Year 1060 (MLX) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1060 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1060
Ab urbe condita1813
Armenian calendar509
Assyrian calendar5810
Balinese saka calendar981–982
Bengali calendar467
Berber calendar2010
English Regnal yearN/A
Buddhist calendar1604
Burmese calendar422
Byzantine calendar6568–6569
Chinese calendar己亥年 (Earth Pig)
3756 or 3696
    — to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
3757 or 3697
Coptic calendar776–777
Discordian calendar2226
Ethiopian calendar1052–1053
Hebrew calendar4820–4821
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1116–1117
 - Shaka Samvat981–982
 - Kali Yuga4160–4161
Holocene calendar11060
Igbo calendar60–61
Iranian calendar438–439
Islamic calendar451–452
Japanese calendarKōhei 3
Javanese calendar963–964
Julian calendar1060
Korean calendar3393
Minguo calendar852 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−408
Seleucid era1371/1372 AG
Thai solar calendar1602–1603
Tibetan calendar阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
1186 or 805 or 33
    — to —
(male Iron-Rat)
1187 or 806 or 34
King Béla I of Hungary (c. 1015–1063)


By placeEdit



By topicEdit





  1. ^ Fößel, Amalie (2013). "The Political Traditions of Female Rulership in Medieval Europe". In Bennett, Judith M.; Karras, Ruth Mazo (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 70. ISBN 9780199582174.
  2. ^ Jestice, Phyllis G. (2018). Imperial Ladies of the Ottonian Dynasty: Women and Rule in Tenth-Century Germany. Queenship and Power. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. p. 220. ISBN 9783319773063.
  3. ^ Oksanen, Eljas (2012). "Appendix I: Timeline". Flanders and the Anglo-Norman World, 1066-1216. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 257. ISBN 9780521760997.
  4. ^ Blewitt, Octavian (1853). "Chapter 16: Chronological Tables". Handbook for Travellers in Southern Italy: Being a Guide for the Continental Portion of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Including the City of Naples and Its Suburbs, Pompeii, Herculaneum, Vesuvius, the Islands of the Bay of Naples, and That Portion of the Papal States, Which Lies Between the Contorni of Rome and the Neapolitan Frontier. London, Paris and Florence: John Murray. pp. lxxix.
  5. ^ Via, Anthony P. (2017). "Tancred of Hauteville, Son of". In Kleinhenz, Christopher (ed.). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia. Routledge Revivals. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 1069. ISBN 9781351664431.
  6. ^ Chronological Tables: Comprehending the Chronology and History of the World, from the Earliest Records to the Close of the Russian War. Vol. First Division: Ancient and Medieval History A.M. 1 to A.D. 1500. London and Glasgow: Richard Griffin. 1857. p. 189.
  7. ^ Richard Brzezinski (1998). History of Poland - The Piast Dynasty, p. 19. ISBN 83-7212-019-6.
  8. ^ Borovský, Jozef (2019). "Chapter 5: Cultus Imperium - Imperial Ungaria". Chrysalis: Metamorphosis of Odium. Victoria, Canada: FriesenPress. pp. 243–244. ISBN 9781525547690.
  9. ^ Oța, Silviu (2014). The Mortuary Archaeology of the Medieval Banat (10th-14th Centuries). Leiden and Boston: BRILL. p. 86. ISBN 9789004281578.
  10. ^ Ning, Chia (2016). "Dynastic histories". In Dillon, Michael (ed.). Encyclopedia of Chinese History. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 170. ISBN 9781317817161.
  11. ^ Wan, Lei (2017). "The Earliest Record on Sino-Arab Maritime Route in a Chinese Official Dynastic Book". The First Chinese Travel Record on the Arab World: Commercial and Diplomatic Communications during the Islamic Golden Age. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: مركز الملك فيصل للبحوث والدراسات الإسلامية (King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies). p. 25. ISBN 9786038206218.
  12. ^ Sung, Chia-fu (November 29, 2016). "An Ambivalent Historian: Ouyang Xiu and His New Histories". T'oung Pao. 102 (4–5): 358–406. doi:10.1163/15685322-10245P03. ISSN 0082-5433.
