Events in the year 2022 in Somalia.


See also:

Incumbents edit

Events edit

Ongoing – Somali Civil War (2009–present) (2022 timeline of the Somali Civil War); COVID-19 pandemic in Somalia

January edit

February edit

  • 19 February – February 2022 Beledweyne bombing: An al-Shabaab suicide bomber kills 14 people at a restaurant in Beledweyne, including a candidate in the parliamentary vote.[4][5]
  • 24 February – Only 175 of the 275 MPs are reported to have been elected for the elections set to take place the next day as the federal states continue debates over venues, delegates, and fairness of the polls.[6]
  • 25 February – The scheduled presidential and parliamentary elections are again postponed to 15 March.[7]

March edit

April edit

  • 1 April – 2022 Waheen Market fire: A large fire destroys main market (Waheen Market) in the city of Hargeisa, destroying an estimated 2,000 shops and stalls and injuring 28 people.[19]
  • 4 April – Mogadishu offers to send $11.7 million to Hargeisa to help those who lost their lives and property in the Waheen market fire.[20]
  • 6 April – PM Roble orders African Union Ambassador to Somalia Francisco Madeira, persona non grata to leave the country within 48 hours because of "engaging in acts that are incompatible with his status," after an audio emerged of him criticizing government officials for not dealing with national security problems. President Mohamed immediately rejects the expulsion.[21][22]
  • 10 April
  • 11 April
    • Federal Electoral Implementation Team (FEIT) chairman Muse Guelleh Yusuf travels to Baidoa to help solve a dispute over four Lower House seats that were nullified by the commission. The trip is a success, and two seat disputes are resolved, and a re-run is organized for another candidate who won (Saredo Mohamed Abdalla), but did not meet the age limit.[26]
    • National security advisor Fahad Yasin files a petition with the nascent Supreme Court over an election dispute.[26]
  • 14 April
    • The Lower House or House of the People elections finally conclude after four months of delay, swearing in 205 new parliament members. 54 senators and over 246 Lower House members took their oath for the upcoming presidential elections. There is wide criticism following the elections though, that only a few thousand people of the 16.3 million in Somalia voted for a member parliament. "Massive corruption, abuse of power, and disregard of the election's rules," are all reasons to blame according to the BBC.[26][27][28]
    • National security advisor Fahad Yasin does not receive a FEIT certification for his seat after it is nullified by the electoral commission for electoral irregularities and is scheduled for a re-run.[26]
    • The first women-run radio and television company opens in Mogadishu. Supported by the United Nations, Bilan Media plans to produce stories important to women and their rights.[29]
  • 16 April – A new African Union ambassador is expected to come to Somalia to replace Francisco Madeira after a controversy on 6 April soured relations.[22]
  • 18 April – Jihadist terrorist group al-Shabaab claims responsibility for a mortar fire attack on Somalia's parliament that injures at least six people during the joint session.[30]
  • 19 April – The Somali government and a U.S. based company Coastline Exploration Ltd. dispute over the validity of an oil exploration agreement reached in February in Istanbul. Minister of petroleum and mineral resources Abdirashid Mohamed Ahmed is happy to implement the oil deal, which after a 5% royalty would split profit 50/50, while Somali President Mohamed and PM Roble reject the deal, declaring it "null and void," citing government decrees banning all ministries and government agencies from signing agreements with foreign governments and organizations until the ongoing parliamentary elections are finalized.[31]
  • 22 April – An al-Shabaab suicide bombing takes place at the Pescatore Seafood Restaurant in Lido Beach, killing at least six people and injuring seven.[32]
  • 25 April – Two legislators accuse intelligence agents of opening fire on a lawmaker's car and getting into a shootout outside a hotel where parliamentarians were being sworn in. This alleged attack is condemned by PM Roble.[33]
Deputy Force Commander of the African Union Transition Mission in Somalia at the Speaker of the House elections
  • 26 April
    • Speaker of the House Abdi Hashi Abdullahi is reelected in a vote by the 54-seat Upper House of Parliament. In the vote, Abdullahi won 28 votes while his rival Salah Jama got only 24 votes. Osman Dubbe won the remaining 2 votes.[34]
    • PM Roble authorises ATMIS peacekeepers to secure an aeroplane hangar in Mogadishu where a speaker of the lower house of parliament should be voted on on 27 April, and to take care of the necessary security responsibilities for a successful election as well. President Mohamed countermanded the order, saying police are responsible for security.[33][35]
  • 27 April
    • Internal Minister of Security Abdullahi Haji Hassan Mohamed Nuur, close ally of PM Roble, suspends the Chief of Police, Maj. Gen. Abdi Hassan Mohamed Hijar for "sabotaging" elections and taking instructions from Villa Somalia, which are supposed to conclude today with the Lower House electing the leadership of the new parliament. In order to still ensure the security of the elections, the work of the Commander will continue with the Deputy Commander.[33][35][36]
    • Before his dismissal, Maj. Gen. Hijar insisted he wanted the lower house elections today to be postponed because he could not guarantee proper security.[35]
    • Police try to block the entrance to the aeroplane hangar organized yesterday for lower house parliament elections to take place in, but Roble's security forces ordered them to leave, according to Reuters journalists at the scene.[33]
  • 28 April
    • Lower House parliamentary elections conclude, electing Aden Madobe as the new Speaker of the House in a vote that was delayed most of the previous day due to disagreements over security of the venue of the vote. Nur beat his nearest rival 98 to 74 votes.[37] Both President Mohamed and PM Roble send congratulatory messages on their Twitter accounts.[38][39]

