Events in the year 2021 in Somalia.


See also:

Incumbents edit

Events edit

Ongoing – Somali Civil War (2009–present); COVID-19 pandemic in Somalia

January edit

February edit

  • February 2 – Mohamed convenes a three-day meeting in Dusmareb with federal state leaders to discuss the elections. The talks fail with both sides placing blame on the other for the breakdown because of lack of concessions.[8]
  • February 6
  • February 8 – President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed breaks his term limit as president, with no plan of an upcoming election.[11]
  • February 13 – A car bomb near the Federal Parliament building kills three people and injures eight others.[12]
  • February 19 – Gunfire is widely reported in Mogadishu.[13] Five soldiers are killed and dozen civilians are wounded.[14]
  • February 21 – The government blames the United Arab Republic for the violence of February 19 and demands an apology.[14]

March edit

April edit

  • April 3 – At least six people, including a minor, are killed in a suicide attack in a restaurant in Mogadishu.[17]
  • April 8 – Efforts to resolve election disputes collapse after states leaders from Puntland and Jubbaland fail to agree on the way forward primarily due to lack of trust.[18]
  • April 12 or 14 – The President of Somalia Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed signs a Special Electoral Law which extends his term as president for two more years. This is opposed by opposition leaders which called it "a threat to the stability, peace and unity" and by the international community.[11][19]
  • April 25
    • Start of the 2021 Mogadishu mutiny.[11]
    • Rebel soldiers, mainly from Hirshabelle, enter Mogadishu. The rebels seize the northern part of the city, clashing with pro-government forces in some neighborhoods. Pro-government soldiers attack homes of the former Somali president and opposition leader. By the end of the day, government forces withdraw towards Villa Somalia.[11][20]
  • April 27 – The states of Hirshabelle and Galmudug announce that they are against an extension of President Mohamed's term, calling for a return to the election talks.[21]
  • April 29 – President Mohamed asks PM Roble to resign, who refuses.[22]

May edit

  • May – Somali political leaders announce plans to commence a multi-stage election process within 60 days to help ease the political tensions within the nation.[23]
  • May 6
  • May 8 – Roads reopen and rebels withdraw from Mogadishu in vehicles towards Lower Shabelle and Middle Shabelle.[25]
  • May 27
    • Somali political leaders give the responsibility of organising the indirect elections to the National Consultative Council (NCC) made up of the prime ministers FMS leaders.[23][26]
    • An agreement is signed by Somali officials ensuring that a minimum 30 per cent quota is reserved for women members of Parliament through a clear mechanism.[27]

June edit

July edit

  • July 22 – Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Simon Coveney, visits Mogadishu and holds talks with the Prime Minister (Mohamed Hussein Roble), Minister for Foreign Affairs (Mohamed Abdirizak), and Minister for Defence (Hassan Hussein Haji). The meetings focused on the countries security situation, elections, and the participation of women in those elections.[32][33]
  • July 25 – Elections for the Upper House are set to take place, lasting four days until July 29. This, however, is delayed some states until November due to various problems.[23][34]

August edit

  • August 7 – President Mohamed issues a decree banning Somali government institutions from entering into agreements with foreign countries. PM Roble publicly disagrees with the President on this ban, especially with the expected arrival of a Kenyan diplomat tomorrow, calling the decision unconstitutional.[35] The rift is resolved within four days.[36]
  • August 8 – Kenyan Foreign Affairs Minister Raychelle Omamo visits Mogadishu on a diplomatic mission, meeting with her Somali counterpart Mohamed Abdirizak, and later with PM Roble.[35]
  • August 10

September edit

  • September – President Mohamed and PM Roble are in dispute over the murder investigation of Ikran Tahlil Farah, after Roble suspended the director of the National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) Fahad Yasin and Mohamed overturned his decision, declaring it unconstitutional.[39]
  • September 7 – Kenya officially opens a liaison office within Somaliland, a northern breakaway region within the country Somalia does not recognize.[40]
  • September 10 – Elections for the Lower House (House of the People) of Parliament does not end like it was supposed to today, as not all 275 MP's have yet to be elected. A new deadline to start is set for November 1.[23][41]

