Hirshabelle State

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Hirshabelle, officially Hirshabelle State of Somalia (Somali: Dowlad Goboleedka Hirshabelle ee Soomaaliya), is a Federal Member State in south-central Somalia. It is bordered by Galmudug state of Somalia to the north, South West State of Somalia and Banadir region to the south, Ethiopia to the west and the Indian Ocean to the east. Jowhar is the capital state.

Hirshabelle State of Somalia
  • Dowlad Goboleedka Hirshabeele ee Soomaaliya (Somali)
  • ولاية هيرشابيل الصومال  (Arabic)
  • Wilāyat hirshabeele aṣ-Ṣūmāl
Flag of Hirshabelle
Flag
Coat of arms of Hirshabelle
Coat of arms
Anthem: Qolobaa Calankeed
Location of Hirshabelle
CapitalJowhar
04°44′09″N 045°12′13″E / 4.73583°N 45.20361°E / 4.73583; 45.20361
Largest cityBeledweyne
Official languagesSomali
Ethnic groups
Somali
Religion
Islam
Demonym(s)Somali
GovernmentFederated state under a presidential democracy
• President
Ali Abdullahi Hussein
Yusuf Ahmed Hagar
Abdihakim Luqman
Autonomy Federal Member State 
within Somalia
• Established
05 October 2016
Population
• 2019 estimate
1,189,100 (estimate)[1]
HDI0.3
low
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving sideright
Calling code+252 (Somalia)
ISO 3166 codeSO
Internet TLD.so

Hirshabelle consists of the Hiran and Middle Shabelle regions of Somalia. The name of the state originates from combining their names. Hirshabelle proclaimed itself the autonomous Federal Member State of the Federal Republic of Somalia as stipulated in the provisional Constitution of Somalia.

History edit

Background edit

The creation of the Hirshabelle State has long been controversial, as both regions, Hiran and Middle Shabelle, have expressed a desire to create their own separate regional states.

In October 2016, local presidential elections were held, which were won by Ali Abdullahi Osoble.[2] On 11 March 2017, the Hirshabelle Parliament approved a new Cabinet of 52 Ministers. In September 2017, the Parliament elected a new President, Mohamed Abdi Ware.[3] Ali Guudlaawe currently holds the position of president in Hirshabelle State since 2020. Out of the 99 members of Parliament, 86 cast their votes in favor of Ali Guudlaawe, with the remaining 13 votes going to Abdirahman Jimale Osman.

Population edit

Region Population
Middle Shabelle 622,700
Hiran 537,288
Total 1,159,988

Districts of Hiran Region edit

District
Beledweyne
Buloburde
Jalalaqsi
Maxaas
moqakori
Mataban
ceelcali
Buq aqable

Districts of the Middle Shabelle region edit

District
Jowhar
Balcad
Mahaday
Adale
Al-kowthar Raaga Ceele
Warsheikh
Adan Yabal
Masaajid Caligaduud
Ceel Baraf
Ruun Nirgood

Administration edit

The President of Hirshabelle is an executive head of Hirshabelle State of Somalia; the president is both head of state and head of government. The President can appoint and dismiss Cabinet members.

Presidents edit

For a comprehensive list of the presidents of Hirshabelle State of Somalia, see the List of presidents of Hirshabelle article. The current president of Hirshabelle is Ali Abdullahi Hussein.

Transport edit

The road that passes through Jowhar and connects the cities of Jalalaqsi and Mogadishu is considered relatively safe. The road from Jalalaqsi to Buloburde serves as a supply route for the city of Buloburde, but may be subject to attacks by Al-Shabaab. The road from Bulobarde through the Halgan village in Beledwayne passes through Al-Shabab territory, and is therefore more susceptible to attacks by the group. At the same time, the movement of civil transport can be carried out through the territory of Al-Shabaab.

Climate edit

In March and April, the average daily maximum temperature in Beledweyne, the capital of Hiraan, is 36.7 °C (98.1 °F). In December, the average daily maximum temperature is 21.9 °C (71.4 °F).

Climate data for Beledweyne, Somalia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.5
(106.7)
42.5
(108.5)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
41.3
(106.3)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
40.2
(104.4)
45.0
(113.0)
40.0
(104.0)
42.0
(107.6)
45.0
(113.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 34.5
(94.1)
35.4
(95.7)
36.7
(98.1)
36.9
(98.4)
34.9
(94.8)
34.0
(93.2)
33.0
(91.4)
33.8
(92.8)
35.3
(95.5)
34.4
(93.9)
34.8
(94.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34.8
(94.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.2
(82.8)
28.7
(83.7)
30.0
(86.0)
30.4
(86.7)
29.2
(84.6)
28.4
(83.1)
27.8
(82.0)
27.7
(81.9)
29.0
(84.2)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
28.7
(83.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
23.4
(74.1)
23.9
(75.0)
23.4
(74.1)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
21.6
(70.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.3
(72.1)
22.3
(72.1)
22.6
(72.7)
Record low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.5
(61.7)
17.0
(62.6)
16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
17.2
(63.0)
17.0
(62.6)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.0)
5
(0.2)
48
(1.9)
59
(2.3)
6
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
8
(0.3)
51
(2.0)
16
(0.6)
5
(0.2)
204
(8.0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0 0 0 5 5 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 20
Average relative humidity (%) 58 57 57 60 64 61 65 64 59 64 63 62 61
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 276.9 288.3 243.0 272.8 249.0 201.5 232.5 246.0 223.2 243.0 269.7 3,034.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.3 9.8 9.3 8.1 8.8 8.3 6.5 7.5 8.2 7.2 8.1 8.7 8.3
Percent possible sunshine 80 79 65 53 54 61 54 62 62 57 60 69 63
Source 1: Deutscher Wetterdienst[4]
Source 2: Food and Agriculture Organization: Somalia Water and Land Management (per cent sunshine)[5]

References edit

  1. ^ "Somalia: Subdivision and cities". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 14 February 2024.
  2. ^ Baarlamaanka Hirshabeele oo madaxweyne doortay — BBC News Somali
  3. ^ HirShabeelle oo yeelatay madaxweyne cusub — BBC News Somali
  4. ^ "Klimatafel von Beled Weyne (Belet Uen) / Somalia" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Long term mean monthly sunshine fraction in Somalia". Food and Agriculture Organization. Retrieved 4 November 2016.

External links edit


Al-kowthar district is a district of midddle shabelle region which is located in the east of adanyabal district. it was established in the 1990s flag of alkowthar district blob:https://web.whatsapp.com/8f788cca-7d40-4786-b0fd-335852854591