Open main menu

Dera Ghazi Khan (Urdu: ڈيره غازي خان‎), abbreviated as D. G. Khan, is a city in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is the headquarters of the Dera Ghazi Khan District and also the administrative centre of the Dera Ghazi Khan Division. According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, its population is 399,064. It is the 19th Largest city of Pakistan.

Dera Ghazi Khan

ڈيره غازي خان
Shrine of Ghazi Khan, for whom the city is named
Shrine of Ghazi Khan, for whom the city is named
Nickname(s): 
Dera Ghazi Khan
Motto(s): 
Dera phullain da sehra ڈیرا پھلیں دا سہرا (Translation: Dera–the garland of flowers)
Dera Ghazi Khan is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Dera Ghazi Khan
Dera Ghazi Khan
Dera Ghazi Khan is located in Pakistan
Dera Ghazi Khan
Dera Ghazi Khan
Coordinates: 30°1′59″N 70°38′24″E / 30.03306°N 70.64000°E / 30.03306; 70.64000Coordinates: 30°1′59″N 70°38′24″E / 30.03306°N 70.64000°E / 30.03306; 70.64000
CountryPakistan Pakistan
ProvincePunjab
DistrictDera Ghazi Khan District
Foundation of Old City1474
Foundation of New City1910
Government
 • TypeDistrict Government and Municipal Corporation Dera Ghazi Khan
 • Mayor Of DGKhanShahid Hameed Khan Chandia (PML-N)[1]
Population
 (1998)
 • Total190,542
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)+6
Postal code
32200
Dialling code064[2]
AcronymDGK
DemonymDigerian, Sulemani Balochs
WebsiteNo Official Website

Contents

HistoryEdit

FoundationEdit

Dera Ghazi Khan was founded in the end of 15th century and was named after Ghazi Khan Mirrani, son of Haji Khan Mirrani who was a powerful Baloch chieftain. 15 generations of Mirranis ruled the area.

Post independenceEdit

After the success of the Pakistan Movement which lead to the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while many Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Dera Ghazi Khan District. Many Hindus and Sikhs from Dera Ghazi Khan settled in Delhi found Derawal Nagar along with the migrants from Dera Ismail Khan.[3]

Climate and geographyEdit

Dera Ghazi Khan is located at 30'03" N and 70'38" E. The overall climate of the city is dry with little rainfall. The winter is relatively cold and the climate is hot during the remaining part of the year, but it is very hot in summer. The temperature during summer is usually about 115 °F (46 °C), while during winter season the temperature is as low as 40 °F (4 °C). The prevailing wind direction is North-South. Due to the barren mountains of Koh-Suleman (Sulaiman Mountains) and the sandy soil of the area, windstorms are common in the summer. During summer, the temperatures are generally amongst the highest in Pakistan. Fort Munro, located on the edge of Punjab Province, has relatively cooler weather. In winter, scattered snowfall has been reported.

Climate data for Dera Ghazi Khan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.0
(77.0)
30.0
(86.0)
35.0
(95.0)
38.0
(100.4)
42.0
(107.6)
46.0
(114.8)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
40.0
(104.0)
38.0
(100.4)
32.0
(89.6)
22.0
(71.6)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
22.1
(71.8)
26.9
(80.4)
33.5
(92.3)
38.7
(101.7)
41.5
(106.7)
38.5
(101.3)
37.4
(99.3)
36.7
(98.1)
33.4
(92.1)
27.7
(81.9)
21.9
(71.4)
31.5
(88.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
14.7
(58.5)
19.9
(67.8)
26.0
(78.8)
30.9
(87.6)
34.2
(93.6)
32.7
(90.9)
31.9
(89.4)
30.2
(86.4)
25.3
(77.5)
19.1
(66.4)
13.6
(56.5)
24.2
(75.6)
Average low °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
7.3
(45.1)
12.9
(55.2)
18.5
(65.3)
23.1
(73.6)
26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
26.4
(79.5)
23.8
(74.8)
17.3
(63.1)
10.5
(50.9)
5.3
(41.5)
16.9
(62.4)
Record low °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.0
(39.2)
9.5
(49.1)
14.4
(57.9)
17.5
(63.5)
18.6
(65.5)
19.5
(67.1)
15.8
(60.4)
8.0
(46.4)
2.2
(36.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.0
(0.39)
17.5
(0.69)
34.8
(1.37)
21.7
(0.85)
17.2
(0.68)
14.4
(0.57)
60.8
(2.39)
57.5
(2.26)
17.6
(0.69)
4.8
(0.19)
2.1
(0.08)
10.4
(0.41)
268.8
(10.57)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 222.2 206.8 234.3 259.2 290.1 247.7 241.3 261.1 271.1 283.2 249.7 220.4 2,987.1
Source: NOAA (1961–1990)[4]