October edit

  • October – President Mohammed and PM Roble issue a unified call for the glacial election process to accelerate.[42]
  • October 10
    • There is an explosion central Kismayo. No casualties are reported but security tightens in the region.[43]
    • The presidential election supposed to take place today does not happen, and is rescheduled.[23]

November edit

  • November 1 – Parliamentary elections begin. The Upper House elections are scheduled to conclude on November 11 and the Lower House on December 24.[27][41]
  • November 11 – Elections for the Upper House conclude in all states and are made official at a National Consultative Council (NCC) meeting.[27]
  • November 18 – The United Kingdom announces that it will not recognize Somaliland as an independent state unless Somaliland, Somalia, and other African nations deliberate first.[44]
  • November 25 – November 2021 Mogadishu bombing: At least eight people are killed and 17 injured, including schoolchildren, in a car bombing in Mogadishu.[45]

December edit

  • December 15 – President of the South West State Abdiaziz Laftagareen visits Kismayo. While no official reasons were released for the visit, reports suggest the visit is based on issues regarding parliamentary elections and to discuss the strengthening relations between the two states.[46]
  • December 24 – The elections for the Lower House, which were supposed to conclude today as thought on November 1, have only elected 24 of the 275 representatives needed to hold a presidential election. A new deadline is not set on this date.[41]
  • December 26 – President Mohammed withdraws the prime minister's mandate to organise a presidential vote and called for the creation of a new committee to "correct" the shortcomings. PM Roble accuses the president of sabotaging the electoral process.[42]
  • December 27 – Prime Minister Mohammed Hussein Roble is officially suspended by the president amid accusations that he interfered with an investigation into a scandal involving army-owned land. Roble has calls President Mohammed's plan to suspend him a coup attempt.[42]
  • December 28 – Hundreds of troops loyal to PM Roble camp near the Villa Somalia residence of his political rival President Mohammed.[41]

