1900 Summer Olympics medal table

The 1900 Summer Olympics were held in Paris, France, from May 14 to October 28, 1900, as part of the 1900 World's Fair.

1900 Summer Olympics medals
LocationParis,  France
Highlights
Most gold medals France (27)
Most total medals France (102)

A total of 997 athletes representing 24 nations participated in 95 events in 19 sports at these games.[1] Women competed in the Olympics for the first time during the 1900 games.[2] 21 of the 24 participating nations earned medals, in addition to 19 medals won by teams made up of athletes from multiple nations. The host nation of France flooded the field, comprising over 72% of all the athletes (720 of the 997); given this, America dominated athletically, winning the second-most gold (19), silver (14), and bronze (15) medals, while fielding 75 athletes.[2]

In the early Olympic Games, several team events were contested by athletes from multiple nations.[3] Retroactively, the IOC created the designation Mixed team (with the country code ZZX) to refer to these groups of athletes. During the 1900 games, athletes participating in mixed teams won medals in athletics, cricket, football, polo, rowing, rugby, sailing, tennis, tug of war, and water polo.[4]

The 1900 Olympics is unique in being the only Olympic Games to feature rectangular medals, which were designed by Frédérique Vernon.[5] Gilt silver medals were awarded for 1st place in shooting, lifesaving, automobile racing and gymnastics.[6][7] Whilst 2nd place silver medals were awarded in shooting, rowing, yachting, tennis, gymnastics, sabre, fencing, equestrian and athletics.[8] With 3rd place bronze medals being awarded in gymnastics, firefighting and shooting.[9][10] In many sports, however, medals were not awarded. With most of the listed prizes were cups and other similar trophies.[11]

The International Olympic Committee has retrospectively assigned gold, silver, and bronze medals to competitors who earned first, second, and third-place finishes in order to bring early Olympics in line with current awards.[11]

Medal countEdit

 
A mixed team made up of athletes from Sweden and Denmark beat the French team to win gold in the tug of war at the 1900 Summer Olympics.

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1900 Summer Olympics, based on the medal count of the International Olympic Committee (IOC).[1][4][12] Before July 2021 the IOC has never decided which events were "Olympic" and which were not.[13] These rankings use Olympic medal table sorting.

  Host nation (France)
  First ever medal

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   France[a] 27 38 37 102
2   United States[a] 19 14 15 48
3   Great Britain[a] 15 8 9 32
4   Mixed team 8 5 6 19
5   Belgium 6 7 4 17
6   Switzerland 6 2 1 9
7   Germany 4 3 2 9
8   Italy 3 2 0 5
9   Australia[a] 2 0 3 5
10   Denmark[a] 1 3 2 6
11   Hungary 1 2 2 5
12   Cuba 1 1 0 2
13   Canada 1 0 1 2
14   Spain 1 0 0 1
  Luxembourg 1 0 0 1
16   Austria 0 3 3 6
17   Norway 0 2 3 5
  Netherlands[a] 0 2 3 5
19   India 0 2 0 2
20   Bohemia[a] 0 1 1 2
21   Sweden[a] 0 0 1 1
Total (21 NOCs) 96 95 93 284
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Also had fellow-countrymen in mixed teams that won medals. These medals are included in the table for "Mixed team" (ZZX). Medal-winning mixed teams also included athletes from Mexico, Haiti, New Zealand, and Colombia.

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Paris 1900". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2018-05-18. NOCs: 24 Athletes: 997 (22 women, 975 men) Events: 95 The IOC page, "Paris 1900", affirms a total of 95 medal events, which has been the recommendation of Olympic historian Bill Mallon regarding events that should be considered "Olympic". The previous IOC database contained at least ten fewer events. The IOC has never made any decision on which events are Olympic and which are not. In 2016, the IOC obtained the rights to the OlyMADMen database (at Olympedia.org – the source of the sports-reference.com data), which was created and maintained by Bill Mallon. IOC substituted the OlyMADMen data for the earliest Olympics. See Mallon, Bill (August 16, 2016). "The OlyMADMen and OlympStats and Sports-Reference". We have more data and stats and expertise on the Olympics than any similar group. We have far more than what can be found in Wikipedia, just for starters. You may know of the www.sports-reference.com/olympics site (SR/olympics), which is very good, but that is actually also our site ... We have completed discussions with the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to have them use www.olympedia.org as part of their Olympic Statistical Database. Because of this, the SR/olympics site will eventually mostly close down.
  2. ^ a b "Paris 1900–Games of the II Olympiad". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2018-05-12.
  3. ^ "1896 - Summer Olympics I (Athens, Greece)". TSN. Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2008-05-06.
  4. ^ a b "Paris 1900 - Medal Table". Olympics.com. International Olympic Committee. Select "Paris 1900", select "Go to medal table" to arrive at "Paris 1900 Medal Table"
  5. ^ "PARIS 1900 THE MEDALS". International Olympic Committee. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  6. ^ Greensfelder, Jim; Vorontsov, Oleg; Lally, Jim (1998). Olympic Medals: a reference guide. GVL Enterprises. pp. 9–10.
  7. ^ "Olympic Summer Games Medals from Athens 1896 to Tokyo 2020" (PDF). Olympic Studies Centre. Olympic Studies Centre. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  8. ^ Greensfelder, Jim; Vorontsov, Oleg; Lally, Jim (1998). Olympic Medals: a reference guide. GVL Enterprises. pp. 9–10.
  9. ^ "Olympic Summer Games Medals from Athens 1896 to Tokyo 2020" (PDF). Olympic Studies Centre. Olympic Studies Centre. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  10. ^ Greensfelder, Jim; Vorontsov, Oleg; Lally, Jim (1998). Olympic Medals: a reference guide. GVL Enterprises. pp. 9–10.
  11. ^ a b Mallon, Bill (1998). The 1900 Olympic Games, Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 0-7864-0378-0.
  12. ^ In most of the sailing classifications, two races were contested weeks apart. Each of these races is considered to be a final event, according to the IOC, with a set of medalists for each.
  13. ^ Lennartz, Karl; Teutenberg, Walter (1995). Olympische Spiele 1900 in Paris. Kassel, Germany: Agon-Sportverlag. p. 147. ISBN 3-928562-20-7. In many works, it is read that the IOC later met to decide which events were Olympic and which were not. This is not correct and no decision has ever been made. No discussion of this item can be found in the account of any Session.

External linksEdit