  13. ^ Saint Anselm (Archbishop of Canterbury) (2008). "Introduction: Anselm's Life and Works". In Davies, Brian; G. R., Evans (eds.). Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works. Oxford World's Classics. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. pp. vii. ISBN 9780199540082.
  14. ^ Vaughn, Sally N. (1987). "Two: St. Anselm and Bec: Novice, Monk, Prior and Abbot, 1033 - 1092". Anselm of Bec and Robert of Meulan: The Innocence of the Dove and the Wisdom of the Serpent. Berkeley, CA, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press. p. 19. ISBN 9780520056749.
  15. ^ Vaughn, Sally N. (2016). "Chapter 2. The Bec Background: A Missionary Mentality". Archbishop Anselm 1093–1109: Bec Missionary, Canterbury Primate, Patriarch of Another World. London and New York: Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 9781317179832.
  16. ^ John, Simon (2017). "Chapter 2: Godfrey's Career in the West, c. 1060 - 1095". Godfrey of Bouillon: Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Ruler of Latin Jerusalem, c.1060-1100. Rulers of the Latin East. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781317126300.
  17. ^ Browning, Charles Henry (1969) [1883]. "Pedigree XCVII". Americans of Royal Descent: Collection of Genealogies Showing the Lineal Descent from Kings of Some American Families ... (Seventh ed.). Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 425. ISBN 9780806300542.
  18. ^ Smith, Charles Edward (March 1948). "The Ancestry and Life of Godfrey of Bouillon by John C. Andressohn". Indiana Magazine of History. 44 (1).
  19. ^ Strunz, Gunnar (2014). Niederösterreich: Mit Wachau, Waldviertel, Weinviertel und Mostviertel (in German). Berlin: Trescher Verlag. p. 108. ISBN 9783897942936.
  20. ^ Nickel, Claudia (2007). Das Leben der Frau Ava: Hauptseminararbeit (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: GRIN Verlag. ISBN 9783638734936.
  21. ^ Butler, Alban (1798). "St. Aibert, Recluse". The Lives of the Primitive Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints Compiled from Original Monuments and Other Authentic Records. Vol. IV (Third ed.). Edinburgh, London and Newcastle: J. Moir. p. 76.
  22. ^ Sausseret, Paul (1854). "XXXV: Apparition a Saint Aibert, reclus". Apparitions et révélations de la Très Sainte Vierge depuis l'origine du Christianisme à nos jours (in French). Paris, France: Vivès. p. 162.
  23. ^ Petrella, Giancarlo (2004). L'officina del geografo: la "Descrittione di tutta Italia" di Leandro Alberti e gli studi geografico-antiquari tra Quattro e Cinquecento: con un saggio di edizione (Lombardia-Toscana) (in Italian). Milan, Italy: Vita e Pensiero. p. 434. ISBN 9788834311202.
  24. ^ Affò, Ireneo; Patrini, Giuseppe (1788). Vita di San Bernardo degli Uberti abate gen. di Vallombrosa cardinale di s. Chiesa e vescovo di Parma scritta dal padre Ireneo Affò minor osservante bibliotecario di sua altezza reale a professor onorario di storia nella r. università (in Italian). Parma, Italy: Presso Filippo Carmignani. pp. 100–101.
  25. ^ Pritz, F. X. (1842). Kurzgefasste Lebensgeschichte des hl. Berthold, ersten Abtes des einstigen Benediktiner-Klosters Garsten in Lände ob der Enns, sammt frommen Betrachtungen zur, Jubelfeier am 27 Jul. 1842 (in German). Linz, Austria: Quir. Haslinger. p. 10.
  26. ^ Rana, Lalita (2013). "Evolution of modern geographical thinking and disciplinary trends in India" (PDF). The Association for Geographical Studies: 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022.
  27. ^ Handa, Nidhi (August 2018). "Journey of Indian Mathematics from Vedic Era" (PDF). International Journal for Environmental Rehabilitation and Conservation. IX (1): 217–221. doi:10.31786/09756272. ISSN 0975-6272. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022.
  28. ^ "Clementia (Von Gleiberg) of Aquitaine b. 1060 d. 4 Jan 1141-1142: The Douglas Archives". Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  29. ^ Potter, Philip J. (2009). Gothic Kings of Britain: The Lives of 31 Medieval Rulers, 1016-1399. Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland. p. 126. ISBN 9780786452484.