May edit

  • 3 May – Al-Shabaab jihadists armed with guns and explosives storm an ATMIS base, triggering a fierce firefight killing 30 soldiers and wounding another 22 Burundian peacekeepers, according to a high-ranking Burundian military officer. A dozen soldiers were also declared missing. This was the first ever attack on ATMIS since taking over AMISOM on 31 March.[40]
  • 7 May – Government officials ask the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to extend its financial support program to the country, worth nearly $400 million, by three months to 17 August, according to the head of the IMF's country mission.[41] This comes as the deadline for the IMF's funding cutoff on 17 May draws nearer, and will only continue if presidential elections are concluded by this date.[33]
  • 9 May – The US Agency for International Development (USAID) announces a new $6.8 million initiative called the Stabilization Through Education Program (STEP) to increase access to education in communities affected by conflict and rehabilitating more than 200 damaged classrooms and related school infrastructure.[42]
  • 11 May – Four people are killed including two police officers and many wounded in a suicide bombing at a checkpoint near Mogadishu Airport. Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack.[43]
  • 11–20 May – US General and Commander of the US Africa Command Stephen Townsend visits many civilian and military leaders in primarily East African nations including Somalia and Somaliland. The trip concludes with his visit to Somalia where he discussed the US Security agenda in the region and "satisfaction with the polls" of the presidential election on 15 May.[44]
  • 12 May – The price of AK-47's in gun markets dramatically rise ahead of the upcoming presidential election on 15 May.[45]
  • 14 May – A curfew is set in place in Mogadishu from 9pm to 6am tomorrow ahead of tomorrow's presidential elections.[46]
  • 15 May
    • The Presidential elections, after 142 days of delay, conclude with the election of former president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, head of the Union for Peace and Development Party (UPD). The voting was broadcast live on state TV where Mohamud received 212 electoral votes and President Mohamed only 109. Mohamud is immediately sworn in, promising his new government would be inclusive and acknowledge previous mistakes including corruption.[47][48][49]
    • Supporters of the new President Mohamud defy the curfew in Mogadishu to cheer and fire guns in the streets in celebration of the outcome of the election.[47][48]
  • 16 May
    • US President Joe Biden approves a request by The Pentagon to redeploy "under 500" US troops to the nation in an effort to counter al-Shabaab terrorists, according to a senior administration official. This reverses a decision by former US President Donald Trump to withdraw all US troops from the country in December 2020.[50]
    • Now former President Mohamed concedes defeat and congratulates new President Mohamud, urging support for the incoming administration in a Twitter post.[49] Ethiopia PM Abiy Ahmed,[51] China,[52] and the United States in a press statement all congratulate President Mohamud on his election.[53]
  • 17 May – New President Mohamud thanks Biden on Twitter for returning US troops to the nation to counter al-Shabaab, calling the United States "a reliable partner in our quest to stability and fight against terrorism".[54]
  • 19 May – PM Roble, along with a delegation of Somalis, fly to Dubai in the UAE to return $9.6 million seized from a plane from the nation back in April 2018 in an attempt to mend poor relationships between the nations ever since.[55]
  • 20 May
    • With the election of a new president, the IMF agrees to prolong their $400 million dollar monetary support for Somalia for another three months until 17 August, giving itself time to consult with the new government.[56]
    • President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan orders د.إ35 million AED of humanitarian aid to be sent to Somalia to support development and alleviate poverty, according to state news agency WAM.[57]
    • The Human Rights Watch implores the US military to prioritize protecting Somali civilians with the recent announcement of redeployment of 500 Special Forces troops to the nation on 16 May.[58][59]
  • 21 May – President Mohamud and now former President Mohamed tour Villa Somalia and hold key meetings discussing the economy, security, and the upcoming transition of powers on 23 May.[60]
  • 23 May – Former President Mohamed formally ceeds all governmental power to President Mohamud in a ceremony at Villa Somalia in Mogadishu, which is attended by many government officials.[61][62] In Mohamed's speech, he also for the first time admitted to sending 5,000 soldiers to Eritrea last year to undergo training, and said their return was "delayed to prevent political upheaval".[63]
  • 24 May
    • PM Roble suspends Foreign Affairs Minister Abdisaid Muse Ali over his alleged authorisation to illegally export charcoal to Oman in violation of international sanctions. PM Roble also orders an audit and judicial investigation into the ministry's authorisation of the shipment. Citing historically poor ties and cooperation between the PM and Ali, VOA News reports Ali's removal from office by Roble was incoming,[64][65] especially because it is believed that PM Roble will only have a few more days in office after the inauguration of President Mohamud.[66]
    • Somali authorities officially request an extension of the 17 August funding cutoff date set by the IMF for unstated reasons.[67]
  • 31 May – President Mohamud arrives in Baidoa for the first time since his election on 15 May to gain popular support of the South West State, with it having the largest number of members in parliament.[68]

