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The term Pur,or Pura (Devanagari:पुर) occurs 30 times in the Rig Veda which is an ancient sacred Hindu text. It is often translated as city, castle, fortress or abode. With the Indianization of Southeast Asia and the spread of Hinduism there, specially in the Indosphere, the term pura also means temple (abode of god), e.g. Balinese pura. Other english place name variations include the suffixes -pore e.g. Singapore, -puri e.g. Jagannathpuri and -puram e.g. Kanchipuram.

In the Rig Veda, there are also purs made of metal (purās ayasīs in 10.101.8). In Aitareya Brahmana, there is copper/bronze, silver, and golden pur.

Pur and puraEdit

Pur and pura are suffixes meaning "city" or "settlement", used in several place names across the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Afghanistan and Iran. The word pura is the oldest Sanskrit language word for "city", finds frequent mention in the Rigveda, one of the four canonical sacred texts of Hinduism, most dating between c. 1500–1200 BCE. However in later Vedic literature it also means "fortress" or "rampart". These days pura is often used for a mohalla (neighbourhood).[1] In Balinese Hinduism, the temple for worship is known as a pura.




As Malayalam is rich with words bougght from Sanskrit there are a lots of place names in Malayalam speaking state of India, Kerala ending with puram. Below one in Palakkad District is most famous or biggest of places among them.



See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Tej Ram Sharma (1978). Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions. Concept Publishing Co., Delhi. p. 224-225.
  • Rau Wilhelm 1976 The Meaning of pur in Vedic Literature; Mϋnchen, W Finck.
  • Vedic Index (1912), 2 vols 1995 edition, by A. A. Macdonell and A. B. Keith: M Banarsidass, Delhi.
  • Kazanas, Nicholas: Rig Vedic Pur, 2004