Civil administration and politicsEdit

Dera Ghazi Khan City is administratively subdivided into seven Union Councils.[5]

The majority of the population is poor but they have been ruled by the rich landlords and chiefs of Baloch tribes which played significant role in the national and provincial politics. Some of these feudals use the title Sardar for themselves, including former President of Pakistan Farooq Leghari, Governors of Punjab Zulfiqar Ali Khosa and Latif Khosa, Chief Minister of Punjab Dost Muhammad Khosa, present Chief Secretary of Punjab, Nasir Mehmood Khosa, Former Inspector General Police of Punjab, Tariq Khosa, and present Supreme Court Judge Asif Khosa. The city is one of the oldest districts in South Asia. Dera Ghazi Khan did not develop like other cities in Punjab. Based on the surveys of 2004–2005, Dera Ghazi Khan district is considered as one of the twenty poorest districts of Pakistan with about 51% of its population living below the poverty line.[6]

Notable peopleEdit

CollegesEdit

There are following colleges in Dera Ghazi Khan:[7]

Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Dera Ghazi Khan (BISE DGK)Edit

General

Education

 
University of Education, Dera Ghazi Khan campus
  • The College of Education: It was established in 1989 under the affiliation of Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan. The college became a constituent institution of the University of Education in 2002 and is in its new building adjacent to the Shah Faisal (Bihari) Colony. The campus has a hostel for boys and onel for girls. The campus offers teacher education programs like BEd Secondary, MEd, M.A. Education and B.A. BEd's several private sector colleges also exist in this city.
  • Ghazi Khan Medical College: The government decided to establish a medical college in Dera Ghazi Khan to improve the facilities in southern part of the province.[10] Ghazi Khan Medical College classes were started in 2010 in Q.M.C Bahawapur. The foundation stone for Ghazi University and Dera Ghazi Khan Medical College was laid in December 2011.[11] Classes shifted from Q.M.C Bahawalpur to Ghazi Khan Medical College in March 2012. Niaz Ahmed Baloch was appointed as a first principal of the Medical College. The Medical and Dental College has been developed as a state-of-the-art medical institution imparting accredited and approved medical education and research. The D.H. Hospital and Research Institute, which will be a research-oriented teaching hospital, will fulfill the requirement of training and research of medical students. The curriculum of the Medical and Dental College will be in line with the PM&DC regulations and international health standards.

Technology and specialization

  • UAF College of Agriculture, Dera Ghazi Khan: It is constituent college of University of Agriculture Faisalabad located near the airport imparts training in the degree of BSc (Hons.) Agriculture. The college consists of teaching sections of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Horticulture, Agronomy, Soil and Forestry Range Management and Wildlife, Agricultural Entomology, Plant Pathology, Animal Production and Health, Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Social Sciences and Rural Development. It aims to develop as a university.
  • Govt. Institute of Technology: It is situated at airport road, is one of the biggest institute in the region offering diploma and BTech classes in more than ten technologies in morning and evening shifts. Diploma courses in technologies are Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Auto-mechanical, Petroleum, Chemical, Petrochemical, I.T. and Computer etc.

UniversitiesEdit


The government has established a state-of-the-art Ghazi University in Dera Ghazi Khan since 2011 near airport.For this purpose 1000 acre land has been acquired for next 50 yeares requirement of the university.The foundation stone for Ghazi University and Ghazi Medical College was laid in December 2011.[12] The Govt. Postgraduate College, FAU Agriculture College and Ghazi Medical College will work under this university.Vice Chancellor of Islamia University Bahawalpur Dr.Mukhtar Ahmed has given additional charge of Ghazi University v.c since 11.06.2014. The Virtual University of Pakistan has established its campus here since 2004 which is providing both campus based and distance learning education primarily based on IT tools and technology. Another prominent educational organisation is the Allama Iqbal Open University campus. The government has approved Akhuwat University of Engineering and Technology in Dera Ghazi Khan since 2012.[13] The university will be established on 351 kanals and will offer courses in Engineering, Veterinary Science, Computer Science, Information Science, Communication Science and Management Science.