  30. ^ Bernard, Floris; Demoen, Kristoffel (2012). Poetry and its Contexts in Eleventh-century Byzantium. London and New York: Routledge. p. 92. ISBN 9781317079422.
  31. ^ Mayer, Joseph Maria (1869). Das Bayern-buch: Geschichtsbilder und sagen aus der vorzeit der Bayern, Franken und Schwaben (in German). Munich, Germany: Lindauer. pp. 231. 1060 Diemud.
  32. ^ "Diemoth - Encyclopedia Volume - Catholic Encyclopedia". Catholic Online. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  33. ^ Krause, Herbert; Krause, Carolyn (2013). Our Cup Runneth Over: Our Story for Our Children and Their Children. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. p. 317. ISBN 9781481712941.
  34. ^ Mostow, Joshua S. (1996). "Poem 75". Pictures of the Heart: The Hyakunin Isshu in Word and Image. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. p. 363. ISBN 9780824817053.
  35. ^ Machotka, Ewa (2009). Visual Genesis of Japanese National Identity: Hokusai's Hyakunin Isshu. Brussels, Belgium: Peter Lang. p. 118. ISBN 9789052014821.
  36. ^ Lillehoj, Elizabeth (2004). Critical Perspectives on Classicism in Japanese Painting: 1600 - 1700. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. p. 144. ISBN 9780824826994.
  37. ^ Butler, Alban; Burns, Paul (1999). Butler's Lives of the Saints: April. Tunbridge Wells, England and Collegeville, MN: Burns & Oates. p. 67. ISBN 9780860122531.
  38. ^ Fagnant-MacArthur, Patrice (2013). The Catholic Baby Name Book. Notre Dame, IN: Ave Maria Press. p. 167. ISBN 9781594713828.
  39. ^ Cassan, Armand (1833). Statistique de l'arrondissement de Mantes, Seine-et-Oise (in French). Mantes, France: Chez Forcade. p. 237.
  40. ^ State, Paul F. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Lanham, MD, Boulder, CO, New York, Toronto and Plymouth, England: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 183. ISBN 9780810879218.
  41. ^ Weis, Frederick Lewis; Sheppard, Walter Lee; Beall, William Ryland; Beall, Kaleen E. (2008) [1950]. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who Came to America Before 1700: Lineages from Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Other Historical Individuals (Eighth ed.). Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 149. ISBN 9780806317526.
  42. ^ Dillon, Charles Raymond (2002). Royals and Nobles: A Genealogist's Tool. New York, Lincoln and Shanghai: Writers Club Press. p. 352. ISBN 9780595259380.
  43. ^ "Heimatverein der Heinsberger Lande e.V." Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  44. ^ Stroll, Mary (1997). The Medieval Abbey of Farfa: Target of Papal and Imperial Ambitions. Leiden, New York, Cologne: BRILL. p. 165. ISBN 9789004247284.
  45. ^ Boynton, Susan (2006). Shaping a Monastic Identity: Liturgy & History at the Imperial Abbey of Farfa, 1000-1125. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press. p. 18. ISBN 9780801443817.
  46. ^ Neuhofer, M. Dorothy (1999). In the Benedictine Tradition: The Origins and Early Development of Two College Libraries. Lanham, New York, Oxford: University Press of America. p. 16. ISBN 9780761814634.
  47. ^ Benson, Ann (2017). Troy House: A Tudor Estate Across Time. Cardiff, Wales: University of Wales Press. p. 15. ISBN 9781783169900.
  48. ^ "People: Hamelin de Barham; Hamelin de Ballon (Balun / Baeluns) - Monastic Wales - A Comprehensive Database of Sites and Sources". Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  49. ^ "Huizong (Western Xia) 西夏惠宗 (Biographical details)". British Museum. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  50. ^ Catalá, Montserrat Casanovas (2002). La memoria rescatada. Los materiales del Legado "Samuel Gili Gaya" como fuente historiográfica (in Spanish). Lleida, Spain: Universitat de Lleida. p. 94. ISBN 9788484095194.
