmanie), 2004. National Library of Australia, Canberra (Australian Collection) Np 943.9052 U77.