2004 Summer Olympics medal table

The 2004 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, were a summer multi-sport event held in Athens, the capital city of Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004. A total of 10,625 athletes from 201 countries represented by National Olympic Committees participated in these games, competing in 301 events in 28 sports. Kiribati and Timor Leste competed for the first time in these Olympic Games.[1]

2004 Summer Olympics medals
LocationAthens,  Greece
Most gold medals United States (36)
Most total medals United States (101)
The Olympic flame burns in the Athens Olympic Stadium cauldron, during the opening ceremonies of the 2004 Summer Olympics.

Athletes from 74 countries won at least one medal. The United States won the most gold medals (36), the most silver medals (40) and the most medals overall (101). China finished second on the International Olympic Committee medal table (though third in terms of total medals), the country's best performance until the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Russia finished third, (second in total medals), and also won the most bronze medals (38). Host nation Greece finished fifteenth, with six gold, six silver, and four bronze medals,[1] in its best total medal haul since 1896.

Australia became the first nation to improve their gold medal total at the Games immediately after hosting a Summer Olympics. The United Arab Emirates, Paraguay and Eritrea won their first ever Olympic medals. Israel, Chile, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Chinese Taipei and United Arab Emirates won their first Olympic gold medals.[1][2]

Medal tableEdit

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables.[1] By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.

In boxing and judo, two bronze medals were awarded in each weight class, so the total number of bronze medals is greater than the total number of gold and silver medals.[1]


  *   Host nation (Greece)

1  United States (USA)363926101
2  China (CHN)32171463
3  Russia (RUS)28263690
4  Australia (AUS)17161750
5  Japan (JPN)1691237
6  Germany (GER)13162049
7  France (FRA)1191333
8  Italy (ITA)10111132
9  South Korea (KOR)912930
10  Great Britain (GBR)991230
11  Cuba (CUB)971127
12  Hungary (HUN)86317
13  Ukraine (UKR)85922
14  Romania (ROU)85619
15  Greece (GRE)*66416
16  Brazil (BRA)52310
17  Norway (NOR)5016
18  Netherlands (NED)49922
19  Sweden (SWE)4217
20  Spain (ESP)311620
21  Canada (CAN)36312
22  Turkey (TUR)33511
23  Poland (POL)32510
24  New Zealand (NZL)3205
25  Thailand (THA)3148
26  Belarus (BLR)25613
27  Austria (AUT)2417
28  Ethiopia (ETH)2327
29  Iran (IRI)2226
  Slovakia (SVK)2226
31  Chinese Taipei (TPE)2215
32  Georgia (GEO)2204
33  Bulgaria (BUL)21912
34  Denmark (DEN)2158
35  Jamaica (JAM)2125
  Uzbekistan (UZB)2125
37  Morocco (MAR)2103
38  Argentina (ARG)2046
39  Chile (CHI)2013
40  Kazakhstan (KAZ)1438
41  Kenya (KEN)1427
42  Czech Republic (CZE)1359
43  South Africa (RSA)1326
44  Croatia (CRO)1225
45  Lithuania (LTU)1203
46  Egypt (EGY)1135
  Switzerland (SUI)1135
48  Indonesia (INA)1124
49  Zimbabwe (ZIM)1113
50  Azerbaijan (AZE)1045
51  Belgium (BEL)1023
52  Bahamas (BAH)1012
  Israel (ISR)1012
54  Cameroon (CMR)1001
  Dominican Republic (DOM)1001
  United Arab Emirates (UAE)1001
57  North Korea (PRK)0415
58  Latvia (LAT)0404
59  Mexico (MEX)0314
60  Portugal (POR)0213
61  Finland (FIN)0202
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)0202
63  Slovenia (SLO)0134
64  Estonia (EST)0123
65  Hong Kong (HKG)0101
  India (IND)0101
  Paraguay (PAR)0101
68  Colombia (COL)0022
  Nigeria (NGR)0022
  Venezuela (VEN)0022
71  Eritrea (ERI)0011
  Mongolia (MGL)0011
  Syria (SYR)0011
  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)0011
Totals (74 nations)301300326927

Changes in medal standingsEdit

During the Games the following changes in medal standings occurred:

Since the conclusion of the 2004 Games, doping scandals have resulted in the revocations of medals from numerous athletes, thus affecting the medal standings.

List of changes in medal standings
Ruling date Sport/Event Athlete (NOC)       Total Comment
20 August 2004 Weightlifting
Men's 62 kg
  Leonidas Sabanis (GRE) DSQ –1 –1 Greece's Leonidas Sabanis was stripped of his bronze medal and expelled from the Games after he tested positive for excess testosterone.[4]
  Israel José Rubio (VEN) +1 +1
3 December 2004 Equestrian
Team jumping
  Ludger Beerbaum (GER) DSQ –1 +1 0 In the team jumping event, German equestrian Ludger Beerbaum was disqualified, after his horse Goldfever tested positive for the illegal substance betamethasone.[5] This led to the gold medal being awarded the second-placed American team Chris Kappler, Beezie Madden, McLain Ward, and Peter Wylde, and the silver medal to third-placed Peder Fredericson, Rolf-Göran Bengtsson, Peter Eriksson, and Malin Baryard of the Swedish team.[6] Christian Ahlmann, Marco Kutscher, and Otto Becker of the German team retained a medal, as they were able to earn the bronze medal without Goldfever's results.[7]
  - (USA) +1 –1 0
  - (SWE) +1 –1 0
27 March 2005 Equestrian
Individual jumping
  Cian O'Connor (IRL) DSQ –1 –1 Irish equestrian Cian O'Connor was stripped of his gold medal in individual jumping, due to the doping of his horse, Waterford Crystal, resulting in the title being awarded to Rodrigo Pessoa of Brazil, the silver medal to Chris Kappler of the United States, and the bronze medal to Marco Kutscher of Germany.[8]
  Rodrigo Pessoa (BRA) +1 –1 0
  Chris Kappler (USA) +1 –1 0
  Marco Kutscher (GER) +1 +1
10 August 2012 Cycling
Men's road time trial
  Tyler Hamilton (USA) DSQ –1 –1 US cyclist Tyler Hamilton in men's road time trial confessed that he used doping during the Olympics. His gold medal was reallocated to Viatcheslav Ekimov from Russia, US cyclist Bobby Julich was awarded the silver medal, and Australian Michael Rogers received bronze.[9]
  Viatcheslav Ekimov (RUS) +1 –1 0
  Bobby Julich (USA) +1 –1 0
  Michael Rogers (AUS) +1 +1
5 December 2012 Athletics
Men's hammer throw
  Ivan Tsikhan (BLR) DSQ –1 –1 Four Athletes were stripped of their medals on 5 December 2012 after drug re-testings of their samples were found positive.[10][11]