Mir Chakkar Khan Rind University of Technology to be established in Dera Ghazi (DG) Khan division situated on the western route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

Rind university of technology to be set up in DG Khan For the formation of a technology university, the Punjab assembly passed a bill and definitely it’s an appreciated grant by the government of Punjab to the people of Southern Punjab to propel the youth abilities.

Mian Aslam Iqbal Punjab minister for industry and trade had presented the bill of the DG Khan University. Approx. Rs2.3 billion project is intended to indorse research for producing quality technical human resource.

The project of Mir Chakar Rind University of Technology was encompassed in the annual development programme of 2019-2020 and the chore on the project would start soon.

At the preliminary stage, four technology subjects would be imparted in the university including electrical, mechanical and civil engineering and computer technology.

The Bill reads “The Bill seeks to establish Chakar Khan Rind University of Technology Dera Ghazi Khan for purposes of teaching, training, research and for the application, advancement and dissemination of knowledge in the field of technology. The University shall provide avenues of higher education in the field of technical education. The establishment of the University is expected to produce high quality technologists to meet the needs of modern day industry especially in the wake of launch of CPEC.”

DemographyEdit

PopulationEdit

Historical populations of Dera Ghazi Khan city[14]

National Census Year Population
1972 720,343
1981 1,020,007
1998 1,989,680
2010 2,713,520

Fairs and festivalsEdit

  • Sangh Mela, is a Vaisakhi fair during March and April, is celebrated in Sakhi Sarwar by people coming from Jhang and Faisalabad for centuries. This festival is celebrated by Hindus and Muslims especially at the time of wheat harvesting. In some places it is known as Basant. Throughout history, a large number of followers coming from different religions became the followers of Sakhi Sarwar. Max Arthur Macauliffe, a colonial office appointed in Punjab, observed in 1875 that not only Muslims but Hindus also visited the shrines during the [urs]. In the 1911 census of India, 79,085 Sikhs reported to be the follower of Sakhi Sarwar.[15]

CuisineEdit

  • Sohan Halwa is traditional sweet made by boiling a mixture of water, sugar, milk and wheatflour (coarse pieces)/cornflour until it becomes solid.[16]

Press and mediaEdit

Daily Jang is published from Dera Ghazi Khan[17] along with many local newspapers in Urdu, Saraiki and Balochi languages. The Daily Kasak is also published in the city.

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ "PML-N wins DG Khan, Rajanpur councils". DAWN.COM. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  2. ^ "National Dialing Codes". Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited. Archived from the original on 9 November 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  3. ^ "Colonies, posh and model in name only!". NCR Tribune. Retrieved 16 December 2007.
  4. ^ "Dera Ghazi Khan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of D.G. Khan – Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  6. ^ Haroon Jamal (June 2007). Income Poverty at District Level: An Application of Small Area Estimation Technique (PDF) (Report). Social Policy and Development Centre. pp. 15–18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  7. ^ "Universities Affiliated Colleges". Sc.hec.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  8. ^ "CADGK – College of Agriculture, D. G. Khan". University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Indus International Institute". Indusdgk.edu.pk. 11 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Leading News Resource of Pakistan". Daily Times. 17 October 2008. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  11. ^ Jafri, Owais. "Dera visit: Sharif lays medical college's foundation – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  12. ^ "Punjab Assembly: Ghazi University Bill among eight passed". The Express Tribune. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Cabinet approves provision of land for 2 universities". The Express Tribune, 22 February 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Pakistan: Provinces, Major Cities & Urban Areas – Statistics & Maps on City Population". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  15. ^ Census of India, 1911, Vol. XIV, Punjab, Part I Report, by Pandit Harkishan Singh Kaul, 39
  16. ^ "Sohan Halwa a gift of saints' city". Dawn.com. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  17. ^ "Daily Jang Urdu News | Pakistan News | Latest News – Breaking News". Jang.com.pk. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
Bibliography
  • "How Pakistan Made Nuclear Fuel" by Munir Ahmad Khan, former chairperson of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission: Islamabad The Nation 7 February 1998, page 7 [Pakistan: Article on How Pakistan Made Nuclear Fuel: FBIS-NES-98-042 : 11 February 1998].