  51. ^ Pere, Gil i Estalella; Catalans, Institut d'Estudis; Històrico-Arqueològica, Secció (2017). Història moral de Cathalunya : llibre segon de la Història cathalana (in Catalan). Barcelona, Spain: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. p. 185. ISBN 9788499651743.
  52. ^ Beraldo, Wanderley (2018). FamÍlia Beraldo (in Portuguese). Vol. II. Sao Paolo, Brazil: Clube de Autores. p. 847.
  53. ^ Tournai, Odo of; Resnick, Irven M. (2017) [1994]. "Introduction: Odo of Tournai. Tournai at the End of the Eleventh Century". On Original Sin and A Disputation with the Jew, Leo, Concerning the Advent of Christ, the Son of God: Two Theological Treatises. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 1. ISBN 9781512821642.
  54. ^ Novikoff, Alex J. (2013). The Medieval Culture of Disputation: Pedagogy, Practice, and Performance. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 179. ISBN 9780812245387.
  55. ^ Ochs, Christoph (2013). Matthaeus Adversus Christianos: The Use of the Gospel of Matthew in Jewish Polemics Against the Divinity of Jesus. Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck. p. 85. ISBN 9783161526152.
  56. ^ Davies, Norman (2012). Vanished Kingdoms: The Rise and Fall of States and Nations. New York: Penguin. ISBN 9781101545348.
  57. ^ Grifoll, Isabel (January 1, 2017). "The Culture (Ninth–Twelfth Centuries): Clerics and Troubadours". The Crown of Aragon: 125–149. doi:10.1163/9789004349612_006. ISBN 9789004349612.
  58. ^ Staunton, Michael (2017). The Historians of Angevin England. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 300. ISBN 9780198769965.
  59. ^ Dawson, Ian (1998). Treasure, Geoffrey (ed.). Who's who in British History. Vol. I: A-H. London and Chicago, IL: Taylor & Francis. pp. xxii. ISBN 9781884964909.
  60. ^ Mason, J. F. A. (2004). "Flambard, Ranulf (c. 1060–1128), administrator and bishop of Durham | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9667. Retrieved August 7, 2019. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  61. ^ "Roger | duke of Apulia". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  62. ^ "Roger Borsa, Duke of Apulia and Calabria (Biographical details)". British Museum. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  63. ^ History (October 24, 2011). Roger Borsa. TypPRESS. ISBN 9786137807903.
  64. ^ Rodd, Laurel Rasplica, ed. (2015). Shinkokinshū: New Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 110. ISBN 9789004288294.
  65. ^ Fujiwara, Sukefusa; Hérail, Francine (2001). Notes journalières de Fujiwara no Sukefusa, Traduction du Shunki. Hautes Etudes Orientales - Extrême Orient (in French). Vol. 37. Geneva, Switzerland: Librairie Droz. p. 597. ISBN 9782600008969.
  66. ^ Blair, Heather (July 25, 2016). "Ladylike Religion: Ritual and Agency in the Life of an Eleventh-Century Japanese Noblewoman". History of Religions. 56 (1): 1–22. doi:10.1086/686745. ISSN 0018-2710. S2CID 163874345.
  67. ^ Keynes, Simon (1997). "Giso, Bishop of Wells". In Harper-Bill, Christopher (ed.). Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 1996. Woodbridge, England: Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 221. ISBN 9780851157078.
  68. ^ Searle, William George (2012) [1897]. Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum: A List of Anglo-Saxon Proper Names from the Time of Beda to that of King John. Cambridge, England and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 171. ISBN 9781107608641.
  69. ^ Baker, Nigel; Holt, Richard (2004). Urban Growth and the Medieval Church: Gloucester and Worcester. Aldershot, England and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 22. ISBN 9780754602668.
  70. ^ Mielke, Christopher (2016). "Lifestyles of the Rich and (In?)Animate: Object Biography and the Reliquary Cross of Queen Adelaide of Hungary". In Rohr, Zita Eva; Benz, Lisa (eds.). Queenship, Gender, and Reputation in the Medieval and Early Modern West, 1060-1600. New York: Springer. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9783319312835.
  71. ^ Weinfurter, Stefan (1999). The Salian Century: Main Currents in an Age of Transition. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 185. ISBN 9780812235081.