In first two cases medals were not reallocated, as the athletes who were supposed to receive them, tested for doping themselves.
On 5 March 2013, the International Olympic Committee sent a statement to the Spanish Olympic Committee, taking the decision to reallocate the medals in the men's shot put, due to exclusion of Ukrainian Yuriy Bilonoh, gold medalist at the time, by doping. Based on this decision, the new owner of the gold medal will be with the second-placed U.S. athlete Adam Nelson, the silver medal will be with the third-placed Danish Joachim Olsen, and bronze medals will be with fourth-placed Spanish Manuel Martínez.[12][13]
On 30 May 2013, during the meeting of the IOC Executive Board there were three new decisions of the reallocated medals. In athletics, Executive Board confirmed the reallocation of medals in men's shot put. In athletics, the athlete Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová (Czech Republic) will be the new bronze medalist proof of the Women's discus throw. In Weightlifting, the athlete Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (Turkey) be the new bronze medalist proof in the Men's 77 kg.[14]

Women's shot put
  Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS) DSQ –1 –1
5 March 2013 Athletics
Men's shot put
  Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR) DSQ –1 –1
  Adam Nelson (USA) +1 –1 0
  Joachim Olsen (DEN) +1 –1 0
  Manuel Martínez (ESP) +1 +1
30 May 2013 Athletics
Women's discus throw
  Iryna Yatchenko (BLR) DSQ –1 –1
  Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová (CZE) +1 +1
30 May 2013 Weightlifting
Men's 77 kg
  Oleg Perepetchenov (RUS) DSQ –1 –1 On 12 February 2013 the International Olympic Committee stripped Russian weightlifter Oleg Perepetchenov of his bronze medal in the Men's 77 kg after both probes were retested and showed traces of anabolic steroids.[15]
During the meeting of the IOC Executive Board, on 30 May 2013, it was decided that athlete Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (Turkey), originally fourth, would be the new bronze medalist proof in the Men's 77 kg.[14]
  Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (TUR) +1 +1
- Athletics
Women's 4 × 400 metres relay
  Crystal Cox (USA) DSQ 0 0 In 2010, Crystal Cox, who only ran for the U.S. team in the prelims, admitted to using anabolic steroids from 2001 to 2004. As a result, she forfeited all of her results from that time period, and agreed to a four-year suspension, until January 2014.[16][17] In 2013, both the IAAF and the IOC announced that the result would stand and the American squad (except Cox) would be allowed to retain their gold medals due to the fact that, according to the rules of the time, a team should not be disqualified because of a doping offense of an athlete who didn't compete in the finals.[18]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Athens 2004". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 4 October 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
  2. ^ "Windsurfer wins Israel's first gold". ESPN. Associated Press. 25 August 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  3. ^ "Ancient Olympia's First Female Winner Stripped of Medal". USA Today. Associated Press. 23 August 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  4. ^ "Report: Greece's Sampanis Tests Positive for Drugs". The Washington Post. 21 August 2004. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Athens 2004: Decision on German Olympic Medication cases". Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI). 3 December 2004. Archived from the original on 12 December 2004. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  6. ^ "Germany to lose showjumping gold". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 8 January 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  7. ^ "History of equestrian events at the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad" (PDF). Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI). Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  8. ^ "O'Connor loses Olympic gold medal". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 27 March 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  9. ^ "US cyclist Tyler Hamilton stripped of Athens gold after confession". BBC Sport. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  10. ^ "IOC disqualifies four medallists from Athens 2004 following further analysis of stored samples". IOC. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  11. ^ "Olympic drug tests: Four athletes stripped of 2004 Athens medals". BBC Sport. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  12. ^ "El COI concede a Manolo Martínez la medalla de bronce de peso de Atenas". Marca. Spain. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Manolo Martínez, bronce olímpico". COE. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  14. ^ a b IOC Executive Board meeting in St. Petersburg. 30 May 2013.
  15. ^ "IOC disqualifies Russian weightlifter from Athens 2004 following further analysis of stored samples". IOC. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  16. ^ "Jamaica gains Athens Olympics women's 4x400m silver". The Jamaica Observer. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  17. ^ Grohmann, Karolos (27 August 2004). "Cox loses Athens gold, U.S. lose Sydney medal". Reuters. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  18. ^ MacKay, Duncan (31 May 2013). "USA allowed to keep Athens 2004 4×400m relay gold medals following a ruling". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 October 2015.

External linksEdit