Deaths edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Several people killed in attack on Turkish company in Somalia". Al Jazeera English. AFP. January 2, 2021. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  2. ^ "US Conducts 2 New Year's Day Airstrikes on Somalia as Troop Withdrawal Continues". January 2, 2021. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  3. ^ McCurdy, Christen. "U.S. airstrike on Somalia kills 5 al-Shabaab members". UPI. Five people believed to be al-Shabaab members, including one leader, were killed in a joint U.S.-Somali airstrike in the vicinity of Saaxa Weyne, Somalia, Thursday.
  4. ^ "U.S. Africa Command Civilian Casualty Assessment Quarterly Report; 1st Quarter, 2022". Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  5. ^ "Somalia's al-Shabaab rebels attack a hotel in Mogadishu". ABC News. January 31, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  6. ^ Nor, Omar; Gigova, Radina (January 31, 2021). "Ongoing siege following car explosion at hotel gate in Somalia's capital". CNN. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  7. ^ Pawlyk, Oriana (February 1, 2021). "After Most US Troops Pull Out of Somalia, Some Reenter for Training Event". Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  8. ^ "Somalia holds emergency talks over election crisis". Deutsche Welle. January 2, 2021. Archived from the original on March 6, 2021. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  9. ^ "Somalia leaders fail to reach deal on elections". AFP. February 6, 2021. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  10. ^ "Somalia: Roadside bombing kills at least 13 after presidential talks break down". Deutsche Welle. February 7, 2021. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d Why Somalia’s Electoral Crisis Has Tipped into Violence, April 27, 2021
  12. ^ "Somalia: Car bomb blast near Parliament kills and wounds several". Al Jazeera English. February 13, 2021. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  13. ^ Sheikh, Abdi (February 19, 2021). "Gunfire erupts in Mogadishu as Somali government forces seal off streets". Reuters. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  14. ^ a b BARISE, HASSAN (February 21, 2021). "Tensions rise between Somalia and UAE over delayed elections". AP. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  15. ^ "At least 20 killed by suicide car bomb blast in Somalia". Al Jazeera English. March 6, 2021. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
  16. ^ "2021 International Women of Courage Award Recipients Announced". United States Department of State. March 4, 2021. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  17. ^ "Al menos seis muertos en un atentado suicida en la capital de Somalia". infobae (in European Spanish). April 3, 2021. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  18. ^ "Somali Elections Remain on Hold After Latest Political Talks Collapse". Voice of America. April 8, 2021. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  19. ^ "Somali president signs law extending mandate for two years". France 24. April 14, 2021. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  20. ^ "Forces opposed to Somali president control parts of Mogadishu". April 26, 2021. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  21. ^ "Somalia's president to address nation as support crumbles". The Independent. April 27, 2021. Archived from the original on April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  22. ^ "Somalia: President Farmajo asks PM Roble to resign". Somali Affairs. April 29, 2021. Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Somalia to hold indirect presidential election October 10". Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  24. ^ a b "Somali premier welcomes demilitarization of capital Mogadishu". Anadolu Agency. Archived from the original on May 6, 2021. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  25. ^ Somalia: SNA mutineers exit Mogadishu following deal with opposition, May 8, 2021
  26. ^ "Somalia's PM commits to free, fair polls after impasse over elections resolved". May 27, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  27. ^ a b c "International Partners Welcome Conclusion of Somalia's Upper House Elections". Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  28. ^ Karam, Joyce (June 8, 2021). "UN report reveals presence of Somali fighters in Ethiopia's Tigray region". Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  29. ^ "Cagjar pushes Somalia to support war against TPLF in Ethiopia". Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  30. ^ Somalia's army camp rocked by deadly suicide attack
  31. ^ "At least 15 killed in Somalia suicide bombing claimed by militants". Reuters. June 15, 2021. Archived from the original on December 8, 2022.
  32. ^ "Minister Coveney holds talks with Kenyan and Somali counterparts". Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  33. ^ "October 2021 Monthly Forecast". Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  34. ^ "Somalia postpones long-delayed election". July 25, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  35. ^ a b c "Somali PM Hussein Roble arrives in Kenya". August 11, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  36. ^ "Rift between top leadership resolved – PM Roble". August 12, 2021. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  37. ^ AMISOM commits to swift and transparent inquiry into golweyn incident, AMISOM Press release PR/21/2021, August 21, 2021.
  38. ^ "Al Shabab derailing Somalia's election process with violence, threats". August 12, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  39. ^ "Somalia on edge as president, PM clash over intelligence chief". Reuters. September 8, 2021. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
  40. ^ "Somalia: Kenya opens a liaison office in Somaliland". Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  41. ^ a b c d "Hundreds of troops loyal to Somalia PM gather outside presidential palace". December 29, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  42. ^ a b c "Somalia's president suspends PM as elections tensions deepen". December 27, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  43. ^ "Somalia: An explosion reportedly occurred in central Kismayo Oct. 10". Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  44. ^ "Somalia: UK Will Not Recognize Somaliland Unless Somalia Agrees Somaliland's Statehood". November 22, 2021. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
  45. ^ "Al-Shabab bombing near Mogadishu school kills at least 8". Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  46. ^ "Jubaland iyo Koonfur Galbeed: Maxaa ka jira in Lafta-gareen uu arrin qarsoodi ah u tagay Kismaayo? (Jubaland and Southwest: Why did Lafta-Gareen go to Kismayo secretly?)". BBC News Somali (in Somali). BBC. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  47. ^ "Top ex-general among five killed in jihadist raid on Mogadishu hotel". AFP. February 1, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  48. ^ Former Somali president Ali Mahdi dies in Nairobi
  49. ^ "Madaxweyne ku-xigeenkii hore ee Puntland oo geeriyooday". VOA (in Somali). May 20, 2021. Retrieved June 30, 2023.

External links edit