  72. ^ Glenn, Justin (2015). The Washingtons: A Family History. Vol. 3: Royal Descents of the Presidential Branch. El Dorado Hills, CA: Savas Publishing. p. 113. ISBN 9781940669281.
  73. ^ Ingram, James (1823). The Saxon Chronicle: With an English Translation, and Notes, Critical and Explanatory. To Which Are Added Chronological, Topographical, and Glossarial Indices; a Short Grammar of the Anglo-Saxon Language, a New Map of England During the Heptarchy, Plates of Coins. London: Рипол Классик. p. 250.
  74. ^ Crabb, George (1825). Universal Historical Dictionary: Or, Explanation of the Names of Persons and Places in the Departments of Biblical, Political, and Ecclesiastical History, Mythology, Heraldry, Biography, Bibliography, Geography, and Numismatics. Illustrated by Portraits and Medallic Cuts. Vol. II. London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy.
  75. ^ Huyghebaert, N.-N.; Huyghebaert, N.-M. (1969). "Origines et rapports des deux monastères brugeois de Saint-Barthélemy de l'Eeckhout et de Saint-Trond". Augustiniana. 19 (1/2): 257–290. ISSN 0004-8003. JSTOR 44992193. En cet endroit un certain Everelme avait adopté la vie anachorétique en l'an 1048 et y avait persévéré douze ans; il y avait reçu la sépulture dans la petite chapelle, le 4 octobre de l'an 1060.
  76. ^ Grundmann, Herbert (December 1964). "Deutsche Eremiten, Einsiedler und Klausner im Hochmittelalter (10.-12. Jahrhundert)". Archiv für Kulturgeschichte. 45 (1): 60–90. doi:10.7788/akg-1964-4505. ISSN 0003-9233. S2CID 165337423. Erst neuerdings wurde ein alter Grabstein wiederaufgefunden", dessen Inschrift besagt, daß ein anadiorita Everelmus zwölf Jahre lang auf einer Flußinsel bei Brügge lebte und dort 1060 starb.
  77. ^ Sire, Paul (2014). King Arthur's European Realm: New Evidence from Monmouth's Primary Sources. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 121. ISBN 9780786478019.
  78. ^ Weis, Frederick Lewis; Sheppard, Walter Lee; Beall, William Ryland; Beall, Kaleen E. (2008) [1950]. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who Came to America Before 1700: Lineages from Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Other Historical Individuals (Eighth ed.). Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 265. ISBN 9780806317526.
  79. ^ Knight, Gareth (2013). The Book of Melusine of Lusignan in History, Legend and Romance. Cheltenham, England: Skylight Press. p. 180. ISBN 9781908011671.
  80. ^ Melton, J. Gordon (2014). Faiths Across Time: 5,000 Years of Religious History. Vol. II: 500 - 1399 CE. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 685. ISBN 9781610690263.
  81. ^ Kahn, Andrew; Lipovet︠s︡kiĭ, Mark Naumovich; Reyfman, Irina; Sandler, Stephanie (2018). A History of Russian Literature. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 31. ISBN 9780199663941.
  82. ^ Aigner, Petra (2014). "Poetry and Networking in High Medieval France (ca. 1100): Baudri de Bourgueil and His Scholarly Contacts". In Steckel, Sita; Gaul, Niels; Grünbart, Michael (eds.). Networks of Learning: Perspectives on Scholars in Byzantine East and Latin West, C. 1000-1200. Zurich and Berlin: LIT Verlag Münster. p. 36. ISBN 9783643904577.
  83. ^ Aird, William M. (2011). "Chapter 2: The Dutiful Son". Robert 'Curthose', Duke of Normandy (C. 1050-1134). Woodbridge, England and Rochester, NY: Boydell Press. p. 31. ISBN 9781843836605.
  84. ^ Turner, Ralph V. (1995). "The Problem of Survival for the Angevin "Empire": Henry II's and His Sons' Vision versus Late Twelfth-Century Realities". The American Historical Review. 100 (1): 78–96. doi:10.2307/2167984. ISSN 0002-8762. JSTOR 2167984.
  85. ^ Loud, Graham A.; Schenk, Jochen (2017). The Origins of the German Principalities, 1100-1350: Essays by German Historians. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. pp. xix. ISBN 9781317022008.
