Mei Yaochen (traditional Chinese: 梅堯臣; simplified Chinese: 梅尧臣; pinyin: Méi Yáochén; Wade–Giles: Mei Yao-ch'en) (1002–1060) was a Chinese poet of the Song dynasty. He was one of the pioneers of the "new subjective" style of poetry which characterized Song poetry.[1]

Mei Yaochen
Song dynasty poet Mei Yaochen.jpg
Mei Yaochen, painted by Kanō Tsunenobu in the 18th century.
BornMay 31, 1002
DiedMay 27, 1060(1060-05-27) (aged 57)
Kaifeng, Henan, China
ChildrenMei Zeng
Mei Chi
Mei Tong
Mei Gui'er
ParentMei Rang
RelativesMei Miao
Mei Yuan
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Wanling Xiansheng

Mei Yaochen was born in Xuancheng in present-day Anhui Province. His style name was 'Sheng Yu' (圣俞).[1] He passed the jinshi exam in 1051 and had a career in the civil service, but was unsuccessful. He was a prolific poet, with around 3000 works extant; he was popularized as a poet by the younger Ouyang Xiu.

Most of his works are in the shi form, but they are much freer in content than those of the Tang dynasty. His response to the impossibility of surpassing the Tang poets was to make a virtue of his lack of ambition; his ideal was 平淡 (pingdan), or the pedestrian. His early verses are often socio-critical, advocating reform along Neo-Confucian lines; later he turned to celebrations of ordinary life and verses mourning the deaths of his first wife and several of his children. An example is his poem translated into English by Kenneth Rexroth as "An Excuse for Not Returning the Visit of a Friend."

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Cihai: Page 1306.


  • Ci hai bian ji wei yuan hui (辞海编辑委员会). Ci hai (辞海). Shanghai: Shanghai ci shu chu ban she (上海辞书出版社), 1979.

Jonathan Chaves. MEI YAO-CH'EN AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY SUNG POETRY. New York: Columbia University Press. 1976.