June edit

  • June – The ongoing drought within the nation grows more severe after a fourth consecutive rainy season failure, causing 7.1 million Somalis or nearly half the population to face food insecurity, and 213,000 Somalis to face starvation, a nearly threefold increase from levels expected in April.[69] This food insecurity has forced about 800,000 Somalis from their homes as a result.[70] 3 million livestock have also reportedly been killed because of the drought.[71]
  • 3 June – The United States launches an airstrike against Al-Shabaab militants near Beer Xaani for the first time since the nations return to Somalia on 16 May. The strike killed an estimated five militants and no civilians.[72][73]
  • 7 June
    • The UN announces that only $250 million has been raised in donor funding, which is only a third of what is needed to help combat food insecurity within the nation.[71]
    • Major supporters of the former president; director of Villa Somalia Mohamed Abdullahi Isse, former spokesman for Villa Somalia Abdirashid Mohamed Hashi, Banaadir deputy governor Cali Abdi Wardhere, and Canadian-based cleric Abdirizaq Hirsi, campaign on social media to raise funding to build a house for him after his departure from Villa Somalia as a "thank you to Farmajo" for "maintaining good national security". This donation campaigning is negatively received by many especially in this time of severe drought within the nation.[74]
    • The first few diplomats start to arrive in the nation at the Aden Abdulle International Airport to attend the official inauguration ceremony of the new President Mohamud on 9 June.[75]
  • 8 June
    • Mogadishu is locked down from this night into tomorrow at 5pm in wait of the official inauguration ceremony of the new President Mohamud, and for the safety of the many important diplomats attending, according to PM Roble.[76]
    • Senior Al-Shabaab militant Mustaf Ishak Ali surrenders to the Somali National Army 60th Division in Baidoa after saying he has "abandoned the militant group's ideology of causing horrific acts of atrocities against the Somali people".[77]
  • 9 June
  • 10 June
    • Mogadishu celebrates in the Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II, as British Ambassador to Somalia Kate Foster gave a speech to celebrate towards a large crowd in English and Somali.[82]
    • President Mohamud agrees to lift a ban since March 2020 on air freighting khat or Miraa from Kenya in an attempt to better relations with the nation, which were soured under President Mohamed, according to Kenya's agriculture minister.[83]
  • 11–12 June – A National Consultative Assembly meeting takes place in Villa Somalia, marking the first meeting of political leaders in the nation since the presidential election. The meeting is a large success, producing a completed draft constitution, the implementation of a national security system (the London National Security Agreement, in draft since 2017), basic workings for a democratic electoral system, achieving some kind of a political and social agreement in the nation, agreeing to give priority to talks with Somaliland, agreement to accelerate and complete the federal system, and the completion of an independent judicial process.[84]
  • 12 June
    • Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio meets with President Mohamud to congratulate him on his election, as well as to discuss issues with ATMIS and how the two nations could potentially work together to rebuild the national army.[85]