  86. ^ Cohen, Adam S. (2000). The Uta Codex: Art, Philosophy, and Reform in Eleventh-Century Germany. University Park, PA: Penn State Press. p. 248. ISBN 9780271043708.
  87. ^ Wolfram, Herwig (2010). Conrad II, 990-1039: Emperor of Three Kingdoms. University Park, PA: Penn State Press. p. 88. ISBN 9780271048185.
  88. ^ Searle, William George (2012) [1897]. Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum: A List of Anglo-Saxon Proper Names from the Time of Beda to that of King John. Cambridge, England and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 157. ISBN 9781107608641.
  89. ^ Everson, Paul; Stocker, David (2017). "Archaeology and Archiepiscopal Reform: Greater Churches in York Diocese in the 11th Century". In Hadley, Dawn M.; Dyer, Christopher (eds.). The Archaeology of the 11th Century: Continuities and Transformations. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 187. ISBN 9781315312927.
  90. ^ Atkins, Ivor (1940). "The Origin of the Later Part of the Saxon Chronicle Known as D". The English Historical Review. 55 (217): 8–26. doi:10.1093/ehr/LV.CCLXVII.8. ISSN 0013-8266. JSTOR 554028.
  91. ^ Baumer, Christoph (2016). The History of Central Asia: The Age of Islam and the Mongols. Vol. III. London and New York: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 316. ISBN 9781838609405.
  92. ^ Thomas, Joseph (2010). The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology: A-clu. Cosimo Classics. Vol. I: A - CLU. New York: Cosimo, Inc. p. 28. ISBN 9781616400682.
  93. ^ Leviant, Curt (2008) [1969]. Masterpieces of Hebrew Literature: Selections from 2000 Years of Jewish Creativity. Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society. p. 241. ISBN 9780827609549.
  94. ^ Cohn-Sherbok, Dan (2010). Dictionary of Jewish Biography. London and New York: A&C Black. p. 7. ISBN 9781441197849.
  95. ^ Bonfil, Robert (2009). History and Folklore in a Medieval Jewish Chronicle: The Family Chronicle of Aḥimaʿaz ben Paltiel. Leiden and Boston: BRILL. pp. iv. ISBN 9789047427315.
  96. ^ Thomas, Joseph (2010). The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. Cosimo Classics. Vol. I: A - CLU. New York: Cosimo, Inc. p. 125. ISBN 9781616400699.
  97. ^ Bak, János M. (1998), "Roles and Functions of Queens in Árpádian and Angevin Hungary (1000–1386 A.D.)", in Parsons, John Carmi (ed.), Medieval Queenship, Palgrave Macmillan US, pp. 13–24, doi:10.1007/978-1-137-08859-8_2, ISBN 9781137088598
  98. ^ Wise, Leonard F.; Hansen, Mark Hillary; Egan, E. W. (2005) [1967]. Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 151. ISBN 9781402725920.
  99. ^ Morgan, David (2014) [1988]. Medieval Persia 1040-1797. A History of the Middle East. London and New York: Routledge. p. 26. ISBN 9781317871408.
  100. ^ al-Mulk, Niẓām (2002). The Book of Government, Or, Rules for Kings: The Siyar Al-Muluk, Or, Siyasat-nama of Nizam Al-Mulk. Translated by Darke, Hubert. London and New York: Psychology Press. pp. x. ISBN 9780700712281.
  101. ^ Alikuzai, Hamid Wahed (2013). A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes. Vol. I. Victoria, Canada: Trafford Publishing. p. 172. ISBN 9781490714462.
  102. ^ Prakash, Col Ved (2007). Encyclopaedia of North-East India. Vol. 1. New Delhi, India: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 120. ISBN 9788126907038.
  103. ^ Howe, John (1997). Church Reform and Social Change in Eleventh-Century Italy: Dominic of Sora and His Patrons. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780812234121.
  104. ^ Wixom, William D. (1997). "Byzantine Art and the Latin West". In Evans, Helen C.; Wixom, William D. (eds.). The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843-1261. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York. pp. 46. ISBN 9780870997778.
