Matilda of Germany, Duchess of Swabia

Matilda of Swabia (October 1048 – 12 May 1060), a member of the Salian dynasty, was the daughter of Emperor Henry III from his second marriage with Agnes of Poitou. By her marriage to Rudolf of Rheinfelden, she was Duchess of Swabia from 1059-1060, before her early death.

Matilda of Swabia
Duchess consort of Swabia
SuccessorAdelaide of Savoy
Bornc. 1048
Died12th May 1060
Monastery of SS. Simon and Jude in Goslar
SpousesRudolf of Rheinfelden
IssueBerthold of Rheinfelden (disputed)
HouseSalian Dynasty
FatherHenry III of Germany
MotherAgnes of Poitou


Matilda was the third daughter of Emperor Henry III and Empress Agnes, a daughter of the French duke William V of Aquitaine. Among her older siblings were Adelaide, who became Abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim, and Gisela, who died in infancy. Her younger siblings included her brothers Henry IV, who succeeded their father as Holy Roman Emperor in 1056, and Conrad II, who also died in infancy, and a sister, Judith of Swabia, who was queen consort of Hungary from 1063 to 1074. In addition, Matilda had an older half-sister, Beatrix, Abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim, born from her father's first marriage with Princess Gunhilda of Denmark.

Matilda was probably born in October 1048 in Pöhlde,[1] although some sources indicate that she was born before this, perhaps as early as 1045.[2] When she was, at most, twelve years old, Matilda was betrothed to Rudolf of Rheinfelden in 1057. Their marriage took place in 1059.[3] It is possible that Matilda was the mother of Rudolf’s son, Berthold of Rheinfelden.[4] (The identity of Berthold’s mother is disputed, and she is sometimes said to be Rudolf’s second wife, Adelaide of Savoy.[5])

Matilda died on 12th May 1060, probably in Goslar, and was buried at the monastery of SS Simon and Jude in Goslar.[6]


  1. ^ Schnith, Frauen des Mittelalters, p. 123.
  2. ^ "Hermann of Reichenau, Chronicon, a.1045, p. 125; Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln, table 12". Archived from the original on 2019-01-27. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  3. ^ Hlawitschka, ‘Zur Herkunft,’ p. 180.
  4. ^ Thiele, Genealogische Stammtafeln, table 21; Frommer, Die Salier und das Herzogtum Schwaben, p. 114.
  5. ^ Zettler, Geschichte des Herzogtums Schwaben, p. 177; Herding, 'Berthold von Rheinfelden,' p. 157.
  6. ^ Black-Veldtrupp, Kaiserin Agnes, p. 108.


  • Hermann of Reichenau, Chronicon, ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS V (Hannover, 1844), pp. 74-133.
  • M. Black-Veldtrupp, Kaiserin Agnes (1043-1077). Quellenkritische Studien (Cologne, 1995).
  • D. Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten. Neue Folge Band XII, Schwaben
  • K. Schnith, Frauen des Mittelalters in Lebensbildern (Graz, 1997)
  • A. Zettler, Geschichte des Herzogtums Schwaben (Stuttgart, 2003)
  • A. Thiele, Genealogische Stammtafeln zur europäischen Geschichte Band I, Teilband 1 (Frankfurt am Main, 1993).
  • H. Frommer, Die Salier und das Herzogtum Schwaben (Karlsruhe, 1992)
  • E. Hlawitschka, ‘Zur Herkunft und zu den Seitenverwandten des Gegenkönigs Rudolf,’ in Die Salier und das Reich, vol. 1: Salier, Adel und Reichsverfassung, ed. S. Weinfurter with H. Kluger (Sigmaringen, 1991), pp. 175-220.
Matilda of Germany, Duchess of Swabia
Salian Dynasty
Born: c. 1048 Died: 12 October 1060
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Immilla of Turin
Duchess of Swabia
Succeeded by
Adelaide of Savoy