    • Qatar provides food aid to combat the ongoing drought within the natio, which is estimated to alleviate 7,000 people in Baidoa.[86]
  • 13 June – US Secretary for Political Affairs Victoria Nuland holds a press conference with President Mohamud to reaffirm that the role of the recently returned US Military in the nation is to "train, support, and equip Somali National Army and AU forces".[87] Nuland also announced plans to provide the Horn of Africa with $105 million in new humanitarian aid.[88]
  • 14 June – Kenya expresses their "regrets" towards Somalia after inviting a Somaliland official to a diplomatic luncheon hosted by President Uhuru Kenyatta where the Somalia ambassador to Kenya Mohamoud Ahmed Nur was also a guest. Nur regarded the presence of the Somaliland official at the meeting and the presence of the Somaliland flag as "inappropriate" and walked out.[89] A statement later released by the Somaliland said they were "outraged" by the ambassador's actions.[90]
  • 15 June – President Mohamud appoints former chairman of the Jubbaland state election commission Hamza Abdi Barre as the nations new Prime Minister, replacing Mohamed Hussein Roble. "I ask the parliament to approve him as soon as possible," Mohamud further said on national television.[91]
  • 17 June – Armed residents and local security forces in Galmudug killed 70 Al-Shabaab fighters while repulsing a raid by militants on Bahdo just after morning prayers, according to a local official. According to Al-Shabaab's Radio Andalus, the al Qaeda-linked group lost nine fighters and said it's fighters had killed 27 soldiers during the battle.[92]
  • 20 June – President Mohamud arrives in Abu Dhabi on an official two-day visit to the UAE. Minister of State Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan and other officials welcomed the Mohamud upon his arrival at Abu Dhabi International Airport.[93] With the next in line for power Speaker of the Lower House Aden Madobe also out of country, First Deputy Speaker of the House Sadia Yasin Samatar becomes the first acting female president in Somalia history.[94]
  • 22 June
    • President Mohamud meets with President of the UAE Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan in Abu Dhabi. Nahyan congratulated Mohamud on his presidential victory and reinstated their nation's full and continuous support for Somali people to achieve their "aspirations for development, stability, prosperity, and building a better future for their people".[95]
    • The World Bank approved $143 million USD in International Development Assistance (IDA) to aid vulnerable Somalis struggling with drought and food insecurity across the country.[96]
  • 24 June – Speculation emerged that President Mohamud conducted a "secret trip to Israel," despite the two nations having no diplomatic relations, after his visit to the UAE has continued longer than expected. Presidential spokesman Abdikarin Ali Kaar at a press conference completely denied this allegation, saying the return home from the UAE has been delayed due to some delegation of Mohamud's contracting Covid-19.[97]
  • 25 June – The more than 200 members of the lower house of Parliament unanimously approve Barre as the new Prime Minister.[98]

July edit

August edit

September edit

October edit

November edit

December edit

Sports edit

2022 Arab Futsal Cup edit

Group 1 qualifications

Deaths edit

See also edit

External links edit

References edit

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