  105. ^ Smith, Katherine Allen (2011). War and the Making of Medieval Monastic Culture. Woodbridge, England: Boydell Press. pp. 190–191. ISBN 9781843836162.
  106. ^ Peterson, Gary Dean (2016). Vikings and Goths: A History of Ancient and Medieval Sweden. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 239. ISBN 9781476662183.
  107. ^ Peterson, Gary Dean (2007). Warrior Kings of Sweden: The Rise of an Empire in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland. p. 8. ISBN 9781476604114.
  108. ^ Sjöberg, Anders (January 1, 1982). "Pop Upir' Lichoj and the Swedish rune-carver Ofeigr Upir". Scando-Slavica. 28 (1): 109–124. doi:10.1080/00806768208600815. ISSN 0080-6765.
  109. ^ Labouvie, Eva (2016). Frauen in Sachsen-Anhalt: Ein biographisch-bibliographisches Lexikon vom Mittelalter bis zum 18. Jahrhundert (in German). Cologne, Weimar and Vienna: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar. p. 368. ISBN 9783412501280.
  110. ^ Miller, Manfred (2019). Die Münzen und Medaillen von Anhalt-Aschersleben bis zum Herzogtum Anhalt (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: BoD – Books on Demand. p. 8. ISBN 9783735785787.
  111. ^ Wieczynski, Joseph L. (1994). The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History. Vol. 38. Academic International Press. p. 123. ISBN 9780875690643.
  112. ^ Rogers, Clifford J. (2010). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology. Vol. I. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 372. ISBN 9780195334036.
  113. ^ Böhm, Marcin (December 2018). "The Military Policy of Isaac Komnenos at the time of battle of Petroe (1057)". Open Political Science. 1 (1): 136–142. doi:10.1515/openps-2018-0011.
  114. ^ Jinsheng, Zheng; Kirk, Nalini; Buell, Paul D.; Unschuld, Paul U. (2018). Dictionary of the Ben Cao Gang Mu. Vol. 3: Persons and Literary Sources. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. p. 326. ISBN 9780520291973.
  115. ^ Tzu, Sun (2005). The Art of War: Complete Texts and Commentaries. Boston and London: Shambhala Publications. p. 34. ISBN 9780834827301.
  116. ^ Wei, Shang (1994). "Prisoner and Creator: The Self-Image of the Poet in Han Yu and Meng Jiao". Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews. 16: 19–40. doi:10.2307/495305. ISSN 0161-9705. JSTOR 495305.
  117. ^ Orton, C. W. Previte (2013) [1912]. The Early History of the House of Savoy: 1000-1233. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 212. ISBN 9781107650428.
  118. ^ Nash, Penelope (2017). Empress Adelheid and Countess Matilda: Medieval Female Rulership and the Foundations of European Society. Queenship and Power. London and New York: Springer. p. 46. ISBN 9781137585141.
  119. ^ Creber, Alison (April 22, 2019). "Breaking Up Is Hard To Do: Dissolving Royal and Noble Marriages in Eleventh-Century Germany". German History. 37 (2): 149–171. doi:10.1093/gerhis/ghy108. ISSN 0266-3554.
  120. ^ Graham-Leigh, Elaine (2005). The Southern French Nobility and the Albigensian Crusade. Woodbridge, England: Boydell Press. p. 98. ISBN 9781843831297.
  121. ^ Palgrave, Sir Francis (1919). Palgrave, Sir Inglis (ed.). The History of Normandy and of England: The Collected Historical Writings of Sir Francis Palgrave, K. H. Vol. II. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press Archive. p. 543.
  122. ^ Weis, Frederick Lewis; Sheppard, Walter Lee; Beall, William Ryland; Beall, Kaleen E. (2008) [1950]. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who Came to America Before 1700: Lineages from Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Other Historical Individuals (Eighth ed.). Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 175. ISBN 9780806317526.
  123. ^ Vitalis, Ordericus (1969). The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis. Vol. II. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. p. 363. ISBN 9780198222040.
  124. ^ Thompson, Kathleen (January 1, 1985). "Family and influence to the south of Normandy in the eleventh century: the lordship of Bellême". Journal of Medieval History. 11 (3): 215–226. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(85)90025-9. ISSN 0304-4181.